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[ 19th Century U.S. regional maps ]
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Johann Baptist Homann. "Nova Anglia Septentrionali Americæ implantata Anglorumque coloniis florentissima." Nuremberg: J.C. Homann, ca. 1730. Second state. 19 1/4 x 22 7/8. Engraving. Full original hand color. Very good condition. Ref.: McCorkle, 724.1. Speculates that this map appeared as early as 1716. Some paper wrinkles along center fold. Full margins.
While the French and then the English generally dominated the cartographic world in the eighteenth century, the Homann firm from Nuremberg, Germany was producing many influential maps and atlases. The firm was founded about 1702 by Johann Baptist Homann, who was appointed Geographer to the Emperor in 1715. In 1724, upon J.B. Homann's death, the company passed on to his son, Johann Christoph Homann and then to his heirs, who traded under the name of Homann Heirs. This map shows New England, extending from present-day Maine to Philadelphia, is one of the best examples of the Homann output. This is a second state of the map, issued about 1730, with "Sac. Cæs. Majest Geographo," added below the title.
The maps by the Homann firm are noted for their striking appearance and this colored map is no exception. Of note is the wonderful baroque title cartouche which embodies European impressions of the New World. A Native American, European trader, native fauna, and various American trading goods are all depicted in this impressive engraving. The map gives much interesting detail on the region, including rivers, lakes, towns, Indian settlements, and an indication of the political divisions such as "New Jork," "Nova Anglia," and west and east New Jersey. Though this information is confidently depicted in a bold manner, much of it is inaccurate. For instance, Lake Champlain is shown directly north of the Connecticut River and a large non-existent lake, "Zuyd Lac," is depicted on the Delaware River north of Philadelphia. The grid plan for this city is crudely indicated, as is the Schuylkill River and Wissahickon Creek. Also of interest is the type of Cape Cod, which is shown as an island. Overall, a wonderful document of the early eighteenth century. $2,300
Emanuel Bowen after Henry Popple. "A New & Accurate Map of the Provinces of North & South Carolina Georgia &c. Drawn from late Surveys and regulated by Astron Observat. By Eman. Bowen." From A Complete System of Geography. London: E. Bowen, 1747. 13 5/8 x 16 3/4. Engraving. Very good condition.
Emanuel Bowen was a map engraver, printer and publisher in London in the mid-eighteenth century. He achieved considerable success in this field, being appointed as engraver to both Louis XV of France and George II of Britain, and later as Geographer to the latter. He produced some of the most interesting maps of his time. Despite his royal appointments and apparent success, Bowen died in poverty in 1767. Through all the vicissitudes of his life, however, Emanuel Bowen's maps continued at a very high level of quality, as is exampled in this nicely detailed map of the "Provinces" of North and South Carolina and Georgia. This map is a reduced version of the southeastern sheet from Henry Popple's important map of North America (1733). It extends from the mouth of the Chesapeake Bay to St. Augustine, and stopping just short of Mobile Bay in the west. The detail is most impressive, with rivers, European and Native American settlements, and an indication of the Appalachian Mountains. In what would become Tennessee is a note of the "Charokee Indians." A rare and interesting map of the southeastern part of the British colonies from just before the French and Indian War. $1,350
Emanuel Bowen. "A Map of the British American Plantations, extending from Boston in New England to Georgia; including all the back Settlements in the respective Provinces; as far as the Mississipi." From Gentleman's Magazine. London: July 1754. 8 3/4 x 10 7/8. Hand color. Engraving by Thomas Bowen. Margins added to narrow margins on left and right hand side using old laid paper. Else, very good condition.
The French & Indian War evolved from conflicting British and French claims over the lands east of the Mississippi and west of the Appalachians, particularly in the Ohio River Valley. In 1752, the Marquis Duquesne was made Governor-General of New France with specific instructions to take possession of the Ohio Valley. In 1753 he sent troops to western Pennsylvania where they built forts at Presque Island (Erie) and on the Rivière aux Boeufs (Waterford). At the same time, Robert Dinwiddie, Lieutenant Governor of Virginia, was granting land in the Ohio Valley to citizens of his colony, setting in motion the events which would lead to the war.
