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Antique Maps of the State of Texas

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[ Texas as part of New Spain/Mexico | Texas as a republic | Texas as a state ]

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Mitchell Texas
S. Augustus Mitchell. "Map of Texas from the most recent authorities." From Universal Atlas. Philadelphia: C.S. Williams, 1848. 12 1/8 x 14 7/8. Lithograph transfer from engraved plate. Full original hand color. Very good condition. Denver.

An excellent map of Texas issued during the Mexican-American War. Mexico never accepted Texan independence (1836), and was outraged at the annexation of Texas by the United States in 1845. This combined with American grievances against Mexico led to the war which began in 1846, the year this map was first issued by S. Augustus Mitchell, whose firm was to dominate American cartographic publishing until the Civil War. The map shows all of Texas, with the northern tip in an inset in the lower left corner. The map depicts topographical information with clear precision, including towns, rivers, roads, and the site of the Battle of San Jacinto (1836). All 36 counties then established are depicted, with one large county (Bexar) taking up almost the entire western half of the state. A note in the northwest part of that county states: "This tract of Country as far as North Canadian Fork was explored by Le Grand in 1833, it is naturally fertile, well wooded, and with a fair proportion of water." Also of note are the early roads shown in the state as well as indications of the locations of Indian tribes. A fine, detailed map from a crucial period of Texas history. $975

Kiepert Southwest
Heinrich Kiepert. "Mexico Texas und Californien." Weimar: Geographischen Instituts, 1849. 21 3/8 x 24 1/8. Lithograph. Original color. Mounted on linen. Library stamp. Paper toned and crease in center. Otherwise, very good condition. Cf. Wheat: 723. Denver.

The 1849 edition of a rare map of the American southwest, Texas, Mexico and Central America by German cartographer Heinrich Kiepert. Information is very detailed and, according to Wheat, based mostly on Frémont. Kiepert is known for the amount and precision of his detail, and this map is a good example of his output. The clarity is impressive and Kiepert gives credit to the engraver of the topography (C. Jungmann) and of the writing and other information (K. Mädel). The map was issued shortly after the Mexican-American War, so both Texas and Upper California are shown as part of the United States. The borders of Texas are pre-Compromise of 1850, but Kiepert shows in blue both the extended border to the Rio Grande and the more eastern border following the "Rio de Puercos." It is obvious that Texas is the main focus of this map, for it is the only section with full body color. This reflects the fact that between 1844 and 1847 there was a huge influx of German emigrants to the region. The Adelsverein, or German Emigration Company, encouraged this migration to colonies within Texas, where there are many German descendants to this day. In the center of Texas, marked in red, is the "Deutsche Colonie" and a bit further south, marked in green, the "Französ Colonie." The map has three insets: one of Central America, one of the environs of Mexico City, and a profile of the heights across central Mexico. This map would have been issued for the German market, and it would have provided many an immigrant with a first look at his or her new country. $5,800

Sidney Hall. "Mexico, California & Texas." Edinburgh: A. & C. Black, ca. 1849. 10 1/4 x 14 1/2. Engraving by S. Hall. Original color. Light spot in map. Very good condition. Inset in lower left of "Guatimala." Denver.

An interesting map of Mexico and the American southwest issued in Edinburgh about 1849. Details of topography and settlements are shown throughout, and roads and political divisions are also indicated. This map was issued after the Mexican-American war, so Texas, New Mexico, Utah, and California are all shown as part of the United States. In Utah, Salt Lake City is shown on the Great Salt Lake, with the note that it is a "Mormon Set." Throughout the region are indications of Indian tribes. Overall, this is an interesting and up-to-date mapping of this region at an important period in its history. $375

Flemming Texas
Carl Flemming. "Texas." Glogau, Germany: C. Flemming, ca. 1850. 15 3/4 x 12 1/2. Lithograph by C. Flemming. Original outline color and printed green in gulf. Very good condition. Denver.

A handsome map of Texas shortly after it acquired its present borders as determined by the Compromise of 1850. This is a reduced version of John Arrowsmith's seminal 1841 map, and it was still one of the best maps of the Texas then available. The development of the state is still mostly in the east, but the rivers and some topography is noted throughout. An inset of Galveston Bay is in the lower left corner. The publication of this map reflects the great German interest in the state because of the huge emigration in the 1840s. $850

Fleming Mexico
Carl Flemming. "Mexico, Mittel-America, Texas." Glogau, Germany: C. Flemming, 1853. From Heinrich Berghaus's Vollständiger Universal-Handatlas. 13 x 16 1/2. Lithograph by C. Flemming. Original outline color. Very good condition. Denver.

