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Antique Wall Maps

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From the sixteenth century maps have been made to be hung on the walls of offices, public buildings, schools, etc. These maps are usually large for ease of reading. Usually they were attached to rollers at the top and bottom for hanging, and they often were varnished to protect them from wear, smoke and bugs.

Condition Note: These are maps were intended for use and with their exposure to flies, poking fingers, tears, and all the other happenstance of such items, means that few survive, and many of those that do are in rough condition. Usually one will find water stains, rubbed sections, cracks and tears, as well as the typical yellowing from the oxidation of the varnish. All wall maps listed here have some typical condition problems, but we have tried to indicate major ones in the descriptions. Please contact us for specific and detailed condition reports on any of the wall maps on our web site.

Mitchell United States 1834
J.H. Young. "A New Map of the United States." Philadelphia: S.A. Mitchell, 1834. Copyright 1833. Separately issued wall map. "For sale by Mitchell & Hinman." 52 1/2 x 67. Engraving by J.H. Young, DF. Dankworth, E. Yeager & E.F. Woodward. Original hand color. Expertly conserved and mounted on new linen; with original rollers. Very good condition. Denver.

A rare example of one of S. Augustus Mitchell's earliest maps of the United States. S. Augustus Mitchell, who became America's premier cartographic publisher, began his career republishing maps from other cartographers. This map of the United States was one of the first of his original productions. The map was drawn by J.H. Young as many of Mitchell's other maps would be, and it has amazingly dense and accurate information for the country up to and including Louisiana, Missouri and the Arkansas Territory. Roads, railroads, counties, and graphically presented topography fill the map.

The map includes eleven inset maps, showing the areas around major cities, the southern tip of Florida, the northern tip of Maine, and what would later become the continental United States. This last map, "A General Map of the United Sates, with the contiguous British & Mexican Possessions," is of some note, for this was a period when the notions of manifest destiny were beginning to form as Americans turned their eyes to the west. The Oregon Country, a large territory jointly administered by the United States and Great Britain, is shown, as are the Mexican lands of Texas, New Mexico and Upper California-all to become part of the United States is just over a decade.

A wonderfully elaborate and bold cartouche drawn by W. Mason, with fierce American eagle, appears just below the title, giving visual balance to the map. This map was later issued the same year, with no changes but the title, as "Reference and Distance Map of the United States," beginning a series of regularly updated maps by Mitchell which came out almost every year until the middle of the century. This particular example is in remarkable condition for such a wall map, making this both a great historical and aesthetic masterpiece. $3,800

Mitchell: US 1842
J. H. Young. "Map of the United States." Philadelphia: S. Augustus Mitchell, 1842. Ca. 43 3/4 x 34 1/4. Steel engraving. Original hand color. Separately issued wall map. Typical cracks to surface, but map professionally conserved and lined with new linen. With original moulding and roller. Overall, very good condition. Ristow, American Maps and Mapmakers, p. 309.

An Irish-American draughtsman, engraver, and cartographer active from 1817 to 1866, James H. Young engraved for numerous cartographic publishers in Philadelphia, including Anthony Finley, Charles Varle, William Kneass, George Delleker, and Samuel Augustus Mitchell, among others. His most significant work includes the maps for Finley and later Mitchell's New American Atlas. In 1840 Young registered a patent for an improved system of setting up typography for printing. Mitchell proved to be Young's most significant collaborator. According to Ristow, "Apparently, Young was the company's principal compiler and draftsman as well as chief engraver from 1830 on." The pair published numerous maps well into the 1860s.

The first edition of this "Map of the United States" appeared in 1831, with revised editions published to 1844. In this edition, the shield of the United States mounted on a large rock and flanked by scenes with a steamboat, a railroad and a canal is in a decorative cartouche. There are: a numbered index to the counties of the states; a chart of distances on the Erie and Champlain canals and one with the lengths of canals in the United States; an inset map of North America with area & population statistics; small insets of six cities and their environs plus one of the Niagara Falls vicinity; charts showing the comparative heights of mountains and lengths of rivers; and, a table of statistics of each state showing areas and populations from each decennial census (1790-1840), with the 1840 count showing whites, free blacks, and slaves in each state. Altogether, this is a wonderful view of the nation just prior to the changes wrought by the Mexican War. $4,800

National Map
J.H. Young. "Mitchell's National Map of the American Republic or United States of North America." Philadelphia: S. Augustus Mitchell, 1843. First edition. Separately issued wall map. 24 1/2 x 33 3/4. Engraving by J.H. Brightly. Full original hand color. Together with "Maps of the Vicinities of Thirty-Two of the Principal Cities and Towns in the Union." Expertly conserved and mounted on new linen. Excellent condition. Denver.

