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A nice map of Kansas, Colorado, New Mexico and present day Oklahoma from after the Mexican American War. The map shows the four states with the Texas panhandle, and indicates the presence of a number of Indian tribes including the Cherokee, Kioways, Comanches, Creeks, Choctaw, Chickasaw, Cheyenne & Arapahoes. The map depicts topographical information with clear precision, marking towns, rivers, roads, and counties. $125
"Gray's Atlas Map of Indian Territory." Philadelphia: O.W. Gray, 1873. 12 x 14 7/8. Lithograph. Original hand color. Some light mottling in bottom margin. Else, very good condition. Denver.
A nicely detailed map of the Indian Territory by the Philadelphia firm of O.W. Gray. The firm began its publishing around mid-century and published regional and U.S. atlases up to the 1880s, first as O.W. Gray and then O.W. Gray & Son. This map is typical of their work, presenting the latest information available with clear and precise detail. The area shown (most of the present state of Oklahoma) had been set aside originally for the Indians from the American southeast, but in the post-Civil War years the US government started to force western tribes, such as the Kiowa, Comanche and Apaches (1867) and Cheyennes and Arapahoes (1868) onto reservations in the southwest corner of this territory. These later reservations are shown, as are the lands in the central west of the territory ceded back to the U.S. government because of the support for the Confederacy by some of the Indian tribes. One of the best pictures of the Indian situation in the West at the time. $250
"Oklahoma and Indian Territory." Springfield, Ohio: Mast, Crowell & Kirkpatrick, ca. 1890-99. Cerograph, printed in color. 9 3/4 x 12 1/2. Very good condition. Framed. Denver.
An interesting map of showing the current state of Oklahoma in the period after the Oklahoma Territory was formed, in 1890, but before the Indian Territories were subsumed into the state, in 1907. The original Indian Territories consisted of a large tract of land in the trans-Mississippi region to which eastern tribes were forced to move with the Indian Removal Act of 1830. By 1856 the Indian Territories were reduced to the present borders of Oklahoma, but in 1866, the U.S. Government, accusing the Indian tribes of supporting the Confederacy, took over about 2 million acres (soon called Oklahoma) in the center of the territory. After years of trying to keep out EuroAmerican settlers, these lands were finally opened to non-Indians in April 1889, with the western part of the old territory becoming the Oklahoma Territory in 1890. This map shows that political situation, with the western part of the map Oklahoma and the eastern part divided among reservations for the Kiowa and Comanche, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Creek, Cherokee and other tribes. $210
"Oklahoma and Indian Territory." Chicago: Rand, McNally & Co., 1902. 19 x 26. Cerograph, with full original color. Very good condition. Denver.
This map shows what would, in 1907, become the state of Oklahoma. The original Indian Territory west of the Mississippi encompassed most of the original Louisiana Purchase, not including Missouri, Arkansas and Louisiana. With the Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854, the Indian Territory was shrunk to just that part of the purchase south of the 37th parallel (the southern Kansas border). After the Civil War, the western part of this territory was taken back from the Indians and in 1890 became the Oklahoma Territory. This map shows that configuration, with the Oklahoma Territory in the west (including the panhandle) and the final, small Indian Territory in the east. Realizing they might be legislated out of existence, the citizens of the Indian Territory applied to statehood (as the state of Sequoyah) in 1905, but Congress instead turned the entire area shown here into the state of Oklahoma in 1907. $125
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