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From the sixteenth century maps have been made to be hung on the walls of offices, public buildings, schools, etc. These maps are usually large for ease of reading. Usually they were attached to rollers at the top and bottom for hanging, and they often were varnished to protect them from wear, smoke and bugs.
Condition Note: These are maps were intended for use and with their exposure to flies, poking fingers, tears, and all the other happenstance of such items, means that few survive, and many of those that do are in rough condition. Usually one will find water stains, rubbed sections, cracks and tears, as well as the typical yellowing from the oxidation of the varnish. All wall maps listed here have some typical condition problems, but we have tried to indicate major ones in the descriptions. Please contact us for specific and detailed condition reports on any of the wall maps on our web site.
"Mitchell's National Map of the American Republic or United States of North America." Philadelphia: S. Augustus Mitchell, 1843, copyright 1842. First edition. Separately issued wall map. 24 1/2 x 33 3/4. Drawn by J.H. Young. Engraving by J.H. Brightly. Full original hand color. Together with "Maps of the Vicinities of Thirty-Two of the Principal Cities and Towns in the Union." Expertly conserved and mounted on new linen. Excellent condition.
A dramatic, separately-issued wall map of the United States issued by important Philadelphia publisher S. Augustus Mitchell. Mitchell had begun to produce wall maps about a decade earlier, and this was the first edition of a regularly updated series of "National Maps" which appeared every year from 1843 to 1850 (except for 1849). As intended for practical use, this map has a particularly strong appearance and very clear depictions of towns and roads between them, each labeled with a distance on it. The insets of the thirty-two cities surround the map. Included are insets of northern Maine and the southern tip of Florida. In the lower right corner is a table with the populations of each county within the United States.
This striking and highly detailed map shows the U.S. extending from the Atlantic to just beyond the Mississippi River, with the states of Louisiana and Missouri, and the territories of Arkansas and the recently created Iowa, much larger than it would become as a state. To the west of those lies a very large Indian Territory, as all that land (then thought to be useless to white Americans) had been set aside as a convenient place to send the eastern tribes. For much of the rest of the nineteenth century, of course, these Indian lands were taken away until only what later became Oklahoma remained. $3,250
J.H. Young. "The Empire State. New York With Its Counties, Towns, Cities, Villages: Internal Improvements &c." Philadelphia: S. Augustus Mitchell, 1844. Wall map, mounted on linen, varnished and attached to original wood rollers. 40 x 47 1/2. Engraving by J.H. Young. Original hand color. Map time-toned from varnish and with fly-specs and some scattered stains. Small areas of surface worn off at top. Otherwise, very good condition for separately issued wall map.
An impressive wall map of the Empire State by leading American publisher S. Augustus Mitchell. This is quite an early example of such a wall map, a type of map that would have hung in many schools, government and private offices, as well as homes. As noted in the title, the map has impressive detail of the state, including its many roads and canals. Four decorative vignettes surround the title-the Erie Canal opening celebration, McDonough's victory, the surrender of Burgoyne, and the evacuation of New York during the Revolution-and the whole is surrounded by a typical Mitchell decorative border. Two large tables of statistics on the state are included in the top right corner. $650
William E. Morris after John Melish. "Map of Pennsylvania, Constructed from the County Surveys authorized by the State; and other original Documents. Revised And Improved Under the supervision of Wm. E. Morris, Civil Engineer." Philadelphia: R.L. Barnes, -1849. Copyright, R.L. Barnes 1848. 50 x 74. Engraving by Edward Yeager. Original hand color. Conserved and mounted on new linen backing. Very good condition.
