Battle of Philippi
The western part of Virginia had few slaves and the general sentiment of its citizens was pro-Union. Local troops were raised for the Union army and volunteers from Ohio and Indian were sent there to support the Union sympathizers. These troops were also ordered to protect the B&O Railroad line which provided a crucial link between Washington and the Midwestern states. Union and Confederate troops met at the town of Philippi (now West Virginia) on June 3rd, in the first land battle of the war. The southern troops were forced to retreat, in what the press called the "Philippi Races." This victory helped the Union establish control in the western part of Virginia, though throughout June, Confederate forces continued to attack the B&O line.
"The Battle of Philippi." From Harper's Weekly. New York, July 6, 1861. 7 x 13 3/4. Wood engraving. Very good condition. $50
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