Carl Flemming was the founder of an important German firm located in Berlin and Glogau and this map shows characteristic German detail. The Germans were very interested in America at this period, with large numbers having emigrated to Texas in the 1840s, and more taking advantage of the opportunities of land and employment by coming to the mid-west and into the west. This map shows Mexico, Central America, Texas, and the present-day southwest U.S.. The mapping of the topography of this later region is quite confused, but the reduced (and present) borders of Texas are indicated as established by the Compromise of 1850, even though the old border is also shown with the cut off territory labeled as "New Mexico." The only other political border clearly shown in the United States is for California. $475

Andrew B. Gray. "Map Of That Portion Of The Boundary Between The United States and Mexico. From The Pacific Coast To The Junction Of The Gila And Colorado Rivers, Surveyed Under The Direction Of The Hon. John B. Weller U.S. Commissioner, And The Rio Gila From Near Its Intersection, With The Southern Boundary Of New Mexico, Surveyed Under The Direction Of John R. Bartlett." Washington: GPO, 1855. 21 x 49. Lithograph by Ackerman. Folded on somewhat brittle paper. Short tear near where attached; otherwise, very good. With original Senate report bound with new covers. Wheat: 840. Denver.

A large, very detailed map, called by Wheat "clearly a major performance." The map was created under the instructions of the Joint Commission that had been set up by the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo to map the new U.S.-Mexico border, including the Gadsden Purchase of 1854. This map is minutely detailed along the border region, stretching from the Pacific Ocean to Texas. Included is a inset "Sketch of the Port of San Diego." This is an excellent example of the quality of the government mapping of the west in the nineteenth century. $2,500

Rirchardsons Texas
"Richardsons New Map of the State of Texas including Part of Mexico." Philadelphia: Charles Desilver, 1859. Detached from Texas Almanac. First edition (copyrighted 1858, dated 1859). Folding map on thin, banknote paper. 25 x 33. Lithograph. Original hand color. Some scattered light spots and minor, repaired tears. Overall, very good condition. Framed to museum standards. Denver.

In 1857, David Richardson and Willard Richardson, co-owners of the Galveston News and not related, issued the first edition of the Texas Almanac, what became an annual publication containing information about the state and intended both for reference and to attract new residents. The almanac went through sixteen editions, being published every year, except 1866, through 1873. In the second year of publication, the Richardsons added a map to accompany the almanac, J.H. Young's "Map of the State of Texas," the same map which appeared in Charles Desilver's atlas of that year. The following edition, that of 1859, added an impressive new map of Texas, also published by Desilver, but of considerable improvement to other commercial maps of the state available at the time.

As stated in the title, the new map of Texas was "compiled from Government surveys and other authentic documents." It was based primarily on the Bureau of Topographical Engineer's "Map of Texas and Part of Mexico" issued in 1857, but also using information from Pressler's map of 1858, and the J.H. Young map. The map went through revisions in the following years, replaced in 1867 by a new map published by G.W. & C.B. Colton. This first edition is an impressive document. It shows the state entire and extends well into New Mexico, Arizona and Mexico. Counties are indicated with contrasting colors and much information is given on topography, settlements and the transportation network, including depictions of railroads (exiting and "in progress"), regular and military roads, and the Mail Road from San Antonio to San Diego via El Paso. A list in the bottom left lists railroads "in part Completed" and those in progress. Further on this theme is an inset "Map Showing the Proposed Route of the Arkansas Railroad and its Connections with the Eastern Roads." Overall, a rare, attractive, and superior map of ante-bellum Texas. $4,200

"Johnson's New Map of the State of Texas." New York: Johnson & Ward, 1860. 16 1/2 x 24 1/2. Lithograph. Full original hand color. Very good condition. Denver.

A large and detailed map based on J. de Cordova's map of 1849, by way of Colton's map of 1855, and updated to show new information. A.J. Johnson, who published out of New York City, was one of the leading cartographic publishers in the latter half of the century, producing popular atlases, geographies and separate maps. This map is an nice example of Johnson's, and thus early American, cartography. It shows a prodigious amount of topographical and political information, including fascinating information on the roads and railroads which crisscrossed the state at this time. An inset of the pan handle, in the lower left, is flanked by insets of Sabine Lake and Galveston Bay. $425

Johnson Map of Texas
"Johnson's New Map of the State of Texas." New York: Johnson & Ward, 1862. 16 1/2 x 24 1/2. Lithograph. Full original hand color. Slight separations at centerfold, but very good condition.

A slightly later edition of the Johnson map of Texas. $400

1873 Texas
"County Map of Texas." Philadelphia: S.A. Mitchell, Jr., 1873. 10 5/8 x 13 3/8. Lithograph. Original hand color. Very good condition. Denver.

