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[ 19th Century U.S. regional maps ]
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W.E. Tunis. "Tunis' New Colored Rail Road Map of the United States & Canadas." Lithograph in two colors. Buffalo, N.Y.: W.E. Tunis, 1859. 15 3/4 x 20 1/2 (neat lines). Full margins.
This fascinating map shows the development of railroads on the eve of the American Civil War. It was printed to be included in Tunis' International Rail Road Guide of 1859 and promised within the title that it would be "revised and corrected every month." The format seems designed for mass production, but searches for more copies lead to the suspicion that few exist.
The format has completed rail lines in solid red and planned lines as broken lines. The difference between lines in the north and south are dramatic. Among the many lines in the north the farthest reaching west extends to Jefferson City and St. Joseph, Missouri with the next farthest extending into Iowa at Cedar Rapids, Iowa City and Fairfield. Railroads in the Southern States stop at the Mississippi River gong only to Memphis and Vicksburg. The longest two railroads are the Illinois Central and the Baltimore and Ohio. Much more to study is in this map. QW OUT ON APPROVAL
Theodor Ettling. "United States of North America (Eastern & Central)." London: Weekly Dispatch, ca. 1860. 38 x 35 1/2. Lithograph transfer from engraving by T. Ettling. Printed by Day & Son. Original outline color. Dissected into 24 sections and mounted on linen. Very good condition.
A British separately issued map of the United States up to the Rockies by Theodor Ettling. Ettling was a Dutch draughtsman, engraver and lithographer who worked first in Amsterdam, later moving to London where he produced maps for some of the British papers of the mid-nineteenth century. This map was published by the Weekly Dispatch, which issued an atlas in 1858 with maps by Ettling. Ettling seems to have made quite a study of North America, issuing a number of fine examples such as this large folding map. Detail is copious and precisely delineated in a typically neat British style. Roads, towns, rivers, lakes, and topographically are all accurately and clearly rendered. The map shows the United States as it was situated at the beginning of the Civil War, and its depiction of the trans-Mississippi region is particularly interesting. A large Kansas Territory and very large Nebraska Territory run up to the Rocky Mountains, with New Mexico, a tiny bit of Arizona, Utah, and Idaho shown at the western edge of the map. The detail in this region is also of considerable interest, with proposed railroad routes and Indian tribes indicated throughout. Besides its historic interest, this rare map is also decoratively very attractive, with the soft pastel outline color and hatchured topography lending it a nice visual appeal. $950
"Johnson's New Military Map of the United States showing the Forts, Military Posts &c. With Enlarged Plans of Southern Harbors From Authentic Data Obtained at the War Department Washington." New York: Johnson & Ward, 1861. 17 1/2 x 23 3/4. Lithograph. Full original hand-color. Slight separation at bottom center fold, expertly repaired. Light stains in bottom margin. Else, very good condition.
With the start of the Civil War, the military situation in the United States was, naturally, of great interest to the readers of Johnson's atlas, so the firm of Johnson & Ward added this "New Military Map." The focus is on the situation of all the U.S. forts and posts throughout the country, including those in the South. As an important element in the war was the access to maritime trade, with the Union blockade of Southern ports, the firm also put in nine inset maps of various southern harbors, running from Baltimore to New Orleans.
The political division of the United States is also of interest in this map. Up to 1860, the increased population of settlers in the trans-Mississippi west created considerable pressure to create new territories there, but the debate over whether these would be free or slave territories prevented Congress from acting. As soon as the Southern Congressmen left, when their states seceded, Northern Congressmen could pass what they wanted and three new territories were created in 1861. These new territories, Colorado, Nevada and Dakota, are all shown here. However, also shown is a territory not yet created and certainly not created as it is shown here, viz. Arizona.
The settlers in the southern part of New Mexico had been trying since the late 1850s to create a territory of Arizona out of the southern part of that territory, but the fact that this would be a southern leaning, slave territory prevented this from happening. When the Confederacy was created, those settlers decided they didn't want to wait, so they voted themselves as a Confederate Territory. The U.S. Congress did eventually, in 1863, create an Arizona Territory, but running north-south, to the west of New Mexico, so it would not be a "southern," slave territory. The Johnson & Ward firm believed that the Arizona Territory was going to be created as originally proposed, and so that is what they show here, making this map both erroneous and particularly interesting. $350
"Colton's United States shewing the Military Stations Forts &c. . . ." New York: J.H. Colton, 1861. 14 1/4 x 16. Lithograph by G.P. Putnam. Hand color. Excellent condition.
Fine details are shown east of "Dakota," Colorado and Texas. Emphasis is devoted to Pony Express, railroads and roads. Minute details throughout. A fine printed map. $450
"The United States of America." New York: G.W. & C.B. Colton, -1866. 15 1/2 x 26. Lithograph. Original hand color. Crease next to centerfold and some light spotting. Overall, very good condition.