In 1816, the Pennsylvania State legislature passed a law to produce an official state map, and this project was given to the supervision of Philadelphia mapmaker John Melish. Melish called for each county to produce a standardized map, which he would then use to compile a full state map. He worked for six years on this map, which was finally produced in 1822, with revised editions issued in 1824, 1826, and 1832. As each of these maps was produced, one could see the internal growth and development of the state, with new roads and canals, settlements and other features making their appearance with each new issue. By the 1830s, however, it became clear that the tremendous growth of the state demanded an updated and revised version of this official state map. Civil Engineer William E. Morris was authorized to gather updated information from each county, and he proceeded to 'revise and improve' Melish's map, with the new engravings done by Philadelphia craftsman Edward Yeager. The map was copyrighted and first issued in 1848 and this example was issued a year later with some updating. The size of this map and its myriad public uses determined that the map would be issued in the format of a wall map. Its sheets were joined, mounted on canvas, and varnished so that it could be hung in public plates throughout the state. Added along the bottom of the map are several tables of information. These include: "Anthracite Coal Trade of Pennsylvania," "Public Works of Pennsylvania," "Approximate Estimate of Bituminous Coal Mined in 1847," and "Statistical Table Shewing The Prominent Features of each County." It map is a superb picture of Pennsylvania at mid-century and it is the last of the great engraved maps of the state. $6,500
"Chapin's Ornamental Map of the United States with the New Western Possessions." New York: Ensign, Bridgman & Tanning, 1851. Separately issued wall map, remounted on new linen. 48 x 60 (full sheet). Engraving with original hand color. Considerable surface cracking and smudging, but expertly conserved and mounted onto new linen. With early wood rollers top and bottom.
A wonderfully "Ornamental" wall map of the United States from 1856, one in a very popular series of wall maps started by W. Chapin back in 1839. The maps are noted not just for the excellent detail of the United States (with roads, counties, towns, etc. all clearly indicated), but their elaborate architectural motif of columns, graced with four vignettes (of Boston, New York, Philadelphia and Baltimore) and, in this edition, portraits of the first ten American Presidents. Also included is an elaborate title cartouche, drawn by Chapin and engraved by Prudhomme, showing America pointing towards the heavens and surround by four graces and putti. The various editions of this map were regularly updated to show new geographic information. Beginning with this edition, new information was added in Minnesota and the surrounding region.
In the early versions of the map, that region was partly covered by two small insets of the western territories and Texas. Beginning with this edition, those insets were removed and instead a larger inset added in the lower right showing "The Western States and Territories." This inset shows the trans-Mississippi West as it was situated right after the Mexican War (1846-48). California is shown as a state, with Oregon Territory above. The other lands gained from Mexico are shown divided into the New Mexico and Utah Territories (before the Gadsden Purchase). In between those territories and the states and territories on the west side of the Mississippi is a large, unorganized territory label as Nebraska, with a vague Indian Territory to the south. For its excellent, up-to-date information and decorative appeal, this is one of the best mid-19th century maps of the United States. $3,800
"Colton's Map of the United States of America, the British Provinces, Mexico, and the West Indies, Showing the Country from the Atlantic to the Pacific Ocean." With insets: "Map of Central America." and "The Southeastern part of the West Indies." New York: J. H. Colton, 1853. 52 x 59 (full sheet). Full margins. Map somewhat browned. Backed with linen. Slight wear in a few areas. Otherwise, in very good condition. Wheat, Transmississippi West, 766. Contemporary roller and moulding.
This Transmississippi West map has been celebrated in Carl I. Wheat's works as a particularly significant state in the series of separately issued maps of the United States by Colton & Co through the period 1847-1854. The map is a fascinating graphic of the entire United States and reflects the dynamic changes occurring in the country, especially the western states and territories. California had been admitted to the Union as a free state in 1850, and the territories of New Mexico and Utah were provided boundaries so they could plan for statehood, and the final boundaries of Texas were delineated. This map was also the first of the Colton maps to show the territory of Washington. Other territories and states west of the Mississippi included the Indian Territory and Nebraska. Trail routes and newly surveyed areas are given great detail. The important Stansbury Expedition and the subsequent report and maps, published in 1852, were the newest source for the mapping of overland trail routes in the Plains and Utah Territory, and was obviously referenced for this map. This report further established the Fremont trail routes and also provided new detail.
Along with geographical precedents, other political and technological developments are also explicit in the description of the United States. Though the agreement was consummated in 1853, this map failed to include the latest boundary created by the Gadsden Purchase which settled a specific land dispute between the US and Mexico. The purchase ceded a narrow strip of land 30,000sq mi. in area which now forms the modern boundary of southern NM and AZ. In this map several lines show the differing tentative boundaries proposed by the U.S. Boundary Commission prior to the settled agreement. As for the burgeoning railroad industry and extending rail lines, the expansion was made clear by the illustration of the newest connections between the natural resources of the frontier, the growing mid-west towns and the major industrial centers of the east coast.
