America On Stone
A selection of nineteenth-century popular lithographs
Subjects: [ Genre | Portraits & Names | Scenes & Views | Sporting | Marine | Religious | Disasters | Historical |Miscellaneous ]
Publishers: [ Currier & Ives | Ehrgott & Forbriger | Kelloggs | Kurz & Allison | Louis Prang ]
[ A brief history of American Lithography ]
[ Lithographic Stones | Reference books ]
Pages for specific lithographic publishers
Popular American Lithographs
All The following prints are nineteenth-century American lithographs published as decorative art for the general public. They were intended to be hung in the home, work place, or places of leisure such as taverns and clubs. All are in very good condition, except as noted
- "Life and Age of Man / Life and Age of Woman." Chicago: George Cram, 415-417 Dearborn Street, ca. 1885-1890. 28 3/4 x 24. Chromolithograph. Lightly varnished; mounted on varnished maple rollers. Very good condition.
With up-to-date costumes and timely hairdos, the timeless subject of life's cycle appears in George Cram's "Life and Age of Man / Life and Age of Woman." Widespread since the advent of the printing press, visual reminders of life's fragility were especially popular with Victorian Protestants, a largely Anglo, Calvinist group whose beliefs centered on God's sovereignty and man's weakness. Through mourning jewelry and post-mortem portraits, they expressed both awareness of human mortality and belief in eternal life. Like the portraits, the "Life and Age of Man" print could be framed to decorate a parlor or bedroom wall; on rollers (as seen here), it might serve as a teaching tool for a classroom or Sunday school.
Cram's "Life and Age of Man" "is identical in composition to those published by firms like Currier & Ives earlier in the nineteenth century (which likewise drew on European precedents)" only time-sensitive details changed. Military uniforms, ladies' hairdos, and costume silhouettes were altered to appeal to the style-conscious middle class, who would have been the likely viewers/consumers of a fashionable reminder of an eternal theme.
George Franklin Cram (1842-1928) is best known as a map and atlas publisher whose earliest atlas is recorded with a date of 1875. According to Phillips-LeGear, Geographical Atlases in the Library of Congress, Cram was at the Dearborn Street address during the years cited above. The firm continues today. In America on Stone, Harry Peters lists only one other print by Cram which was titled "The Destruction of Chicago . . . the First Picture Published in Chicago after the Fire." He saw one copy of the Chicago view and evidently never saw this one. A very scarce interpretation of one of the most popular themes in Western print culture. $1,600
- E. Rudeaux. "The Two Amateurs." Boston: J.H. Bufford, no date. Lithographic transfer from engraved plate by C.A. Deblois. 16 x 11 3/4 (image) plus full margins on a sheet 20 x 15. Slight time darkening, but overall fine condition. The lithograph is crafted to appear to be a line engraving, but upon close inspection is a lithograph.
A depiction of two young men, probably art students, who are practicing their craft in the countryside when they meet a pleasant and lovely young woman. The subject is pure romanticism in feeling and the craft is an interesting study. According to Harry Peters in America on Stone, pp 118-127 Bufford had as many as a hundred employees working in his factory at some times, so not finding biographies of the painters and engraver is not surprising.
John H. Bufford started in Boston as an apprentice to William S. Pendleton. He moved to New York where he worked with Endicott and Currier. Later, Bufford set up on his own in New York (1835-40) and then Boston (1841-1871+). One of his apprentices (1855-57) was Winslow Homer. "His work is almost invariably good, his sense of the essential in the general field seems to have been second only to that of Currier & Ives, his importance can be seen, and his contribution to Americana is in the very first rank." (Peters, America on Stone, p. 127). $225
- "Home and Friends." Hartford: E.C. Kellogg and Buffalo: Horace Thayer. 8 1/4 x 12 1/4. Stock number 178. $350
Go to page with other prints by the Kelloggs
- "Morning Prayer. 'God Bless Pa Pa.'" Philadelphia: William Smith. Vignette, ca. 12 x 8 1/2. Original hand color. Very good condition. $75
- "The Sisters." New York: James Baillie, 1845. 11 7/8 x 8 5/8. Original hand color. Short repaired tear in title area and other very minor marginal blemishes. Overall, very good condition. $125
- "Wait your turn." No publisher given. Ca. 11 1/4 x 10. Original hand color. Very good condition. $135
- "The Young Chief." No date nor publisher. Vignette, ca. 12 x 9. Original hand color. The quality and coloring are like those of a Currier & Ives print, but this title is unlisted in standard sources. $135
Portraits & Names
Portraits of Individuals:
None currently available.
