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A strong, attractive example of William Scull's seminal map of Pennsylvania, a map oft referred to as the 'Revolutionary War map' of the state. The information depicted on the map is far and away the most comprehensive and accurate for any map of Pennsylvania to that date, and for years thereafter; a fact that in part reflects its history. In 1759, Nicolas Scull, the Surveyor General of Pennsylvania and William Scull's grandfather, issued a map of the eastern parts of Pennsylvania commissioned by the colony's government. This was based to a great extent upon Nicolas' surveys and other first hand information, making it the standard for all subsequent maps. About ten years later, William Scull produced an updated map of Pennsylvania, basing it upon his grandfather's map as well as on his own new surveys and other information. The first edition of this map, issued in small numbers, is extremely scarce and valuable. Five years later, Sayer and Bennett issued this further updated edition in Jefferys' North American Atlas of 1775. $5,200
William Scull. "A Map of Pennsylvania." Paris: George Louis le Rouge, 1778. 26 1/2 x 51 3/4 (platemarks) plus generous margins all around. Engraving. Folds as issued. With some minor folds and short tears and very few spots along borders. Overall excellent condition.
A French edition of William Scull's seminal map of Pennsylvania, a map oft referred to as the 'Revolutionary War map' of the state. The information depicted on the map is far and away the most comprehensive and accurate for any map of Pennsylvania at the time of the Revolution. In 1759, Nicolas Scull, the Surveyor General of Pennsylvania and William Scull's grandfather, issued a map of the eastern parts of Pennsylvania commissioned by the colony's government. This was based to a great extent upon Nicolas' surveys and other first hand information, making it the standard for all subsequent maps. About ten years later, William Scull produced his updated map of the colony, basing it upon his grandfather's map as well as on his own new surveys and other information.
Because of its detail and accuracy, this map would have been used by the British, American and French troops during the Revolution. This international interest in the map is reflected in the issuing of this French edition which copies exactly Scull's information. The only obvious difference between the English and French editions is the addition of a French language imprint in the upper left corner. A wealth of detail is shown, especially for the region around Philadelphia, where roads, houses, tolls, inns, mills, etc. are indicated and named. One of the most significant features of William Scull's map is that it is the first to show with any accuracy the western portions of the colony. The frontier west of the mountain ridges that cut through Pennsylvania were just beginning their social and economic development around the middle of the eighteenth century, and so it was crucial for this area to be accurately mapped. William Scull was the first to go beyond the 'improved' parts of the colony to show the topography, settlements, forts, and roads of the region. Shown, for example, were the main roads to and through the west, including the "Forbes Road," the major highway from the east to the Mississippi Valley, the main forts in the area, including Fort Pitt, now Pittsburgh, and some of the early battle sites, such as "Gen'l Braddock's Field." For the whole state, then, this map is a trove of fascinating social and topographical detail; it is one of the most interesting and significant maps of Pennsylvania ever produced. $3,500
Samuel Lewis after Reading Howell. "The State of Pennsylvania. reduced with permission from Reading Howells Map, by Samuel Lewis." From William Guthrie's New System of Modern Geography. Philadelphia: M. Carey, 1795. 11 1/2 x 17 7/8. Engraving by James Smither. Fine impression. Very good condition. Wheat & Brun: 442.
An important map of Pennsylvania from the American edition of Guthrie's Geography Improved. This atlas was issued in 1795 by Mathew Carey, a seminal figure in early American cartographic publishing. Carey, an Irish immigrant, established the first American specialized cartographic publishing firm. He set up an elaborate cottage system of craftsmen for engraving, printing, and coloring his maps, utilizing the best independent artists directed to a common end. Carey is important, then, not only for the excellent maps he produced, but for his setting the pattern for American map publishing, to be followed by the likes of John Melish and Henry S. Tanner.