Dinwiddie sent out a Virginia gentleman, George Washington, to deliver a letter demanding that the French leave the region. This mission was a failure, but when passing near where the Allegheny and the Monongahela form the Ohio, Washington noted that the point of land at their junction was an excellent spot for a fort. In early 1754, the British started to build Fort Prince George there, but French troops soon arrived and took over. The French completed the fortification, naming it Fort Duquesne. Washington, meanwhile, had been sent out with a contingent of troops to help establish British control and when he heard of the surrender of Fort Prince George, he set up camp in Great Meadows, southeast of Fort Duquesne. Washington received a report that a nearby French contingent intended to attack, so he launched a preemptive strike against the French camp. This was the first engagement of the yet undeclared French & Indian War. Though Washington won that engagement, he was soon defeated by a superior force sent out from Fort Duquesne, leaving the French in command of the entire region west of the Allegheny Mountains.
This map, issued in the Gentleman's Magazine in mid-1754, was published just as the initial events in this saga were transpiring and it focuses on the region in question. Besides the usual topographical information, this map also shows French and British forts in the interior. Of particular note are the two French forts south of Lake Erie and the fort at the fork of the Ohio, indicated with "Fort taken by the French," an event which happened just a few months before the map was issued. This latter mention is the first appearance of the site of Pittsburgh on a printed map. For its excellent and timely detail of this region upon which the coming conflict centered, this map would undoubtedly have been studied avidly by its readers in the months that followed. It is certainly worthy of our similar avid examination, for it gives us a wonderful look back at the beginnings of the war. $850
Jacques Nicolas Bellin. "Carte de la Louisiane, et Pays Voisins." From Prevost d'Exiles' Histoire Generale des Voiages. Paris: Chez Didot, 1757. 8 5/8 x 11 7/8. Engraving. Very good condition. Folds as issued.
From about 1650 to the middle of the eighteenth century, the French dominated the cartographic world, with their fine, scientifically based maps. These maps were particularly outstanding and significant for the northern interior of North America. This vast, forested region was explored throughout the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries by French trappers, traders and missionaries. The information from their explorations was relayed back to Paris, where it was used by the great French cartographers to compile the finest maps of the region produced to that time.
Nicolas Bellin (1703-72), Hydrographer to the King of France, was one of the best French cartographers of the later period. His maps of North America were detailed and generally contained the latest information available. This map is somewhat anachronistic, for about the same time the British were beginning to come out with maps based on their surveys of the interior of the continent, but this map does present the French understanding of their American possessions just before they lost vast territories to the British in the French and Indian War, during which it was issued. It can be seen as a cartographic statement of French claims to the vast middle of the continent, extending from the Great Lakes to the Gulf of Mexico, and from the Appalachians to the Rocky Mountains. Bellin notes all major river systems, especially the Mississippi system upon which their claims rested, and many of the French forts, including Detroit, Fort Duquesne (Pittsburgh), Fort de la Presque Isle (Erie), Sandoske, and Fort "Checagou." This is a wonderful document from the period. $675
"An Accurate Map of the British Empire in Nth. America as settled by the Preliminaries in 1762." From Gentleman's Magazine. London: December 1762. 8 1/4 x 9 3/4. Engraved by J. Gibson. Hand color. Faint mat burn in margins. Else, very good condition. Jolly: Gent-165.
Beginning in 1731, monthly news magazines made their appearance in Britain. These magazines, with such names as Gentleman's Magazine and London Magazine, contained poetry, prose, and articles on events, fashions, personalities, and other items of the day that might be of interest to the English gentleman. One of their most popular, and historically important, features was the inclusion of prints and maps to accompany their articles. This map of the British colonies in North America is a very nice example of one such map, issued in a supplement to Gentleman's Magazine, December 1762. The map shows the continent from Florida to James Bay, and reaching from the Atlantic to the Mississippi River.
