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19th century travel maps of
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During the nineteenth century, folding travel maps were published for the use of wagon drivers, railroad passengers, and steamboat voyageurs in a new and rapidly developing country. These separately issued maps were sold to a huge population of Americans on the move. These maps usually focused on the travel nexus of roads, railroads, and steamboat routes, and they often displayed information on schedules, distances, and sometimes included inset maps of cities or smaller regions.

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J.W. Otley. "A New County Map of the State of Pennsylvania and adjoining states showing the route of the Central and other rail roads &c. &c." Philadelphia: R.L. Barnes, 1852. Separately issued, folding map on bank note paper. 25 1/4 x 36 1/2. Lithographed by Friend & Aub. Full, original hand color. Trimmed to neat line as issued. With a few minor repaired tears. Overall, very good condition and appearance.

A rare and most interesting folding pocket map of Pennsylvania from just after the middle of the nineteenth century. The first official state map was John Melish's 1822 issue, which was updated by William Morris in 1848. Within just a few years, J.W. Otley, about whom little is known, produced another large state map, probably based on his own new surveys. The Otley map was reduced and issued in 1852 by R.L. Barnes and then again in 1853. This is a fine example of that first issue. As noted in the title, this map specifically was intended to illustrate the then rapidly developing railroad network in Pennsylvania, and this may be the reason that Barnes used Otley's map for his new publication, instead of the Melish-Morris map, in order to show this important transportation information which the earlier mapping would not have contained. This map does show very detailed information on the railroads throughout, as well as roads, towns, rivers and much other topography. It would have made a fine traveler's map or a map for reference by businessmen. $875



"Colton's Railroad & Township Map of the State of New York with Parts of the Adjoining States & Canada." New York: G.W. & C.B. Colton, 1856. Lithograph. Original hand color. Printed on banknote paper and folded into original buckram folder. Some old ink notation in map in Pennsylvania. Otherwise, fine condition.

In the United States during the nineteenth century, separately issued maps were published for the use of wagon and carriage drivers, railroad passengers, and steamboat voyagers in a new and rapidly developing country. The roughed conditions of travel insured much destruction of these little documents which were sold at inns and stations and called "Traveler's Companion" or "Stranger's Guide" or "Railroad Maps." They were often updated, sometimes an undetermined number of times within a single year, because demand for the best information was startlingly real. Thus, by their very nature they fulfill the primary role of published cartography. These are maps of great historic significance for the history of the United States, for they were the maps actually used during the nation's great expansion. They were made for lasting wear since the publishers used high grade paper, often bank note paper, and they were folded into leather and buckram covers. They appear to have brighter hand coloring than most other maps issued at the same time, ostensibly to aid in reading under adverse circumstances. Everything about them, the ornamental borders, the fine calligraphy, the depth of engraving or lithography, and even the way they dramatically fold out present one of the best and most important graphic pictures of early America that remains to us. The detail on this fine, separately issued map is precise, copious, and clearly rendered. Shown are roads, rail-lines, canals, some topography, rivers, lakes, towns, counties, and almost any other feature that might be of interest to a map reader. Scarce, decorative, and of considerable historic note, this is a fine document of New York State from a century past. $475



1857 Kansas Territory
John Halsall. "Sectional Map of the Territory of Kansas. Compiled from the Field Notes in the Surveyor General's Office." New York: J.H. Colton, 1857. Copyright, 1856. Separately issued, pocket map printed on banknote paper and folded into original covers. 27 1/2 x 21 1/2. Lithograph. Original hand color. Some light discoloration at folds. Very good condition.

