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Antique Maps of Texas

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[ Texas as part of New Spain/Mexico | Texas as a republic | Texas as a state ]

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Pages Mexico
Bernard. "Carte d'une partie de l'Amérique Séptentrionale, qui continent partie de la Nle. Espagne, et de la Louisiane." From Pierre de Pagès' Voyages Autour Du Monde. Paris, 1782. 12 3/4 x 17. Engraving by Bernard. Very good condition.

A unusual map based on a first hand trek across Texas and Mexico by a French naval officer, Pierre Marie François de Pagès. Born of noble family, Pagès made a five-year voyage around the world, which he recounted in his publication of 1782. Perhaps of the most interesting part of his trip was his horseback traverse of Texas in 1767. As shown by a line marked on this map, Pagès landed in New Orleans, traveled up the Mississippi and Red Rivers to "Nachitoches" and then set off on horseback across the "Province de los Texas." and then south through Mexico to Acapulco. Pagès account, and this map, provided the best first-hand information on this region in the late eighteenth century. The map shows many town, forts, rivers, and notes on Indian tribes. $1,400



Spanish Dominions
L. Hebert. "Spanish Dominions In North America Northern Part." From Pinkerton's Modern Atlas. London: Cadell & Davies, 1811. 20 x 27 3/4. Engraving by Neele. Original outline color. Very good condition. Denver.

A graphic, large-scale map of New Spain from about the 22nd parallel in the south to the Great Salt Lake in the north, and including the Louisiana Territory to the south of the Missouri River. The rendering is based on Humboldt's important map of the region, though it is narrower in focus. The topography is shown with striking hachuring, emphasizing the mountains up the Rio Grande Valley to well past Santa Fe. The Louisiana Territory section shows well the extensive network of rivers in this region. Detail is excellent with many lakes, rivers and numerous towns shown throughout, with the borders shown for the Spanish Intendancies. Further data provided is indicated in the key to symbols, that lists "Provincial Council of the Mines," mines, farms, military posts, and "Station of Muleteers." $1,800



Mathew Carey. "Mexico or New Spain." Philadelphia: M. Carey, 1814. 17 5/8 x 15 5/8. Engraving. Original outline color. Very good condition.

Published by Mathew Carey in 1818, shortly after the War of 1812, this map is from Carey's Atlas which represented the best American cartographic work of the period. Mexico, or "New Spain" as such included not only present-day Mexico, but El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Costa Rica, all subject to the Spanish Crown. The northern boundary as shown here extended well north of Santa Fe, while the eastern border is located at the Sabine River--a boundary which was to moved west by the treaty accords following the 1819 War between Spain and the United States. France served as the model for colonial revolution in the Spanish Empire, and the Carey map shows Mexico virtually at the end of the colonial era. By 1820 the provincial government under Augustin de Iturbide had revolted against the new liberal monarchy for fear of modernization. This was the beginning of a 60-year period defined by one internal rival struggling against the other that would end only with the second election of Porfirio Diaz in 1884. The southern end of the nation similarly reacted in their own, local interests forming the Central American nations of modern times. $850



Daniel Lizars. "Mexico & Guatimala." Edinburgh: D. Lizars, ca. 1826. 15 7/9 x 19 1/2. Engraving. Original hand color. A few light spots in margins. Else, fine condition.

A brightly colored map of Mexico and Central America by Daniel Lizars. New California is named in the top left, but little information is shown, while New Mexico is clearly indicated along the Rio Grande. The border between the United States and Mexico follows the Red River and then the coloring makes it dip down to follow the Rio Grande in what is today western Texas. There is a dotted line running north from the Red River, following the border as agreed with Spain in the Adam-Onís Treaty of 1819. As another edition of this map shows the region west of this line as belonging to Mexico, this might simply have been a mistake by the colorist. Detail includes topography, rivers, towns, intendencias, and a few roads, including one through present-day Texas to Nacogdoches. The only other settlements in Texas shown are San Antonio and Loredo. $975



Rio Grande
P. Vander Maelen. [Texas] From Atlas Universel. Brussels: P. Vander Maelen, 1827. Each ca. 18 1/2 x 22 1/2. Lithographs by H. Ode. Original outline coloring. Very good condition,. Denver

These maps by Vander Maelen covering almost the entire area of present-day Texas (with small parts shown on sheets 48 and 59, listed elsewhere). These finely executed and highly detailed maps are from Vander Maelen's monumental atlas of 1827, the Atlas Universel. This was one of the most remarkable world atlases ever produced, anticipating the International Map of the World and showing for the first time the entire land mass of the world on a uniform scale. This atlas was also the first to be made totally with lithography, each map precisely drawn on stone by H. Ode. The maps are blocked out in uniform rectangles, and they include an impressive amount of accurate detail, including a note on the current population of each state or territory. These maps show the area of Texas as part of Mexico, and they have as detailed and accurate interior information of the region as was available at the time. These maps are of considerable historical note, and they have their own aesthetic interest.



Carey and Lea
J. Finlayson. "Mexico and Internal Provinces." Philadelphia: H.C. Carey & I. Lea, 1827. 15 x 14 1/2 (map); 16 3/4 x 20 1/2 (full sheet). Engraving by Young & Delleker. Full original hand color. Very good condition.

In 1822, Henry Charles Carey and Isaac Lea published their A Complete Historical, Chronological, and Geographical American Atlas. This volume was based on Emmanuel Las Cases' Atlas Historique of 1803, with updated maps and text modified by Carey, a political economist. He considered himself an American foil to John Stuart Mill and the London economists who were proclaimers of "the gloomy science" influenced by Ricardo and Malthus. Instead of preaching overpopulation and degeneration of the human species, Carey illustrated the nations of the western hemisphere through maps that showed an expanding region with ample promise of developing into lands of great new opportunity and growth. The sheets from this atlas, which cover North America, Central America, South America and the West Indies, are comprised of an engraved map surrounded by text documenting the history, climate, population and so forth of the area depicted. This map shows Mexico, including today's Texas, based upon "Humboldt's Map & other Documents." This refers to Alexander von Humboldt's "A Map of New Spain" from 1811, a seminal document in the history of the mapping of Mexico. It shows impressive detail of towns, rivers, lakes, some orography, roads and political divisions. Though a number of towns are indicated in modern-day Texas, little was known of this region at the time. In contrast, the central region of Mexico is comprehensively mapped. $650



A. Le Sage. "Confederazione Messicana tratta dale ultime mappe di Humboldt e di Buchon per l'Atl. di A. Le Sale." Venice: Girolamo Tasso, 1835. 12 3/4 x 19. Engraving. Original color. Very good condition.

A map showing the settled areas of Mexico issued just the year before Texas Independence. The map was based by Le Sage from the work of Humboldt and Buchon and issued in an Italian atlas published by Girolamo Tasso. Topographical features, especially the mountains running up into "Nuovo Messico," are emphasized, and the Mexican regions are shown in contrasting colors, with major settlements indicated and named. Texas is named as part of Potosi, but there is no indication of the turmoil that was already beginning in this region. Text panels, in Italian, giving a history and description of Mexico surround the map on the sides. $850



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