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A lovely example of a steel engraving from one of the more popular nineteenth century view and map books, Hinton's History and Topography. This work contained text and numerous illustrations documenting the history and topography of the United States. Hinton used many different artists, all the engravings being made from drawings made on the spot. For their wide coverage, accurate detail, and pleasing appearance, these are amongst the finest small images of early nineteenth century America to be found anywhere. The London edition was the only one with maps of the regions throughout the United States. $250
M.R. Stealey. [Map of the mouth of the Beaver River.] From The Casket. Philadelphia: S.C. Atkinson, 1835. 6 1/4 x 11 1/4. Engraving by Melineux, Pittsburgh. With some creases and folds; repaired separation at fold. Otherwise, very good condition.
In 1826, Samuel C. Atkinson and Charles Alexander founded The Casket: Flowers of Literature, Wit and Sentiment. This monthly magazine ran until 1839, at which time it was purchased by George R. Graham. Graham soon combined it with Burton's Gentleman's Magazine and renamed the combined journal as Graham's Lady's and Gentleman's Magazine. Though it had a fairly short run, the Casket was said to be the most widely circulated monthly in the United States. It included articles, stories, poetry, puzzles, and steel engraved illustrations, and a few maps such as this rare one showing the mouth of the Beaver River in western Pennsylvania. The towns of Beaver, New Brighton and Brighton, as well as smaller settlements, are laid out along the banks of the Beaver and the Ohio. Dams and the canal are depicted, as is the nearby topography and "Part of Leets D.D. Lands." Also included is a profile of the "Falls & Dams" and an inset map showing the Beaver in relation to the surrounding region. A very rare local map of the area. $175
Thomas G. Bradford. "Pennsylvania." From Samuel G. Goodrich's A General Atlas of the World. Boston: C.D. Strong, 1841. 11 3/8 x 14. Engraving by G.W. Boynton. Original hand color. Very good condition.
Bradford's map of Pennsylvania from Samuel G. Goodrich's edition of the Bradford atlas. $325
Henry S. Tanner. "A New Map of Pennsylvania with its Canals, Rail-Roads & Distances from Place to Place along the Stave Roads." From Tanner's Universal Atlas. Philadelphia: Carey & Hart, -1844. Engraved by W. Brose. 10 1/2 x 13 3/8. Lithograph. Original hand color. Very good condition.
In 1844, Carey & Hart issued an edition of Tanner's Universal Atlas, with updated maps of the various states. This is a fine example of the map of Pennsylvania from that atlas. This is the last edition of this map before it was transferred to lithographic stone and issued by S. Augustus Mitchell, Jr. $325
Sidney Morse. "Pennsylvania." From Cerographic Atlas. New York: S.E. Morse & Samuel Breese, 1843. 12 x 15 5/8. Cerograph. Wear and short tear at edges; paper toned; else, good condition.
A fine map of Pennsylvania issued in Sidney Morse's important Cerographic Atlas, which was the first atlas to use the process of cerography. Cerography, or wax engraving, was developed as a process that was easy to use and that work with power relief presses. The process was so successful, that by the late nineteenth century it became the preeminent process for American map making, used by such firms as Cram and Rand, McNally. The first map made by cerography was Morse's map of Connecticut that appeared in The New York Observer in 1839, with Morse completing his atlas in 1845. The atlas contained this excellent map showing Pennsylvania, with inset maps of the vicinity of Philadelphia as well as the Coal Region. The detail shows some topography, rivers, counties, and settlements, as well as the fairly extensive network of roads crisscrossing the state. $65
S. Augustus Mitchell. "A New Map of Pennsylvania with its Canals, Rail-Roads &c." From Universal Atlas. Philadelphia: H.N. Burroughs, 1846. 14 3/4 x 11 3/4. Lithograph transfer from engraved plate. Original hand color. Very good condition.