A dramatic wall map of the United States issued by important Philadelphia publisher S. Augustus Mitchell. Mitchell had begun to produce wall maps about a decade earlier, and this was the first edition of a regularly updated series of "National Maps" which appeared every year from 1843 to 1850 (except for 1849). As intended for practical use, this map has a particularly strong appearance and very clear depictions of towns and roads between them, each labeled with a distance on it. The insets of the thirty-two cities surround the map. Included are insets of northern Maine and the southern tip of Florida. In the lower right corner is a table with the populations of each county within the United States. This striking and highly detailed map shows the U.S. extending from the Atlantic to just beyond the Mississippi River, with the states of Louisiana and Missouri, and the territories of Arkansas and the recently created Iowa, much larger than it would become as a state. To the west of those lies a very large Indian Territory, as all that land (then thought to be useless to white Americans) had been set aside as a convenient place to send the eastern tribes. For much of the rest of the nineteenth century, of course, these Indian lands were taken away until only what later became Oklahoma remained. $3,250

J.H. Young. "Mitchell's National Map of the American Republic or United States of North America. Together with maps of Thirty-Two of the Principal Cities and Towns in the Union." Philadelphia: S. Augustus Mitchell, 1844. Separately issued wall map; mounted on linen and with wood rollers. 38 1/4 x 47. Drawn by J.H. Young. Engraving by J.H. Brightly. Full original hand color. With some wear at edges, some spots and overall light browning. Old chips out of upper corners. Conservation done by surface cleaning, subtle patching, canvas backing, and ribboned sides. Overall, good condition and appropriate aged appearance. Cf. Ristow, p. 310.

An impressive national statement from early days of the great cartographic publisher S. Augustus Mitchell. This map was the second in an annual series of maps of the United States issued by Mitchell from 1843 to 1850 (except for 1849). The maps were issued both as folding maps and as, in this case, wall maps mounted on linen and hung on rollers. Mitchell's "National Map" summed up cartographic information on the United States from the east coast to the Great Plains, including the eastern part of Texas (shown when it was still a Republic) and Indian territories to the north. Each state and territory is shown with its roads, railroads, canals, towns, and distances between towns. Insets of the tips of Florida and Maine are included, the latter showing the results of the boundary Treaty of 1842. Also indicated are territories of Indian tribes throughout the west. Three tables of population statistics are included. Of particular note are the thirty two plans of major cities that surround the main map. These provide us with a wonderful view of state of urban development in the 'American Republic' towards mid-century. The map and insets are surrounded by a typical Mitchell decorative border, and the whole package is aesthetically and cartographically excellent. $2,800

J.H. Young. "The Empire State. New York With Its Counties, Towns, Cities, Villages: Internal Improvements &c." Philadelphia: S. Augustus Mitchell, 1844. Wall map, mounted on linen, varnished and attached to original wood rollers. 40 x 47 1/2. Engraving by J.H. Young. Original hand color. Map time-toned from varnish and with fly-specs and some scattered stains. Small areas of surface worn off at top. Otherwise, very good condition for separately issued wall map.

An impressive wall map of the Empire State by leading American publisher S. Augustus Mitchell. This is quite an early example of such a wall map, a type of map that would have hung in many schools, government and private offices, as well as homes. As noted in the title, the map has impressive detail of the state, including its many roads and canals. Four decorative vignettes surround the title-the Erie Canal opening celebration, McDonough's victory, the surrender of Burgoyne, and the evacuation of New York during the Revolution-and the whole is surrounded by a typical Mitchell decorative border. Two large tables of statistics on the state are included in the top right corner. $650

1846 wall map
J.H. Young. "Mitchell's Reference and Distance Map of the United States." Philadelphia: S. Augustus Mitchell, 1846. Wall map; mounted on linen, varnished and with original rollers. 55 1/2 x 70 1/2. Engraving. Full original hand color. With some waterstaining and flaking at top, but else very good. Rumsey: 538. Denver.

A rare example of the important 1846 edition of S. Augustus Mitchell's popular wall map of the United States, drawn by J.H. Young. The "Reference and Distance Map" series began in 1834 and Mitchell regularly updated the new issues with current information. The main map shows the United States to the range of states just west of the Mississippi with great detail. Towns, rivers, lakes, and roads are shown throughout, and each county is colored in a contrasting shade. The particular significance of the map issued in 1846 comes from its inclusion of new information related to the American west. In the previous editions of this map, Mitchell had an inset map, "General Map of the United States," in the lower right corner. On this edition, Mitchell replaced this with a new inset map, "A New Map of Texas, Oregon and California" (19 x 21), which shows the region extending from the Mississippi to the Pacific coastline, and from the Rio Grande to southern Canada.

