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Maps of Pennsylvania after 1850

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J.W. Otley. "A New County Map of the State of Pennsylvania and adjoining states showing the route of the Central and other rail roads &c. &c." Philadelphia: R.L. Barnes, 1852. Separately issued, folding map on bank note paper. 25 1/4 x 36 1/2. Lithographed by Friend & Aub. Full, original hand color. Trimmed to neat line as issued. Overall, very good condition and appearance.

A rare and most interesting folding pocket map of Pennsylvania from just after the middle of the nineteenth century. The first official state map was John Melish's 1822 issue, which was updated by William Morris in 1848. Within just a few years, J.W. Otley, about whom little is known, produced another large state map, probably based on his own new surveys. The Otley map was reduced and issued in 1852 by R.L. Barnes and then again in 1853. This is a fine example of that first issue. As noted in the title, this map specifically was intended to illustrate the then rapidly developing railroad network in Pennsylvania, and this may be the reason that Barnes used Otley's map for his new publication, instead of the Melish-Morris map, in order to show this important transportation information which the earlier mapping would not have contained. This map does show very detailed information on the railroads throughout, as well as roads, towns, rivers and much other topography. It would have made a fine traveler's map or a map for reference by businessmen. $875

Colton PA
"Pennsylvania." From Atlas of the World Illustrating Physical & Railroad Geography. New York: J.H. Colton, 1855. 12 5/8 x 15 5/8. Lithograph. Original hand color. Light spotting in margins; else, very good condition.

One of the first of the great lithographic publishers, whose maps set a standard followed by such firms as A.J. Johnson and S.A. Mitchell, Jr., was J.H. Colton. This map of Pennsylvania, with its fine detail, is a strong example of the firm's successful work. The map presents the counties in contrasting pastel shades, and includes depictions of towns, rivers, marshes, and some topography. Of particular interest are the indications of the burgeoning transportation network in the state, with roads and railroads clearly shown. An attractive map as well as a worthwhile historical document. $145

W.H Gamble. "County Map of the State of Pennsylvania." Philadelphia: S. Augustus Mitchell, Jr., 1865. 11 1/2 x 14. Lithograph. Original hand color. Very good condition.

For most of the middle part of the nineteenth century, the firm founded by S. Augustus Mitchell, Sr. dominated American cartography in output and influence. His son, S. Augustus Mitchell, Jr., continued the family business. This map came from a Civil War era atlas. A nice map of the state. $175

"Johnson's Pennsylvania and New Jersey." New York: A.J. Johnson, 1865. 17 x 23 1/2. Lithograph. Full original hand-color. A few scattered spots. Else, very good condition.

An attractive map of Pennsylvania from A.J. Johnson's mid-nineteenth century atlas of the world. Johnson, who published out of New York City, was one of the leading cartographic publishers in the latter half of the century, producing popular atlases, geographies and so on. This finely detailed map is an good example of Johnson's, and thus early American, cartography. Townships, towns, roads, rail lines, rivers and lakes are shown throughout. The clear presentation of cartographic information and the warm hand coloring make this an attractive as well as interesting historical document. $175

"Colton's New Township Map of the Eastern Counties of Pennsylvania." New York: G.W. and C.B. Colton, 1866. Lithograph (hand color). 40 x 29 full sheet. Complete and with folds.

Considering the details on transportation, this large folding map would have been used by wagon drivers and transportation agents to access the state. Referenced in the key are "Townships, County Towns, Villages, Rail Roads, Turnpike Roads, Common Roads, and Canals." The map was intended to be folded into a size that would fit into a pocket. $450

Mitchell PA
"County Map of the State of Pennsylvania." 11 3/8 x 14. Philadelphia: S. Augustus Mitchell, Jr., 1867. Lithograph. Original hand color. Very good condition. $125

Sheafer PA
P.W. Sheafer. "Iron, Railroad, Canal and Coal Map of Pennsylvania &c. Showing the Relative Positions of Anthracite and Bituminous Coal Fields . . . the Railroads, Canals and Navigable Waterways . . . also the Furnaces, Rolling Mills, Bloomeries and Forges of Pennsylvania and Adjoining States." Pottsville, PA., 1867. 32 1/2 x 44 (full sheet). Lithograph. Was once folded. Full margins. Some separation at folds, and archivally repaired tears. Else, very good condition.

