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Antique Maps of Texas
As A Republic

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[ Texas as part of New Spain/Mexico | Texas as a republic | Texas as a state ]

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Woerl US
Joseph Edmund Woerl. "Die Vereinigten Staaten Von Nord-America." Germany, 1838. Separately issued folding map; dissected into twelve sections and mounted on linen. 18 1/4 x 25 1/2. Lithograph by B. Herder. Original hand color. Paper toned throughout. Otherwise, very good condition. With original slip case with printed label.

A rare, detailed folding map of the United States by Joseph Edmund Woerl (also Wörl). Of particular note is the depiction of Texas as a republic, as well as interesting and impressive detail in what is today the western half of the United States, apparently based on Brué's 1833 map of North America and his 1834 map of Mexico. The map is quite up-to-date, showing, for instance, the new state of Arkansas (1836), though it is labeled as "Arkansas Terr." The remnant of the Arkansas Territory, essentially present-day Oklahoma, is also entitled Arkansas. Indians tribes, rivers, and some roads are indicated, and Woerl shows the Rocky Mountain ridge, which though not totally accurate, does give a good idea of its course and extent. To the west, between this ridge and the Pacific coastal lands, very little information is given, with a label indicating that this was "Oede Sand Wüste." Woerl does include the geographic error of the double Great Salt Lake, but he doesn't include the usual companion error of rivers running from these lakes to the Pacific. This separately issued map is quite scarce, though a later edition did appear within a guide by Traugott Bromme. $1,600



A.H. Dufour. "Amérique du Nord." Paris: J. Andriveau-Goujon, 1838. Separately issued map, dissected into 18 sections and mounted on linen for folding. 36 x 24 3/4. Engraving. Original outline color. Very good condition. With paper slip cover. Denver.

A finely produced map of North America by Adolph Hippolyte Dufour. Detail includes much topography, with a graphic depiction of mountains and many rivers. This is based on an 1834 map by Brué, that included the latest information available, including Lewis & Clark and other early reports. Of note is the double depiction of the Great Salt Lake. Also shown are myriad settlements and political borders. Of particular interest is the depiction of Texas as an independent republic. Dufour leaves blank the then controversial border in the Oregon Territory between Canada and the United States. In the trans-Mississippi west are several Indian districts. This is one of the better pre-Frémont maps of the continent. $1,750



Hall: Mexico
Sidney Hall. "Mexico." Edinburgh: A. & C. Black, 1840. 10 x 14 5/8. Engraving. Original outline color. Very good condition. Inset in lower left of "Guatimala." Phillips Atlases: 777.

A fascinating map of Mexico and the American southwest issued in Edinburgh in 1840. Topography, coastal information, and settlements are shown throughout, with particularly good detail given for Mexico and Texas, the latter of which is shown as a republic. Texas had declared its independence just a few years before this map was issued, and Sidney Hall tried to show the new situation with as good information as he had. The old Mexican internal borders are shown, but Texas is named and is indicated as extending well to the northwest, up towards Santa Fe as claimed by the Texans. The Great Salt Lake is shown, named as "L. Youta or Salt Lake," and on its eastern shore is indicated "American Fur Co.'s Depot." Throughout the region are indications of Indian tribes. Of special interest are the markings of roads and major trade routes, including the great road from Chihuahua north to Santa Fe and the "Gr't Spanish Road" from Natchez west along the Red River to Santa Fe. Overall, this is a fascinating and very up-to-date mapping of this region at an important period in its history. $475



Bradford Texas
Thomas G. Bradford. "Texas." From A Universal Illustrated Atlas. Boston: Charles D. Strong., [1838]-1842. 14 1/8 x 11 3/8. Engraving by G.W. Boynton. Original hand color. Very good condition. With text on Texas as a republic.

In his Comprehensive Atlas of 1836, Boston mapmaker Thomas G. Bradford included the first map of Texas issued during the rebellion. When Bradford came out with his larger, more polished Illustrated Atlas in 1838, he also included a separate map of Texas as a republic. The geography of his depiction was based on Stephen Austin's map of 1835. The rendering includes rivers, hills, and other topographical features, as well as notes locating different Indian tribes. Bradford's map extends further west than Austin's, and he adds much interesting new information concerning Texas land grants and the many new settlements and early roads that reflected the burgeoning population of Texas. This edition of the map, from 1842, was updated to reflect the reorganization of the state, showing 31 counties, 13 grants, and two colonies. It is one of the best maps of Texas as an independent republic issued to the general public in the early days of independence. $2,800



SDUK: Texas as a Republic
S.D.U.K. "Central America II. Including Texas, California and the Northern States of Mexico." London: Chapman & Hall, October 15, 1842. 12 1/8 x 15 1/2. Engraving by J. & C. Walker. Very good condition. Wheat: 460.