Another Colton map, this of the United States in 1866. Just two years before this map was issued, Montana Territory was created out of Idaho Territory, and that is the configuration shown here, with just to the south the territory that would later become Wyoming shown as part of the Dakota Territory. This map was issued just at the beginning of the dramatic post-Civil War development of the American west and it presents detail of this region that is fascinating. Rivers and lakes and some topography are shown, but it is the forts, mines, and towns which are of particular interest. Also shown are the roads and trails that had been and continued to be traveled by those settling or crossing the American west. For instance, the Santa Fe Trail, the Oregon Trail, and the Pony Express routes are all clearly documented, as are some of the early explorer's routes. A fine snap shot image of the United States just after the Civil War from one of the top American map publishing firms of the mid-nineteenth century. $325
"Gray's Atlas Map of the United States of America. 1873." Philadelphia: O.W. Gray, 1873. 16 3/4 x 27 1/2. Lithograph. Original hand color. Very good condition.
A map of the United States issued in 1873 at a period when the completion of the transcontinental railroad and gold rushes in California and Colorado led to an upswing in the speed of development of the trans-Mississippi west. While the railroads in the west cannot compare to the web of rail lines in the east, the growth shown on this map, compared to earlier depictions of the United States, is graphic evidence of the western boom. The political formation in the west remained static after the addition of the Wyoming Territory in 1869, but each year was welcomed with many new miles of rail line, new settlements, and a better understanding of the topography of the region. $225
Rufus Blanchard. "Historical Map of the United States Showing Early Spanish, French & English Discoveries and Explorations Also Forts, Towns & Battle Fields of Historical Interest." Chicago; R. Blanchard, 1876. 57 1/4 x 54. Lithograph. Original hand color. Mounted onto linen and folded into 10 x 13 1/2 sections. With original leather covers. With separations at folds, but otherwise, very good condition.
A visually striking historical map of the United States issued in 1876 in celebration of the American Centennial. The map, with depicts the U.S. from the Mississippi to the Atlantic, illustrates the spheres of colonial power, with notes on the earliest discoveries, settlements, forts, battles and so forth. Also included are several inset maps, some copies of original antique maps, and one showing the United States at the beginning, after the Treaty of Paris in 1783, and one showing the United States in 1826, after a half century of growth. Historical text appears on the front of the map, and a series of panels, giving a chronological account of the history of the U.S., are mounted on the bottom verso. The map was designed to fold into covers and these panels can be read when it is first opened. The map also has two ribbons in the top corners, intended to be used to hang the map for presentation, presumably in a school room. This is a most interesting and quite handsome map from the end of our nation's first century. $750
"Map Of The United States, and Territories. Together With Canada &c." Philadelphia: S.A. Mitchell, Jr., 1876. Lithograph. Original hand color. 13 1/4 x 21 1/4. Very good condition.
A later edition of the S.A. Mitchell map of the United States, issued during the country's Centennial year. Quite changed from the map of the previous decade (above) and with more topographical features than the Gray map of three years before. $225
G.W. & C.B. Colton. "Map Showing the Line of the Norfolk and Western and Shenandoah Valley Railroads and the Connection with the Virginia, Tennessee & Georgia Air Line." New York: G.W. & C.B. Colton & Co., 1881. 19 x 25 1/2. Lithograph. Original highlight color. Excellent condition. Folded into First Annual Report of the President and Directors of the Norfolk & Western Railroad Company. Philadelphia, 1882. Octavo. Paper covers. 51 pp. Excellent condition.
A map of the railroad lines in the American southeast produced by one of the most important map publishers of the second half of the nineteenth century, the Colton firm out of New York. This firm, which went through a number of different manifestations, issued both atlas maps and attractive folding maps such as this one. This map was issued to accompany the first annual report, for 1881, of the Norfolk & Western Railroad Company. The map is folded into the back of the pamphlet, and its copious detail of the railroad systems in the American southeast would have provided excellent illumination for the annual report. Detail is given of rivers and towns from Massachusetts to Iowa and from Florida to Louisiana. All the myriad railroads in this region are also shown, which those of the "Virginia, Tennessee and Georgia Air Line" highlighted in color. This railroad system was comprised of the Norfolk and Western, Shenandoah Valley, East Tennessee, Virginia, and Georgia railroad systems. Ship connections from these lines to Baltimore, New York and Boston are also indicated. Scarce and of considerable historic note, this is a fine document of the American southeast from about a century ago. $475
"Map of the United States." Buffalo: Matthews Northrup Co., ca. 1890. 12 x 19 3/4. Cereograph. Full color. Pocket folding map with original, printed cover. Some wear to corner of cover, but overall fine condition.
A nice, unusual example of a "vest-pocket" folding map from around 1890. Issued in Buffalo New York by the Matthews Northrup Co. On the back of the cover they advertise their "Vest-Pocket Maps" which are "Handsomer - handier - BETTER than any 50-cent maps published. The back of the map includes a description of the history and politics of the U.S., along with a table of population. The map itself has considerable detail, including railroads, towns, and much else. $95
U.S. Geological Survey. "United States Contour Map." Prepared for the U.S. Geological Service, John Wesley Powell, Director. Compiled by Henry Gannett. Washington: Edition of Dec. 1896, reprinted March, 1902. Engraving. 17 1/4 x 28 (neat lines) plus full margins. Paper old and brittle. Excellent condition.
The base map was the most simple but essential map produced by the United States government in the second half of the Nineteenth Century. Relatively few cities and towns are on this map by design; however, the profuse detail on waterways, printed in blue, is amazing. Using contour lines on such a large area necessitated simple but easy to follow elevations. Oklahoma is the last of the lower forty-eight states to be poised to join the union. $175
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