An fine Pennsylvania map by the S.A. Mitchell firm. For much of the middle part of the nineteenth century, the Mitchell firm dominated American cartography in output and influence. S. Augustus Mitchell Jr.'s maps of the 1860s are probably the best known issues of this firm, but his father's earlier efforts are excellent maps derived from H.S. Tanner's atlas of the 1830s. This map of Pennsylvania is a good example of this work and it appeared in one of the early editions of Mitchell's Universal Atlas. Topographical information, including towns, rivers, roads, etc. is clearly shown, and the counties are shaded with contrasting pastel shades. This map is especially interesting in its depiction of the transportation network in the state, including roads, canals and railroads. The latter two are shown with colored lines and the pattern they make shows the development of the state's transportation nexus at this time. A table at the bottom lists the steamboat routes, and along the top is a profile of the Pennsylvania Canal. $325
William E. Morris after John Melish. "Map of Pennsylvania, Constructed from the County Surveys authorized by the State; and other original Documents. Revised And Improved Under the supervision of Wm. E. Morris, Civil Engineer." Philadelphia: R.L. Barnes, -1849. Copyright, R.L. Barnes 1848. 50 x 74. Engraving by Edward Yeager. Original hand color. Conserved and mounted on new linen backing. Very good condition.
In 1816, the Pennsylvania State legislature passed a law to produce an official state map, and this project was given to the supervision of Philadelphia mapmaker John Melish. Melish called for each county to produce a standardized map, which he would then use to compile a full state map. He worked for six years on this map, which was finally produced in 1822, with revised editions issued in 1824, 1826, and 1832. As each of these maps was produced, one could see the internal growth and development of the state, with new roads and canals, settlements and other features making their appearance with each new issue. By the 1830s, however, it became clear that the tremendous growth of the state demanded an updated and revised version of this official state map. Civil Engineer William E. Morris was authorized to gather updated information from each county, and he proceeded to 'revise and improve' Melish's map, with the new engravings done by Philadelphia craftsman Edward Yeager. The map was copyrighted and first issued in 1848 and this example was issued a year later with some updating. The size of this map and its myriad public uses determined that the map would be issued in the format of a wall map. Its sheets were joined, mounted on canvas, and varnished so that it could be hung in public plates throughout the state. Added along the bottom of the map are several tables of information. These include: "Anthracite Coal Trade of Pennsylvania," "Public Works of Pennsylvania," "Approximate Estimate of Bituminous Coal Mined in 1847," and "Statistical Table Shewing The Prominent Features of each County." It map is a superb picture of Pennsylvania at mid-century and it is the last of the great engraved maps of the state. $6,500
"A New Map of Pennsylvania with its Canals, Rail-Roads &c." Philadelphia: S.A. Mitchell, 1849. 11 1/2 x 14 1/4. Lithographic transfer from engraved plate. Full original hand color. Spot in top margin. Otherwise, very good condition.
Another edition of Mitchell's fine map of the state, issued in 1849, the last year the Universal Atlas was issued by Mitchell. $325
Henry S. Tanner. "A New Map of Pennsylvania with its Canals, Rail-Roads & Distances from Place to Place along the Stage Roads." From Tanner's Universal Atlas. Philadelphia: H. S. Tanner, 1850. 11 1/4 x 14. Lithograph. Original hand color. Very good condition.