This area was of particular interest in 1846 because of two recent, related events. In 1845, Texas had been admitted to the Union as a new state, which prompted Mexico, in 1846, to invade Texas, thus precipitating the Mexican-American war. This inset was the first appearance of this map, which later the same year was issued by Mitchell as a folding, pocket map, and it is one of the first maps of just the Trans-Mississippi West. Mitchell used the latest information on the American west which was available at the time. Among his sources were Arrowsmith's 1841 map of Texas, Fremont's and Emory's maps of their explorations in the region, data from the Lewis & Clark expedition, Nicollet's map of the region between the Mississippi and the Missouri, Wilkes' map of Oregon. Mitchell shows the Oregon Territory borders according to the recent Compromise of 1846. $8,500

Reading Berks County
M.L. Richards. "Plot of Reading, Berks County." "made January 1st, 1846." Separately issued wall map; removed from linen backing. 24 1/2 x 34 1/2. Lithograph by Thomas S. Sinclair, Some surface smudging. With old separations at some folds and large tear across bottom right corner: map professionally repaired and conserved. Overall, good appearance.

A very rare map of the city of Reading showing the lay-out of streets and plots of land throughout. Most of the larger lots are identified with their owners, including business and private lots. Also shown are the Schuylkill River and the Schuylkill Canal. In the upper right is a "Ground Plan of the Vicinity of Reading from Actual Survey," showing the topography of the region around Reading. In the lower right corner is a table of information and statistic about Reading in 1846 and the 1840 census information about Berks County. $1,800

William E. Morris after John Melish. "Map of Pennsylvania, Constructed from the County Surveys authorized by the State; and other original Documents. Revised And Improved Under the supervision of Wm. E. Morris, Civil Engineer." Philadelphia: R.L. Barnes, [1848]-1849. Copyright, R.L. Barnes 1848. 50 x 74. Engraving by Edward Yeager. Original hand color. Conserved and mounted on new linen backing. Very good condition.

In 1816, the Pennsylvania State legislature passed a law to produce an official state map, and this project was given to the supervision of Philadelphia mapmaker John Melish. Melish called for each county to produce a standardized map, which he would then use to compile a full state map. He worked for six years on this map, which was finally produced in 1822, with revised editions issued in 1824, 1826, and 1832. As each of these maps was produced, one could see the internal growth and development of the state, with new roads and canals, settlements and other features making their appearance with each new issue. By the 1830s, however, it became clear that the tremendous growth of the state demanded an updated and revised version of this official state map. Civil Engineer William E. Morris was authorized to gather updated information from each county, and he proceeded to 'revise and improve' Melish's map, with the new engravings done by Philadelphia craftsman Edward Yeager. The map was copyrighted and first issued in 1848 and this example was issued a year later with some updating. The size of this map and its myriad public uses determined that the map would be issued in the format of a wall map. Its sheets were joined, mounted on canvas, and varnished so that it could be hung in public plates throughout the state. Added along the bottom of the map are several tables of information. These include: "Anthracite Coal Trade of Pennsylvania," "Public Works of Pennsylvania," "Approximate Estimate of Bituminous Coal Mined in 1847," and "Statistical Table Shewing The Prominent Features of each County." It map is a superb picture of Pennsylvania at mid-century and it is the last of the great engraved maps of the state. $6,500

William E. Morris. "Map of Montgomery County Pennsylvania from Original Surveys under the direction of Wm. E. Morris C.E." Insert plans of Pottstown and Norristown; inset views of Lower Merion Meeting House and Norristown. Philadelphia: Smith & Wistar, 1849. Lithograph (hand color). 39 x 56 1/2 (full sheet). Ribbon borders on sides. Conserved and mounted on new linen. Original molding and spindle. Very good condition.

This county was named for General Richard Montgomery who was killed in the siege of Quebec during the American Revolution. It was formed from Philadelphia County in 1784 and has always had a firm bond with Philadelphia. The agricultural, mineral and manufacturing wealth of the county flowed through the large city to the south. This map provides a fine picture of how the county appeared to its people at the beginning of the second half of the nineteenth century. $3,800

"A New Map of that portion of North America exhibiting the United States and Territories, the Canadas, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, and Mexico, also, Central America, the West India Islands. Compiled from the most recent surveys & authentic sources." Baltimore: Jacob Monk, 1853. Separately issued wall map. 56 x 62. Lithograph by A. Hoen & Co. Full original hand color. Some small repaired holes at top and scattered surface wear. Map professionally conserved and patched. Overall, very good condition and appearance for a wall map. Denver.

