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Maps of South Carolina

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C. Stedman. "Plan of the Battle Fought near Camden, August 16th. 1780." From Charles Stedman's History of the Origin, Progress, and Termination of the American War. London: J. Murray & al., 1794. 8 1/4 x 71/4. Engraving. Ref.: Nebenzahl, item 90.

A map published in Charles Stedman's The History of the . . . American War. Generally there are two broad categories of contemporary maps of the American Revolution, those that were issued within about six months of the events depicted, and those issued later but before the end of the century. (J.B. Harley et al., Mapping the American Revolutionary War, p. 93ff.) The former type played a role as news maps of the happenings in America, but the latter were issued after the events illustrated were well known to their intended audience. These maps, some of which are the only contemporary published maps of the events shown, played a role in the analysis and commentary on the war subsequent to its finish. These maps were issued in magazines, as separate publications and as part of histories of the war. One such history was Stedman's. He was a loyalist from Philadelphia who issued his work in London in 1794. This is considered to be amongst the best contemporary accounts of the Revolution. "For years, the British author Charles Stedman's History ... provided the most useful military text and maps of that war." (Ibid, p.112). In this map of the Battle of Camden, the terrain is shown in sufficient detail to help interpret the action. The British line of march northward to the first order of battle is shown, as is the deployment of both armies by unit. The "references" name the British regiments, and the "flight of the Americans" and British pursuit are indicated. $650

Camden, SC Manuscript map 1794
John Barron, Surveyor for Rev. Thomas Adams. A plat map showing 227 acres adjoining the Ferry at Camden, South Carolina. Pen and watercolor. 2 May 1794. 12 3/4 x 7 3/4 (full sheet), Former folds in docket configuration. Conserved by deacidification and backing with archival tissue for strength. Old deterioration at compass center due to iron gall ink arrested.

The two tracts are east of the Wateree River, and a small lot with a house is next to the river but not within the acres defined as "A." Tract "A" contained 172 acres, and tract "B" is 55 3/4 acres. The surveyor's text states, "At the Request of the Reverend Thomas Adams I have Resurveyed the above tract of Land adjoining the Ferry at Camden and find it to contain 227 3/4 acres being, A 172 Acres and B 55 3/4 Acres. Camden 2d. May 1794. [Signed] Jno. Barron."

Methodist Thomas Adams (d. 1797), ordained at Boston's West Church in 1791 for service in Camden, Kershaw County, South Carolina, was the son of Amos Adams, pastor of the first church in Roxbury, Massachusetts. John Barron (1753-1841) was a member of a family prominent in York County, South Carolina. The house shown is possibly the ferry house, which was about 300 yards upstream from the current bridge for Interstate 20. $600

Morse Carolinas
J. Denison. "Map of North and South Carolina." From Jedidiah Morse's The American Universal Geography. Boston: Thomas & Andrews, June, 1796. 7 1/2 x 9 1/4. Engraving by A. Doolittle. Full margins. Very good condition. Wheat & Brun: 585.

A fine engraved map of the states of North and South Carolina. This map was from Jedidiah Morse's Geography, one of the first American publications of its kind. Morse, the father of Samuel F.B. Morse, established himself in the 1780s as one of the leading producers of American maps. Amos Doolittle, the engraver, is one of the great names in patriotic publishing, especially during the Revolution. The map is of interest because of its early detail, including towns, counties, lakes, streams and other topographical information. Also shows are indications of chapels, court houses, meeting houses, and dwelling houses. An excellent early American map, one of only a few of the states issued in the 18th century. $425

Fielding Lucas, Jr. "South Carolina." From A New and Elegant General Atlas Containing Maps of each of the United States. Baltimore: F. Lucas, Jr., 1816. 8 1/2 x 10 3/4. Engraving. Full original hand color. Large margins. Fine condition.

A fine map by Baltimore cartographer, Fielding Lucas, Jr. (1781- 1854). Lucas appears to have become involved in the publishing and book trade while a resident of Philadelphia from 1798 to 1804, when he moved to Baltimore. In 1807 Lucas joined Conrad, Lucas & Co., and then in 1810 he set up his own business at 138 Market Street. There Lucas first got involved in cartographic publishing with his New and Elegant General Atlas of 1816. In the second decade of the nineteenth century, through his Philadelphia contacts, Lucas was one of the major contributors to Carey & Lea's atlas of 1823. Concurrently with this involvement, Lucas brought out his own General Atlas, containing 104 maps of all parts of the world. Lucas, during his 50 years of residence in Baltimore, established himself as a prominent citizen of that city, serving as President of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, President of the Board of School Commissioners, and as President of the Second Branch of the City Council. But it is for his important role in early American cartography that Lucas is best remembered. $650

J. Drayton after J. Wilson. "South Carolina." Philadelphia: H.C. Carey & I. Lea, 1822. 13 x 15 (map); 16 1/4 x 20 3/4 (full sheet). Engraving by S. Hufty. Full hand color. Stain along centerfold as found in these maps and some faint transference of map info outside of state borders. Else, very good condition.