The decorative elements showing landscapes, city views, vignettes of natives and monuments are exquisitely presented in an intricate decorative border and title allegory. Given the great quantity of turnpikes, canals, and new railroads, the map reflects the great success of Henry Clay's American System at a time of maximum expansion. $7,500
"A New Map of that portion of North America exhibiting the United States and Territories, the Canadas, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, and Mexico, also, Central America, the West India Islands. Compiled from the most recent surveys & authentic sources." Baltimore: Jacob Monk, 1853. Separately issued wall map. 55 x 59. Lithograph by A. Hoen & Co. 57 x 61. Full original hand color. Most of the top of the printed area is missing from four to eight inches across the top; Washington Territory is the only part that is missing from the U.S. portion. Map professionally conserved and lined. Overall, very good appearance. Ref.: Wheat, Transmississippi West, III: 163-4 and 328-9.
An unusual 1853 version of Monk's impressive map of North America, an early edition in a series of wall maps published between 1851 and 1863. The map focuses on transportation routes crisscrossing the country, including railroads built and proposed, and tables are included at the right listing distances along water and inland routes between cities. Also of focus are the trails and exploration routes in the West. For instance, the Oregon Trail is shown with stopping places marked and miles between noted. Monk also indicates the water routes to California, with a number of ship vignettes gracing the seas. An inset map of the world, in the lower left, shows explorer routes around the globe. In the eastern part of the United States much information is given, providing a terrific contemporary image of the developed part of the country at mid-century.
It is for the western part of the country that this map is of most interest. The map was issued just after the "Compromise of 1850," which set the political situation in those lands won in the recent war with Mexico. California was admitted as a state, and the rest of the new lands were divided into New Mexico and Utah Territories, both shown here. This map was issued in the heyday of the California gold rush, so Monk features a rather large depiction of the "Gold Region" in California. To the immediate west of the Mississippi River, the northern most region is shown as Minnesota Territory, below which are the states of Iowa, Missouri, Arkansas and Louisiana, the west of which is the state of Texas. The lands acquired by the United States in 1853, with the Gadsden Purchase, are here shown as part of Mexico. Monk was very concerned to keep his maps up-to-date and in 1853, the idea of establishing a new Nebraska Territory, to be created out of the unorganized Indian Territories, was being floated. As some point in 1853, Monk added the indication of "Nebraska Territory as Proposed," which was not shown in the early 1853 version. (Cf. Rumsey #602.) Monk shows this territory as including all of later Kansas Territory and the southern part of what was created as Nebraska Territory in the 1854 Kansas-Nebraska Act. Another salient feature of Monk's map is his careful location of Indian tribes, many indicated with separate coloring. $2,450
"Mitchell's New National Map Exhibiting the United States with the North American British Provinces, Sandwich Islands, Mexico and Central America, Cuba and West India Islands." Philadelphia: S. Augustus Mitchell, Jr., 1857. Separately issued wall map. 65 x 63 1/2. Lithograph by W. Williams. Strong original hand color. Some minor cracking to surface and minor stains. Expertly conserved and lined on new linen. Excellent condition for such a wall map.
An impressive national statement from shortly before the Civil War, a wall map published by one of the great American cartographic publishers S. Augustus Mitchell, Jr. The Mitchell firm was founded by S. Augustus Mitchell Sr., who from around the middle of the nineteenth century issued atlases and maps of all parts of the world in all formats. This map was issued as a wall map, backed on canvas and put on rollers. Mitchell had been issuing wall maps of the United States for a number of years, and this is the first edition of his "New National Map." It sums up cartographic information on the United States from coast to coast, as well as Central America and part of the West Indies. Each nation, state and territory is shown with its roads, railroads, canals, towns, and distances between towns.
