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[ 19th Century U.S. regional maps ]
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Thomas G. Bradford. "United States Exhibiting The Railroads & Canals." From A Comprehensive Atlas. Boston: Wm. B. Ticknor, 1835. 7 3/8 x 9 5/8. Engraving. Original outline color. Very good condition.
An interesting map of the United States featuring the early development of the canal and rail system. The map extends from the southern half of New Hampshire to the mouth of the Mississippi River, with information on the states, territories, rivers and major towns there within. On the map Bradford has indicated canals and railroads "Chartered," "Making" and "Finished," though he notes that the railroad from Plattsburg to Ogdensburg is omitted. Thus this map provides a snapshot of these two important modes of transportation at a very early state in the development of the national network. $150
Thomas G. Bradford. "United States." From Illustrated Atlas. Boston: T.G. Bradford, 1838. 14 1/4 x 22 7/8. Engraving. Original hand color. Some paper toning. Light wrinkles around old repair to bottom of centerfold. Otherwise, very good condition. Denver.
An excellent map of the United States by Boston cartographer, Thomas G. Bradford. The country is shown stretching from the Atlantic to the Pacific. Today's U.S. southwest is depicted as part of Mexico, which it was to remain until the Mexican-American War later this decade. Texas, the core of the conflict between the two countries, is boldly identified for at this time it was an independent republic, having been established as such in 1836. Detail in the map is very good, with rivers and settlements indicated throughout. In the west some idea of the mountain ranges is shown, though quite confused, and the ranges of the different Indian tribes indicated. Three states are shown west of the Mississippi, including the newly (1836) admitted Arkansas. The rest of the original lands of the Louisiana Purchase are divided into four territories, Oregon, Iowa, Indian, and an unlabeled territory with a large "Great Desert" indicated in it. $650
John Lothian. "United States." From New Edinburgh General Atlas. Edinburgh: J. Gellatly & London: Henry Washbourne, ca. 1840. 10 1/2 x 13 1/4. Engraving. Original hand color. Paper somewhat toned. Very good condition.
An interesting map of the United States issued sometime around 1840. Gellatly and Washbourne jointly published the New Edinburgh General Atlas, with the 1843 and '46 editions containing a modified map of the United States. In this map, Michigan Territory is shown before statehood and before the acquisition of the upper peninsula, which happened in 1836, though it is unlikely this map is so early. The corner of Texas is here shown still as "Mexico," and in northern Maine is text indicating "Disputed Territory." Detail is impressive, with rivers and settlements shown throughout, and Indian tribes noted throughout the mid-west and south. A rare and attractive picture of the country prior to mid-century. $475
Henry S. Tanner. "United States." From New Universal Atlas. Philadelphia: Carey & Hart, 1842/43. 14 7/8 x 11 7/8. Engraving. Full original hand coloring. A few small spots. Very good condition.
An excellent map of the United States by the great American cartographer, Henry Schenck Tanner. In 1816, Henry, his brother Benjamin, John Vallance and Francis Kearny formed an engraving firm in Philadelphia. Having had experience at map engraving through his work with John Melish, Tanner conceived of the idea of compiling and publishing an American Atlas, which was begun in 1819 by Tanner, Vallance, Kearny & Co.. Soon Tanner took over the project on his own, and thus began his career as cartographic publisher. The American Atlas was a huge success, and this inspired Tanner to produce his Universal Atlas, of more manageable size. This atlas contained excellent maps of all parts of the world. All details are clearly presented, and these include towns, rivers, mountains, and political boundaries. In this map, Tanner shows the United States as it appeared just before the middle of the nineteenth century. This was a period of great development and change and Tanner's map illustrates this nicely. In 1842/43, Carey & Hart came out with an updated issue of the Tanner atlas which contained this fine map showing the political information of the newly formed states and territories to the east and just across the Mississippi, including an interesting depiction of the Wisconsin Territory (1836-48) and the eastern part of the Iowa Territory. Tanner also provides fascinating details of the transportation networks, with indicates of roads, railroads and canals. One of the best maps of the United States from the period. $350
Henry S. Tanner. "United States." From New Universal Atlas. Philadelphia: Carey & Hart, 1844. 14 7/8 x 11 7/8. Engraving. Full original hand coloring. Very good condition.
In 1844 Carey & Hart reissued the Tanner Universal Atlas with maps somewhat updated. In the map of the United States, the publishers emphasized the canals and railroads, highlighting them with hand color. $375
Carl Flemming. "Vereinigte Staaten von Nordamerika." Glogau, Germany: C. Flemming, ca. 1846. Four sheets joined to: 20 1/4 x 27 1/4. Lithograph by Handtke. Original outline color. Very good condition. Denver.