An updated 1853 version of Monk's large map of North America. Monk was very concerned to keep his maps up-to-date and in 1853, the idea of establishing a new Nebraska Territory, to be created out of the unorganized Indian Territories, was being floated. As some point in 1853, Monk added the indication of "Nebraska Territory as Proposed," which was not shown in the early 1853 version. (Cf. Rumsey #602.) Monk shows this territory as including all of later Kansas Territory and the southern part of what was created as Nebraska Territory in the 1854 Kansas-Nebraska Act. Another salient feature of Monk's map is his careful location of Indian tribes, many indicated with separate coloring. $3,500

Thrall 1853 US
J.M. Atwood. "Map of the United States with its Territories; also Mexico and the West Indies." New York: Horace Thayer, & Co., 1853. Separately issued wall map. Copyright Ensign & Thayer 1849. 35 x 31 1/2. Lithograph by J.M. Atwood. Original hand color. With some typical cracking and darkening, but professionally conserved and lined on new linen. With original rollers. Overall, very good condition. Denver.

A rare wall map of the United States issued in 1853, showing also Mexico, part of Central America and the western Caribbean on the main map, and an inset to show the eastern part of the West Indies. It is an updated version of a map first published in 1849 by Thayer with his then partners Timothy & Edward Ensign. The map was drawn by J.M. Atwood, using the best available cartographic information, this edition significantly updated from the earlier versions. It is interesting especially for its trans-Mississippi detail. A very large Nebraska Territory covers most of the Great Plains, along with an Indian Territory covering most of what is today Oklahoma as well as much of Kansas. Further west are two large parallel territories, Utah and New Mexico, with Oregon Territory-encompassing today's Oregon, Washington and Idaho-to the north. Details on the map include cities, towns rivers, railroads in the east. In the western part of the country, rivers, mountain chains (at least as then known), settlements and Indian tribes are noted throughout. Also indicated are the Santa Fe and Oregon trails and some explorer routes, like those of Fremont. Such wall maps are both exciting and rare, for they capture the political development in the nineteenth century like no others and their exposure as wall maps has led to the destruction of most of these wonderful cartographic objects. $1,800

J. H. Colton. "Colton's Map of the United States of America, the British Provinces, Mexico, and the West Indies, Showing the Country from the Atlantic to the Pacific Ocean." New York: J. H. Colton, 1855. 52 x 61. Lithograph. Original hand color. Some typical browning from old varnish. Conserved and mounted on new linen; with original rollers. Overall, very good condition. With insets: "Map of Central America." and "The Southeastern part of the West Indies." Denver.

An impressive example of Colton's wall map of the United States in 1855, the year after the Kansas-Nebraska Act. Those territories are shown prominently, and interestingly, the Gadsden purchase lands--purchased that same year--is shown with a different color than the rest of the New Mexico Territory, perhaps a reflection of the movement to make this a separate territory. Many explorer routes are indicated and the important Stansbury Expedition and the subsequent report and maps, published in 1852, were the newest source for the mapping of overland trail routes in the Plains and Utah Territory, and was obviously referenced for this map. For all its geographic interest, what makes this of particular note are the many vignettes scattered about the map by Colton, including ships in the oceans, fauna such as elk and beaver, and several images of Native Americans. $5,600

Chapins Ornamental Map
"Chapin's Ornamental Map of the United States with the New Western Possessions." New York: Ensign, Bridgman & Tanning, 1856. Separately issued wall map, remounted on new linen. 48 x 60 (full sheet). Engraving with original hand color. Considerable surface cracking and smudging, but expertly conserved and mounted onto new linen. With early wood rollers top and bottom. Denver.

A wonderfully "Ornamental" wall map of the United States from 1856, one in a very popular series of wall maps started by W. Chapin back in 1839. The maps are noted not just for the excellent detail of the United States (with roads, counties, towns, etc. all clearly indicated), but their elaborate architectural motif of columns, graced with four vignettes (of Boston, New York, Philadelphia and Baltimore) and, in this edition, portraits of the first ten American Presidents. Also included is an elaborate title cartouche, drawn by Chapin and engraved by Prudhomme, showing America pointing towards the heavens and surround by four graces and putti. The various editions of this map were regularly updated to show new geographic information. Beginning with this edition, new information was added in Minnesota and the surrounding region.

In the early versions of the map, that region was partly covered by two small insets of the western territories and Texas. Beginning with this edition, those insets were removed and instead a larger inset added in the lower right showing "The Western States and Territories." This inset shows the trans-Mississippi West as it was situated right after the Mexican War (1846-48). California is shown as a state, with Oregon Territory above. The other lands gained from Mexico are shown divided into the New Mexico and Utah Territories (before the Gadsden Purchase). The most improved part of the map is in the large inset of the "New Western Possessions".