Another rare, pocket map of "Bleeding Kansas." This map was drawn by John Halsall from the best available maps, those of the General Land Office's Surveyor General. Indeed, in the lower right corner of the map is a box with the following text: "The above Map is correct, So far as the field notes have been reported to this Office Surveyor General's Office 1856. Robert L. Ream, Chief Clerk, Surveyo0r Gen'ls. Office." The map shows the eastern part of Kansas, as far west as the Principal Meridian. Counties are shown and named and the extent of the GLO's survey is indicated with township lines. Indian lands and reservations are also noted, and all the towns, forts, rivers, and roads are indicated clearly. This map was issued both by its author, John Halsall, in St. Louis and J.H. Colton in New York. $2,100



Burlington Cedar Rapids and Minnesota RR
"Map Showing The Burlington Cedar Rapids and Minnesota Railway. and its connections." New York: G.W. & C.B. Colton & Co., 1868. 32 3/4 x 24. Lithograph. Original color. Some minor wear and scattered stains. Very good condition.

A map of the railroad lines to the west of Chicago, focusing on the Burlington, Cedar Rapis and Minnesota Railway produced by one of the most important map publishers of the second half of the nineteenth century, the Colton firm out of New York. This firm, which went through a number of different manifestations, issued both atlas maps and attractive folding maps such as this one. Its copious detail includes towns, rivers, counties, townships, but with an emphasis not only on the BCRM, but also on other railroads in the region, mostly extending out of Chicago to the west, north and south. $850



Hill: Sectional Map of Minnesota  . . .
Alfred J. Hill. "Sectional Map of the Surveyed Portion of Minnesota and the North Western Part of Wisconsin." St. Paul: J.S. Sewall, 1869. Copyright, 1857. 32 3/4 x 24 7/8. Engraving by C.A. Swett, Boston. Original hand color. Full narrow margins. With, some separation, wear and small holes at folds. With three stains on folds at right. Overall, good condition. With original buckram covers.

A rare, separately issued map of Minnesota. The map, showing the entire state of Minnesota and part of northwestern Wisconsin, was issued within about a decade of Minnesota statehood. Sewall's map was the standard and best map of the region at this time of extensive development. Topographical information is excellent, with the extensive network of lakes and rivers well mapped. Counties are shown throughout the state, which is shown completely surveyed in the southern parts up to just bask Mille Lacs. The northern parts are virtually unsettled and unsurveyed, though there is the beginning of development in places. In the developed areas, survey grids are indicated, along with settlements, both large and small, roads and railroads, Indian reservations and much else. An excellent item. This particular example of the map, which was issued over a number of years, was sold by D.D. Merrill, Randall & Co., of St. Paul. Their advertisement pasted into the front cover gives a date of June 1, 1869 and has the note that the map could be, "Sent by mail, post-paid, on receipt of $1.25." $625



Colton 1883 Pennsylvania
"Colton's New Township Map of Pennsylvania & the Southern Counties of New York." New York: G.W. & C.B. Colton, 1883. 28 x 41 3/4. Lithograph. Original outline color around the state. Folding map on banknote paper with buckram case. Bright and lovely. Excellent condition.

Following America's first great World's Fair in Philadelphia in 1876, Pennsylvania continued to flourish due to prosperous agriculture and flourishing manufacturing. The two economic forces were united and distributed through the great and powerful canals and railroads of the day. This map is filled with copious information on the state of Pennsylvania in 1883. It records the many cities, towns, and villages, the mountains and rivers and lakes, and the roads, canals and the railroads throughout the state and into the southern tier of New York State. Such separately issued maps were used by travelling salesmen, teamsters and planners. They were invariably the most up-to-date when they were issued, as the need was great for accuracy. This wonderful map is as fine a cartographic document of the region as was available at the time. $725



G.W. Baist. "Baist's Map of Philadelphia and Environs." Philadelphia: G.W. Baist, 1889. Separately issued folding map in two sheets. Each sheet ca. 34 x 48. Paper mounted on linen for folding. Lithograph. Original hand color. Some wear at folds, but overall excellent condition. Folded into original cloth covers, which are now separate and with wear at edges.