This map of Pennsylvania, Carey's home state, is a fine example of the maps from his atlases. The map was drawn by Samuel Lewis, another important American cartographer, after Reading Howell's larger map of 1792. This map was the best map of Pennsylvania from the eighteenth century, and the first detailed map to show its proper boundaries. Its clear superiority led Carey to commission Lewis to draw a reduced version for his atlas of 1795. Topographical information is clearly portrayed with precise engraving. Information includes depictions of towns, rivers, and roads. Also shown are a few indications of the Appalachian mountains and county borders. Longitude is given both with a prime meridian at London and at Philadelphia. Overall, an important map of Pennsylvania representing the work of three important figure in American cartography. $1,250
Joseph T. Scott. "Pennsylvania." From United States Gazetteer. Philadelphia: J. Scott, 1795. First state. 6 1/8 x 7 3/8. Engraving by J. Scott. With some old stains at bottom. Otherwise, very good condition. Wheat & Brun: 444
This is one of the earliest American maps of Pennsylvania, from the first American gazetteer. Joseph T. Scott, a Philadelphia engraver and publisher, issued his gazetteer during the early days of American cartography, and the maps of the individual states and territories are very good. Scott included much detail of rivers, counties, roads, and towns. This map of Pennsylvania, Scott's home state, was particularly detailed, showing many of the major sites, such as Pittsburgh and Fort Franklin, in the western part of the state. As an early example of American cartography and an fascinating document of Pennsylvania history, this is a gem. OUT ON APPROVAL JC
John Reid. "The State of Pennsylvania, from the latest Surveys." From The American Atlas. New York: J. Reid, 1796. Published as an accompaniment to An historical, geographical, commercial, and philosophical view of the United States of America... by William Winterbotham. First state. 12 5/8 x 17 5/8. Engraving. Very good condition. Wheat & Brun: 450.
A finely engraved and detailed early map of Pennsylvania. Counties, townships and settlements are noted, along with an intricate network of roads and waterways. Reid took much of his information from the famed and very large 1792 Reading Howell map, considered for its accuracy to be the best 18th-century map of Pennsylvania. Reid was able, in particular, to take over some of the increasingly precise topographical information that make his map, as well as that of his predecessor, so important. For example, the West Branch of the Schuylkill, Little Schuylkill, and Potomac rivers are shown, along with Tioga Point at the junction of the Tioga River (Chemung) and the East Susquehanna. The new Pennsylvania-New York boundary appears at the upper left, with the old border erased from the plate. The recording of all this key information is made clear and compelling by the expert and delicate engraving. This impressive map ranks very high among the select cartographic works published in America during the late 1700s. $1,500
Matthew Carey. "Pennsylvania." from Carey's American Pocket Atlas. Philadelphia: M. Carey, 1801. Engraving. With margins and folds as issued. Very good condition.
A map from the second edition of Carey's American Pocket Atlas, published in 1801. This is a significant, early atlas issued by Mathew Carey, the first American to specialize in cartographic publishing. Carey, an Irish immigrant, set up an elaborate cottage system of craftsmen for engraving, printing, and coloring his maps, utilizing the best independent artists directed to a common end. Carey is important, then, not only for the excellent maps he produced, but for his setting the pattern for American map publishing, to be followed by the likes of John Melish and Henry S. Tanner.
The Pocket Atlas contained 19 small folding maps of the different states and territories in the United States. Carey's maps contain the most accurate and detailed information on the country and he updated his maps for each edition of his atlas. $275
Samuel Lewis. "Pennsylvania." From A New and Elegant General Atlas by Aaron Arrowsmith and Samuel Lewis. Philadelphia, Baltimore, Washington, Petersburg and Norfolk: Samuel Lewis, 1804. 8 x 9 5/8. Engraving by D. Fairman. Outline color. Very good condition.
An excellent map from an early American atlas. The maps were the works of Aaron Arrowsmith, one of the foremost cartographers of his era, and Samuel Lewis, one of the leaders in the nascent American cartographic field. This map of Pennsylvania is a fine example of Lewis' output. Detail of the settlement in the state, along with topographical information is neatly portrayed. Roads and counties are also shown. A fine example of some of the best American cartography of the period. $175
Mathew Carey. "Pennsylvania." Philadelphia: M. Carey & son, 1814. 11 1/2 x 18 1/4. Engraving. Original outline color. Very good condition.
An important map of Pennsylvania by Mathew Carey, one of the seminal figures in early American Cartography. Published during the War of 1812, this map is from Carey's Atlas which represented the best American cartographic work of the period. Carey, an Irish immigrant, established the first American specialized cartographic publishing firm. He set up an elaborate cottage system of craftsmen for engraving, printing, and coloring his maps utilizing the best independent artists directed to a common end. Carey is important, then, not only for the excellent maps he produced, but for his setting the pattern for American map publishing, to be followed by the likes of John Melish and Henry S. Tanner. This map of Pennsylvania, Carey's home state, is a fine example of his work. Topographical information is neatly portrayed, including towns, rivers, mountains, and roads. The counties are named and indicated by light pastel coloring. Longitude is given both with a prime meridian at London and at Philadelphia. $825
"Pennsylvania." From A Complete Historical, Chronological, and Geographical American Atlas. Philadelphia: H.C. Carey & I. Lea, 1822-1825. 12 x 17 3/4 (map); 16 3/4 x 20 1/2 (full sheet). Very good condition.
