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A well executed and very detailed map from Vander Maelen's monumental atlas of 1827, the Atlas Universel. This atlas was one of the most remarkable world atlases ever produced, anticipating the International Map of the World and showing for the first time the entire land mass of the world on a uniform scale. The entire atlas consisted of 400 maps drawn on a scale of ca. 1:1.6 million, with as precise and accurate information as was then available. This atlas was also the first to be made totally with lithography. This map shows the area on either side of the mouth of the Columbia River. This is a very early map to focus just on this area and a note mentions Lewis & Clark's arrival at the Pacific Ocean. Also included are the tracks of early explorer's ships, including those of Cook and Vancouver. Mt. Rainer, Mt. St. Helen, and Mt. Jefferson are indicated, as is Puget Sound. Forts Astoria and Clatsop, at the mouth of the river, are indicated, and Indian tribes throughout are named. A wonderful and scarce map of the American northwest. $500
David H. Burr. "Oregon Territory." From A New Universal Atlas (1835). New York: Illman & Pilbrow, 1833. 10 1/2 x 12 5/8. Engraving by Illman & Pilbrow. Full original color. Very good condition. Denver.
An excellent map of the Oregon Territory at an important time in its history. The map is by David H. Burr, one of the most important American cartographers of the first part of the nineteenth century. Having studied under Simeon DeWitt, Burr produced the second state atlas issued in the United States, of New York in 1829. He was then appointed to be geographer for the U.S. Post Office and later geographer to the House of Representatives. This is his map of the Oregon Territory when under joint control of Britain and the United States. It is one of the only maps showing just this territory during that period, though the implication of the map is that this is all U.S. territory.
There had long been a debate between Britain and the United States over the border between Canada and the U.S. in the far west. In 1818, the two countries had established joint control over a large Oregon Territory, encompassing the lands west of the Rocky Mountains and north of Mexico (including present-day California). Though joint control worked for a time, American influence faded as Britain strengthened control through a series of Hudson's Bay Company bases. This caused concern in the United States, but with the opening of the Oregon Trail in 1843, Americans began to flood into the southern part of the territory, stemming the influence of Britain in that area. The dispute was finally settled by the Oregon Treaty of 1846, establishing the 49th parallel as the border. This map depicts the jointly controlled territory in 1833. Information was gathered by Burr from the Lewis & Clark expedition, Jedidiah Smith, as well as the fur trading companies. The map shows the rivers in the territory, including the Columbia, with excellent detail, though it does contain one of the non-existent "Rivers of the West," in this case the Los Mongos R, flowing from the Great Basin all the way to the Pacific. Also shown are the territories of the Indian tribes and some of the forts in the region. $1,200
Washington Hood. "Map of the United States Territory of Oregon West of the Rocky Mountains. Exhibiting the various Trading Depots or Forts occupied by the British Hudson Bay Company connected with the Western and northwestern Fur Trade." Washington, 1838. 16 3/4 x 20 1/8. Drawn by M. H. Stansbury. Lithograph by W.J. Stone. Excellent condition. Graff: 4381; Wheat: 434. Denver.
A map of the Oregon Territory issued when it was a major bone of contention between the British and Americas. In 1818, the two countries had established joint control over a large Oregon Territory, encompassing the lands west of the Rocky Mountains and north of Mexico. Though joint control worked for a time, American influence faded as Britain strengthened control through a series of Hudson's Bay Company bases. In 1838, Senator Lewis Linn issued a report to Congress urging the United States to occupy and take control of the southern part of this region. This detailed map was included to accompany his report. It was mostly based on Arrowsmith's 1834 map of British North America, but updated with relevant information. Linn said of this map that it was "believed to be the most correct, and furnishes the most recent and authentic information of any yet published."
In the map, the borders are shown for what Linn wanted as an American Oregon Territory, the southern with Mexico at the 42nd parallel and a northern border at the 49th parallel. Other Americans wanted the northern border even higher, to the 54°40' line. The British, naturally, saw things differently, and this dispute grew fairly tense. With the opening of the Oregon Trail in 1843, Americans started moving into the region in great numbers and many laid claim to the entire region, including James Polk, who ran for President in 1844 with the slogan "Fifty-four Forty of Fight!" The dispute was finally settled by the Oregon Treaty of 1846, establishing the 49th parallel as the northern border.