A superior, detailed map of Pennsylvania by the great American cartographer, Henry Schenck Tanner. In 1816, Henry, his brother Benjamin, John Vallance and Francis Kearny formed an engraving firm in Philadelphia. Having had experience at map engraving through his work with John Melish, Tanner conceived of the idea of compiling and publishing an American Atlas, which was begun in 1819 by Tanner, Vallance, Kearny & Co. Soon Tanner took over the project on his own, and thus began his career as cartographic publisher. The American Atlas was a huge success, and this inspired Tanner to produce his Universal Atlas, of more manageable size. This atlas contained excellent maps of each state, focusing on the transportation network, including roads, railroads and canals. All details are clearly presented, and these include towns, rivers, mountains, political boundaries and the transportation information. The maps were later purchased by S. Augustus Mitchell, and then Thomas, Cowperthwait & Co. This map of Pennsylvania is typical of Tanner; Pennsylvania was in a period of considerable social and economic growth, so the depiction of the extensive road, canal and railroad systems is of particular interest. A profile showing the altitude of the Pennsylvania and Columbia Canals is included at the top and a table of steamboat routes at the bottom. $325
"A New Map of Pennsylvania with its Canals, Rail-roads &c." Philadelphia: Thomas, Cowperthwait & Co., 1851. 11 3/4 x 14 1/4. Lithographic transfer from engraved plate. Full original color. Very good condition.
A strong and beautifully crafted map of Pennsylvania from the mid-nineteenth century, published by Thomas, Cowperthwait & Co. This firm took over the publication of S. Augustus Mitchell's important Universal Atlas in 1850, and they continued to produce up-dated maps that were amongst the best issued in the period. The map is filled with myriad topographical details, including rivers, towns, lakes and political borders. This map is especially interesting in its depiction of the transportation network in the state, including roads, canals and railroads. The latter two are shown with colored lines and the pattern they make shows the development of the state's transportation nexus at this time. A table at the bottom lists the steamboat routes, and along the top is a profile of the Pennsylvania Canal. An important source of information in this period of increased immigration and travel in America. $325
J.W. Otley. "A New County Map of the State of Pennsylvania and adjoining states showing the route of the Central and other rail roads &c. &c." Philadelphia: R.L. Barnes, 1852. Separately issued, folding map on bank note paper. 25 1/4 x 36 1/2. Lithographed by Friend & Aub. Full, original hand color. Trimmed to neat line as issued. Overall, very good condition and appearance.
A rare and most interesting folding pocket map of Pennsylvania from just after the middle of the nineteenth century. The first official state map was John Melish's 1822 issue, which was updated by William Morris in 1848. Within just a few years, J.W. Otley, about whom little is known, produced another large state map, probably based on his own new surveys. The Otley map was reduced and issued in 1852 by R.L. Barnes and then again in 1853. This is a fine example of that first issue. As noted in the title, this map specifically was intended to illustrate the then rapidly developing railroad network in Pennsylvania, and this may be the reason that Barnes used Otley's map for his new publication, instead of the Melish-Morris map, in order to show this important transportation information which the earlier mapping would not have contained. This map does show very detailed information on the railroads throughout, as well as roads, towns, rivers and much other topography. It would have made a fine traveler's map or a map for reference by businessmen. $875
"Pennsylvania." From Atlas of the World Illustrating Physical & Railroad Geography. New York: J.H. Colton, 1855. 12 5/8 x 15 5/8. Lithograph. Original hand color. Light spotting in margins; else, very good condition.
One of the first of the great lithographic publishers, whose maps set a standard followed by such firms as A.J. Johnson and S.A. Mitchell, Jr., was J.H. Colton. This map of Pennsylvania, with its fine detail, is a strong example of the firm's successful work. The map presents the counties in contrasting pastel shades, and includes depictions of towns, rivers, marshes, and some topography. Of particular interest are the indications of the burgeoning transportation network in the state, with roads and railroads clearly shown. An attractive map as well as a worthwhile historical document. $145
"A New Map of the State of Pennsylvania Exhibting its Internal Improvements, Roads, Distances &c. by J.H. Young." Philadelphia: Charles Desilver, 1857. 13 x 15 3/4. Lithograph. Original hand color. Very good condition. With decorative border.