In 1822, Henry Charles Carey and Isaac Lea published their American Atlas. This volume was based on Emmanuel Las Cases' Atlas Historique of 1803, with updated maps and text modified by Carey, a political economist. The sheets from this atlas are comprised of an engraved map surrounded by text documenting the history, climate, population and so forth of the area depicted. This map of Pennsylvania shows excellent and very up-to-date detail, with the river systems particularly well mapped, and the development of the state is graphically illustrated, with towns and roads depicted throughout the state. $575
Henry S. Tanner. "Map of Pennsylvania and New Jersey." From New American Atlas. Philadelphia: H.S. Tanner, 1823. 20 1/2 x 27. Engraving by "H.S. Tanner & Assistants." Full original color. Slight separation and foldover at centerfold. Non-acidic mending tape on verso. Else good condition.
An impressive and important American map of Pennsylvania and New Jersey. From Tanner's seminal American Atlas, which was a monument in the early history of American cartography. Its format and size and detail made it probably the first American made atlas to equal the work of the best European firms. The atlas was well received and this established Tanner in his subsequent position as the leading American cartographic publisher. The state maps, all but two showing two states on a sheet, are wonderful historic documents of an important and dynamic period of American history. Tanner used Washington, D.C. as the prime meridian; as he explains in the introduction to the atlas, this was primarily because of a lack of an accepted European prime meridian. Each state is carefully mapped, using the most up-to-date information of physical features, towns, roads, trails, political boundaries, and other cultural details. This map of Pennsylvania and New Jersey is typical of the quality of the maps from the atlas. $1,450
Fielding Lucas, Jr. "Pennsylvania." From A General Atlas. Baltimore: F. Lucas, Jr., 1823. 11 1/4 x 17 3/4. Engraving. Full original hand color. Full margins. Very good condition.
An early map of Pennsylvania by Baltimore cartographer Fielding Lucas, Jr. (1781- 1854). Lucas appears to have become involved in the publishing and book trade while a resident of Philadelphia from 1798 to 1804, when he moved to Baltimore. In 1807 Lucas joined Conrad, Lucas & Co., and then in 1810 he set up his own business at 138 Market Street. In the second decade of the nineteenth century, through his Philadelphia contacts, Lucas was one of the major contributors to Carey & Lea's atlas of 1823. Concurrently with this involvement, Lucas brought out his own General Atlas, containing 104 maps of all parts of the world, engraved by B.T. Welch & Co. of Baltimore and Young & Delleker of Philadelphia. These maps are amongst his finest works, and they well demonstrate the quality that Lucas brought to this nascent industry. The map of Pennsylvania with its early date and interesting information, is a fine example of Lucas' work. The river systems in the state are well delineated, and the towns and road system are also shown with exacting detail. Beautifully engraved and colored, this is an excellent map of the state by an important American cartographer. $650
Anthony Finley. "Pennsylvania." From A New General Atlas. Philadelphia: A. Finley, 1825. 8 1/2 x 11 1/4. Engraving by Young & Delleker. Original hand coloring. Very good condition.
In the 1820s, Anthony Finley produced a series of fine atlases in the then leading American cartographic center, Philadelphia. Finley's work is a good example of the quality that American publishers were beginning to obtain. Each map is elegantly presented, with crisp and clear engraving and very attractive pastel hand shading. Topographical and political information is copious, including counties, towns, rivers, roads and so on. Finley's work is a good example of the quality that American publishers were beginning to obtain in the early decades of the century. Finley was very concerned to depict as up-to-date information as was possible, and thus his map presents an accurate picture of Pennsylvania in the 1820s. An excellent map from the nascent American cartographic world. $250
Regional maps of Northeastern Pennsylvania. New Haven: Benjamin Silliman, 1831. From The American Journal of Science. Engravings by Amos Doolitttle. Very good condition.
In 1818, Yale professor and scientist Benjamin Silliman founded the American Journal of Science and Arts (later shortened to American Journal of Science and usually referred to as Silliman's Journal), which became the most important American scientific journal. Interestingly, the journal is still published to this day and it retains its great influence. Silliman was a geologist and chemist and the journal focused on natural sciences, particularly geology (which is the sole focus of the current magazine). These two maps fit that theme. Both were engraved by important American craftsman Amos Doolittle near the end of his career.
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