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Antique Maps of Oregon

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Vander Maelen Columbia River
Philippe Vander Maelen. [Mouth of the Columbia River]. Amerique Septentrionale; No. 38. From Atlas Universel. Brussels: P. Vander Maelen, 1827. 18 1/4 x 20. Lithograph by H. Ode. Original outline hand coloring. Expertly conserved with repairs to small tears. Else excellent condition.

A well executed and very detailed map from Vander Maelen's monumental atlas of 1827, the Atlas Universel. This atlas was one of the most remarkable world atlases ever produced, anticipating the International Map of the World and showing for the first time the entire land mass of the world on a uniform scale. The entire atlas consisted of 400 maps drawn on a scale of ca. 1:1.6 million, with as precise and accurate information as was then available. This atlas was also the first to be made totally with lithography. This map shows the area on either side of the mouth of the Columbia River. This is a very early map to focus just on this area and a note mentions Lewis & Clark's arrival at the Pacific Ocean. Also included are the tracks of early explorer's ships, including those of Cook and Vancouver. Mt. Rainer, Mt. St. Helen, and Mt. Jefferson are indicated, as is Puget Sound. Forts Astoria and Clatsop, at the mouth of the river, are indicated, and Indian tribes throughout are named. A wonderful and scarce map of the American northwest. $500

Cowperthwait western territories
"Map of the State of California, The Territories of Oregon & Utah, and the chief part of New Mexico." From Universal Atlas. Philadelphia: Thomas, Cowperthwait & Co., [1850]-1851. Copyright, H.B. Burroughs, 1845. 15 1/2 x 12 7/8. Lithographic transfer from an engraved plate. Original hand color. Full margins. Very good condition.

A mid-century map of the western part of the United States, one of the first maps to show the state of California and the territories of Utah and New Mexico. The map is an updated version of a map that appeared in S. Augustus Mitchell's Universal Atlas of 1849. The southern part of the region shown in that map, "Upper California," had just been won from Mexico in 1848, and Mitchell's map was important for presenting the vast new U.S. territories to the American public. In 1850, the rights to Mitchell's atlas were sold to the firm of Thomas, Cowperthwait & Co., which reissued the atlas with some updating. That year the newly acquired lands were divided by Congress into the state of California and two territories, Utah and New Mexico; Thomas, Cowperthwait & Co. revised the Mitchell map accordingly.

Besides the new political information that appeared on this map, what had appeared on the 1849 map as the "Great Interior Basin" is now somewhat filled in based on Fremont's map, renamed "Fremont Basin." Other topographical features included considerable orography, rivers, and lakes. The Great Salt Lake is shown, next to which is "Salt Lake City. Mormon Set.," which had just been settled in 1847. Early settlements and a coastal road are illustrated in California, and the old Spanish trail between Santa Fe and Los Angeles is also indicated. Of further interest is the prominent depiction of the Oregon Trail, shown snaking from present-day Colorado to the Columbia River. The entire region north of Utah and California appears as the Oregon Territory, which it remained until the Washington Territory was created in 1853. Thomas, Cowperthwait & Co. continued to revise this map, for in 1851 they came out with a further up-dated map retitled "A New Map of the State of California," and with more information provided on the counties of the territories and state. This is a fascinating and historical important map, one of the first to show the new political situation in the west after the Compromise of 1850. $875

Johnson Ward Washington Oregon Idaho
Johnson and Ward. "Johnson's Washington, Oregon, and Idaho." 1864. 13 5/8 x 15 1/2. Lithograph. Original hand color. Very good condition.

An updated version of the above map by Johnson and Ward showing new political boundaries. Whereas the 1863 edition of Johnson's map showed the newly created Idaho Territory, which came on the heels of the newly formed Washington Territory, this map illustrates new divisions with the introduction of the Montana and Dakota Territories. The middle and northern sections of Idaho's present eastern boundary approximate what is shown on this map, but the south-eastern section extends to the 110th meridian, apparently until Wyoming came along. Interestingly, the eastern boundary lines to the north are credited to the influence of one man, Sidney Edgerton, an Ohio congressman, who relocated to the Idaho Territory for a judicial appointment. Originally, the Idaho legislature had proposed that the eastern border follow the Continental Divide. Feeling jilted with his placement in the north of the Territory east of the Rockies, Edgerton exercised his influence in Washington and allied with his neighbors in Montana to push the state line westward, from the Rocky Mountains to the ridgeline formed by the Coeur d'Alene and Bitterroot Mountains. $225

"Oregon." Washington: General Land Office, 1866. 16 1/2 x 22. Lithograph by Major & Knapp. Original outline color. Small break and missing surface at one fold corner. Otherwise, very good condition. Wheat: 1154.

