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Antique Maps of the State of Texas

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[ Texas as part of New Spain/Mexico | Texas as a republic | Texas as a state ]

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"Map of Texas from the most recent authorities." From S. Augustus Mitchell's Universal Atlas. Philadelphia: C.S. Williams, 1849. 12 1/8 x 14 7/8. Lithograph transfer from engraved plate. Full original hand color. Very good condition.

An excellent map of Texas from just after the Mexican American War. Mexico never accepted Texan independence (1836), and was outraged at the annexation of Texas by the United States in 1844. This combined with American grievances against Mexico led to the war which began in 1846, the year this map was first issued by S. Augustus Mitchell, whose firm was to dominate American cartographic publishing until the Civil War. The map shows all of Texas, with the northern tip in an inset in the lower left corner. The map depicts topographical information with clear precision, including towns, rivers, roads, and the site of the Battle of San Jacinto (1836). All 49 counties then established are depicted, with one large county (Bexar) taking up almost the entire western half of the state. A note in the northwest part of that county states: "This tract of Country as far as North Canadian Fork was explored by Le Grand in 1833, it is naturally fertile, well wooded, and with a fair proportion of water." Also of note are the early roads shown in the state as well as indications of the locations of Indian tribes. A fine, detailed map from a crucial period of Texas history. $975



J.H. Young Map of Texas
J.H. Young. "Map of the State of Texas From The Latest Authorities." Philadelphia: Cowperthwait, Desilver & Butler, 1854. 12 3/4 x 15 3/4. Lithographic transfer from engraved plate by J. L. Hazzard. Full original hand color. Very good condition.

An excellent map of Texas by J.H. Young, filled with very up-to-date information that is presented clearly and with a striking appearance. Just two years previously, in 1852, an earlier version of this map’s publisher, Thomas, Cowperthwait & Co., issued a similar map that showed little development in the western parts of the state. Young compiled the most current details available and produced a map that shows a significant amount of information for both the eastern and western portions of the state. In the east, the patchwork of counties is illuminated by the contrasting pastel colors, and this region is filled with towns, rivers, roads and information on existing and planned railroad lines. In the western parts of the state, Young shows the larger counties, as well as notes on Indian tribes, forts, topography, trails, and water holes. Two inset maps are included, one of the northern panhandle, and one of the vicinity of Galveston City. A number of notes are given on geographic features, and a table of population is included with much interesting information. Overall, a fascinating and decorative map from an important period of Texas history. $875



A.J. Johnson Texas 1860
A. J. Johnson. "Johnson's New Map of the State of Texas." New York: Johnson & Browning, 1860. 16 3/4 x 24. Lithograph. Full original hand color. Full margins. A few light spots. Overall, very good condition.

A large and detailed map based on J. de Cordova's map of 1849, by way of Colton's map of 1855, and updated to show new information. A.J. Johnson, who published out of New York City, was one of the leading cartographic publishers in the latter half of the century, producing popular atlases, geographies and separate maps. This map is a nice example of Johnson's, and thus early American, cartography. It shows a prodigious amount of topographical and political information, including fascinating information on the roads and railroads which criss-crossed the state at this time. One of the interesting features is an indication of the "U.S. Mail Route" crossing the barren Bear County. An inset of the pan handle, in the lower left, is flanked by insets of Sabine Lake and Galveston Bay. With its attractive hand color and strapwork border, this map is as attractive as it is interesting. $425



Johnson Map of Texas
"Johnson's New Map of the State of Texas." New York: Johnson & Ward, 1862. 16 1/2 x 24 1/2. Lithograph. Full original hand color. Slight separations at centerfold, but very good condition.

A large and detailed map based on J. de Cordova's map of 1849, by way of Colton's map of 1855, and updated to show new information. A.J. Johnson, who published out of New York City, was one of the leading cartographic publishers in the latter half of the century, producing popular atlases, geographies and separate maps. This map is an nice example of Johnson's, and thus early American, cartography. It shows a prodigious amount of topographical and political information, including fascinating information on the roads and railroads which crisscrossed the state at this time. An inset of the pan handle, in the lower left, is flanked by insets of Sabine Lake and Galveston Bay. $400



A.J. Johnson Texas 1865
A. J. Johnson. "Johnson's New Map of the State of Texas." New York: Johnson & Ward, 1865-66. 16 1/2 x 24 1/2. Lithograph. Full original hand color. Full margins. Some spots. Overall, very good condition.