A superior map of the American southwest, showing the northern parts of Mexico, 'Nueva California,' and Texas as an independent republic. This map was issued by the Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge, a wonderful English institution of the mid-nineteenth century. Typical of their maps, copious and exact detail is shown. This includes orographical information, rivers, roads, towns, forts, lakes, and myriad comments on the topography or history of exploration in the region. The map is particularly interesting in its showing Texas as a republic, for it is one of the few available maps to do so with any detail. The republic is shown enlarged in the northwest part to include most of present-day New Mexico, extending beyond Santa Fe. A note of some interest is the "Supposed Petrified Forest" in the western part of the republic. The precise engraving and neat presentation make this map easy to read, something that is well worth pursuing. This is a fine example of the quite scarce first edition. JT OUT ON APPROVAL



Tanner Texas
Henry S. Tanner. "Texas." From Universal Atlas. Philadelphia: Carey & Hart, [1838]-43. 14 1/4 x 11 3/8. Engraving by G.W. Boynton. Original hand color. Very good condition. Denver.

In his Comprehensive Atlas of 1836, Boston mapmaker Thomas G. Bradford included the first map of Texas issued during the rebellion. When Bradford came out with his larger, more polished Illustrated Atlas in 1838, he also included a separate map of Texas as a republic, enlarged and updated. This map was then included in H.S. Tanner's important Universal Atlas, including in the Carey & Hart issue of 1842/43, and this is a fine example of this rare and important map of Texas as an independent republic. The map shows excellent detail of the republic, showing it to its full extent before the northwest corner was broken off in 1850. The geography of this map was based on Stephen Austin's seminal map of 1835, updated to reflect new information. The original empressario land grants and colonies are indicated, with the counties overlaid with strong pastel colors. Hills, rivers and other topographical features are shown, and Indian tribes and the few roads extent are noted. $2,800



Western HemisphereSpacerEastern Hemisphere
John Dower. "A New Chart of the World on Mercator's Projection with the tracks of the most celebrated & recent navigators." London: Henry Teesdale & Co., 1842. Folding map: dissected and mounted onto linen. Two sections, each ca. 50 x 37 1/4. Engraving by John Dower. Full, original hand color. With original cover, gold stamped title and border. With some occasional spotting, but overall very good condition.

A large, excellent quality British map of the world on the Mercator projection. Issued in 1842, it contains an excellent illustration of Texas as an independent republic. Mexico (pre-Mexican War), the United States, and Texas are shown with strong contrasting colors, emphasizing Texas' independent nature. Elsewhere the map contains as up-to-date and accurate information on the world as any map of the time. This large map was issued here in a folding format for ease of carrying and use; such maps are of considerable interest and much scarcer than the usual atlas maps. $5,800



"Central America II. Including Texas, California and the Northern States of Mexico." London: Chapman & Hall, October 15, 1842. Engraving by J. & C. Walker. Very good condition. Wheat: 460. Denver.

The SDUK regional map of the American southwest, showing the northern parts of Mexico, 'Nueva California,' and Texas as an independent republic. The republic is shown enlarged in the northwest part to include most of present-day New Mexico, extending beyond Santa Fe. A note of some interest is the "Supposed Petrified Forest" in the western part of the republic. The precise engraving and neat presentation make this map easy to read, something that is well worth pursuing. This is a fine example of the quite scarce first edition. $975



SDUK North America
"North America." London: SDUK & Baldwin & Gradock, 1843. 15 18 x 12. Engraving. Original outline color. Very good condition.

A detailed and cleanly drawn map of North America, showing Texas as an independent nation, issued by the Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (SDUK). This wonderful English enterprise was devoted to the spreading of up-to-date information and the enhancing of understanding. This map of the North American continent shows the United States extending to the Pacific coastline, with the border with Canada in the northwest left off because of the border dispute current at the time the map was issued. Of particular interest is Texas shown independent, just before it was annexed by the United States in 1844. An excellent example of the work of the SDUK. $275


Carl Flemming. "Nord America." Glogau, Germany: C. Flemming, 1844. 12 1/8 x 16. Lithograph by C. Flemming. Original outline color. Two light spots at bottom and light stains at edge. Overall, very good condition. Denver.

Carl Flemming was the founder of an important German firm located in Berlin and Glogau and this map shows characteristic German detail. The focus of the map is on the topography and political situation in the continent. The Rocky Mountain chain is graphically, and somewhat confusedly, depicted, showing the Great Basin in the American southwest with no interior information. Of note is the depiction of Texas as an independent republic, a heart-shaped entity shown between the U.S. and Mexico. In the northwest the border to the Oregon Territory is depicted from the American viewpoint, extending well into present-day Canada. $525



Flemming US 1844
Carl Flemming. "Vereinigte Staaten Von Nord-America." Glogau, Germany: C. Flemming, 1844. 12 x 16 1/8. Lithograph by C. Flemming. Original outline color. Some slight toning at edges. Overall, very good condition.

