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[ 19th century regional maps of the U.S. ]
An fine Wisconsin map by S. Augustus Mitchell, issued the year of statehood. For much of the middle part of the nineteenth century, the Mitchell firm dominated American cartography in output and influence. S. Augustus Mitchell Jr.'s maps of the 1860s are probably the best known issues of this firm, but his father's earlier efforts are excellent maps derived from H.S. Tanner's atlas of the 1830s. This early map of Wisconsin is a good example of this work. Topographical information, including towns, rivers, roads, etc. is clearly shown, and the counties are shaded with contrasting pastel shades. The map shows Wisconsin just having been made a state, and settlement is limited to the southeast; in the northwest only two counties are shown. It is obvious from the quality and attractive appearance of this map why Mitchell's firm became so important. A fine early American cartographic document of the state. $325
"A New Map of the State of Wisconsin." Philadelphia: Thomas, Cowperthwait & Co., 1850. 15 3/4 x 13 1/8. Lithographic transfer from engraved plate. Full original hand color. Paper somewhat toned. Very good condition.
A strong, beautifully crafted map of Wisconsin from the mid-nineteenth century, published by Thomas, Cowperthwait & Co. This firm took over the publication of S. Augustus Mitchell's important Universal Atlas in 1850, and they continued to produce up-dated maps that were amongst the best issued in the period. The map is filled with myriad topographical details, including rivers, towns, lakes, political borders. The state's principal meridian is shown in bold line, and the US survey lines are indicated throughout the lower half of the state. This is the area where most of the development is shown in the state, with towns, surveyed counties and a burgeoning road network. The northern half of the state is divided into just a five counties and shows little settlement. This is a fascinating Wisconsin document from mid-century. $250
J.H. Young. "No. 15. Map of the States of Michigan & Wisconsin." From Mitchell's School and Family Geography. Philadelphia: S.A. Mitchell, 1852. 8 1/4 x 10 1/2. Lithographic transfer from engraved plate by J.H. Young. Original hand wash. Very good condition.
An excellent map of Wisconsin and Michigan from the mid 19th century. The map depicts topographical information with clear precision, marking towns, rivers, roads, and counties. Historically and geographically, a fine map from early in Wisconsin's history. $60
"Milwaukee." 1854. 8 x 4 5/8. Wood engraving. Large spot at top; a few small scattered spots. Else, very good condition. $35
J.H. Colton. "Wisconsin." New York: J.H. Colton, 1856. 15 5/8 x 12 3/4. Lithograph. Full original hand-coloring. Full margins. Light time toning. Else, very good condition.
In the mid-nineteenth century, the center of map publishing in America moved from Philadelphia to New York. The Colton publishing firm played a large role in this shift. This map of Wisconsin, with its fine detail, is a strong example of their successful work. The map presents the counties with contrasting pastel shades, and includes depictions of towns, roads, railroads, rivers, and some topography. Each feature is labeled neatly, and the information given extends to beyond the borders of the state. $225
"Johnson's Michigan and Wisconsin." New York: Johnson & Ward, ca. 1865. 17 3/8 x 24. Lithograph. Original hand color. Faint waterstain in bottom margin. Otherwise, very good condition.
A detailed early map of Wisconsin and Michigan by A.J. Johnson. Johnson, who published out of New York City, was one of the leading cartographic publishers in the latter half of the century, producing popular atlases, geographies and so on. This finely detailed map is an good example of Johnson's, and thus early American, cartography. Towns, roads, and other signs of progressing settlement are indicated. The clear presentation of cartographic information and the warm hand coloring make this an attractive as well as interesting historical document. $175
J.H. Colton. "Colton's Wisconsin." With inset "Vicinity of Milwaukee." New York: G.W. & C.B. Colton & Co. 1866. 15 5/8 x 12 3/4. Lithograph. Full original hand-coloring. Full margins. Very good condition.
In the mid-nineteenth century, the center of map publishing in America moved from Philadelphia to New York. The Colton publishing firm played a large role in this shift. This map of Wisconsin, with its fine detail, is a strong example of their successful work. The map presents the counties with contrasting pastel shades, and includes depictions of towns, roads, railroads, rivers, and some topography. Each feature is labeled neatly, and the information given extends to beyond the borders of the state. $175
W.H. Gamble. "County Map of Michigan and Wisconsin." Philadelphia: S. Augustus Mitchell Jr., 1867. 11 1/2 x 13 1/2. Lithograph. Original hand color. Very good condition.