An attractive map of Texas by the leading Philadelphia map publishing firm of the nineteenth century. Good detail is given throughout the state, especially in the east where most of the development had taken place. The state is shown shortly after the Civil War when Texans were beginning to move into the Commanche homelands. In that area information is still relatively sparse, and includes a "Staked Plain," or "Extensive Table Lands ...destitue [sic] of both Wood and Water." Through out the state counties, towns, rivers, topography, and roads are shown. In the lower left is an inset of "Galveston Bay and Vicinity." This is one of the most popular maps of the state. $300

Mitchell Texas
W.H. Gamble. "County Map of the State of Texas Showing also portions of the Adjoining States and Territories." Philadelphia: S. Augustus Mitchell, Jr., 1875. 14 1/4 x 21 1/2. Lithograph. Full original color. Very good condition. With inset: "Plan of Galveston and Vicinity." Denver.

Texas, the southern part of the old Indian Territories, and most of New Mexico are shown, along with an inset of Galveston. This map is from an atlas issued by the S. Augustus Mitchell, Jr. out of Philadelphia, one of the leading American cartographic publishers of the second part of the nineteenth century. Counties, towns, roads, rivers and U.S. Army forts are indicated, as are the myriad railroads that criss-cross the region. Indian tribes are indicated, and some topography, especially in western Texas. This was a period of considerable growth in Texas and the detail of the state is impressive, all attractively presented. QW OUT ON APPROVAL

Gray's Texas
"Gray's Atlas Map of Texas." Philadelphia: O.W. Gray, 1873. 12 1/2 x 14 7/8. Lithograph. Original hand color. Very good condition. Denver.

A map of Texas from the Philadelphia firm of O.W. Gray. The map is based on the maps that appeared in other nineteenth century atlases by Colton and Johnson, but updated to show the expanding development of settlements, and counties. Of particular interest is the detailed depiction of the road and railroad network in the state. All the information is clearly and accurately portrayed. Note that Greer County, claimed by Texas, is shown as part of the Indian territory, as it was finally officially assigned in 1896. Insets of Sabine Lake and Galveston Bay are included in the bottom left corner. A fine map as the country approached the Centennial. $275

Arbuckle Texas
"Texas." New York: Arbuckle Bros. Coffee Company, 1889. 3 x 5. Chromolithograph by Donaldson Brothers. Some minor wear, but overall very good condition.

A charming map of Texas issued in 1889 by the Arbuckle Bros. Coffee Company. This firm was founded by John and Charles Arbuckle of Pittsburgh, PA. They developed a machine to weigh, fill, seal and label coffee in paper packages, which allowed them to become the largest importer and seller of coffee in the world. Their most famous promotional program involved the issuing of several series of small, colorful trading cards, one of which was included in every package of Arbuckle's Coffee. These series included cards with sports, food, historic scenes, and-one of the most popular-maps. The latter cards included not only a map, but also small illustrations "which portrays the peculiarities of the industry, scenery, etc." of the region depicted. This card of Texas includes a vignette scene of a cattle drive. $65

"Texas." Chicago: G.F. Cram & Co., 1889. 16 1/2 x 22 3/8. Cerograph. Original color. Very good condition.

A detailed map of Texas issued by the George Cram Company, an engraving and publishing firm from Chicago. In the mid-nineteenth century, the center of cartographic publishing was New York City, but in the 1880's this began to shift towards Chicago with the advent of the Rand, McNally and Cram firms. These firms were noted for their efficient output of precise maps filled with useful and up-to-date political and cultural information, and details on roads, towns, railroads, and so forth. This map is typical of the Cram output and it shows railroads, forts, springs, and much else precisely and clearly. $175

Maps from the Atlas to Accompany the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies. Washington: Gov't Printing Office, 1891-95. Lithographed by Julius Bien & Co.. With printed highlight color. Very good condition.

A series of highly detailed maps of Texas from the Atlas to Accompany the Official Records, about which Richard Stephenson has written, "This is the most detailed atlas yet published on the Civil War. It consists of reproductions of maps compiled by both Union and Confederate soldiers." [Stephenson, Civil War Maps, p 99.] The maps show many of the events, defenses, and campaigns of the Civil War with great detail, including topography, troop placements and movements, and other information of interest. These are the best near contemporary maps available of many of these battles, sieges, and other events of this conflict, based on both Union and Confederate sources. These maps were never published until they appeared in the Atlas.

Rand McNally Texas 1899
[Texas.] From Indexed Atlas Of The World. Chicago: Rand, McNally & Co., [1898]-1899. 19 x 25 7/8. Cerograph. Full original color. With some short repaired tears in margins. Otherwise, very good condition. Denver.

A late nineteenth century map from the early days of the Rand, McNally & Co. firm out of Chicago, a company that would shift the center of cartographic publishing from the east coast to the mid-west. Typical of the work from the firm, this map has very good detail, precisely and neatly exhibited. Topographic and social information, counties, roads, and many more details are illustrated. By the end of the nineteenth century, development in the state is shown extending up into the pan handle and to the west. Railroad information is also presented. Aesthetically and cartographically as foreshadow of the maps of the twentieth century. $195

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