The U.S. General Land Office (GLO) was established in 1812 with responsibility to survey and control the dispersal of public lands. All public land was required to be surveyed prior to settlement, and the first director of the GLO, Thomas Hutchins, set up a systematic process of rectangular survey for the public lands and launched the great national project to survey and map the public domain in the entire country, a procedure which got under way in the famous "seven ranges" of southeast Ohio. Each surveyor was to record not only geography, but also features of the landscape with economic import, such as roads, Indian trails, existing settlements, Indian lands, mineral deposits, and of particular interest, railroads and their rights of way. Of note is that unlike most surveys of the time, the surveyors were instructed not to apply new names to the landscape, but to use "the received names of all rivers, creeks, lakes, swamps, prairies, hills, mountains and other natural objects."

By mid-century the GLO had completed most of the surveys for the lands between the Appalachians and the Mississippi, and so focused most of its attention to the American west for the rest of the century. The GLO published mostly state maps, which were issued in annual reports, bound into state atlases, and in a few atlases that combined all the current maps in progress. These maps produced by the GLO are the most accurate and detailed maps of the U.S., based on rigorous and comprehensive surveys not hindered by commercial concerns. These maps proved very useful to private American mapmakers, and they were often the basis for state and county maps in the second part of the nineteenth century. This map shows the state of Oregon seven years after statehood. The extensive settlement along the Pacific coast is nicely shown and the Cascades depicted with hachuring. The Oregon Central Military Road is shown and gold mines indicated in the northwest. $450

Gray Washington Oregon
Frank A. Gray. "Map of Oregon, Washington, and British Columbia." From Gray's Atlas. 1873. 14 5/8 x 12. Original hand color. Small stain in lower Oregon. Otherwise, very good.

A nicely detailed and very early map of the northwestern part of the United States by the Philadelphia firm of O.W. Gray. The firm began its publishing around mid-century and published regional and U.S. atlases up to the 1880s, first as O.W. Gray and then O.W. Gray & Son. This map is typical of their work, presenting the latest information available with clear and precise detail. Detail includes topography, rivers, settlements, Indian tribes and even early railroads and the shipping route to the mouth of the Columbia River. For its attractive presentation and interesting detail make it a nice example of late nineteenth century American cartography. $125

Pacific States and Territories
S. Augustus Mitchell. "County and Township Map of Oregon and Washington." Philadelphia: S. A. Mitchell, 1880. 20 x 14 1/2. Lithograph. Original hand color. Full margins. Very good condition.

For most of the middle part of the nineteenth century, S. Augustus Mitchell dominated American cartography. This fine map is from his atlas issued in 1880, and it depicts as current geographical information as was available at the time. Major topographical features are indicated, as are the routes of the principal land explorations and railroads of the nineteenth century. Also shown are major political divisions, highlighted with contrasting colors, giving us an interesting picture of the area in 1880. $75

W.M. Bradley. "County and Township Map of Oregon and Washington." W.M. Bradley & Bros., 1886. 19 3/4 x 14 1/2. Original hand outline color. Very good condition.

An updated version of Mitchell's County and Township Map of Oregon and Washington published six years later, and showing the expanded development of the platting system of surveying across the west. Informationally little else has been added to this edition. $75

Hunt Eaton Washington Oregon
"Washington and Oregon." New York: Hunt & Eaton, 1890. 11 1/4 x 9 1/4. Engraving by L.B. Folger. Very good condition.

An attractive atlas map published one year after Washington was admitted to the Union of States. $45

Rand McNally Oregon
"Oregon." From Rand McNally & Co.'s Indexed Atlas of the World. Chicago: Rand McNally & Co., 1906. 18 1/2 x 26. Very good condition.

Large, colorful atlas map of Oregon detailing roads, railroad lines and topography, and includes an index of major railroads operating within the state. Index to Counties, Creeks, Lakes, Mountains, Rivers, and Towns on reverse. $65

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