Cartographically the map has some interesting features. Mexico's Upper California is shown at the bottom, with a very square Great Salt Lake having an American Fur Company depot on its eastern shore, and British Territory is shown in the north, with its many forts. Also shown are American forts south of the 49th degree line. Throughout the controversy over Oregon, this map provided Congressmen and other Americans with the best mapping of the time, a historic significance that makes this one of the most desirable maps of the region. $725
"Map of the State of California, The Territories of Oregon & Utah, and the chief part of New Mexico." From Universal Atlas. Philadelphia: Thomas, Cowperthwait & Co., -1851. Copyright, H.B. Burroughs, 1845. 15 1/2 x 12 7/8. Lithographic transfer from an engraved plate. Original hand color. Full margins. Very good condition.
A mid-century map of the western part of the United States, one of the first maps to show the state of California and the territories of Utah and New Mexico. The map is an updated version of a map that appeared in S. Augustus Mitchell's Universal Atlas of 1849. The southern part of the region shown in that map, "Upper California," had just been won from Mexico in 1848, and Mitchell's map was important for presenting the vast new U.S. territories to the American public. In 1850, the rights to Mitchell's atlas were sold to the firm of Thomas, Cowperthwait & Co., which reissued the atlas with some updating. That year the newly acquired lands were divided by Congress into the state of California and two territories, Utah and New Mexico; Thomas, Cowperthwait & Co. revised the Mitchell map accordingly.
Besides the new political information that appeared on this map, what had appeared on the 1849 map as the "Great Interior Basin" is now somewhat filled in based on Fremont's map, renamed "Fremont Basin." Other topographical features included considerable orography, rivers, and lakes. The Great Salt Lake is shown, next to which is "Salt Lake City. Mormon Set.," which had just been settled in 1847. Early settlements and a coastal road are illustrated in California, and the old Spanish trail between Santa Fe and Los Angeles is also indicated. Of further interest is the prominent depiction of the Oregon Trail, shown snaking from present-day Colorado to the Columbia River. The entire region north of Utah and California appears as the Oregon Territory, which it remained until the Washington Territory was created in 1853. Thomas, Cowperthwait & Co. continued to revise this map, for in 1851 they came out with a further up-dated map retitled "A New Map of the State of California," and with more information provided on the counties of the territories and state. This is a fascinating and historical important map, one of the first to show the new political situation in the west after the Compromise of 1850. $875
"A New Map of the State of California, The Territories of Oregon, Washington, Utah & New Mexico." Philadelphia: Charles Desilver, 1856. 16 x 12 3/4. Lithograph. Original hand color. Very good condition. Denver.
Charles Desilver, one of the many publishers working in Philadelphia during the mid-nineteenth century, issued an atlas of maps based on the famous Tanner-Mitchell-Cowperthwait series. Desilver used much the same information as originally drawn in the 1840s, but updated the maps with new counties, roads, towns, etc. Here the country west of the Rockies is depicted with the state of California and the rest comprised of just four territories: Washington, Oregon, Utah and New Mexico. Settlement in those territories was quite sparse at the time, with some cities shown, and a number of counties developed in the western part of the northern most territories. The map was issued just after the Gadsden Treaty (1854) so the current southern border with Mexico is depicted. Of note are depictions of the southern route proposed for the Pacific Railroad, the Spanish trail from Santa Fe to Los Angeles, the routes of Lewis & Clark and Fremont, and the Oregon Trail. Forts are indicated, as are the territories of various Indian tribes. Of interest is the small section entitled "Middle Park," which is shown as part of Utah, but which is currently part of Colorado (the western part of which is shown as part of Kansas Territory. Overall, a terrific and up-to-date map of the western United States. $575
"Map of Oregon, Washington, and part of British Columbia." Philadelphia: S.A. Mitchell, Jr., 1860. 10 5/8 x 10 1/4. Lithograph. Original hand color. Very good condition. Denver.