A highly detailed folding map of Philadelphia and region from 1889. This map contains every sort of detail one can imagine, carefully and clearly presented. This sort of map could be used for traveler's, homeowners, or anyone else with a need for such a detailed presentation. These sort of maps also appeared as wall maps, but this example was cut in half, mounted on linen and folded into buckram covers for ease of use, portage and storage. An excellent and quite scarce cartographic document of Philadelphia near the end of the nineteenth century. $450
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Delaware & Hudson Canal Railroad. A Souvenir descriptive of the Adirondack Mountains, Lake George, Lake Champlain, Saratoga and other points.... Albany, N.Y.: Passenger Dept. of D. & H.C. Co's R.R., n.d., but circa 1890. 2 folding maps inserted. 8 vo. Book and maps printed by American Bank Note Company. Pp. [2]-117. Some age browning and splitting at extremities of spine, but complete and lovely.

A wonderful excursion guide that can take the reader from Virginia or New England and into the New York mountains. Three lithographed maps on two sheets are: "Map of the Delaware & Hudson Railroad System" 23 x 15 (sheet) and on one 14 1/2 x 14 sheet are: "Map of the Adirondacks . . ." and "Map of Lake George." The text was designed to be read while following the maps and giving descriptions and historical backgrounds for a great many places. A fine document for railroads and this region. $145



"Map of Boston and the Country Adjacent., From Actual Surveys." Boston: Damrell & Upham, 1892. Copyright by George H. Walker & Co. 24 x 34 1/2. Cerograph. Original hand color. A few short separations at folds. Very good condition.

A map of Boston and the surroundings region from the late nineteenth century. The city had grown dramatically during the nineteenth century. Arriving to staff busy factories, immigrant families from all over Europe settled in places like the largely Italian North End or the predominantly Irish Mission Hill. Many began to move out into the surrounding region, shown on this map from Framingham to Cohasset in the south, and from Concord to Salem in the north. This folding map was intended to be used by those traveling in and about Boston, thus showing copious detail of every town and village, ponds and lakes, hills and swamps, roads and railroads, post offices and stations, and much besides. Concentric circles show the distance from the center of Boston. A super map of Boston from over a century ago. $650



"Minnesota." Chicago: George F. Cram, 1903. 23 7/8 x 17. Cerograph. Separately issued folding map. Separated from (but accompanied by) original paper cover. Two tears at left edge (no more than 7/8" into image). Light wear along fold lines; small loss at lower right corner. Else, very good condition. With inset map of Twin Cities region.

Claiming that buyers could double their money, Minneapolis land agent Franklin Benner used maps like this to attract clients ready to buy on "easy terms." Layering his slogans over Cram's informative maps (which also illustrated rail lines snaking up from the Twin Cities), Benner turned an ordinary map into promotional material. With urgings to purchase immediately "as prices will continue to advance," he aggressively marketed land throughout the northern Midwest, including this patch of land in frigid, iron-rich Cass County, Minnesota at the edge of the Iron Range. As iron and manganese mines flourished in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century, the logging industry also reached a high point in production, peaking around 1900 as water and rail transportation streamlined lumber movement.

Surprisingly, Benner advertises "improved farms" for sale in this area, as well as "wild lands." Dominated by logging and mining, the tree-covered areas around Leech Lake were much less suitable for agriculture than the more heavily settled prairies to the south. Enterprising to say the least, Benner probably used this map to market less saleable lands to uninformed outsiders. Folded into its compact paper cover, this map could be easily mailed to potential customers, who were invited to write Benner with "full particulars" of what they wanted. Colorful and detailed, this is a fascinating document of Minnesota land sales and settlement. $225



"Boston and Surroundings." Boston: George H. Walker & Co., 1903. 40 x 27. Colored lithograph. Folding map in original paper cover. Wear along fold lines; a few scattered, wear-related punctures. Overall, good condition.

Stretching from Winchester to Breed's Island in the north and from Dedham to Quincy in the south, this map encompasses the many neighborhoods of turn-of-the-century Boston. Nearing the end of its industrial boom, the nearly 300-year-old Boston had grown into a city of immigrants. Arriving to staff busy factories, immigrant families from all over Europe settled in places like the largely Italian North End or the predominantly Irish Mission Hill. Grouped within the borders of this map, the city's neighborhoods become a cohesive, navigable whole, encompassing the city's proud historic landscape and its growing ethnic diversity. $185




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