In 1822, Henry Charles Carey and Isaac Lea published their A Complete Historical, Chronological, and Geographical American Atlas. This volume was based on Emmanuel Las Cases' Atlas Historique of 1803, with updated maps and text modified by Carey, a political economist. He considered himself an American foil to John Stuart Mill and the London economists who were proclaimers of "the gloomy science" influenced by Ricardo and Malthus. Instead of preaching overpopulation and degeneration of the human species, Carey illustrated the nations of the western hemisphere through maps that showed an expanding region with ample promise of developing into lands of great new opportunity and growth.

The sheets from this atlas, which cover North America, Central America, South America and the West Indies, are comprised of an engraved map surrounded by text documenting the history, climate, population and so forth of the area depicted. The atlas is particularly known for its excellent early maps of the states and territories of the United States. This map of South Carolina was reduced from James Wilson's important map of South Carolina, and thus reflects the best possible cartographic information of the state that was available at the time. The impressive development of the state is graphically illustrated, with towns, roads and settled counties established throughout the state. The counties are colored with bright washes, and the whole impression is very attractive. This is a nice verbal and graphic picture of South Carolina in 1822. $650

Bradford South East
Thomas G. Bradford. "North Carolina, South Carolina and Georgia." From A Comprehensive Atlas. Geographical, Historical & Commercial. Boston: Wm. B. Ticknor, 1835. 7 5/8 x 10. Engraving. Original outline color. Some light spotting. Otherwise, very good condition.

A nice map of the American southeast from Boston publisher and cartographer, Thomas G. Bradford (1802-1887). Issued in 1835, Bradford's Atlas contained maps of the different United States and other parts of the world, based on the most up-to-date information available at the time. Towns, rivers, lakes, and some orography are depicted. Counties are named and indicated with original outline color. Because Bradford continued to update his maps as he issued them in different volumes, this political information is very interesting for historic purposes. This is a good representation of American cartography in the fourth decade of the nineteenth century and an interesting document of regional history. $135

S. Augustus Mitchell. "The Tourist's Pocket Map of South Carolina Exhibiting Its Internal Improvements Roads Distances &c." Philadelphia: S. Augustus Mitchell, 1836. Copyright date 1834. 12 3/4 x 15 1/4. Engraving. With insets: "Vicinity of Charleston" and "Vicinity of Columbia." Excellent condition. Printed on flexible paper but never folded into booklet.

A nice example of Mitchell's rare "Tourist's Pocket Map" of South Carolina, though this example does not seem to have ever been folded into a booklet. This map is highly refined and carefully detailed. Roads, transportation routes and towns are clearly indicated making it a valuable transportation guide for the early 19th century traveler. While particular emphasis is given to canals and railroads, which played so important a part in the state's history at mid-century, roads still provided the major conveyance to travel as witnessed by the inset listing "Principal Stage Routes.". The two interesting insert maps add further detailed information. $450

Bradford: South Carolina 1841
Thomas G. Bradford. "South Carolina." From Samuel G. Goodrich's A General Atlas of the World. Boston: C.D. Strong, 1841. 11 3/8 x 14 1/4. Engraving by G.W. Boynton. Original hand color. Very good condition.

An attractive and early map of South Carolina by Thomas Bradford. This map was first issued in the 1838 edition of Bradford's atlas, but this example appeared in Samuel Goodrich's atlas from 1841. The map shows South Carolina before mid-century, and it demonstrates the social and political situation at the time. Counties are named and indicated in contrasting shades, and rivers, lakes, and towns are precisely depicted. Also shown is the early transportation network of the state, including a railroad from Charleston to Augusta and the Santee Canal. Overall, this is a nice picture of the state near the middle of the nineteenth century. $350

S.A. Mitchell. "A New Map of South Carolina with its canals, roads & distances." With inset of "Charleston." Philadelphia: H.N. Burroughs, 1846. Lithographic transfer from engraved plate. Original hand color. 11 1/2 x 14. Scattered foxing with some time toning to map. Else, fine condition.