Carl Flemming ran an important German publishing house in Glogau and Berlin in the middle of the nineteenth century, issuing atlases and maps like this one. The Germans were very interested in America at this period, with large numbers having emigrated to Texas in the 1840s, and more taking advantage of the opportunities of land and employment by coming to the mid-west and into the west. This map includes great detail of rivers, towns, railroads and canals, all presented with typical German precision and clarity.
The states and territories of the United States are named in a numbered key in the lower left. Of note is that Texas (shown with its pre-1850 borders) is listed as a state and the Oregon Territory border is shown as settled, while Alta California and New Mexico are still shown as part of Mexico, giving an approximate date of 1846 for this map. The trans-Mississippi West is interestingly depicted on the map. Rivers and mountains are shown with impressive detail-some of it accurate and other inaccurate. For instance, in the Great Basin a pair of lakes are shown emptying into rivers (the "Timpanagos" and "Buenaventura") which flow all the way to the Pacific Ocean. Indian tribes are noted throughout and forts, such as Mandan, Union, Laramie, Vrains and Bent's, are indicated. With the German interest in Texas, many communities are shown there. Overall, an impressive depiction of the United States just before mid-century. $950
Thunot Duvotenay. "États-Unis & Méxique." Paris: T. Duvotenay, ca. 1848. 13 x 16 3/4. Engraving by S. Jacobs. Original outline color. Very good condition. Denver.
An uncommon map of the United States issued in, or shortly after, and wonderfully illustrating a seminal year in the country's history, 1848. In January of that year, gold was discovered in California, and this is indicated on the map by a boomerang-shaped, gold-colored "Region de l'Or." Just a month later, on February 2nd, the treaty of Guadalope Hidalgo was signed, giving the United States upper-California and New Mexico, indicated on this map above a dotted "Limites des Etats-Unis." Just to the north of "Californie" is the "District de l'Oregon;" which was actually created as a territory just in 1848, after the border dispute with the United Kingdom was settled in 1846.
The map is quite up-to-date in these western parts, but the east is less so, for neither the Wisconsin Territory (created in 1836) nor the Iowa Territory (created in 1838) are shown. What is particularly interesting, however, is the depiction of four Indian districts, each indicated with a different color. The Indian Intercourse Act of 1834 set aside all of the original Louisiana purchase, outside of Louisiana, Arkansas and Missouri, as land for the Native Americans. It is those lands which are indicated as being the Districts of the Mandans, Sioux, Osages,and Ozark, though other Indian tribes are noted. Other interesting features are noted in the west, including the "Grand Désert Américain" or the "Immenses Plaines Sablonneuses." The lovely hand color is nicely complemented by the decorative border. Overall, a fine map from the middle of the nineteenth century. $475
After H.S. Tanner. "United States." From A New Universal Atlas. Philadelphia: S. Augustus Mitchell, 1849. 15 7/8 x 12 1/2. Lithographic transfer from engraved plate. Full original hand color. Time toned. Very good condition.
A fine map of United States from the mid-nineteenth century, showing the country at an interesting period in its history. The map is filled with myriad topographical details, including rivers, towns, lakes, and mountains. Also shown with considerable detail are the political divisions of the states and territories, each colored with a contrasting shade. Of particular note is the depiction of the transportation nexus in the country, including roads, railroads and canals. This was a time of great expansion in the U.S. and this development was very dependent on this nascent infrastructure. This map is a updated version by S. Augustus Mitchell of an earlier map by H.S. Tanner. It is a fine example of American cartography near mid-century and a fascinating and decorative historical artifact. $275
"Verein-Staaten von Nord-America." Hildburghausen, Germany: Bibliograph Institus in Hildburghausen, ca. 1850. 3 1/2 x 5 5/8. Engraving. Original hand color. Very good condition.
A detailed small engraving showing the United States about 1850, issued by the 'Bibliographic Institution of Hildburghausen.' This firm issued many steel engraved views of all parts of the world and also, around the middle of the nineteenth century, an atlas with detailed and up-to-date maps. Each state and territory is indicated, with a very interesting depiction for the trans-Mississippi region. The states, 33 of them, are listed at right. $125
Carl Radefeld. "Geognostische Karte der Nord-Americanischen Freistaaten. 1853." Hildburghhausen: Bibliographischen Instituts, 1853. 11 1/2 x 13 7/8. Engraving. Original hand color. very good condition. Denver.
A brightly colored geognostic map of the "North American Free States" issued within a couple years of the Compromise of 1850 which created the state of California and the territories of Utah and New Mexico. The political divisions of the trans-Mississippi region are correct, and there is impressive detail of rivers and many western Indian tribes. There are errors, of course (such as the "Great Sandy Plains" in the Great Basin), but very up-to-date for a European map in this period. The geological features are fascinating and includes the "gold region" in California. Attractive, impressively accurate, this is a nice map of the "Free States." $275
Carl Flemming. "Vereinigte Staaten von Nordamerika." Germany: C. Flemming, 1853. Folding map, dissected into 24 sections, mounted on linen, and housed in clamshell box. 20 5/8 x 28. Lithography by Handtke. Original outline color. A very little light spotting in lower left margin. Otherwise excellent condition. Denver.