Charles Desilver, one of the many publishers working in Philadelphia during the mid-nineteenth century, issued an atlas of maps based on the famous Tanner-Mitchell-Cowperthwait series. Desilver used much the same information as originally drawn in the 1840s, but updated the maps with new counties, roads, towns, and especially the transportation network of roads and railroads, always the focus of the maps from this series. This map is typical of the rather unusual and scarce Desilver atlas. The growth of roads and railroads in the state is impressive and indicative of the huge growth in the region during the middle part of the century. An attractive and fascinating document from just before the Civil War. $150
W.H Gamble. "Pennsylvania." Philadelphia: S. Augustus Mitchell, Jr., 1865. 11 1/2 x 14. Lithograph. Original hand color. Very good condition.
For most of the middle part of the nineteenth century, the firm founded by S. Augustus Mitchell, Sr. dominated American cartography in output and influence. His son, S. Augustus Mitchell, Jr., continued the family business. This map came from a Civil War era atlas. A nice map of the state. $175
"Johnson's Pennsylvania and New Jersey." New York: A.J. Johnson, 1865. 17 x 23 1/2. Lithograph. Full original hand-color. A few scattered spots. Else, very good condition.
An attractive map of Pennsylvania from A.J. Johnson's mid-nineteenth century atlas of the world. Johnson, who published out of New York City, was one of the leading cartographic publishers in the latter half of the century, producing popular atlases, geographies and so on. This finely detailed map is an good example of Johnson's, and thus early American, cartography. Townships, towns, roads, rail lines, rivers and lakes are shown throughout. The clear presentation of cartographic information and the warm hand coloring make this an attractive as well as interesting historical document. $175
"County Map of the State of Pennsylvania." 11 3/8 x 14. Philadelphia: S. Augustus Mitchell, Jr., 1867. Lithograph. Original hand color. Very good condition. $125
P.W. Sheafer. "Iron, Railroad, Canal and Coal Map of Pennsylvania &c. Showing the Relative Positions of Anthracite and Bituminous Coal Fields . . . the Railroads, Canals and Navigable Waterways . . . also the Furnaces, Rolling Mills, Bloomeries and Forges of Pennsylvania and Adjoining States." Pottsville, PA., 1867. 32 1/2 x 44 (full sheet). Lithograph. Was once folded. Full margins. Some separation at folds, and archivally repaired tears. Else, very good condition.
Symbols are given throughout for: Rolling Mills, Furnaces, Forges, Bloomeries, Steel works, Railroads, Canals, Iron Mines, Coal Areas, Limestone Areas, and Oil Regions. The map also gives full information as described above for a circumference of approximately 100 additional miles around the borders of Pennsylvania. The amount of geological development shown on this map is remarkable considering the time immediately after the Civil War. A fine map. $400
Allegheny, Washington & Greene. From The New Topographical Atlas of the State of Pennsylvania with Descriptions Historical, Scientific and Statistical... Philadelphia: Stedman, Brown & Lyon, 1872. 16 1/2 x 12. Lithograph. Original hand color. Very good condition.
As the population, transportation network, and industries of Pennsylvania developed in the second half of the nineteenth century, there was a great need for better maps of the various counties. This was satisfied by an atlas containing fine maps of all the counties in the state. Each county is shown with its major topographical and social features, the townships indicated in with contrasting pastel shades. This example shows Pittsburgh and the surrounding counties. $80
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"Map of the Railroads of Pennsylvania and New Jersey and Parts of Adjoining States, 1873, Prepared from Official data by J. A. Anderson." Philadelphia: J. L. Smith, 1873. 31 1/8 x 47. Lithography by James McGuigan. Separated into 32 sections and mounted on linen. Some separations along folds, including detached front and back covers. Otherwise very good condition.
This map shows the rail lines, and point-to-point distances of the lines, as they existed at the time of publication in all of Pennsylvania and New Jersey, plus bordering portions of Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, West Virginia, Ohio and New York.
