A detailed map of the northern plains. Idaho was created in 1863, extending from its current western border all the way across to an eastern border with today's Dakotas and Nebraska. It was soon realized that this was an impractical territory because of the difficulty of traveling across the Rockies in winter, so a year later Montana was created out of the northeastern part of Idaho. The southeastern part was temporarily attached to the Dakota Territory, until 1868 when this was made into the Wyoming Territory.
The discussion of creating such a territory had been around since 1864, however, and this map of 1865 shows Wyoming, even though it would not officially exist for another three years. This is the first depiction of the territory on a map and it shows some of the interesting features of the borders in this rugged part of the country. The southern part of its western border is drawn at the 110° longitude line (this was moved west to the 111° line in 1868). The northern border was determined by the Montana border, which ran west along the 45th parallel until it reached 111° longitude, whence it dropped to 44°30', and then due west until it intersected the continental divide, which was Idaho's new eastern border. This left an odd, finger shaped area south of Montana and north of Idaho making up Wyoming's northwest corner, shown prominently here. Interestingly, when Wyoming was officially created as a territory, the western border went straight along the 111° line, and this 'gore' reverted back to being part of Dakota even though it was totally separated from the rest of the territory by Wyoming. It remained part of Dakota until 1873.
Another interesting thing is the mistaken depiction of two lakes, Jackson's Lake and Lake Riddle, which were actually the same lake. Explorers came upon Lake Riddle, which had already been named, and thought it was an undiscovered lake. They renamed it Jackson's Lake. Cartographers had to assume that there were two lakes, and thus the error on Johnson's map. Very early image of this area, with Dakota undivided into counties and Montana having only two counties. Mining sites are shown in both Idaho and Montana. $250
"Wyoming"/ "Utah." From Gaskell's Atlas of the World. Chicago: Gaskell, 1888-91. Small folio. Cerograph map with original printed color. Very good condition.
A double sided map from the late nineteenth century that is a good example of the quality of American mapmaking at the time. Done by cereography, or wax engraving, the map is filled with precise, clear and copious details. Shown are towns, road, railroads, rivers, all set against a topographical background and with pastel shades delineated counties. A wonderful map of both Wyoming and Utah showing these states almost a century and a half ago. $95
"Wyoming." Chicago: Rand, McNally & Co., 1895. 9 1/4 x 12 1/2. Cerograph. Full color. Very good condition.
An early production of the Rand, McNally & Co. firm of Chicago, a company that would shift the center of cartographic publishing from the east coast to the mid-west. This is typically detailed, with topography, towns, roads and railroads, and much other information clearly presented. The counties are colored and the whole is as decorative as it is informative. $95
"Wyoming." Chicago: George F. Cram, 1896-1909. Quarto. Cerograph, printed with color. Excellent condition.
A clear map of Wyoming by George Cram. The political divisions of the state are shown with each county colored in a contrasting color. Cram was one of the leading mapmakers of the day, providing copious information of each state. Included is topography, settlements, as well as the railroads crossing the state, especially the Pacific Union. A nice example of late nineteenth century American cartography. $95
"Wyoming." New York: Arbuckle Bros. Coffee Company, 1918. 3 x 5. Chromolithograph by Donaldson Brothers. Overall good condition.
A delightful map of Wyoming issued in 1918 by the Arbuckle Bros. Coffee Company. This firm was founded by John and Charles Arbuckle of Pittsburgh, PA. They developed a machine to weigh, fill, seal and label coffee in paper packages, which allowed them to become the largest importer and seller of coffee in the world. Their most famous promotional program involved the issuing of several series of small, colorful trading cards, one of which was included in every package of Arbuckle's Coffee. These series included cards with sports, food, historic scenes, and--one of the most popular--maps. The latter cards included not only a map, but also small illustrations "which portrays the peculiarities of the industry, scenery, etc." of the region depicted. This card of Wyoming includes a scene showing horses, sheep and cattle herding. The map series was first issued in 1889, but reissued in 1918 with the addition of updated statistics and roads, as shown on this map. $65
"Rand-McNally Standard Map of Wyoming." Chicago: Rand, McNally & Co., 1925. 19 x 26. Cerograph. Printed in four colors. Full margins. Chip in bottom right margin, else, excellent condition.
An early twentieth century map from the Rand, McNally & Co. firm primarily out of Chicago, a company that would shift the center of cartographic publishing from the east coast to the mid-west. The map has impressive topographical and transportation detail; it was issued in the Rand McNally Commercial Atlas of America. In particular, the Wyoming Railroads are identified by the use of red stamped numbers explained in a key in the upper right. $150
"Rand McNally Junior Auto Trails Map: Wyomming." Chicago: Rand McNally & Co., 1925. 11 x 17. Cerograph. Very good condition.
A map from the Rand, McNally & Co. firm out of Chicago, a company that shifted the center of cartographic publishing from the east coast to the mid-west. Maps such as this one of Wyoming were published to assist the automobile driver as autos began to proliferate after WW I by showing whether roads were dirt, improved or paved, while also indicating trails that might be scenic for hiking although not useful for driving. Also shown is a "trail and highway markings" chart for interpreting roadside signs. $50
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