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Antique Maps of New York

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Holland: Provinces of New York, New Jersey
Samuel Holland. "The Provinces of New York, and New Jersey; with part of Pensilvania, and the Governments of Trois Rivieres and Montreal. Drawn by Capt. Holland. Engraved by Thomas Jefferys, Geographer to His Majesty." Separately issued "saddle bag" map: dissected into 16 sections, newly backed onto buckram. London: R. Sayer & T. Jefferys, 1775. 54 x 21 1/4. Original outline hand color. Paper age toned and with a few chips and stains. Overall, very good condition. Stevens & Tree, 44b.

An unusual, elongated map by Capt. Samuel Holland, the first Surveyor General for the Northern District of British North America. It shows from the entrance of the Delaware Bay to Quebec, with special emphasis on eastern Pennsylvania, New Jersey, and both sides of the Hudson River, up Lake Champlain and then up the Richelieu River to the Saint Lawrence. Holland was a Dutch military engineer in the British army and a fine draftsman; he was appointed by the King as the first Surveyor General for the northern region. It contains impressive detail of towns, roads, rivers and mountains. In the lower right corner is an especially fine title cartouche depicting a scene of the Hudson River at the 'Topan Sea' (present-day Tapanzee). This view was taken from Thomas Pownall's print published in the Scenographia Americana, with the cliff face used for the title information. This is a excellent example of an important American map. $5,200



John Reid. "The State of New York, Compiled from the most Authentic Information. 1796." From The American Atlas. New York: J. Reid, 1796. State 2. Engraving by D. Martin. 15 1/4 x 18. Light stains in bottom corners. Otherwise, very good condition. Wheat & Brun: 372.

A map of New York from the second atlas published in the United States. This atlas, the American Atlas, was published by John Reid in 1796, and it was to accompany Winterbotham's Views of the United States. The state is shown with impressive detail throughout of towns, counties, and the extensive road system in the state. Also shown are some mills and taverns and other sites of note. Of particular note is the information on the development of the Finger Lakes region, which was just being opened up to settlement at the time. A fine, eighteenth century American-made map of the state. $1,150



Carey NY 1805
Mathew Carey. "New York." From American Pocket Atlas. Philadelphia: M. Carey, 1801. 5 3/4 x 7 1/2. Engraving by W. Barker. Very good condition. Cf. Wheat & Brun: 367.

This is the second state of one of the very early American maps of New York; the first state was issued by Mathew Carey in 1796. Unlike many other cartographers of the day, Carey updated his maps in subsequent versions, beginning with this 1801 example from the Pocket Atlas. In 1796 either Carey did not have information on the roads, or he thought it not important. However, by 1801, this had changed and Carey added clear delineations of the roads in the state as well as new information on some towns. $225



Carey and Lea NY
Fielding Lucas, Jr. "New York." Philadelphia: H.C. Carey & I. Lea., 1827. 11 3/4 x 17 3/4 (map); 16 1/2 x 20 1/2 (full sheet). Engraving by J. Yeager. Original hand color. Some marginal tears; expertly repaired. Very good condition.

In 1822, Henry Charles Carey and Isaac Lea published their A Complete Historical, Chronological, and Geographical American Atlas. This volume was based on Emmanuel Las Cases' Atlas Historique of 1803, with updated maps and text modified by Carey, a political economist. He considered himself an American foil to John Stuart Mill and the London economists who were proclaimers of "the gloomy science" influenced by Ricardo and Malthus. Instead of preaching overpopulation and degeneration of the human species, Carey illustrated the nations of the western hemisphere through maps that showed an expanding region with ample promise of developing into lands of great new opportunity and growth. The sheets from this atlas, which cover North America, Central America, South America and the West Indies, are comprised of an engraved map surrounded by text documenting the history, climate, population and so forth of the area depicted. The atlas is particularly known for its excellent early maps of the states and territories of the United States. This map of New York is of particular interest as it shows the state just after the opening of the Erie Canal, which transformed the "upstate" part of New York. The earlier, 1822 edition included a profile of the levels of the "Grand Canal," but on this edition, after the canal was completed, the inset also includes a map showing its route from Hudson to Buffalo. Also added to this edition is a profile of the Champlain canal. One of the best maps of the state at this seminal period in its history. $475



"Map of The State Of New York Compiled From The Latest Authorities." Philadelphia: Thomas, Cowperthwait & Co., 1850. 11 3/8 x 13 3/4. Lithographic transfer from engraved plate. Full original color. Two stains, one in image. Otherwise, very good condition.