In this 1856 edition, this inset includes excellent information showing the results of the Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854. In between those territories and the states and territories on the west side of the Mississippi is a large, unorganized territory label as Nebraska, with a vague Indian Territory to the south. For its excellent, up-to-date information and decorative appeal, this is one of the best mid-19th century maps of the United States. $6,200

Ensign: Pictorial Map of the United States 1857
J.M. Atwood. "Pictorial Map of the United States. 1857." New York: Ensign, Bridgman & Fanning, 1857. Ca. 28 1/4 x 39 1/2. Lithograph from engraving by J.M. Atwood. Printed by D. & J. Mc.Lellan. Original hand color. Separately issued wall map. Typical cracks to surface, but map professionally conserved and lined with new linen. With original rollers. Overall, very good condition.

John M. Atwood was a New York engraver who worked in the middle of the nineteenth century.

Edward Hooker Ensign may have inherited his business from his father, Timothy Ensign, a map publisher active in New York. Edward variously published with Humphrey Phelps, Horace Thayer, Thomas Fanning and Erastus Bridgeman, among others. His various imprints include Phelps and Ensign (1841-1844), T. and E. H. Ensign (1844-1848), Ensign and Thayer (1849), Ensign, Thayer, and Company (1850-1851), Horace Thayer and Company (1852), and Ensign, Bridgman and Fanning (1854-1863).

This example of Ensign's work is a rare and fascinating wall map of the United States issued in 1857. Nineteenth-century wall maps like this were published to be hung in offices, schools or public spaces. The maps were mounted to linen and varnished for protection and then attached to wooden rollers. This map shows the United States from coast to coast, with all its states and territories at that time. The large territories west of the Mississippi River are of particular note. There is a very large Nebraska Territory and the region west of the plains consisting of just one state, California, and four territories: Washington, Oregon, Utah, and New Mexico. Detail within the map is most impressive, with towns and lakes and rivers and indications of early overland trails from the east to the west. Of particular interest on this map are the many illustrations which surround the map. These include pictures of the Presidents, scenes from the history of the United States, and vignettes of the Senate and House chambers in Washington. Along the bottom is a version of John Trumbull's "Signing the Declaration of Independence" by prominent New York wood engravers [Benson J.] Lossing & [William] Barrett, as well as a key to that scene with each signer identified by signature facsimile. Historically and decoratively, this is an excellent cartographic document of the United States. $2,800

"Map of Bucks and Montgomery Counties and the Consolidated City of Philadelphia." Philadelphia: R. K. Kuhn & J. D. Janney, 1857. Wagner & McGuigan Lithographers. 61 x 52. Original hand color, with townships and city wards in contrasting shades. Separately issued wall map. Cracks to surface. Top 12" reinforced with archival paper. With original rollers and ribbons. Overall good condition. Peters, "America on Stone", pp. 393-95.

Eight inset woodcut views: Krams Hotel, Doylestown, Bucks County; Browers Hotel, Doylestown, Bucks County; Washington Hall, Trappe; Tremont Seminary (male), Norristown, Montgomery County; Cottage Female Seminary, Pottstown, Montgomery County; Oakland Female Institute, Norristown, Montgomery County; Montgomery County Court House; Bucks County Court House, Doylestown.

Thirty one inset maps: "Plan of Norristown," "Trombowersville," "Fallsington," Plan of Attleboro," "Borough of New Hope," "Centerville," "Quakertown," "Borough of Newtown," "Plan of Hulmeville," "Plan of Doylestown Borough," "Townsend," "Plan of Pottstown," "Jenkintown," "Port Kennedy," "Harleysville," "Plan of Hatborough," "Evansburgh," "Willow Grove," "Trappe," "Sumneytown," "Greenville," "Bridgeport," "Kulpsville," "Skippackville," "Pennsburg," "Plan of Bristol," "Plan of Yardleyville," "Applebachville," "Plan of Newport," "Bridgewater," and "Plan of Morrisville."

Main map and inset maps detail an impressive number of landholders identifying the location of heads-of households, making this a valuable primary resource for genealogists or anyone researching this area in Southeast Pennsylvania. $3,600

Johnson 1860 wall map
A.J. Johnson. "Johnson's New Illustrated &Embellished County Map of the Republics of North America, with the adjacent islands &countries." New York & Washington: Johnson & Browning, 1860. Copyrighted 1856. Separately issued wall map. 70 x 73. Lithograph. Full, original hand color. A sliver of the edge of top left border missing. With some creases and light staining, but professionally conserved and stable. Attractive appearance. Very rare. Denver.

