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A small map of the vicinity of Zanesville, Ohio, by one of the seminal figures in the history of American cartography. John Melish was the first American publisher to issue exclusively cartographic and geographic items. Born in Scotland and involved in the textile industry, Melish visited the United States several times beginning in 1806, finally deciding to settle there in 1811. Melish had made many notes on his travels about the country and in 1812 he published Travels in the United States of America, which included his first maps and which started him on his cartographic career. Melish came to dominate the industry in this country, and had a huge impact on all subsequent American mapping. This map appeared in his Travels, but it was also sold separately, as stated in an advertisement in Melish's 1819 Traveller's Directory, "Octavo Maps of Philadelphia, New York, Baltimore, Boston, Pittsburg, Zanesville, Falls of Niagara, Falls of Ohio, East End of Lake Ontario and Montreal-12 1/2 cents, each." $110
An important early American map of the Seven Ranges in Ohio. In the Ordinance of 1785, passed by the U.S. Congress, the region to the north west of the Ohio River was set aside as a territory to be divided politically as settlement warranted. The Geographer of the United States, Thomas Hutchins, who probably knew more about this area than anyone else, was instructed in the Ordinance of 1785 to survey and map this region. It was determined that the region would be surveyed and mapped out by a rectangular system using one north-south and one east-west base line. The first part to be surveyed was the "Seven Ranges," which was divided into townships of six miles square. The resulting map by Hutchins was the first map of the area to be sold off by the American government, and the first map to show the type of land distribution purposed by the Government. The ranges and townships are shown, with the tracts set aside for the U.S. indicated. While topographical information is somewhat sparse, this is a very important document of the history of the settlement of the Northwest Territory, the United States' first frontier. $825
A. Bourne and J. Kilbourn. "Map of the State of Ohio Drawn by A. Bourne. Including the Indian Reservation, Purchased and laid out into Counties and Townships in 1820. Drawn by J. Kilbourne." From Caleb Atwater's Description of the Antiquities Discovered in the State of Ohio and other Western States. Worcester: American Antiquarian Society, 1820. 19 x 16 1/4. Engraving by A. Reed. Professionally lined with rice paper. Excellent condition. Ref: Thomas H. Smith, The Mapping of Ohio, p. 167f.
A wonderful topographical map of Ohio that is the joint work of two of the Ohio's most important cartographers from the early days of its statehood. John Kilbourn (misspelled as "Kilbourne" in the title of this map) moved to Ohio from New England in the early nineteenth century, where he became principal of the Worthington Academy. Starting in 1813 he issued a series of works on geography, including his influential The Ohio Gazetteer which, beginning in 1818 included a map of Ohio drawn by himself. Alexander Bourne was another Ohio transplant from New England who became involved in mapping Ohio. Their joint map of the state was issued in Atwater's book about the prehistoric Indian sites in mid-west. It is a remarkable map especially from a topographical view, showing rivers throughout, the hills of the southeast and other features of note. Also indicated are towns and cities, along the roads linking them. $900
Fielding Lucas. "Ohio." Philadelphia: H.C. Carey & I. Lea, 1822. 12 x 9 1/2 (map); 16 1/2 x 20 1/2 (full sheet). Engraving by Boyd. Full hand color. A few surface smudges in text. Very good condition.
In 1822, Henry Charles Carey and Isaac Lea published their A Complete Historical, Chronological, and Geographical American Atlas. This volume was based on Emmanuel Las Cases' Atlas Historique of 1803, with updated maps and text modified by Carey, a political economist. He considered himself an American foil to John Stuart Mill and the London economists who were proclaimers of "the gloomy science" influenced by Ricardo and Malthus. Instead of preaching overpopulation and degeneration of the human species, Carey illustrated the nations of the western hemisphere through maps that showed an expanding region with ample promise of developing into lands of great new opportunity and growth. The sheets from this atlas, which cover North America, Central America, South America and the West Indies, are comprised of an engraved map surrounded by text documenting the history, climate, population and so forth of the area depicted. The atlas is particularly known for its excellent early maps of the states and territories of the United States. This map of Ohio shows the state at a relatively early stage in its history. The extensive development of the state by 1822, with many counties, settlements and roads, is graphically pictured. The text gives the history, climate, and other information on the state, including a listing of the governors so far. A terrific visual and textural picture of Ohio. $550
Fielding Lucas. "Ohio." Philadelphia: H.C. Carey & I. Lea, 1827. 12 x 9 1/2 (map); 16 1/2 x 20 1/2 (full sheet). Engraving by Boyd. Full hand color. Very good condition.
The 1827 edition of the Ohio map from Carey & Lea's American Atlas. This map of Ohio shows the state with the considerable growth caused by the opening of the Erie Canal in 1825. $550
David H. Burr. "Ohio." New York: David H. Burr, 1831. From Universal Atlas. 10 1/8 x 12 1/2. Engraving. Full original color. Very good condition.