The information on the west is particularly impressive, with Carl Wheat calling this map an "achievement." The territories as then situated are clearly depicted, including lands gained from the Mexican-American war and the Gadsden Purchase. New information derived from Stansbury's map of 1852, in Utah and Colorado, is shown, and the course of the Rio Grande has been updated from the Mexican-United States border surveys. The new territories of Washington (1853), Kansas (1854), and Nebraska (1854) are shown. This map is the first in the Mitchell series to show what became, in 1861, part of the Dakota Territory. Minnesota Territory was originally that part of the old Louisiana Territory north of Iowa and between the Mississippi and Missouri Rivers. In 1858, the western part was broken off, with the eastern section becoming the state of Minnesota. That western part had a provisional government set up, but it did not become an official territory—and then much bigger—until three years later.
Mail routes, exploration and emigration paths are indicated clearly throughout. This was the time when Americans were planning to build a railroad across the country and four proposed rail road routes are noted. There is an inset map of the world and one of the Sandwich Islands (Hawaii). Also included is census information and a number of decorative vignettes. The map is surrounded by a typical Mitchell decorative border, and the whole package is aesthetically and cartographically excellent. $6,500
"Map of Bucks and Montgomery Counties and the Consolidated City of Philadelphia." Philadelphia: R. K. Kuhn & J. D. Janney, 1857. Wagner & McGuigan Lithographers. 61 x 52. Original hand color, with townships and city wards in contrasting shades. Separately issued wall map. Cracks to surface. Top 12" reinforced with archival paper. With original rollers and ribbons. Overall good condition. Peters, "America on Stone", pp. 393-95.
Eight inset woodcut views: Krams Hotel, Doylestown, Bucks County; Browers Hotel, Doylestown, Bucks County; Washington Hall, Trappe; Tremont Seminary (male), Norristown, Montgomery County; Cottage Female Seminary, Pottstown, Montgomery County; Oakland Female Institute, Norristown, Montgomery County; Montgomery County Court House; Bucks County Court House, Doylestown.
Thirty one inset maps: "Plan of Norristown," "Trombowersville," "Fallsington," Plan of Attleboro," "Borough of New Hope," "Centerville," "Quakertown," "Borough of Newtown," "Plan of Hulmeville," "Plan of Doylestown Borough," "Townsend," "Plan of Pottstown," "Jenkintown," "Port Kennedy," "Harleysville," "Plan of Hatborough," "Evansburgh," "Willow Grove," "Trappe," "Sumneytown," "Greenville," "Bridgeport," "Kulpsville," "Skippackville," "Pennsburg," "Plan of Bristol," "Plan of Yardleyville," "Applebachville," "Plan of Newport," "Bridgewater," and "Plan of Morrisville."
Main map and inset maps detail an impressive number of landholders identifying the location of heads-of households, making this a valuable primary resource for genealogists or anyone researching this area in Southeast Pennsylvania. $3,600
G. Morgan Hopkins. "Topographical map of the State of New Jersey together with the vicinities of New York and Philadelphia, and with most of the state of Delaware from the State Geological Survey and the U.S. Coast Survey, and from surveys by G. Morgan Hopkins, civil engineer." Philadelphia: H. G. Bond, 1860. Original hand color. Decorative grapevine border. Separately issued varnished wall map mounted to original canvas backing with original wood rollers. Various light patches in varnish as to be expected. Otherwise, very good condition. Snyder, J. P., Mapping of New Jersey, p. 105.
An impressive and wonderfully detailed wall map of New Jersey published just before the start of the Civil War. In 1854, William Kitchell was hired as State Geologist and he immediately commenced work to produce a large topographical wall map of the state. Work on the map was suspended two years later due to state financial problems and Kitchell was dismissed from his job. However, he was determined to complete this map. Kitchell lobbied the state for four years to allow him to publish the map privately which the state eventually allowed him to do in 1860. The result is one of the most important maps of New Jersey ever made.
The breadth and scope of this map is amazing. This map not only depicts the Garden State in great detail but it also includes the adjacent areas of Delaware Bay, parts of New York, Southeastern Pennsylvania and Delaware. The map contains many inset maps and vignettes of the following cities and towns: Paterson, Belvidere, Rahway, Morristown, Jersey City and Hoboken, Orange, Elizabeth, New Brunswick, Camden, Bordentown, Trenton, Newark, Salem, Burlington, Beverly, Newton, and Mount Holly, New Brunswick, Newark, the Delaware Water Gap, Paterson, Trenton, and Camden. Also depicted is a meteorological map of the state and a "Time Dial" where one could immediately calculate the time in any part of the state.