The 1850s and early 1860s was a time of considerable development, both actual and intended, in the American West, with new territories established or proposed. This was a time when map publishers had to be on their toes to keep up with the changing political situation in the trans-Mississippi region. A.J. Johnson was one of the most agile, producing a series of at least eight versions of his huge wall map of the United States, Mexico and Central America between 1857 and 1861. This included two versions done in 1860, of which this was one, a year when huge changes were afoot. The New York Times reported on Jan. 11, 1859 that there were six applications for new territories before Congress, all but one of which were for trans-Mississippi regions. One was for creation of a Dakota Territory out of the eastern part of Nebraska Territory, one was for the creation of an Arizona Territory out of the southern half of New Mexico Territory, one was for a Nevada Territory out of the western half of Utah Territory, and one was for a Colona Territory out of the western part of Kansas. New territories were created for all four of these areas, though not beginning until 1861, for it wasn't until the southerners walked out with the succession of the Confederacy that Congress was able to create new territories which would prohibit slavery.

Johnson, though, could not know how things would fall out, and because there was such a long time between a map being drawn and actually printed and published, he tried to stay on top of things by using what information he could gather in Washington to anticipate the creation of new territories, so his map would be current when issued. This fabulous map shows how in some cases he was successful and others not so. Johnson did not start with a blank slate when he made this map, but rather updated his 1859 edition. This led to some interesting labeling. For instance, Johnson shows the territory of Nevada, a year before it was actually created, with a "U" and a "T" inside its borders, for he did not change the label for Utah, which still stretched across the old width of that territory. Similarly, a large "K" appears in a new territory in the western part of Kansas. That territory is given two names, "Co ona" [the "l" is missing] and "Jefferson," for there were actually competing proposals for a new territory centered on the Pike's Peak Gold Rush and Johnson wasn't sure which name would be kept. Of course, neither was, for this territory was created as Colorado in 1861.

To the north, the proposed territory of Dakota is shown, but limited to lands east of the Missouri River, whereas when it was created in 1861, it extended from the western border of Minnesota all the way to the continental divide. The final new territory Johnson added was Arizona, lying in the southern part of the old New Mexico Territory. This was the territory as its citizens originally petitioned Congress to create, and which Johnson thought would be so established. However, the northerners in Congress in 1860 would not allow a new slave territory, as it would have been if it were to have those borders, and when the territory was finally established in 1863, the then totally northern Congress made it to the west of New Mexico, rather than to the south, so that it would not be controlled by slave owners. The final interesting political depiction of the map lies in the northwest. In 1853, this area, which had been a very large Oregon Territory, was divided in half into Oregon and Washington Territories. Then in 1859, the western part of the Oregon Territory was made into the state of Oregon, the eastern part being then attached to Washington Territory. Johnson, however, was not up-to-date enough in his information, so he showed this eastern section as a stump "Oregon Tery."

Of course, all these political mistakes or guesses are the most salient of the features on the map, but there is much else of great interest. The map's western geography, as stated on the map, " was taken (with the consent of Capt. A.A. Humphreys) principally from a map compiled from the following authorities by Lieut. G.K. Warren, Topl Engrs...In the Office of Pacific Rail Road Surveys, War Department." As the Warren map was the best to date, this map's depiction of the west is excellent. Locations of Indian tribes, routes of exploration, forts, topography and much other detail is given throughout. Decoratively the map is also pretty awesome, with a wide decorative border and vignette scenes of the U.S. Capitol, Dubuque, New York, Detroit, St. Joseph, New Orleans and Cincinnati. It is interesting that within the same year of 1860, Johnson &Browning issued a somewhat modified version of this map, making this version particularly rare. $9,500

Hopkins 1860 NJ wall map
G. Morgan Hopkins. "Topographical map of the State of New Jersey together with the vicinities of New York and Philadelphia, and with most of the state of Delaware from the State Geological Survey and the U.S. Coast Survey, and from surveys by G. Morgan Hopkins, civil engineer." Philadelphia: H. G. Bond, 1860. Original hand color. Decorative grapevine border. Separately issued varnished wall map mounted to original canvas backing with original wood rollers. Various light patches in varnish as to be expected. Otherwise, very good condition. Snyder, J. P., Mapping of New Jersey, p. 105.

An impressive and wonderfully detailed wall map of New Jersey published just before the start of the Civil War. In 1854, William Kitchell was hired as State Geologist and he immediately commenced work to produce a large topographical wall map of the state. Work on the map was suspended two years later due to state financial problems and Kitchell was dismissed from his job. However, he was determined to complete this map. Kitchell lobbied the state for four years to allow him to publish the map privately which the state eventually allowed him to do in 1860. The result is one of the most important maps of New Jersey ever made.

The breadth and scope of this map is amazing. This map not only depicts the Garden State in great detail but it also includes the adjacent areas of Delaware Bay, parts of New York, Southeastern Pennsylvania and Delaware. The map contains many inset maps and vignettes of the following cities and towns: Paterson, Belvidere, Rahway, Morristown, Jersey City and Hoboken, Orange, Elizabeth, New Brunswick, Camden, Bordentown, Trenton, Newark, Salem, Burlington, Beverly, Newton, and Mount Holly, New Brunswick, Newark, the Delaware Water Gap, Paterson, Trenton, and Camden. Also depicted is a meteorological map of the state and a "Time Dial" where one could immediately calculate the time in any part of the state.