In 1860, S. Augustus Mitchell took over his father's business, issuing an atlas which included a map of the new state of Oregon and the Washington Territory. Up to 1859, Oregon Territory had run from the Pacific Ocean to the Continental Divide, but when it was made a state, the eastern border was stopped at approximately the 117th meridian, with what had been the eastern part of the territory attached to Washington, giving that territory an inverted "L" shape. This is one of the few maps to show that configuration, which lasted only until 1863, and this example is an early one, where the territory to the east of Washington is labeled as "Nebraska." In 1861, the area to the east of Washington became "Dacotah" territory and Mitchell changed the map appropriately.
Also of particular interest is the indicate of the "Emigrant Route from the States," that is, the Oregon Trail. It is clearly marked running from the South Pass, through Fort Boisee, and then to the Columbia River at Walla Walla. The western parts of both Oregon and Washington are broken into counties, with towns, forts and rivers indicated. In the western parts, some settlements and forts are indicated, but mostly it is rivers and lakes and mountains depicted. A rare and fascinating picture of the American Northwest early in its development. $275
"Johnson's Washington and Oregon." New York: Johnson & Ward, 1862. 12 1/2 x 16. Lithograph. Original hand coloring. Very good condition. Denver.
An early version of Johnson's map of the northwest corner of the United States. This map shows a very early configuration of this region, which was originally all the Oregon Territory. In 1853, the northern part was created as the Washington Territory and then in 1859, the Oregon Territory was again reduced to half its size, but in the process became a state. What had been the eastern part of Oregon Territory was attached to Washington, giving it an unusual shape which it retained un 1862, when the eastern part was broken off to become part of Idaho Territory. In this map, most of the development is shown in the west, though information in what would the next year become Idaho includes rivers, topography, and forts and cantonments. $275
A.J. Johnson. "Johnson's Washington, Oregon, and Idaho." New York: Johnson & Ward, 1863. Unrecorded variant. 12 5/8 x 15 5/8. Lithograph. Original hand coloring. A couple small spots; otherwise very good condition.
A previously unrecorded version of Johnson's map of the northwest corner of the United States. This map shows a very early configuration of this region, which was originally all the Oregon Territory. In 1853, the northern part was created as the Washington Territory, and this configuration stayed until 1863 when the eastern part was broken off to form the Idaho Territory, when Congress passed the Organic Act. Just a year later this territory was again broken up, so the part east of the Rocky Mountain ridge became the Montana Territory. This map was issued during the short period when the Idaho Territory was at its largest extent, a configuration depicted on the map. According to Ira Lourie, of the US Johnson Map Project, this is a previously unrecorded version of this map, which he numbers 7.5. The previous version, 7.0, has "British Possessions" in the upper left corner. The next version, 8.0 (cf. below), has "British Columbia" instead. In this version, possibly unique, "Columbia" was added, but "Possessions" was not erased. $300
"Map of Oregon, Washington and Part of Idaho." Philadelphia: S. A. Mitchell, Jr., 1863. 10 3/4 x 13 3/8. Lithograph. Original hand-coloring. Very good condition. Denver.
For most of the middle part of the nineteenth century, the firm founded by S. Augustus Mitchell dominated American cartography in output and influence. This fine map is from one of his son's atlases issued in 1863. That year the territory of Idaho was established out of parts of the Oregon, Washington and Dakota Territories. It included most of what is today is Wyoming, Montana and Idaho. Just a year later, the eastern part of the territory was divided between the new territory of Montana and the remainder back to Dakota. This is the only version of Mitchell's map to show the very large Idaho, though it does not show the entire territory, the eastern parts being beyond the scope of the map. Also of interest are the indications of the gold mines in Idaho (the reason it was settled and made into a territory), the "emigrant route" leading to Oregon and Washington, and the proposed route of the Northern Pacific Railroad. $175
Johnson and Ward. "Johnson's Washington, Oregon, and Idaho." 1864. 13 5/8 x 15 1/2. Lithograph. Original hand color. Very good condition.