A striking map of South Carolina. Samuel Augustus Mitchell was one of the leading American cartographers of the mid-nineteenth century. His maps recorded excellent contemporary information, such as the developing canals, railroads, harbors, and industry throughout the state. A table of "Steam Boat Routes" in the lower right provides a listing of stops from Savannah to Augusta and from Charleston to Savannah, with distances. In the lower left is an inset map of Charleston, which comes with a reference table of sites. $325

Mitchell: South Carolina 1849
"A New Map of South Carolina with its Canals, Roads & Distances from place to place, along the Stage & Steam Boat Routes." Philadelphia: S. Augustus Mitchell, 1849. 11 5/8 x 14 1/8. Lithographic transfer from engraved plate. Full original hand color. Very good condition.

A strong, detailed map of South Carolina issued by S. Augustus Mitchell of Philadelphia. In 1846, S. Augustus Mitchell purchased the rights to the important Universal Atlas by H.S. Tanner. Mitchell had lithographic transfers made of the engraved maps and issued his version of Tanner's Universal Atlas, with maps that were essentially unchanged, other than process and a new border. Mitchell then immediately started to make some changes to the maps, mostly changing the copyright and publisher information, and he began his own series of editions of the Universal Atlas. This map from the 1849 edition of that atlas, like those of the earlier editions, is excellent, focusing on the transportation network, including roads, railroads and canals. Details are clearly presented, including towns, rivers, mountains, political boundaries and the transportation information. Tables at the right list the steamboat routes from Savannah to both Charleston and Augusta. An inset map of Charleston with a location key is included in the bottom left corner. A fascinating South Carolina document. $275

S. A. Mitchell. "A New Map of South Carolina with its canals, roads & distances." With inset of "Charleston." Philadelphia: S. Augustus Mitchell, 1851. Lithographic transfer from engraved plate. Original hand color. 11 1/2 x 14. Scattered spotting in Atlantic Ocean. Else, very good condition. $275 "A New Map of South Carolina with its canals, roads & distances." Philadelphia: Thomas, Cowperthwait & Co., 1851. 11 1/2 x 14. Lithographic transfer from engraved plate. Original hand color. Very good condition. With inset of "Charleston."

In 1850, the rights to the Mitchell atlas were sold to Thomas, Cowperthwait & Co., who reissued the map of South Carolina without any changes. This copy was issued the following year and with Mitchell's name removed. $275

J.H. Colton. "South Carolina." New York: J.H. Colton & Co., 1856. 13 x 16. Lithograph. Full original hand-coloring. Very good condition.

In the mid-nineteenth century, the center of map publishing in America moved from Philadelphia to New York. The J.H. Colton publishing firm played a large role in this shift. This map of South Carolina, with its fine detail, is a strong example of their successful work. The map presents the counties in contrasting pastel shades, and includes depictions of towns, rivers, marshes, and some topography. Of particular interest are the indications of the burgeoning transportation network in the state, with roads and railroads clearly shown. An attractive map as well as a worthwhile historical document. $175

"Johnson's North and South Carolina." New York: Johnson & Ward, 1862-3. 17 x 24. Lithograph. Full original hand-color. Very good condition. With vignettes of "Chimney Rocks and French Broad River" and "Table Mountain" plus an inset "Plan of Charleston Vicinity and Harbor." With decorative border. Chip into decorative border, else very good condition.

An attractive map from A. J. Johnson's atlas issued early in the Civil War. Johnson, who published out of New York City, was one of the leading cartographic publishers in the latter half of the century, producing popular atlases, geographies and so on. This finely detailed map is a good example of Johnson's work. Counties, towns, roads, rail lines, rivers and lakes are shown throughout. Of particular note is the extensive road and rail network in the states that would be come so important in the forthcoming conflict, as well as the rendering of Charleston Harbor where the fighting would commence. The clear presentation of cartographic information and the warm hand coloring make this an attractive as well as interesting historical document. $150

"County Map of North Carolina,"/"County Map of South Carolina," with inset "Map of Charleston Harbor,"/"County Map of Florida." Philadelphia: S. Augustus Mitchell Jr., 1866. 13 7/8 x 11 1/2. Lithograph. Original hand coloring. Decorative border. Spots in western Florida and into Gulf; else very good condition.