A large and detailed map based on J. de Cordova's map of 1849, by way of Colton's map of 1855, and updated to show new information. A.J. Johnson, who published out of New York City, was one of the leading cartographic publishers in the latter half of the century, producing popular atlases, geographies and separate maps. This map is a nice example of Johnson's, and thus early American, cartography. It shows a prodigious amount of topographical and political information, including fascinating information on the roads and railroads which criss-crossed the state at this time. An inset of the "Northern part of Texas" in the lower left is flanked by insets of Sabine Lake and Galveston Bay. The area around Brownsville extends through the maps bottom border. With its attractive hand color and decorative border, this map is as attractive as it is interesting. $425



"Colton's New Map of the State of Texas Compiled from J. De Cordova's large Map." New York: G.W. and C.B. Colton & Co., 1866. 16 3/4 x 26. Lithograph. Full original hand color. Very good condition.

A detailed map showing Texas shortly after the Civil War. The map was based on a 1849 map by Jacob De Cordova, a New Orleans land promoter, which was the first to be drawn from General Land Office records. Topographical, political, and transportation information is accurately and graphically displayed; the detail is really quite impressive. Counties, towns, rivers, roads, and proposed rail lines are clearly indicated. Most development in the state is limited to the east, with only four counties making up the entire western part. In that region less information is shown, with rivers, some topography, a few settlements and roads, and an indication of the proposed routes for railroads. Of interest is a note in the northwest corner, including lands in New Mexico, which reads "El Llano Estracado or The Staked Plain. Elevated Table Land without Wood or Water." Almost 20 forts are shown and other features include trading houses, springs and passes. Included are insets of the panhandle, Galveston Bay and Sabine Lake. $475



1867 Texas
"County Map of Texas." Philadelphia: S.A. Mitchell, Jr., 1867. 10 5/8 x 13 3/8. Lithograph. Original hand color. Very good condition.

An attractive map of Texas by the leading Philadelphia map publishing firm of the nineteenth century. Good detail is given throughout the state, especially in the east where most of the development had taken place. The state is shown shortly after the Civil War when Texans were beginning to move into the Commanche homelands. In that area information is still relatively sparse, and includes a "Staked Plain," or "Extensive Table Lands ... destitue [sic] of both Wood and Water." Through out the state counties, towns, rivers, topography, and roads are shown. In the lower left is an inset of "Galveston Bay and Vicinity." This is one of the most popular maps of the state. $325



Mitchell Texas 1873
"County Map of Texas." with inset "Galveston Bay and Vicinity." Philadelphia: S.A. Mitchell, Jr., 1873. 10 5/8 x 13 3/8. Lithograph. Original hand color. Very good condition.

An attractive map of Texas by the leading Philadelphia map publishing firm of the nineteenth century. Good detail is given throughout the state, especially in the east where most of the development had taken place. The state is shown shortly after the Civil War when Texans were beginning to move into the Commanche homelands. In that area information is still relatively sparse, and includes a "Staked Plain," or "Extensive Table Lands ... destitue [sic] of both Wood and Water." Throughout the state counties, towns, rivers, topography, and roads are shown. In the lower left is an inset of "Galveston Bay and Vicinity." This is one of the most popular maps of the state. $325



Bradley Texas 1880
"Texas." Philadelphia: W.M. Bradley & Bro., c. 1880. 16 1/2 x 22 1/4. Lithograph. Original hand color. Full margins. Excellent condition.

A precisely detailed map from the Philadelphia publishing firm of William M. Bradley & Bro. While Philadelphia was no longer the main center of cartographic publishing in North America by the late nineteenth century, many fine maps were still produced there, as is evidenced by this map. Topography, political information, towns, roads and physical features are all presented precisely and clearly. The Texas "panhandle" appears as an inset in the lower left. The map shows the counties as they existed between 1876 and 1883. $375



O.W. Gray Texas 1881
Frank A. Gray. "Gray's New Map of Texas and the Indian Territory." Philadelphia: O.W. Gray & Son, 1881. 16 1/8 x 26 3/8. Lithograph. Original hand color. Very good condition.