An updated version of the above map by Johnson and Ward showing new political boundaries. Whereas the 1863 edition of Johnson's map showed the newly created Idaho Territory, which came on the heels of the newly formed Washington Territory, this map illustrates new divisions with the introduction of the Montana and Dakota Territories. The middle and northern sections of Idaho's present eastern boundary approximate what is shown on this map, but the south-eastern section extends to the 110th meridian, apparently until Wyoming came along. Interestingly, the eastern boundary lines to the north are credited to the influence of one man, Sidney Edgerton, an Ohio congressman, who relocated to the Idaho Territory for a judicial appointment. Originally, the Idaho legislature had proposed that the eastern border follow the Continental Divide. Feeling jilted with his placement in the north of the Territory east of the Rockies, Edgerton exercised his influence in Washington and allied with his neighbors in Montana to push the state line westward, from the Rocky Mountains to the ridgeline formed by the Coeur d'Alene and Bitterroot Mountains. $225
"Colton's Map of Oregon, Washington, Idaho, British Columbia & Montana." New York: J.H. Colton, 1864. 16 3/4 x 26 3/4. Lithograph. Full original hand-coloring. Very good condition. Denver.
An excellent map of the northwestern part of the United States, along with southern British Columbia. This area was going through many changes in the early 1860s because of the increase settlement in the northwest, but also because of the Idaho Gold Rush (1860-63). From 1846, all of the United States west of the Rockies and north of California had consisted of the Oregon Territory and then, in 1854, of Oregon and Washington Territories. In 1863, Idaho Territory was created in the eastern part, but also including what had been the western part of the Dakota Territory to the east of the Continental Divide. This territory was too large for administrative purposes, so a year later, in 1864, the northeastern part of this large Idaho Territory was broken off as the Montana Territory. This map was issued in that year, showing the new territory. What had been the southeastern part of Idaho (essentially present-day Wyoming) was attached back to Dakota Territory, as it is shown here.
This region was a "happening" place in the 1860s and this map includes an impressive amount of information. The settlement and development of Oregon and Washington east of the Cascades is nicely illustrated, while in the eastern parts mostly Indian tribes are shown. The gold rush settlements and development in Idaho and Montana are clearly depicted, as are forts and Indian tribes. With the movement of prospectors and settlers throughout the region shown, it is particularly interesting that the map includes many of the early trails, including "Emigrant Road," "Pony Express Route," the "Overland Mail Route," and "Cherokee Trail," as well as routes of early explorers such as Fremont, Stansbury, and Mullen. $325
"Map of Oregon, Washington, Idaho, and part of Montana." Philadelphia: S. Augustus Mitchell, Jr., ca. 1864. 10 3/4 x 13 3/8. Lithograph. Original hand color. Very good condition. Denver.
In 1863, Idaho was created as a huge territory from the eastern parts of Washington Territory and the western part of Dakota Territory. A year later, Idaho was shrunk down to essentially the lands west of the Continental Divide, with Montana created out of the northeastern parts. This map shows that configuration. Montana's first capital was Bannack City, the site of the gold rush which began a couple years before. The next year the capital was moved to Virginia City, but this map shows Bannack City as the capital. Also of interest are the indications of the gold mines in Idaho (the reason it was settled and made into a territory), the "emigrant route" leading to Oregon and Washington, and the proposed route of the Northern Pacific Railroad. $175
"Oregon." Washington: General Land Office, 1866. 16 1/2 x 22. Lithograph by Major & Knapp. Original outline color. Small break and missing surface at one fold corner. Otherwise, very good condition. Wheat: 1154.
The U.S. General Land Office (GLO) was established in 1812 with responsibility to survey and control the dispersal of public lands. All public land was required to be surveyed prior to settlement, and the first director of the GLO, Thomas Hutchins, set up a systematic process of rectangular survey for the public lands and launched the great national project to survey and map the public domain in the entire country, a procedure which got under way in the famous "seven ranges" of southeast Ohio. Each surveyor was to record not only geography, but also features of the landscape with economic import, such as roads, Indian trails, existing settlements, Indian lands, mineral deposits, and of particular interest, railroads and their rights of way. Of note is that unlike most surveys of the time, the surveyors were instructed not to apply new names to the landscape, but to use "the received names of all rivers, creeks, lakes, swamps, prairies, hills, mountains and other natural objects."