An excellent map by David H. Burr, a figure of considerable import for early American cartography. Having studied under Simeon DeWitt, Burr produced an atlas of New York State in 1829, only the second state atlas issued in the United States. He was then appointed to be geographer for the U.S. Post Office and later geographer to the House of Representatives. The map shows each county with a different color and towns and cities are noted throughout. With his access to information from the Post Office, Burr's depiction of the road system is accurate and up-to-date. Burr's maps are scarce and quite desirable. $350
Henry S. Tanner. "A New Map of Ohio with its Canals Roads & Distances." From Universal Atlas. Philadelphia: H.S. Tanner, 1841. 14 x 11 1/2. Engraving. Original hand color. Some spotting, but overall very good condition.
A crisp, detailed map by the great American cartographer, Henry Schenck Tanner. The success of his important, but large American Atlas led Tanner to produce a more manageably sized atlas, the Universal Atlas. This atlas contained excellent maps of each state, focusing on the transportation network, including roads, railroads and canals. All details are clearly presented, and these include towns, rivers, mountains, political boundaries and the transportation information. The maps were later purchased by S. Augustus Mitchell, and then Thomas, Cowperthwait & Co., but it is these early Tanner editions which are the rarest and most important. This map of Ohio is typical of Tanner's excellent output. Of interest is the depiction of the burgeoning transportation network, with the canals, roads, and railroads particularly noted. At the top is a list of the steam boat routes in the state, while at the bottom is a profile of the Ohio Canal, running from Portsmouth to Cleveland. Also included is an inset map of downtown Cincinnati. $275
Thomas G. Bradford. "Ohio." A Universal Illustrated Atlas. Boston: Chares D. Strong., -1842. 14 x 11 3/8. Engraving by S. Stiles, Sherman & Smith. Original hand color. Very good condition.
An attractive and early map of Ohio by Thomas Bradford. This map was first issued in the 1838 edition of Bradford's atlas, and this edition appeared four years later. The map shows the social, political and transportation situation in the state at the time. This was issued at a period of rapid growth in the state as its fertile land became an important farming center in the country. This development was dependent on transportation of produce to the East, and this was facilitated by the building of canals and railroads. This map nicely depicts the early transportation network that was so crucial in the history of the state. Counties are named and indicated in contrasting shades, and rivers, lakes, and towns are precisely depicted. The "Toledo Strip," won from Michigan during the "Toledo War" (1835-36) is shown as part of Ohio. A nice picture of Ohio near the middle of the nineteenth century. $325
Henry S. Tanner. "A New Map of Ohio with its Canals Roads & Distances." From Universal Atlas. Philadelphia: S. Augustus Mitchell, 1846. 14 x 11 1/2. Lithograph transfer from engraved plate. Original hand-coloring. Full margins. Very good condition.
An updated version of Tanner's map of Ohio, issued by S. Augustus Mitchell in 1849. For much of the middle part of the nineteenth century, the Mitchell firm dominated American cartography in output and influence. S. Augustus Mitchell reissued Tanner's atlas and established a thriving cartographic firm that was later taken over by his son S. Augustus Mitchell, Jr. The quality of this map, with its richly presented detail, gives evidence of why the firm was such a success. $250
"Colton's Railroad & Township Map of the State of Ohio." New York: J.H. Colton & Co., 1852. Separately issued map, printed on bank note paper and folded as issued, but missing original cover. 24 x 28. Lithograph. Original hand colored railroad lines. Very good condition.
A very detailed, separately issued folding map of Ohio from the J.H. Colton firm of New York. Throughout the nineteenth century, separately issued maps played an important role in American life. Used by immigrants, travelers, and businessmen, these maps were crucial to the public in that increasingly mobile age. The Colton firm specialized in travelers' maps such as this, which would have been sold in New York and through dealers around the country. Most such maps would have be destroyed or severely damaged through use, but this example has survived in fine condition. This map was issued at a time when many immigrants and easterners were moving to the mid-west, so it would have been a popular map. The map shows excellent detail of towns, political divisions, rivers, lakes and the road network. One of the primary foci of this map is its depiction of the railroads criss-crossing the state. Also included is an engraved image of the State Capitol in Columbus in the lower right. $675
"Ohio." New York: J.H. Colton & Co., 1856. 13 x 15 3/4. Lithograph. Original hand color. Light tide mark in upper right margin, just into decorative border. Else, very good condition.