A nicely detailed map of Texas and the Indian Territory (Oklahoma) issued by the Philadelphia firm of O.W. Gray and Son. The firm began its publishing around mid-century and published regional and U.S. atlases up to the 1880s. This map is typical of their work, with an attractive presentation and interesting detail. Information on the many railroads in the region is of particular note. The map features a number of interesting insets, including riparian and hypsometric maps, and maps of Matagurda Bay, Austin, Galveston and its bay, and the southern tip of the state. $425



Mitchell Texas 1883
W.H. Gamble. "County Map of the State of Texas Showing also portions of the Adjoining States and Territories." With inset: "Plan of Galveston and Vicinity." Philadelphia: S. Augustus Mitchell, Jr., 1883. 13 7/8 x 21 1/8. Lithograph. Full original color. Grapevine border. Very good condition.

Texas, the southern part of the old Indian Territory, and most of New Mexico are shown, along with an inset of Galveston. This map is from an atlas issued by the S. Augustus Mitchell, Jr. out of Philadelphia, one of the leading American cartographic publishers of the second part of the nineteenth century. Counties, towns, roads, rivers and U.S. Army forts are indicated, as are the myriad railroads that criss-cross the region. This map is an updated version of an issue which appeared in the middle of the previous decade and it shows the counties as they appeared from 1876 to 1883. Notable is the significant development of northwestern Texas, divided into numerous smaller counties. One humorous error on the map is that "Deaf Smith" county, created in 1876, is shown as "Dear Smith" county. $375



Gaskell Texas 1887
"Texas." From Gaskell's Atlas of the World. Chicago: Gaskell, 1887. 11 1/4 x 16 5/8. Cereograph map with original printed color. Very good condition.

Charles A. Gaskell arrived in Chicago in the early 1880s, commencing a career as an author, publisher and book distributor.

This atlas map (with a map of Kentucky & Tennessee and one of New Orleans on the reverse) is a good example of the quality of American mapmaking at the time. Done by cereography, or wax engraving, the map is filled with precise, clear and copious details. Depicted are towns, road, railroads, rivers, all set against a topographical background, and with pastel shades delineating counties shown as they existed from March 1885 to February 1887. $175



Cram Texas 1887
"Texas." Chicago: G.F. Cram & Co., 1887. 11 7/8 x 17. Cerograph. Original color. Very good condition.

A detailed map of Texas issued by the George Cram Company, an engraving and publishing firm from Chicago. In the mid-nineteenth century, the center of cartographic publishing was New York City, but in the 1880's this began to shift towards Chicago with the advent of the Rand, McNally and Cram firms. These firms were noted for their efficient output of precise maps filled with useful and up-to-date political and cultural information, and details on roads, towns, railroads, and so forth. This map is typical of the Cram output and it shows railroads, forts, springs, and much else precisely and clearly. Color-shaded counties are shown as they existed for just a brief time in late March, 1887. On the reverse of this atlas map are smaller maps of Arkansas and the Indian Territory (Oklahoma). $150



Arbuckle Texas
"Texas." New York: Arbuckle Bros. Coffee Company, 1889. 3 x 5. Chromolithograph by Donaldson Brothers. Overall, very good condition.

A charming map of Texas issued in 1889 by the Arbuckle Bros. Coffee Company. This firm was founded by John and Charles Arbuckle of Pittsburgh, PA. They developed a machine to weigh, fill, seal and label coffee in paper packages, which allowed them to become the largest importer and seller of coffee in the world. Their most famous promotional program involved the issuing of several series of small, colorful trading cards, one of which was included in every package of Arbuckle's Coffee. These series included cards with sports, food, historic scenes, and-one of the most popular-maps. The latter cards included not only a map, but also small illustrations "which portrays the peculiarities of the industry, scenery, etc." of the region depicted. This card of Texas includes a vignette scene of a cattle drive. $75



Maps from the Atlas to Accompany the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies. Washington: Gov't Printing Office, 1891-95. Lithographed by Julius Bien & Co.. With printed highlight color. Very good condition.

A series of highly detailed maps of Texas from the Atlas to Accompany the Official Records, about which Richard Stephenson has written, "This is the most detailed atlas yet published on the Civil War. It consists of reproductions of maps compiled by both Union and Confederate soldiers." [Stephenson, Civil War Maps, p 99.] The maps show many of the events, defenses, and campaigns of the Civil War with great detail, including topography, troop placements and movements, and other information of interest. These are the best near contemporary maps available of many of these battles, sieges, and other events of this conflict, based on both Union and Confederate sources. These maps were never published until they appeared in the Atlas.



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