Carl Flemming ran an important German publishing house in Glogau and Berlin in the middle of the nineteenth century, issuing atlases and separately issued maps like this one. The Germans were very interested in American at this period, with large numbers having emigrated to Texas in the 1840s, and more taking advantage of the opportunities of land and employment by coming to the mid-west and into the west. This map includes great detail of rivers, towns, railroads and canals, all engraved with typical German precision and clarity. The map is particularly interesting for its depiction of the trans-Mississippi region. Shown are large territories for Oregon, New Mexico, Utah, Missouri, "Minisotah," and a large Indian Territory. A fine European map of the U.S. at mid-century. $950
Carl Flemming. "Vereinigte Staaten von Nordamerika." Germany: C. Flemming, 1853. 20 5/8 x 28. Lithography by Handtke. Original outline color. Very good condition.
Another example of Flemming's map of the United States, this example issued in an atlas. $850
"The United States of America." New York: J.H. Colton, 1855. 15 1/2 x 26. Lithograph. Original hand color. Full margins. Spot below title. Old creases. Otherwise, very good condition.
An excellent, detailed map of the United States showing the nation's political configuration just after the Compromise of 1850 and the Kansas-Nebraska act of 1854. The former act established California as a state and set up the Utah and New Mexico territories between the new state and the Rocky mountains. The latter act broke up the old Missouri Territory and Indian Territories to create the Kansas Territory, running from Missouri to the Utah Territory, and the Nebraska Territory from Kansas to the Canadian border. The Colton firm kept their maps very up-to-date, so this map shows this situation clearly and with good detail. Besides the usual rivers, settlements, forts and such, this map also shows both the "Oregon Route" and the "Santa Fe Route," as well as the proposed routes for the planned trans-continental railroad. A fine map from one of the top American map publishing firms of the mid-nineteenth century. $350
J.H. Young. "A New Map of The United States of America." Philadelphia: Charles Desilver, 1856. 16 x 26 1/2. Lithograph. Original hand color. Repaired separation and small stains at lower centerfold. Else, very good condition. Denver.
An fine, detailed map of the United States showing the nation's political configuration just after the Compromise of 1850 and the Kansas-Nebraska act of 1854. The former act established California as a state and set up the Utah and New Mexico territories between the new state and the Rocky mountains. The latter act broke up the old Missouri Territory and Indian Territories to create the Kansas Territory, running from Missouri to the Utah Territory, and the Nebraska Territory from Kansas to the Canadian border. This particular map is from a rare atlas issued by Charles Desilver in 1856. It is very up-to-date and shows the country with impressively detailed and clear detail. Besides the usual rivers, settlements, forts and such, this map also shows the "Oregon Route," the "Santa Fe Route," as well as other western trails. This map was issued at the time the nation was focusing on building a trans-continental railroad and the map has text about this project along with indications of some of the proposed routes. The map includes two insets: one showing the District of Columbia and the other the Gold Region of California. A terrific cartographic picture of the United States at the beginning of its growth into the west and on the eve of the Civil War. $425
Louis Dussieux. "Carte des Etat-Unis." Paris: L. Dussieux, 1856. Lithograph. Original outline color. 11 x 15 1/4. Very good condition. Denver.
A quite unusual map of the United States showing the country's political divisions just after the Kansas-Nebraska Act (1854), though with one interesting error! With that act, the lands north of the 37th parallel, between the continental divide and Missouri and the Missouri River, were divided into two territories, Kansas and Nebraska. Up to this time that region had been part of the Indian Territories, which after the act were left consisting of only what later became the state of Oklahoma. What Dussieux has done on this map, however, is to give Kansas all the lands in the Indian Territory south of Nebraska, thus making what is now Oklahoma part of Kansas! This was never the case, but the Act of 1854 confused many Americans, so it is not surprising it also confused this French cartographer. Besides this interesting error, the borders in 1856 are accurate and, though somewhat spare, his topography is also correct. $225
G. Civelli. "Stati Uniti Dell' America Settentironale." Milan, ca. 1856. 11 3/4 x 15 1/4. Engraving by P. Bezzera. Original outline color. Some light spotting throughout. Else, very good condition. Denver.
Another unusual European mapping of the United States issued shortly after the Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854. The map is quite impressive in its depiction of the topography of the country, strongly shown with hatchuring. Much of this is correct, but Civelli tends to enlarge mountain chains and run them into each other. Of even more interest is the rendering of Texas, the Indian Territory and Kansas, where the Indian Territory is incorrectly enlarged with reference to both Texas (missing its panhandle) and Kansas (its southern border about a degree to far north). Given that the 19th century saw a continual shrinking in the size of the Indian Territory from its first creation in 1834, this is an interesting cartographic payback for all that reduction! $250
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