A lifelong resident of Hunterdon County, New Jersey, John Alexander Anderson (1829-1917) began railroad work at age 19 as a rodman on New Jersey's Belvidere Delaware Railroad, which ran north along the Delaware River from Trenton to Belvidere. By 1872, when that line was acquired by the Pennsylvania Railroad, Anderson became the superintendent of that company's Belvidere Division. His chief interest was in train dispatching; he literally wrote the book on the subject, The Train Wire (1891). From 1886 until retirement in 1900 Anderson was superintendent of the company's Voluntary Relief Department.
In 1845, Edward Pinkerton, Thomas S. Wagner and James McGuigan established a lithography business in Philadelphia. Pinkerton soon left; Wagner & McGuigan operated as a partnership until 1858, when the two separated, each to his own establishment.
Upon the retirement of Rufus L. Barnes (1794-1868), who had been in the map trade in Philadelphia since the early 1830s, John L. Smith (1846-1921) succeeded to his map publishing business. $650
"Colton's New Township Map of the State of Pennsylvania." New York: G.W. & C.B. Colton, 1880. 15 3/4 x 26. Separately issued folding map on banknote paper. Lithograph. Original hand color. Folds as issued. Very good condition.
Following America's first great World's Fair in Philadelphia in 1876, Pennsylvania continued to flourish due to prosperous agriculture and flourishing manufacturing. The two economic forces were united and distributed through the great and powerful railroads of the day. This map is filled with copious information on the state of Pennsylvania in 1880. It records the many cities, towns, and villages, the mountains and rivers and lakes, and the roads, canals and railroads throughout the state. Such separately issued maps were used by traveling salesmen, teamsters, planners, and anyone else traveling about the state. They were invariably the most up-to-date when they were issued, as the need was great for accuracy. This wonderful map is as fine a cartographic document of the region as was available at the time. $625
Frank A. Gray. "Railroad and County Map of Pennsylvania." Philadelphia: O.W. Gray and Son, 1880. 15 3/8 x 24 1/4. Lithograph. Original hand color. Paper is toned. Scattered, light spotting; else, good condition.
A fine map by Frank A. Gray, showing political boundaries plus railroads and the towns and cities they served in 1880. Historically, the positioning of railroad lines is telling, illuminating areas of heavy development east of the Susquehanna and west of the Allegheny. $125
"Colton's New Township Map of Pennsylvania & the Southern Counties of New York." New York: G.W. & C.B. Colton, 1883. 28 x 41 3/4. Lithograph. Original outline color around the state. Folding map on banknote paper with buckram case. Bright and lovely. Excellent condition.
This is another terrific folding map of Pennsylvania, filled with copious information on the state of Pennsylvania in 1883. It records the many cities, towns, and villages, the mountains and rivers and lakes, and the roads, canals and the railroads throughout the state and into the southern tier of New York State. $725
Frank A. Gray. "Gray's New Map of Pennsylvania." Philadelphia: O.W. Gray & Son, 1883. 16 x 27. Lithograph. Original hand color. Very good condition.
Another fine map by Frank A. Gray, showing political boundaries plus railroads, canals and the towns and cities they served in 1883. Historically, the positioning of railroad lines is telling, illuminating areas of heavy development east of the Susquehanna and west of the Allegheny. $125
"Pennsylvania." From Encyclopaedia Britannica, vol. XVII, ca. 1885. Cerograph. 9 1/2 x 13 1/4. Very good condition.
A fine and informative map of the state in the late nineteenth century. Railroads are the chief feature noted, as the transportation system that moved more people and goods than the pre-automobile highways. $45
[Pennsylvania.] From Indexed Atlas Of The World. Chicago: Rand, McNally & Co., . 19 x 25 7/8. Cerograph. Full original color. Very good condition.