Only a few known examples of this map can be found in the collections of Chester Public Library, Princeton University, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, New York State Library, and the Fairleigh Dickinson University Library. Overall, a landmark in the mapping of the State of New Jersey. $6,000

1860 wall maps of Philadelphia and vicinity

Separately issued wall maps published in Philadelphia by C.K. Stone & A. Pomeroy, 1860. Lithographed maps, mounted on linen, hand colored, and varnished. Oxidation to varnish, so map surface has light brown patina, but clean and attractive and in good condition, except as noted.

In 1860, C.K. Stone & A. Pomeroy issued a number of large wall maps of Philadelphia and region. The maps all showed Philadelphia, but they varied in terms of what parts of the surrounding areas were shown--each with a slightly different focus--and in what inset maps were included. Each map, though, has amazing detail, with towns, roads, mills, and much other information, including the names of specific landowners. The maps were intended for practical use for public and governmental purposes and they offer not only an impressive graphic display, but also a detailed and fascinating snap-shot of the Delaware Valley just before the Civil War.

H.F. Walling. "Topographical Map of the State of Pennsylvania. Drawn from Actual Surveys by H. F. Walling." New York: Smith, Palmer, & Co., 1862. 63 x 71. Lithograph. Original hand color. Several small losses, professionally repaired and conserved. Slight misalignment along center seam. Otherwise, very good condition.

A wonderfully informative wall map by H.F Walling. Made during the Civil War, the state of Pennsylvania is handsomely depicted and is surrounded by inserts of all of the state's major cities at the time; Philadelphia, Pittsburgh, Lancaster, Reading, Scranton, Harrisburg, Erie, Pottsville, Wilkesbarre, Honesdale, Montrose, Carbondale, Pittston.

The entire United States, depicted as united even during the war, is also illustrated in the lower left which includes a table of distances between cities. Numerous other charts are also shown, including, both a climatological and topographical map, a time table, and a population chart. A fascinating and beautiful map from a tumultuous time. $3,600

James T. Lloyd. "Lloyd's New Map of the United States The Canada and New Brunswick . . . Showing Every Railroad & Station Finished to June 1863, and the Atlantic and Gulf Coasts From the United States Superintendent's Official Report of the Coast Survey by order of Congress." [Inset of South Florida]. New York: J.T. Lloyd, 1863. Lithograph (hand colored). 36 1/4 x 49 1/2 (neat lines) plus margins. A key provides symbols for: railroads completed, turnpikes and wagon roads, state capitals, cities and towns, and village post offices. Two shipping agents and their routes are drawn out of New York City, but nowhere else. A wall map with original molding and spindle. Conserved with new linen backing. Some age browning, but as very good as they get.

The map shows from the entire East Coast to the Great Plains. In the West two thirds of Texas is shown and platted while Nebraska and Kansas are platted along their eastern borders, and Indian Territory (future Oklahoma) and "Dacotah" have no platting shown. From eastern Maine to the 94th Meridian (i.e. the western edges of Minnesota, Iowa, Missouri, Arkansas and Louisiana) are completely platted. Throughout the United States the counties are colored, towns and cities labeled, and roads and railroads drawn with distances noted between points. In order not to recognize the legitimacy of the Confederate States of America, each is shown in the same manner as the Northern or Union states. The only indication that the American Civil War was in progress is a printed notice that Gideon Wells, Secretary of the Navy, has ordered this map and wishes to acquire a quote on lots of 100 maps of the Mississippi River for use by "the squadron."

The map legend contains some interesting statements about the map trade of the times. The publisher claims to show "every man's house from St. Louis to New Orleans--an impossible accomplishment which he fails to do. J.T. Lloyd also warns his public not to purchase wood engraved maps by another Lloyd who is copying his and making errors, for instance, confusing Corinth, Mississippi by naming it Farmington. J.T. Lloyd had publishing centers in both New York and London and was a prolific printer of maps depicting many countries. $1,400

Anderson 1870 NJ wall map
J.A. Anderson. "Map of the Rail Roads of New Jersey, and parts of Adjoining States. 1870." Copyrighted in New Jersey in 1869 [1870] by J.A. Anderson. Printed by "Jas. McGuigan, Lith. Philada." 21 1/2 x 16 (full sheet). Original light varnish rubbed. Backed on original linen. A few short tears. Tacked to the original antique top moulding and bottom spindle. Full margins. A lovely small wall map in its original format. Ref.: Phillips, MAPS, p. 491.