This map shows the results of the British victory in the Seven Years War, the American phase of which is known as the French and Indian War. The information is based on the preliminary agreement signed between Great Britain, France and Spain, which was officially signed as the Treaty of Paris in 1763, very shortly after this map appeared. This treaty ceded the entire continent east of the Mississippi River to the British, and this map was issued essentially in order to document for the British public the huge gains that resulted. All of the area in North America that was contested in the war, including Canada -formerly New France-, and the trans-Appalachian region that included the western parts of Virginia, Carolina, and Georgia, are shaded, to contrast with the original British colonies along the Atlantic seaboard. Also included on the map is a inset map of the mouth of the Mississippi River, which the British considered to be an important gateway to their newly won territory. As the image of the newly expanded British Empire that would have been held by a reader in London in 1763, this is a fascinating document from the past. $575
Rigobert Bonne. "Les États Unis de l'Amérique Septentrionale, Partie Orientale." Paris, ca. 1770s. 13 1/2 x 9 1/4 plus full margins. No. 117 from an atlas. Engraving by André. Very good condition.
Rigobert Bonne (1727-95) was the Royal Hydrographer of France, so his primary interest was in marine charts. However, with his Royal connections and access to the cartographic documents in Paris, Bonne was able to compile maps containing some of the most up-to-date information of his time. This map is a good example of his work, including precisely drawn coastal profiles and details, and considerable inland information on orography, rivers, towns, and political boundaries. $250
Rigobert Bonne. "Le Nouveau Mexique." Paris, 1778. 8 x 12 1/4. Engraving by Dien. With some light off-setting. Otherwise, very good condition. Lowery: 545.
Rigobert Bonne was the Royal Hydrographer of France, so his primary interest was in marine charts. However, with his Royal connections and access to the cartographic documents in Paris, Bonne was able to compile maps containing some of the most up-to-date information of his time. This map of the southern part of North America is a good example of his work. It shows as far north as Santa Fe and to just below Guadalahara, also including the northern tip of the Yucatan Peninsula. The southern coast of the United States in included to western Florida, and the river systems are included inland, especially for present-day Texas. A fine eighteenth century map of the region, with good early information of this American southwest. $325
Rigobert Bonne. "Carte de la Partie Nord, des Etats Unis, de l'Amérique Septentrionale." From Bonne's Atlas de toutes les parties connues du Globe Terrestre. Paris, 1780. 8 3/8 x 12 1/2. Engraving. Very good condition.
Rigobert Bonne was the Royal Hydrographer of France, so his primary interest was in marine charts. However, with his Royal connections and access to the cartographic documents in Paris, Bonne was able to compile maps containing some of the most up-to-date information of his time. This map is of the region running from the southern part of Maine (here shown as part of "Machasuzet Bay") to the Chesapeake Bay, and extending to the "Montagnes D'Allagany." It was issued just at the end of the American Revolution, and indeed this is one of the earliest maps to name the United States ("Etats Unis"), not surprising for a French map. The northeastern region was fairly well settled by the Revolution, and Bonne had good information to show towns, rivers, forts and other features in the area. The detail is clearly presented, and fascinating to study. This is a fine map of the American northeast from the very beginning of our country's history. $250
F.A. Schraembl after Thomas Pownall. "Generalkarte von Nordamerica samt dem Westindischen Inseln . . . MDCCLXXXVIII." Vienna, 1788. 19 x 22 1/4 (neat lines) plus platemarks and full borders. Engraving. Original outline color. Excellent condition. Ref.: McCorkle, 788.6.