By mid-century the GLO had completed most of the surveys for the lands between the Appalachians and the Mississippi, and so focused most of its attention to the American west for the rest of the century. The GLO published mostly state maps, which were issued in annual reports, bound into state atlases, and in a few atlases that combined all the current maps in progress. These maps produced by the GLO are the most accurate and detailed maps of the U.S., based on rigorous and comprehensive surveys not hindered by commercial concerns. These maps proved very useful to private American mapmakers, and they were often the basis for state and county maps in the second part of the nineteenth century. This map shows the state of Oregon seven years after statehood. The extensive settlement along the Pacific coast is nicely shown and the Cascades depicted with hatchuring. The Oregon Central Military Road is shown and gold mines indicated in the northwest. $450
"Map of Oregon, Washington, Idaho, and part of Montana." Philadelphia: S. Augustus Mitchell, Jr., 1872. 10 3/4 x 13 3/8. Lithograph. Original hand color. Very good condition. Denver.
Another version of Mitchell's map of the American northwest, dated on the map as 1872. Of note in this version is a bold dashed line crossing Montana, Idaho and Oregon, in which it branches with one route going to Wallula and one to Puget City. Though not identified, this is likely a proposed rail route that seems to appear on only this version of Mitchell's map. $150
Frank A. Gray. "Map of Oregon, Washington, and British Columbia." From Gray's Atlas. 1873. 14 5/8 x 12. Original hand color. Small stain in lower Oregon. Otherwise, very good.
A nicely detailed and very early map of the northwestern part of the United States by the Philadelphia firm of O.W. Gray. The firm began its publishing around mid-century and published regional and U.S. atlases up to the 1880s, first as O.W. Gray and then O.W. Gray & Son. This map is typical of their work, presenting the latest information available with clear and precise detail. Detail includes topography, rivers, settlements, Indian tribes and even early railroads and the shipping route to the mouth of the Columbia River. For its attractive presentation and interesting detail make it a nice example of late nineteenth century American cartography. $125
"Oregon and Washington." Philadelphia: O.W. Gray, 1875. 14 3/4 x 12. Lithograph. Original hand color. Very good condition. Denver.
A nicely detailed map of the state of Oregon and territory of Washington by the Gray map publishing firm out of Philadelphia. They are shown with their present borders, which were established about a decade before this map. The map shows the considerable development in the region just a year before the nation's centennial. Of particular interest are the railroads, including the California & Oregon and the Northern Pacific as far north as Olympia. $125
"County Map of Oregon, Washington Idaho and Montana." New York: H.H. Lloyd & Co., 1875. 13 5/8 x 22 1/2. Lithograph. Original hand color. Some light smudges in margins and repaired separation at bottom centerfold. Very good condition. Denver.
A terrific map of the American northwest from just before the nation's Centennial. Washington and Oregon had developed with settlers looking for new, fertile land beginning in the 1830s and 40s. When gold and silver were later discovered in Idaho and Washington, the entire northwest began to develop, with miners, farmers and just those looking for a new life. With the completion of the first transcontinental railroad in 1869, there was a demand also for a national line further north. The Northern Pacific Railroad, to run from Wisconsin and Minnesota to Tacoma, Washington, was begun the next year. Though it had ups and downs, it was completed in 1883, providing access to the entire northwest. This excellent map shows the projected route of that railroad, along with other projected and existing rail lines. Also indicated are the various "roads" running throughout, including the "New Worked Emigrant Road," following the line of the original Oregon Trail. Other information is copious and fascinating, including myriad small towns (some now ghost towns), rivers, lakes, all set into a background of topography and political borders of the current counties. Indian information and notes on mining sites and mineral deposits completes this excellent map. $265
"Colton's Oregon, Washington and Idaho." New York: G.W. & C.B. Colton, 1876. 17 1/4 x 25 1/4. Lithograph. Full original coloring. Chip in top margin and short margins tears, all repaired. Else, very good condition. Denver.