This fascinating, separately issued map focuses almost exclusively on the railroads of New Jersey by naming and drawing the lines with the names of stations with distances between these stations expressed in "miles and tenths." No wagon roads are designated and only major waterways are drawn. All of New Jersey is shown with large areas of northern Delaware, Eastern Pennsylvania and New York along the Hudson River.

At the bottom margin and to the left of the title area is a small merchant's label reading "Sheble, Smith & Co. / Successors to R. L. Barnes, / Map Publishers, 27 S. 6th. Sth., [sic.] Phila." Measuring a petite 1" x 1 1/2". A charming wall map. $850

"Cram's Superior Map of Pennsylvania showing distances between stations and populations by decimals of all cities and villages with 100 inhabitants and over." Chicago: George F. Cram, 1904. 40 x 48 1/2. Wax engraving, printed in very bright colors. Water stain running along left hand side of map; else, fine condition. With original rollers.

A very colorful and impressive map of Pennsylvania showing population centers and roads, along with eight inset maps of the United States and surrounding states. The inset maps include the states surrounding Pennsylvania and two maps of the United States; an orographical map and a territorial growth map. Fascinating and colorful map of Pennsylvania at the turn of the twentieth century. $325

R. Baxter Blair. "Revolutionary War 1775-1783." From Hart American History Series. Chicago: Denoyer-Geppert Co., 1917, 1926. Credits to: "Albert Bushnell Hart L.L.D., Harvard University" The geographer was "L. Philip Denoyer." "Compiled and drawn by R. Baxter Blair." Lithographed in color. 31 1/2 x 44. Wall map backed on linen and folded into fifteen sections. Insets show: "Operations Near Boston," "Newport 1778," Saratoga Campaign 1777", "Central Campaigns 1776-1778" and "Virginia Campaigns 1781. Grommets along the top for hanging. Some small chips along bottom edge not touching image. Else, very good condition.

This large school map uses colors and codes to show the major theatres of the American Revolution. Movements by American, British and French forces are represented by dramatic arrow tipped solid and dotted lines. Each line is dated to retain information on the chronology of events. $225

R. Baxter Blair. "Secession 1860-1861." From Hart American History Series. Chicago: Denoyer-Geppert Co., 1917, 1926. Credits to: "Albert Bushnell Hart L.L.D., Harvard University" The geographer was "L. Philip Denoyer." Lithographed in color. 31 1/2 x 44 1/4. Wall map backed on linen and folded into fifteen sections. An inset shows a map of Charleston Harbor. Grommets along the top for hanging. Some small chips along bottom edge not touching image. Else, very good.

This fascinating, large school map uses colors and codes to delineate: free states, free territories, loyal slave states, Confederate states that seceded prior to 14 April 1861, and Confederate states that seceded after 14 April 1861. Symbols throughout the map represent forts held by loyal forces, forts seized by seceding forces, arsenals seized by seceding forces, branch mints seized by seceding forces, and navy yards seized by seceding forces. A fine and interesting historical map. $225

National Map Company. "Pennsylvania Showing Counties in Different Colors ... Townships ... cities ... Boroughs ... Villages ... Post Offices ... Steam and Electric Railways, with Stations and Distances between Stations and other Features ... Complete Index to all Places on Map showing locations and population according to Latest Official Census." Indianapolis & New York, n.d. but ca. 1925-30. 44 x 67 (sheet). Lithograph with same information on both sides. Excellent condition. On original black painted steel rods.

Information on this map is derived from the U.S. Census of 1920. In addition to information listed by the title there is an inset map showing Congressional and Senate Districts, a list of counties and county seats, and a scale of travel distances. $450

National Map Company. "National Map Company's New Road Survey of the United States showing Main Highways." Indianapolis & New York, ca. 1925-30. 44 x 38 (sheet). Lithograph. Printed on two sides of this thin sheet of paper in blue with red state boundaries and names. One side shows the eastern half and the other the western half of the United States. Excellent condition.

This very informative map shows three types of roads: paved, improved, and unimproved. The latter is designated as "Good in dry seasons." State and Federal highways are properly marked with appropriate symbols and mileage is given between double circles. The publisher states that this map is acquired only for free when purchasing an atlas or larger map. A scarce piece of ephemera. $225

Crawford C. Anderson. "The Pennsylvania Railroad and Connections." Buffalo: J.W. Clement Co., Matthews-Northrup Works, ca. 1941. 55 1/2 x 32. Cereograph. Full printed color. Full margins. Backed on fabric as issued with original rollers. Very good condition.

A bright railroad map showing the Pennsylvania Railroad System and its connections from Kansas City to Maine and as far south as Kentucky. Dated by internal evidence of rail lines. $475


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