In the mid-nineteenth century, the center of map publishing in America moved from Philadelphia to New York. The J.H. Colton publishing firm played a large role in this shift. This map of Ohio, with its fine detail, is a strong example of their successful work. The map presents the counties in contrasting pastel shades, and includes depictions of towns, rivers, marshes, and some topography. Of particular interest are the indications of the burgeoning transportation network in the state, with roads and railroads clearly shown. $135
"A New Map of the State of Ohio." Philadelphia: Charles Desilver, 1856. 16 x 13 1/4. Lithograph. Original hand color. Very good condition. With decorative border.
Charles Desilver, one of the many publishers working in Philadelphia during the mid-nineteenth century, issued an atlas of maps based on the famous Tanner-Mitchell-Cowperthwait series. Desilver used much the same information as originally drawn in the 1840s, but updated the maps with new counties, roads, towns, and especially the transportation network of canals, roads and railroads, always the focus of the maps from this series. This map is typical of the rather unusual and scarce Desilver atlas. The growth of roads and railroads across the state is impressive and indicative of the huge growth in the region during the middle part of the century. Inset showing the vicinity of Cincinnati. An attractive and fascinating Ohio document. $150
S. Augustus Mitchell Jr. "County Map of Ohio and Indiana." Philadelphia: S.A. Mitchell Jr., 1864. 11 1/2 x 14. Lithograph. Original hand color. Small chips at left margin corners. Else, very good condition.
For most of the middle part of the nineteenth century, the firm founded by S. Augustus Mitchell dominated American cartography in output and influence. This fine map is from one of his son's atlases, and it shows Ohio and Indiana in the 1860s. Towns, rivers, roads and other topographical information are clearly shown, and the counties are shaded with contrasting pastel colors. A fine decorative border surrounds the map, and the whole effect makes for an attractive mid-nineteenth century map. $110
"Johnson's Ohio." New York: Johnson & Ward, 1864. 17 x 22 3/4. Lithograph. Original hand color. Scattered small spots. Else, very good condition.
An attractive map of Ohio from Johnson's mid-nineteenth century atlas of the world. Johnson, who published out of New York City, was one of the leading cartographic publishers in the second half of the century, producing popular atlases, geographies and so on. This map, showing fine detail of the state, is an excellent example of Johnson's, and thus early American, cartography. Detail includes roads, towns, cities, railroads, rivers, lakes, and canals. There is also a vignette of the State Capitol at Columbus in the lower right corner. Townships are marked and counties are indicated with contrasting color. $150
"State of Ohio." Washington: General Land Office, 1866. 15 x 17 1/2. Lithograph by Major & Knapp. Original outline color. Very good condition.
The U.S. General Land Office (GLO) was established in 1812 with responsibility to survey and control the dispersal of public lands. All public land was required to be surveyed prior to settlement, and the first director of the GLO, Thomas Hutchins, set up a systematic process of rectangular survey for the public lands and launched the great national project to survey and map the public domain in the entire country, a procedure which got under way in the famous "seven ranges" of southeast Ohio. Each surveyor was to record not only geography, but also features of the landscape with economic import, such as roads, Indian trails, existing settlements, Indian lands, mineral deposits, and of particular interest, railroads and their rights of way. Of note is that unlike most surveys of the time, the surveyors were instructed not to apply new names to the landscape, but to use "the received names of all rivers, creeks, lakes, swamps, prairies, hills, mountains and other natural objects." Periodically the GLO would issue maps showing the progress of their surveys, and this map shows how Ohio was well covered by 1866. Interesting features are the many railroads in the state, as well as the indication of the early land grants. $225
Frank A. Gray. "Gray's New Map of Ohio." Philadelphia: O.W. Gray & Son, 1877. 16 x 26 1/2. Lithograph. Original hand color. Very good condition.
A nicely detailed map of the state by the Philadelphia firm of O.W. Gray and Son. The firm began its publishing around mid-century and published regional and U.S. atlases up to the 1880s. This map is typical of their work, its attractive presentation and interesting detail make it a nice example of American cartography of the period. Inserts of Columbus, Toledo, Cleveland, and Cincinnati are included. $120
J.C. Morris. "Railroad Map of Ohio." Credit reads, "Prepared under the direction of J.C. Morris." Printed by The Columbus Lithograph Co. Columbus, OH: State of Ohio, 1904. 32 1/4 x 28. Backed on linen and folded into 32 sections as issued. Original art buckram covers. With chips at edges and joins, but essential information is present. Fair condition.
An excellent map of the state showing lines of 36 major railroads and their subsidiaries as well as 50 electric or traction railroads. Topographical information is restricted to rivers and streams, but each county and township is depicted with major population centers. Canals, coal lands, and tunnels are marked by symbols, and the routes of steamships in Lake Erie are shown. The lovely symbolic title cartouche illustrates forms of transportation which include an early automobile and an engine named "Morris" to celebrate the commissioner of railroads and telegraphs who directed the production of this fine map. $150
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