An excellent map of the northwestern part of the United States. This area was going through many changes in the 1870s because of the increase settlement in the northwest, but also because of the lingering effects of the Idaho Gold Rush. From 1846, all of the United States west of the Rockies and north of California had consisted of the Oregon Territory and then, in 1854, of Oregon and Washington Territories. In 1863, Idaho Territory was created in the eastern part, but also including what had been the western part of the Dakota Territory to the east of the Continental Divide. This territory was too large for administrative purposes, so a year later, in 1864, the northeastern part of this large Idaho Territory was broken off as the Montana Territory, and Idaho took on its modern borders.
This region was a "happening" place in the 1870s and this map includes an impressive amount of information. The settlement and development of Oregon and Washington east of the Cascades is nicely illustrated, while in the eastern parts mostly Indian tribes are shown. The gold rush settlements and development in Idaho and western Montana are clearly depicted, as are forts and Indian tribes. Also of note is the depiction of Yellowstone National Park, which had only been declared the world's first National Park in 1872 by President Ulysses S. Grant. A wonderful map of the Northwest from an important time in its history. $150
S. Augustus Mitchell. "County and Township Map of Oregon and Washington." Philadelphia: S. A. Mitchell, 1880. 20 x 14 1/2. Lithograph. Original hand color. Full margins. Very good condition.
For most of the middle part of the nineteenth century, S. Augustus Mitchell dominated American cartography. This fine map is from his atlas issued in 1880, and it depicts as current geographical information as was available at the time. Major topographical features are indicated, as are the routes of the principal land explorations and railroads of the nineteenth century. Also shown are major political divisions, highlighted with contrasting colors, giving us an interesting picture of the area in 1880. $75
W.M. Bradley. "County and Township Map of Oregon and Washington." W.M. Bradley & Bros., 1886. 19 3/4 x 14 1/2. Original hand outline color. Very good condition.
An updated version of Mitchell's County and Township Map of Oregon and Washington published six years later, and showing the expanded development of the platting system of surveying across the west. Informationally little else has been added to this edition. $75
"Oregon." New York: Arbuckle Bros. Coffee Company, ca. 1889. Ca. 3 x 5. Chromolithograph by Donaldson Brothers. Very good condition. Denver.
A delightful map issued about 1890 by the Arbuckle Bros. Coffee Company. This firm was founded by John and Charles Arbuckle of Pittsburgh, PA. They developed a machine to weigh, fill, seal and label coffee in paper packages, which allowed them to become the largest importer and seller of coffee in the world. Their most famous promotional program involved the issuing of several series of small, colorful trading cards, one of which was included in every package of Arbuckle's Coffee. These series included cards with sports, food, historic scenes, and-one of the most popular-maps. The latter cards included not only a map, but also small illustrations "which portrays the peculiarities of the industry, scenery, etc." of the region depicted. This map of Oregon is a wonderful example, including an illustration of salmon fishing. $60
"Washington and Oregon." New York: Hunt & Eaton, 1890. 11 1/4 x 9 1/4. Engraving by L.B. Folger. Very good condition.
An attractive atlas map published one year after Washington was admitted to the Union of States. $45
[Oregon]. From Rand McNally &Company's Indexed Atlas of the World. Chicago: Rand, McNally &Co., 1899. 19 x 25 3/4. Cerograph. Slightly bent edges, otherwise good condition. Denver.
A late nineteenth century map from the early days of the Rand, McNally &Co. firm out of Chicago, a company that would shift the center of cartographic publishing from the east coast to the mid-west. Typical of the firm's work, this map has very good detail precisely and neatly exhibited. Topographic and social information, counties, roads, and many more details are neatly illustrated. Aesthetically and cartographically, it foreshadows the maps of the twentieth century. $95
"Oregon." From Rand McNally & Co.'s Indexed Atlas of the World. Chicago: Rand McNally & Co., 1906. 18 1/2 x 26. Very good condition.
Large, colorful atlas map of Oregon detailing roads, railroad lines and topography, and includes an index of major railroads operating within the state. Index to Counties, Creeks, Lakes, Mountains, Rivers, and Towns on reverse. $65
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