Only a few known examples of this map can be found in the collections of Chester Public Library, Princeton University, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, New York State Library, and the Fairleigh Dickinson University Library. Overall, a landmark in the mapping of the State of New Jersey. $6,000
In 1860, C.K. Stone & A. Pomeroy issued a number of large wall maps of Philadelphia and region. The maps all showed Philadelphia, but they varied in terms of what parts of the surrounding areas were shown--each with a slightly different focus--and in what inset maps were included. Each map, though, has amazing detail, with towns, roads, mills, and much other information, including the names of specific landowners. The maps were intended for practical use for public and governmental purposes and they offer not only an impressive graphic display, but also a detailed and fascinating snap-shot of the Delaware Valley just before the Civil War.
A wonderfully informative wall map by H.F Walling. Made during the Civil War, the state of Pennsylvania is handsomely depicted and is surrounded by inserts of all of the state's major cities at the time; Philadelphia, Pittsburgh, Lancaster, Reading, Scranton, Harrisburg, Erie, Pottsville, Wilkesbarre, Honesdale, Montrose, Carbondale, Pittston.
The entire United States, depicted as united even during the war, is also illustrated in the lower left which includes a table of distances between cities. Numerous other charts are also shown, including, both a climatological and topographical map, a time table, and a population chart. A fascinating and beautiful map from a tumultuous time. $3,600
J.A. Anderson. "Map of the Rail Roads of New Jersey, and parts of Adjoining States. 1870." Copyrighted in New Jersey in 1869  by J.A. Anderson. Printed by "Jas. McGuigan, Lith. Philada." 21 1/2 x 16 (full sheet). Original light varnish rubbed. Backed on original linen. A few short tears. Tacked to the original antique top moulding and bottom spindle. Full margins. A lovely small wall map in its original format. Ref.: Phillips, MAPS, p. 491.
This fascinating, separately issued map focuses almost exclusively on the railroads of New Jersey by naming and drawing the lines with the names of stations with distances between these stations expressed in "miles and tenths." No wagon roads are designated and only major waterways are drawn. All of New Jersey is shown with large areas of northern Delaware, Eastern Pennsylvania and New York along the Hudson River.
At the bottom margin and to the left of the title area is a small merchant's label reading "Sheble, Smith & Co. / Successors to R. L. Barnes, / Map Publishers, 27 S. 6th. Sth., [sic.] Phila." Measuring a petite 1" x 1 1/2". A charming wall map. $850
"Map of the City of Lancaster. Lancaster Co. Penn. Surveyed, drawn & published by Roe & Colby in Philadelphia: 1874." Lithograph with hand color to some boundaries. 56 1/2 x 55 (full sheet) with top moulding and bottom spindle. Complete with some edge chipping and very few stains and rubs.
A very detailed map of Lancaster with roads, railroad lines and buildings for homes and commerce. This map features approximately 130 businesses active at the time by listing and describing establishments on the map's top tier. $1,800
"Lloyd's Topographical and Railway Map of North America." New York: J.T. Lloyd, 1876. Credit reads, "Projected by J.T. Lloyd." Imprint reads, "Philadelphia: E. Lloyd, 1876." Inset map of South America. Below the map area are depictions of the five major buildings of the Centennial Exposition in Philadelphia. Lithograph (hand coloring to the state of the union and countries of South and Central America). 69 x 57 (sheet). A wall map with original molding and spindle. Conserved with new linen backing and new fringe ribbons. Much age browning and staining. Missing surface is toward the top areas in Canada and Alaska.
References: Not in: Phillips, Maps in the Library of Congress; British Museum Catalogue of Maps; or Tooley's Dictionary of Mapmakers. $3,600
"Cram's Superior Map of Pennsylvania showing distances between stations and populations by decimals of all cities and villages with 100 inhabitants and over." Chicago: George F. Cram, 1904. 40 x 48 1/2. Wax engraving, printed in very bright colors. Water stain running along left hand side of map; else, fine condition. With original rollers.