For most of the middle part of the nineteenth century, the firm founded by S. Augustus Mitchell Sr. dominated American cartography in output and influence. This fine map is from one of his son's atlases, and it shows the Carolinas and Florida in the mid 1860s, shortly after the Civil War. Towns, rivers, roads and other topographical information are clearly shown, and the counties are shaded with contrasting pastel colors. A fine decorative border surrounds the map, and the whole effect makes for an attractive and historically interesting mid-nineteenth century map. $185

"Gray's Atlas Map of South Carolina." Philadelphia: O.W. Gray & Son, ca. 1873. 11 3/4 x 14 3/4. Lithograph. Original color. Full margins. Very good condition.

A nicely detailed map of the state by the Philadelphia firm of O.W. Gray and Son. The firm began its publishing around mid-century and published regional and U.S. atlases up to the 1880s. This map was issued at the time of the American centennial and it is typical of their work. It contains excellent topographical information and good detail on the towns, counties, roads, and railroads in the state. This information and its attractive presentation make it a nice example of American cartography of the period. $175

"South Carolina." New York: J.H. Colton & Co., 1875. 12 1/2 x 15 1/2. Lithograph. Full original hand-coloring. Very good condition.

In the mid-nineteenth century, the center of map publishing in America moved from Philadelphia to New York. The J.H. Colton publishing firm played a large role in this shift. This map of Georgia, with its fine detail, is a strong example of their successful work. The map presents the counties in contrasting pastel shades, and includes depictions of towns, rivers, marshes, and some topography. Of particular interest are the indications of the burgeoning transportation network in the state, with roads and railroads clearly shown. Of note is the "Plan of Charleston, vicinity & harbor" inset in the lower left. An attractive map as well as a worthwhile historical document. $145

George F. Cram. "South Carolina." Chicago: G.F. Cram & Co., ca. 1880. 9 3/4 x 12. Cerograph in outline color. Very good condition.

The George Cram Company was an engraving and publishing firm from Chicago. In the mid-nineteenth century, the center of cartographic publishing was New York City, but in the 1880's this began to shift towards Chicago with the advent of the Rand, McNally and Cram firms. These firms were noted for their efficient output of precise maps filled with useful and up-to-date political and cultural information, and details on roads, towns, railroads, and so forth. $95

"South Carolina." From Gaskell's Atlas of the World. 1889. 9 3/4 x 12. Color cerograph. Very good condition. $65

Arbuckle South Carolina
"South Carolina." New York: Arbuckle Bros. Coffee Company, 1889. Ca. 3 x 5. Chromolithograph by Donaldson Brothers. Very good condition.

From a delightful series of maps issued by the Arbuckle Bros. Coffee Company. This firm was founded by John and Charles Arbuckle of Pittsburgh, PA. They developed a machine to weigh, fill, seal and label coffee in paper packages, which allowed them to become the largest importer and seller of coffee in the world. Their most famous promotional program involved the issuing of several series of small, colorful trading cards, one of which was included in every package of Arbuckle's Coffee. These series included cards with sports, food, historic scenes, and--one of the most popular--maps. The latter cards included not only a map, but also small illustrations "which portrays the peculiarities of the industry, scenery, etc." of the region depicted. These cards are a delight, containing informative maps as well as wonderful scenes of the area mapped. $65

George F. Cram. "South Carolina." Chicago: G.F. Cram & Co., ca. 1897. 13 1/2 x 20. Colored cerograph. Very good condition. $125

Rand, McNally & Co. Chicago: late 19th & early 20th century. Color cerographs. Very good condition, unless noted otherwise.

Maps from the Rand, McNally & Co. firm out of Chicago, a company that would shift the center of cartographic publishing from the east coast to the mid-west. Typical of the firm's work, this map has very good detail precisely and neatly exhibited. Topographic and social information, counties, roads, and many more details are neatly illustrated. Also of note, every major railroad line in the state is indicated in red along with a numbered index. Aesthetically and cartographically, it epitomizes the Rand McNally maps of the twentieth century.

"South Carolina." New York: C.S. Hammond & Co., 1914. 11 x 18. Chromolithograph.

A detailed and very up-to-date map by one of leading American cartographic firms of the early twentieth century. New York had become the center of American map publishing in the middle of the nineteenth century. Towards the end of the century much of the cartographic industry moved to Chicago and other cities, but the Hammond firm kept New York as an important center of map-making. This map is typical of the company's output, with accurate and clearly presented topographical and political detail. $55


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