A map of the United States by Flemming, focusing on the the topography and political situation of the country, including Texas shown as a republic. The mountains and rivers in the northwest are shown quite graphically, and the northern part of the Great Basin is shown with a mistaken, double-image of the Great Salt Lake, and from the southern lake an equally non-existent river flows to the Pacific. The trans-Mississippi region shows mostly rivers, mountains and many Indian tribes A numbered key in the lower left is used to name the states and territories, and to give their areas and populations. An unusual feature of interest is the "Grosse National Strasse" (Great National Road) that is shown running from Washington D.C. to St. Louis. $525



Carey Hart Mexico
Henry S. Tanner. "Mexico & Guatemala." Philadelphia: Carey & Hart, [1834]-1844. 12 3/4 x 14 3/4. Engraving by J. Knight. Original color. Very good condition. Two insets are included: of the Valley of Mexico and Guatemala. Cf: Wheat: 519. Denver.

An excellent map of Mexico by the great American cartographer, Henry Schenck Tanner. In 1816, Henry, his brother Benjamin, John Vallance and Francis Kearny formed an engraving firm in Philadelphia. Having had experience at map engraving through his work with John Melish, Tanner conceived of the idea of compiling and publishing an American Atlas, which was begun in 1819 by Tanner, Vallance, Kearny & Co. Soon Tanner took over the project on his own, and thus began his career as a cartographic publisher. The American Atlas was a huge success, and this inspired Tanner to produce his Universal Atlas, of more manageable size. This atlas contained excellent maps of all parts of the world. This map is typical of his work. The map shows Mexico just before the Mexican-American War, during which the country lost its northern provinces to the United States. In that region, the detail in New Mexico, along the Rio Grande to north of Santa Fe, is quite accurate, but the information in Upper California is not so correct. In particular, Tanner shows the two non-existent rivers flowing from the Great Basin to the Pacific. The R. Timpanogos flows from the Great Salt Lake to San Francisco Bay, while the equally non-existent R. S. Bueanaventura flows from equally distant inland further south. Issued first in 1834, the map was updated and reissued by Tanner over the years, for instance in this map Tanner has added Houston and Austin to Texas. Texas is here shown as an independent republic, making this map particular desirable as well as historically fascinating. $850



Alexander Keith Johnston. "United States and Texas." From National Atlas of Historical, Commercial and Political Geography. Edinburgh, London & Glasgow, ca. 1844. 19 1/2 x 24 1/8. Lithograph. Full original color. Above title is "Lithographed Edition." Very good condition. With inset of Niagara River. Denver.

The British A.K. Johnston firm produced finely detailed maps around the middle of the nineteenth century, and this is one of their more interesting productions. Typically of British maps of this period, the detail is dense yet clearly presented, and very up-to-date. West of the Mississippi is a large, elongated Iowa Territory, reaching from the Missouri River to the Canadian border. For Texas, shown as an independent republic, the borders, colored red, are a rendering of the pre-Compromise of 1850 borders, extending from the Rio Grande to the Arkansas, encompassing Santa Fe and even beyond Pike's Peak. Information within Texas is quite good, with many rivers, some orography, as well as settlements and roads. A note in the bottom left corner states "The Independence of Texas was formally declared in March 1836. It was recognized by Great Britain in Novr. 1840; and has been acknowledged by the United States, France, Holland and Belgium." $1,650



Lothian Mexico, Guatimala with Texas
"Mexico & Guatimala With Texas." Glasgow: J. Lothian, 1846. Engraving. Original outline color. External decorative border trimmed, but entire map present. Very good condition.

A rare Scottish map of the southern half of North America, showing Texas as an independent republic. An earlier version of this map did not reference Texas in the title but showed it as part of Mexico, despite its independence declared in 1836. Information was slow to cross the Atlantic, and European publishers were sometimes reluctant to make quick revisions. In 1846, Lothian issued a new edition of the map showing an independent Texas very clearly, with its enlarged border extending to the Rio Grande. Interestingly, however, by the time the map was published, Texas had become an American state, so Lothian was out-of-date once again. Still, this is one of the scarcer maps showing Texas as a Republic. $750



America Septentrionale
Victor Levasseur. "Amerique Septentrionale." Paris: A. Combette, 1847. 11 1/4 x 17. Engraving by Laguillermie. Original outline coloring. Full margins. Very good condition. Denver.

One of the most decorative maps of North America. The cartographic depiction of the continent is set into a dramatic and colorful illustration of the terrain, peoples, flora, fauna and produce of the Nouveau Continent. Drawn by painter Raimond Bonheur, the border of the map is a collage of impressions of the 'wonders' of North America, illustrating the fabulous image it still projected into the minds of mid-nineteenth century Europeans. The geographical information of the map is also of interest. The United States is shown extending to the Pacific Ocean, including the disputed area north of what was to become Washington State that was established as part of Canada by the treaty of 1846. And though Texas had been annexed by the United States in 1845, it is here shown as it appeared when an independent nation. $450



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