A late nineteenth century map from the early days of the Rand, McNally & Co. firm out of Chicago, a company that would shift the center of cartographic publishing from the east coast to the mid-west. Typical of the work from the firm, this map has very good detail, precisely and neatly exhibited. Topographic and social information, counties, roads, and many more details are illustrated. By the end of the nineteenth century, development in the state is shown extending up into the pan handle and to the west. Railroad information is also presented. Aesthetically and cartographically as foreshadow of the maps of the twentieth century. $95
"New Topographical Township and Railroad Map of Pennsylvania from Official Records." Philadelphia: J.L. Smith, 1894. 61 3/4 x 73. Lithograph. Folding map in 32 sections, backed on linen. Numerous tears along seams.
A large, and informative map of Pennsylvania from the late nineteenth century. In addition to the large map, there are four smaller maps along the bottom. The first is a climatological map, the second, indicates the principal deposits of iron, coal, petroleum and zinc, the third is topographical, and the fourth shows the distribution of flora. In addition, there are maps of both Pittsburgh, and Philadelphia in the top corners. $550
"Scarborough's Map of Pennsylvania." With inset of "Philadelphia" in upper right corner. Boston: The Scarborough Company, 1903. 36 x 50. Lithographed large folding map. Hand color. Some minor discoloration at edges. Otherwise, very good condition.
A very detailed folding map of the state of Pennsylvania. As the title goes on to say, "Showing all Counties, Cities, Villages, Pot-Offices, Railroads and Stations, with Distances Between Stations in English Statue Miles." The map is very accurate and with the myriad details presented with clarity. Indexes by cities, county seats and larger cities. $300
"Map of the Cities of Pittsburgh, Allegheny and Environs." Pittsburgh, 1904. Lithograph by Mackenzie Davis Lithographic Co. 28 1/2 x 42 1/4 (neatlines) plus full borders. Separately issued map with booklet for folding as issued. $575
"Cram's Superior Map of Pennsylvania showing distances between stations and populations by decimals of all cities and villages with 100 inhabitants and over." backed with "The Twentieth Century Mineralogical Map of Pennsylvania." (edited by Eugene Murray-Aaron). Chicago: George F. Cram, 1904. Both sides of folding sheet, 40 x 48 1/2. Wax engraving, printed in color on fine tissue. Excellent condition. Folds into original cloth case stamped in silver.
On one sides of this most impressive map is a detailed rendering of Pennsylvania showing population centers and roads, along with seven insets of the United States and surrounding states. The verso is a most interesting mineralogical map, with color coding for various minerals throughout the state. Also included is an inset map of the entire United States showing coal mines, petroleum, natural gas, iron regions, and political divisions. A short history of each geological product is printed in a four inch column down either side of the map. Fascinating information from a period when coal and iron were leading economic indicators of the United States. $350
Pennsylvania Department of Internal Affairs. "Railroad Map of Pennsylvania published by the Department of Internal Affairs." Harrisburg (?), 1910. 33 1/2 x 54 1/2 (neatlines) plus full borders. Colored lithograph. Credit reads, "Drawn and compiled by J. Sutton Wall." Folds, as issued; some splitting at joins of folds. Foxing evident on back, but not on front. Good condition with original cloth case.
This superb and dramatically large map of the entire state depicts five separate railroads according to the key: Pennsylvania Railroad System, Philadelphia & Reading, Lehigh Valley, Baltimore & Ohio, New York Central, plus one designation for many short line operations. Here is a superb map of the Pennsylvania railroad system as it approached its zenith in track mileage, freight and passengers carried, and profits. $450
"Cram's Superior Map of Pennsylvania." Indianapolis: George F. Cram Company, Inc., 1941. 35 3/4 x 58. Full sheet: 47 x 60. Wax engraving, printed in very bright colors. A few short tears at edges of margins; else, fine condition. With wooden rollers.
A very colorful and impressive map of Pennsylvania showing population centers and roads, along with two inset maps of the trunk highways and counties with populations by 1000s. Below the body of the map are several charts, from left: Populations by County, by town and a table of the populations of towns over 2500 from both the 1930 and 1940 censuses. Fascinating and colorful map of Pennsylvania just at the beginning of World War II. $450
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