Symbols are given throughout for: Rolling Mills, Furnaces, Forges, Bloomeries, Steel works, Railroads, Canals, Iron Mines, Coal Areas, Limestone Areas, and Oil Regions. The map also gives full information as described above for a circumference of approximately 100 additional miles around the borders of Pennsylvania. The amount of geological development shown on this map is remarkable considering the time immediately after the Civil War. A fine map. $400

Pa County Map
Allegheny, Washington & Greene. From The New Topographical Atlas of the State of Pennsylvania with Descriptions Historical, Scientific and Statistical... Philadelphia: Stedman, Brown & Lyon, 1872. 16 1/2 x 12. Lithograph. Original hand color. Very good condition.

As the population, transportation network, and industries of Pennsylvania developed in the second half of the nineteenth century, there was a great need for better maps of the various counties. This was satisfied by an atlas containing fine maps of all the counties in the state. Each county is shown with its major topographical and social features, the townships indicated in with contrasting pastel shades. This example shows Pittsburgh and the surrounding counties. $80
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"Map of the Railroads of Pennsylvania and New Jersey and Parts of Adjoining States, 1873, Prepared from Official data by J. A. Anderson." Philadelphia: J. L. Smith, 1873. 31 1/8 x 47. Lithography by James McGuigan. Separated into 32 sections and mounted on linen. Some separations along folds, including detached front and back covers. Otherwise very good condition.

This map shows the rail lines, and point-to-point distances of the lines, as they existed at the time of publication in all of Pennsylvania and New Jersey, plus bordering portions of Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, West Virginia, Ohio and New York.

A lifelong resident of Hunterdon County, New Jersey, John Alexander Anderson (1829-1917) began railroad work at age 19 as a rodman on New Jersey's Belvidere Delaware Railroad, which ran north along the Delaware River from Trenton to Belvidere. By 1872, when that line was acquired by the Pennsylvania Railroad, Anderson became the superintendent of that company's Belvidere Division. His chief interest was in train dispatching; he literally wrote the book on the subject, The Train Wire (1891). From 1886 until retirement in 1900 Anderson was superintendent of the company's Voluntary Relief Department.

In 1845, Edward Pinkerton, Thomas S. Wagner and James McGuigan established a lithography business in Philadelphia. Pinkerton soon left; Wagner & McGuigan operated as a partnership until 1858, when the two separated, each to his own establishment.

Upon the retirement of Rufus L. Barnes (1794-1868), who had been in the map trade in Philadelphia since the early 1830s, John L. Smith (1846-1921) succeeded to his map publishing business. $650

Gray: Pennsylvania 1877
"Railroad and County Map of Pennsylvania." Philadelphia: O.W. Gray & Son, 1877. 15 1/4 x 24 1/4 (neat lines) plus full borders. Center fold as issued. Stains. Else, very good condition.

A fine map showing political boundaries plus railroads and the towns and cities they served in 1877, by which time Pennsylvania had expanded to 66 of the current 67 counties. $225

Colton: Pennsylvania 1880
"Colton's New Township Map of the State of Pennsylvania." New York: G.W. & C.B. Colton, 1880. 15 3/4 x 26. Separately issued folding map on banknote paper. Lithograph. Original hand color. Folds as issued. Very good condition.

Following America's first great World's Fair in Philadelphia in 1876, Pennsylvania continued to flourish due to prosperous agriculture and flourishing manufacturing. The two economic forces were united and distributed through the great and powerful railroads of the day. This map is filled with copious information on the state of Pennsylvania in 1880. It records the many cities, towns, and villages, the mountains and rivers and lakes, and the roads, canals and railroads throughout the state. Such separately issued maps were used by traveling salesmen, teamsters, planners, and anyone else traveling about the state. They were invariably the most up-to-date when they were issued, as the need was great for accuracy. This wonderful map is as fine a cartographic document of the region as was available at the time. $625

Gray: Pennsylvania 1883
"Railroad and County Map of Pennsylvania . . . J. Simpson Africa, Secretary of Internal Affairs." Philadelphia: O.W. Gray & Son, 1883. 15 1/4 x 24 1/4 (neat lines) plus full borders. Lithographed by Lane S. Hart, State Printer, in Harrisburg. Folds as issued. Excellent condition.

A fine map showing political boundaries plus railroads and the towns and cities they served in 1883, by which time Pennsylvania had expanded to its full and current 67 counties with the 1878 creation of Lackawanna County. $225

Colton 1883 Pennsylvania
"Colton's New Township Map of Pennsylvania & the Southern Counties of New York." New York: G.W. & C.B. Colton, 1883. 28 x 41 3/4. Lithograph. Original outline color around the state. Folding map on banknote paper with buckram case. Bright and lovely. Excellent condition.