A very colorful and impressive map of Pennsylvania showing population centers and roads, along with eight inset maps of the United States and surrounding states. The inset maps include the states surrounding Pennsylvania and two maps of the United States; an orographical map and a territorial growth map. Fascinating and colorful map of Pennsylvania at the turn of the twentieth century. $325
R. Baxter Blair. "Revolutionary War 1775-1783." From Hart American History Series. Chicago: Denoyer-Geppert Co., 1917, 1926. Credits to: "Albert Bushnell Hart L.L.D., Harvard University" The geographer was "L. Philip Denoyer." "Compiled and drawn by R. Baxter Blair." Lithographed in color. 31 1/2 x 44. Wall map backed on linen and folded into fifteen sections. Insets show: "Operations Near Boston," "Newport 1778," Saratoga Campaign 1777", "Central Campaigns 1776-1778" and "Virginia Campaigns 1781. Grommets along the top for hanging. Some small chips along bottom edge not touching image. Else, very good condition.
This large school map uses colors and codes to show the major theatres of the American Revolution. Movements by American, British and French forces are represented by dramatic arrow tipped solid and dotted lines. Each line is dated to retain information on the chronology of events. $225
R. Baxter Blair. "Secession 1860-1861." From Hart American History Series. Chicago: Denoyer-Geppert Co., 1917, 1926. Credits to: "Albert Bushnell Hart L.L.D., Harvard University" The geographer was "L. Philip Denoyer." Lithographed in color. 31 1/2 x 44 1/4. Wall map backed on linen and folded into fifteen sections. An inset shows a map of Charleston Harbor. Grommets along the top for hanging. Some small chips along bottom edge not touching image. Else, very good.
This fascinating, large school map uses colors and codes to delineate: free states, free territories, loyal slave states, Confederate states that seceded prior to 14 April 1861, and Confederate states that seceded after 14 April 1861. Symbols throughout the map represent forts held by loyal forces, forts seized by seceding forces, arsenals seized by seceding forces, branch mints seized by seceding forces, and navy yards seized by seceding forces. A fine and interesting historical map. $225
National Map Company. "Pennsylvania Showing Counties in Different Colors ... Townships ... cities ... Boroughs ... Villages ... Post Offices ... Steam and Electric Railways, with Stations and Distances between Stations and other Features ... Complete Index to all Places on Map showing locations and population according to Latest Official Census." Indianapolis & New York, n.d. but ca. 1925-30. 44 x 67 (sheet). Lithograph with same information on both sides. Excellent condition. On original black painted steel rods.
Information on this map is derived from the U.S. Census of 1920. In addition to information listed by the title there is an inset map showing Congressional and Senate Districts, a list of counties and county seats, and a scale of travel distances. $450
National Map Company. "National Map Company's New Road Survey of the United States showing Main Highways." Indianapolis & New York, ca. 1925-30. 44 x 38 (sheet). Lithograph. Printed on two sides of this thin sheet of paper in blue with red state boundaries and names. One side shows the eastern half and the other the western half of the United States. Excellent condition.
This very informative map shows three types of roads: paved, improved, and unimproved. The latter is designated as "Good in dry seasons." State and Federal highways are properly marked with appropriate symbols and mileage is given between double circles. The publisher states that this map is acquired only for free when purchasing an atlas or larger map. A scarce piece of ephemera. $225
Crawford C. Anderson. "The Pennsylvania Railroad and Connections." Buffalo: J.W. Clement Co., Matthews-Northrup Works, ca. 1941. 55 1/2 x 32. Cereograph. Full printed color. Full margins. Backed on fabric as issued with original rollers. Very good condition.
A bright railroad map showing the Pennsylvania Railroad System and its connections from Kansas City to Maine and as far south as Kentucky. Dated by internal evidence of rail lines. $475
"Cram's Superior Map of Pennsylvania." Indianapolis: George F. Cram Company, Inc., 1941. 35 3/4 x 58. Full sheet: 47 x 60. Wax engraving, printed in very bright colors. A few short tears at edges of margins; else, fine condition. With wooden rollers.
A very colorful and impressive map of Pennsylvania showing population centers and roads, along with two inset maps of the trunk highways and counties with populations by 1000s. Below the body of the map are several charts, from left: Populations by County, by town and a table of the populations of towns over 2500 from both the 1930 and 1940 censuses. Fascinating and colorful map of Pennsylvania just at the beginning of World War II. $450
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