- "Abigail." New York: N. Currier. 12 x 8 1/2. Original hand color. Very good condition. $150
- "Little Daisy.". No publisher given. Vignette, ca. 12 1/4 x 10 1/2. Original hand color. Subscriber bonus print for Young Folks Gem, published in Wadsworth, Ohio. $125
- "Eliza." New York: J. Baillie. 11 1/2 x 8. Original hand color. Very good condition. $150
- "Little Emma." Boston: Haskell & Allen. Vignette, ca. 13 x 10. Some light blue tinting. Subscriber bonus print for The Home, published in Cleveland, Ohio. $110
- "Fannie." New York: Currier & Ives. Vignette, ca. 12 3/4 x 9 1/2. Original hand color. Very good condition. $150
- "Julia." New York: Currier & Ives. 13 1/2 x 8 3/4. Original hand color. Very good condition. $150
- "Sarah." New York: Currier & Ives. Vignette, ca. 10 1/2 x 9. Original hand color. Repaired marginal tears and minor surface wear. Attractive appearance. $125
- "Susan." New York: T.W. Strong. 11 5/8 x 8 3/4. Original hand color. Very good condition. $125
Scenes & Views
- "The Farmers Home, Winter." New York: Thomas Kelly. 8 1/4 x 12. Original hand color. $650
- [Winter in the Country]. Boston: Haskell and Allen, ca. 1870. 8 x 12 1/2. Lithograph. Original hand color. Title trimmed off. Else, very good condition. $675
- "Scene On The Deleware [sic]." Boston: Haskell & Allen, ca. 1850. 8 1/4 x 13. Original hand color. A wonderful view of the upper Delaware River, along the Pennsylvania/New Jersey or perhaps Pennsylvania/New York border. $750
- "Summer Scene in the Country." Philadelphia: J. Kelly & Sons, 1866. 17 1/2 x 24 7/8. Original hand color. Framed. $550
- "Trotting Cracks of Philadelphia Returning from The Race at Point Breeze Park, having a brush past Turner's Hotel, Rope Ferry Road, Philadelphia, 1870." Philadelphia: H. Pharazyn, 1870. 16 1/2 x 27 1/2. Original hand color. Marginal tears and some chips; one tear and small hole in title area. All expertly conserved. Overall, very good condition and appearance. $2,800
- "Snipe Shooting." New York: Fisher & Carpenter 8 & 9 Baxter St., circa. 1870s. Lithograph with hand coloring (17 3/4 x 23 1/2 image) plus full margins. Slight water stains and repairs along center vertical area. Archival backing for strength. Overall pleasant appearance. Peters, America on Stone, p. 188.
Men and dogs hunting birds in an early Spring landscape. The willow trees along the creek bank are beginning to sprout foliage, thus giving the birds less than their usual cover. The picture artfully shows the stages of loading, firing, and fetching. A fine hunting print. $450
- "Woodcock Shooting." No publisher given. 8 x 12 7/8. Original hand color. Trimmed to image at sides. Title remounted in lower margin. Still, good image. $140
- "The Schooner Edward A. Horton, as she Appeared Rounding Eastern Point Light, Gloucester, Mass. Oct. 18, 1871, After Her Re-capture from the Canadian Government by Capt. Knowlton and His Gallant Crew of Six Men." Washington: Haskell and Allen, 1871. 17 1/2 x 24 1/4 (image). Chromolithograph printed in Boston. Very good condition. Framed.
On September 1, 1871 the Gloucester fishing schooner Edward A. Horton, while on a trip to the Cape Shore, was seized by a Canadian Cutter for fishing inside the three-mile limit. Captain Knowlton, determined to get her back, sneaked on board the schooner with six men and quietly sailed the ship out to sea and back to Gloucester harbor. This print depicts the moment the Horton arrives in her home port with people on shore celebrating her return. $1,400
- "Wm. Penns Treaty with the Indians when he Founded the Province of Pennsa. 1661." New York: J. Baillie, ca. 1850. 8 5/8 x 12 1/4. Spot in margin below title. $425
- "Inconvenience of Wearing Coffee Bag Skirts." No publisher given, but same print as one issued by J. Baillie in 1848. 12 x 8 1/2. Original hand color. Very good condition. Cover illustration of Imprint, Volume 14; Number 2. $275
These stones are fascinating for the print or ephemera aficionado. Limestone blocks polished flat and smooth on one or two sides, each with several images or text blocks from which prints would have been made.
- Marshall R. Berkoff. Currier & Ives - The New Best 50. Milwaukee, 1991. Cloth. Color illustrations of 100 prints-- the large and small Best 50 selections by a jury. With an essay "Comparison of the Original and New Best 50 Currier & Ives" by Christopher W. Lane. $30.00
- Alexandra Bonfante-Warren. Currier & Ives: Portraits of a Nation. New York, 1998. Cloth. A very nice new general reference book on Currier & Ives. With a good general history of the firm and discussion of all the types of prints they issued, combined with over 100 color illustrations, this is a good book for anyone just getting interested in prints by "Americas Printmakers." $19.95
- Gale Research. Currier & Ives, A Catalogue Raisonné. Two Volumes, slipcased. Detroit, 1984. Cloth. The most comprehensive and scholarly listing of known Currier & Ives prints. Essential for the serious collector. $250.00
- Christopher W. Lane with D.H. Cresswell & C. Cades. A Guide To Collecting Currier & Ives. Philadelphia, 2001. Paper. A basic guide which discusses the nature of Currier and Ives prints and the issues involved in collecting them. $8.00
- Bryan F. Le Beau. Currier & Ives: America Imagined. Washington, 2001. Cloth. A fascinating cultural history of the hugely prolific and influential print publishers whose images both reflected and influenced the country's view of itself. $29.95
- Sally Pierce with Catharina Slautterback and Georgia B. Barnhill. Early American Lithography. Images to 1830. Boston, 1997. Paper. A scholarly catalogue co-produced by the Boston Athenaeum and the American Antiquarian Society, surveying the formative period of American lithography. $24.00
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