This is another terrific folding map of Pennsylvania, filled with copious information on the state of Pennsylvania in 1883. It records the many cities, towns, and villages, the mountains and rivers and lakes, and the roads, canals and the railroads throughout the state and into the southern tier of New York State. $725

Gray: Pennsylvania 1883
Frank A. Gray. "Gray's New Map of Pennsylvania." Philadelphia: O.W. Gray & Son, 1883. 16 x 27. Lithograph. Original hand color. Very good condition.

Another fine map by Frank A. Gray, showing political boundaries plus railroads, canals and the towns and cities they served in 1883. Historically, the positioning of railroad lines is telling, illuminating areas of heavy development east of the Susquehanna and west of the Allegheny. $125

[Pennsylvania.] From Indexed Atlas Of The World. Chicago: Rand, McNally & Co., [1888]. 19 x 25 7/8. Cerograph. Full original color. Very good condition.

A late nineteenth century map from the early days of the Rand, McNally & Co. firm out of Chicago, a company that would shift the center of cartographic publishing from the east coast to the mid-west. Typical of the work from the firm, this map has very good detail, precisely and neatly exhibited. Topographic and social information, counties, roads, and many more details are illustrated. By the end of the nineteenth century, development in the state is shown extending up into the pan handle and to the west. Railroad information is also presented. Aesthetically and cartographically as foreshadow of the maps of the twentieth century. $95

"Scarborough's Map of Pennsylvania." With inset of "Philadelphia" in upper right corner. Boston: The Scarborough Company, 1903. 36 x 50. Lithographed large folding map. Hand color. Some minor discoloration at edges. Otherwise, very good condition.

A very detailed folding map of the state of Pennsylvania. As the title goes on to say, "Showing all Counties, Cities, Villages, Pot-Offices, Railroads and Stations, with Distances Between Stations in English Statue Miles." The map is very accurate and with the myriad details presented with clarity. Indexes by cities, county seats and larger cities. $300

"Map of the Cities of Pittsburgh, Allegheny and Environs." Pittsburgh, 1904. Lithograph by Mackenzie Davis Lithographic Co. 28 1/2 x 42 1/4 (neatlines) plus full borders. Separately issued map with booklet for folding as issued. OUT ON APPROVAL JC

"Cram's Superior Map of Pennsylvania showing distances between stations and populations by decimals of all cities and villages with 100 inhabitants and over." backed with "The Twentieth Century Mineralogical Map of Pennsylvania." (edited by Eugene Murray-Aaron). Chicago: George F. Cram, 1904. Both sides of folding sheet, 40 x 48 1/2. Wax engraving, printed in color on fine tissue. Excellent condition. Folds into original cloth case stamped in silver.

On one sides of this most impressive map is a detailed rendering of Pennsylvania showing population centers and roads, along with seven insets of the United States and surrounding states. The verso is a most interesting mineralogical map, with color coding for various minerals throughout the state. Also included is an inset map of the entire United States showing coal mines, petroleum, natural gas, iron regions, and political divisions. A short history of each geological product is printed in a four inch column down either side of the map. Fascinating information from a period when coal and iron were leading economic indicators of the United States. $350

"Road Map of Pennsylvania, Showing Main Highways and All Connecting Automobile Roads." Harrisburg: Pennsylvania State Chamber of Commerce, 1925. 21 1/2 x 35 5/8. Very good condition.

A large and very interesting map prepared by the State Publicity Bureau of the state Chamber of Commerce just when automobile travel was expanding in the post-World War I period. Also interestingly, the map was published midway through the first term of Governor Gifford Pinchot (1923-1927), who would later, in his second administration (1931-1935), advocate for much expanded road construction to combat the Depression and "get the farmers out of the mud."

The map presents a good view of the rather primitive nature of road travel in the period, showing "main trans state highways" such as the Lincoln Highway (Route 1), "main connecting roads," and "state highway route numbers." Many towns along the roads are named, but there is no indication of county boundaries, rail lines, natural features, or the like. Altogether a fascinating document from nine decades ago. $175

"Cram's Superior Map of Pennsylvania." Indianapolis: George F. Cram Company, Inc., 1941. 35 3/4 x 58. Full sheet: 47 x 60. Wax engraving, printed in very bright colors. A few short tears at edges of margins; else, fine condition. With wooden rollers.

A very colorful and impressive map of Pennsylvania showing population centers and roads, along with two inset maps of the trunk highways and counties with populations by 1000s. Below the body of the map are several charts, from left: Populations by County, by town and a table of the populations of towns over 2500 from both the 1930 and 1940 censuses. Fascinating and colorful map of Pennsylvania just at the beginning of World War II. $450

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