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A nice map of Kansas, Colorado, New Mexico and present day Oklahoma from after the Mexican American War. The map shows the four states with the Texas panhandle, and indicates the presence of a number of Indian tribes including the Cherokee, Kioways, Comanches, Creeks, Choctaw, Chickasaw, Cheyenne & Arapahoes. The map depicts topographical information with clear precision, marking towns, rivers, roads, and counties. JT OUT ON APPROVAL
"Gray's Atlas Map of Indian Territory." Philadelphia: O.W. Gray, 1873. 12 x 14 7/8. Lithograph. Original hand color. Some light mottling in bottom margin. Else, very good condition. Denver.
A nicely detailed map of the Indian Territory by the Philadelphia firm of O.W. Gray. The firm began its publishing around mid-century and published regional and U.S. atlases up to the 1880s, first as O.W. Gray and then O.W. Gray & Son. This map is typical of their work, presenting the latest information available with clear and precise detail. The area shown (most of the present state of Oklahoma) had been set aside originally for the Indians from the American southeast, but in the post-Civil War years the US government started to force western tribes, such as the Kiowa, Comanche and Apaches (1867) and Cheyennes and Arapahoes (1868) onto reservations in the southwest corner of this territory. These later reservations are shown, as are the lands in the central west of the territory ceded back to the U.S. government because of the support for the Confederacy by some of the Indian tribes. One of the best pictures of the Indian situation in the West at the time. CWL On Approval
"Oklahoma and Indian Territory." Chicago: Rand, McNally & Co., 1902. 19 x 26. Cerograph, with full original color. Very good condition. Denver.
This map shows what would, in 1907, become the state of Oklahoma. The original Indian Territory west of the Mississippi encompassed most of the original Louisiana Purchase, not including Missouri, Arkansas and Louisiana. With the Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854, the Indian Territory was shrunk to just that part of the purchase south of the 37th parallel (the southern Kansas border). After the Civil War, the western part of this territory was taken back from the Indians and in 1890 became the Oklahoma Territory. This map shows that configuration, with the Oklahoma Territory in the west (including the panhandle) and the final, small Indian Territory in the east. Realizing they might be legislated out of existence, the citizens of the Indian Territory applied to statehood (as the state of Sequoyah) in 1905, but Congress instead turned the entire area shown here into the state of Oklahoma in 1907. $125
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