This sheet is an Austrian issue of the upper right corner of the Thomas Pownall-Emanuel Bowen map of North America that was first published in 1777. Pownall was a colonial governor who wrote a book on theories of colonial administration. His ideas were influential during the years of the American Revolution. While this map was issued with three other parts, the complete neat lines around it shows that it could stand alone as a separate map. Focusing on the northeastern part of North America, it shows from Port Royal, South Carolina to Labrador. It serves as a reference to the most important part of the continent that was changed by the emergence of the new United States according to the Treaty of Paris of September 1783. England retained the full length of the St. Lawrence River and the north sides of the Great Lakes, as well as Bermuda which is seen under the allegorical title cartouche at bottom right corner. Information on the new American states is quite bountiful for such a large area shown.
The allegorical cartouche personifies America as an Indian goddess while two putti play with the products of this rich land. Fish represent the Grand Banks. A beaver represents the fur trade while lush foliage speaks of agricultural abundance. Franz Anton Schraembl (1751-1803) conveys fine and precise information about North America for the German speaking world. $800
John Russell. "Map of the Middle States, of America. Comprehends New-York, New-Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, and the Territory N:W: of Ohio." From William Winterbotham's View of the United States. London: H.D. Symonds, 1794. 14 1/4 x 18. Engraving. Very good condition. With inset of Long Island.
An interesting map of the region of the United States extending from New Jersey to Indiana, and from northern New York to Maryland. This was issued in Winterbotham's early account of the United States. Detail in the east is copious, with rivers, towns, lakes, and so forth. Information is especially interesting for the western parts, with a considerable number of rivers shown, and springs, portages, salt licks, Indian settlements, and forts indicated. Also depicted is the early development in the old 'Northwest Territory,' including the Seven Ranges, the Army lands, the Ohio Company, and the Donation Lands from Virginia. A detailed and fascinating picture of this section of the country near the turn of the century. $650
John Russell. "An Accurate Map of the United States of America according to the Treaty of Paris of 1783." From William Winterbotham's View of the United States. London: H.D. Symonds, 1794. 14 1/8 x 18. Engraving. With folds as issued. Minor blemish near cartouche; else very good condition.
An detailed map of the new United States prior to its boundaries extending beyond the Mississippi River. It was issued in Winterbotham's important account of the new country. Detail is quite impressive with rivers, lakes, and settlements clearly depicted throughout. The information on the western parts of the country is of particular interest. Various land claim companies formed for Revolutionary War veterans are shown in the west along with indications of Indian tribal lands. Mississippi, Alabama, Tennessee, Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Michigan, Wisconsin and Minnesota are not yet shown as states. The river systems are given prominence due to their importance as the major transportation routes. A fascinating map of the United States as it appeared at the time the U.S. Constitution was being written. $900
Joseph T. Scott. "N.W. Territory." From United States Gazetteer. First state. Philadelphia: J. Scott, 1795. 7 1/4 x 6. Engraving by J. Scott. Very good condition. Wheat & Brun: 674i.
This is the first printed map of the old Northwestern Territory, issued in the first American gazetteer. Joseph T. Scott, a Philadelphia engraver and publisher, issued his gazetteer during the early days of American cartography, and the maps of the individual states and territories are very good. Scott, a Philadelphia engraver and publisher, issued his gazetteer during the early days of American cartography, and the maps of the individual states and territories are very good. This map of the "N.W. Territory" is a very nice example of this. The detail is pretty good for this early date. Major rivers are indicated throughout, as are mines, Indian tribes, forts and settlements. A very early map of a region which was to go from wilderness to hugely developed in the next fifty years. $675
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"A Map of the United States of America with Part of the Adjoining Provinces . . ." From Robert Wilkinson's General Atlas of the World, Quarters, Empires, Kingdoms, States etc. with Appropriate Tables. London: Robert Wilkinson, ca 1796+. 8 1/2 x 10 3/4. Engraving. Original hand color. With folds as issued. Very good condition.
A colorful and nicely detailed map of the United States at the end of the eighteenth century. This map can be approximately dated as the states of Kentucky and Tennessee appear. Numerous Indian tribes are named as is the Western Territory. English maps of the time are known for their neat and detailed style. With the hand color and precise engraving, the map is decorative as well as historically interesting. $650
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