The third version of Mitchell's map of Michigan and Wisconsin. This is an updated version of the W.H. Gamble rendering of 1863. Besides a change in the border style, the main change is that there are considerably more railroads shown in southern Michigan, showing the development of that state. $125
G.W. & C.B. Colton. "Gray's Atlas New Railroad Map of Wisconsin." Lithograph. Philadelphia: O.W. Gray, 1873. 23 1/4 x 16 3/4. Original hand color. Very good condition. With city maps of Milwaukee and Madison on the reverse.
A map of Wisconsin and its railroads copyrighted by the Colton firm but issued in O.W. Gray's Atlas of the United States in 1873. The firm began its publishing around mid-century and published regional and U.S. atlases up to the 1880s. This large map is typical of their work. Detail is copious and precisely delineated. Wisconsin counties are set off with contrasting colors, while those of adjoining states close to the Wisconsin border are shown uncolored. As is obvious from the title railroad lines are prominently indicated. $125
"Wisconsin, Showing North Western portion of Michigan." With inset of "Isle Royale (Part of Michigan)." From Bradley's Atlas of the World for Commercial and Library Reference. Philadelphia: Wm. M. Bradley & Bro., 1885. 22 x 17 1/2. Map extends past borders on all sides. Lithograph. Original hand color.
A precisely detailed map from the Philadelphia publishing firm of William M. Bradley & Bro. While Philadelphia was no longer the main center of cartographic publishing in North America by the late nineteenth century, many fine maps were still produced there, as is evidenced by this map. It shows the state with impressive detail, with emphasis on rivers, towns, and the myriad railroad lines criss-crossing the state. $100
"Wisconsin." New York: Arbuckle Bros. Coffee Company, 1889. Ca. 3 x 5. Chromolithograph by Donaldson Brothers. Very good condition.
From a delightful series of maps issued by the Arbuckle Bros. Coffee Company. This firm was founded by John and Charles Arbuckle of Pittsburgh, PA. They developed a machine to weigh, fill, seal and label coffee in paper packages, which allowed them to become the largest importer and seller of coffee in the world. Their most famous promotional program involved the issuing of several series of small, colorful trading cards, one of which was included in every package of Arbuckle's Coffee. These series included cards with sports, food, historic scenes, and--one of the most popular--maps. The latter cards included not only a map, but also small illustrations "which portrays the peculiarities of the industry, scenery, etc." of the region depicted. These cards are a delight, containing informative maps as well as wonderful scenes of the area mapped. $60
[Wisconsin]. From Rand McNally & Company's Indexed Atlas of the World. Chicago: Rand, McNally & Co., 1899. 26 x 19. Cerograph. Very good condition.
A late nineteenth century map from the early days of the Rand, McNally & Co. firm out of Chicago, a company that would shift the center of cartographic publishing from the east coast to the mid-west. Typical of the firm's work, this map has very good detail precisely and neatly exhibited. Topographic and social information, counties, roads, and many more details are neatly illustrated. Aesthetically and cartographically, it foreshadows the maps of the twentieth century. $90
"Wisconsin." From Atlas of the World. New York: C. S. Hammond, 1904. 11 x 8. Chromolithograph. Small tear in bottom margin. Otherwise, very good condition.
A detailed and up-to-date map by one of the leading American cartographic firms of the early twentieth century. New York had become the center of American map publishing in the middle of the nineteenth century. Towards the end of the century much of the cartographic industry moved to Chicago and other cities, but the Hammond firm kept New York as an important center of map-making. This map is typical of the company's output, with accurate and clearly presented topographical and geographical detail. $25
"Milwaukee." From Rand McNally & Company's Indexed Atlas of the World. Chicago: Rand, McNally & Co., 1909. 19 x 12 1/2. Cerograph. Very good condition.
A late nineteenth century map from the early days of the Rand, McNally & Co. firm out of Chicago, a company that would shift the center of cartographic publishing from the east coast to the mid-west. Typical of the firm's work, this map has very good detail precisely and neatly exhibited. Topographic and social information, counties, roads, and many more details are neatly illustrated. Aesthetically and cartographically, it foreshadows the maps of the twentieth century. $85
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