A strong and beautifully crafted map of New York State from the mid-nineteenth century, published by Thomas, Cowperthwait & Co.. This firm took over the publication of S. Augustus Mitchell's important Universal Atlas in 1850, and they continued to produce up-dated maps that were amongst the best issued in the period. Though, this map contains the same information as the above mentioned Mitchell map, the overall palette of the Cowperthwait map is brighter and more colorful making it both an excellent informative and decorative map $150



"A New Map of New York with its Canals, Roads & distances." Philadelphia: S.A. Mitchell, 1851. 11 1/2 x 13 3/4. Lithographic transfer from engraved plate. Full original hand color. With typical time toning and oxidation of color. Otherwise, very good condition.

A fine map of New York from the mid-nineteenth century, showing the state at an interesting period in its history. The map is filled with myriad topographical details, including rivers, towns, lakes and political borders. The map was produced by S. Augustus Mitchell, whose firm dominated American cartography in output and influence for much of the middle part of the nineteenth century. This map is especially interesting in its depiction of the transportation network in the state, including roads, railroads, and especially canals. This was the heyday of the Erie Canal, with its many feeder canals, and these are all clearly shown. A table at the right lists the steamboat routes, and along the bottom is a profile of the Erie Canal. An important source of information in this period of increased immigration and travel in American. $175



Village of Buffalo
"Village of Buffalo." Albany, 1851. From E.B. O'Callaghan's Documentary History of the State of New York. 20 3/8 x 15 7/8. Lithograph by Richard H. Pease, Albany. With folds as issued and lined with rice paper. Very good condition. Denver.

A detailed map of Buffalo as it was developed at the beginning of the nineteenth century. The original plan, a radial lay-out fixed at the mouth of the Buffalo River into Lake Erie, was laid out by Joseph Ellicott (who unsuccessfully called the village New Amsterdam) and an inset map of his plan is in the upper left. The actual village developed closely following Ellicott's plan and the city today retains most of that lay-out. The lots are shown with the major streets meeting at the "Public Square," site of today's City Hall. Based on early information in the government files, this is a fine map of the beginning of the Queen City on Lake Erie. $225



Magnus NY
"Map of the State of New York." New York: Charles Magnus, 1854. 18 1/4 x 22 3/4. Steel engraving. Full original hand color. With insets of Long Island and Niagara Falls. Impressions of Niagara: 265.

A separately issued map of New York State from prolific print publisher Charles Magnus. Known best for his souvenir prints of scenes of American locations, Magnus also issued an interesting group of regional American maps, probably also intended for the souvenir market. This map has considerable topographical and political information of the state, including indications of canals and railroads. An inset map of Long Island is places at bottom center, and an interesting bird's eye view of Niagara Falls graces the top left corner. The whole is attractively hand colored in pastel shades, and it is easy to see that this would have been a popular decorative map for visitors or residents of New York. $450



"Colton's Railroad & Township Map of the State of New York with Parts of the Adjoining States & Canada." New York: G.W. & C.B. Colton, 1856. Lithograph. Original hand color. Printed on banknote paper and folded into original buckram folder. Some old ink notation in map in Pennsylvania. Otherwise, fine condition.

In the United States during the nineteenth century, separately issued maps were published for the use of wagon and carriage drivers, railroad passengers, and steamboat voyagers in a new and rapidly developing country. The roughed conditions of travel insured much destruction of these little documents which were sold at inns and stations and called "Traveler's Companion" or "Stranger's Guide" or "Railroad Maps." They were often updated, sometimes an undetermined number of times within a single year, because demand for the best information was startlingly real. Thus, by their very nature they fulfill the primary role of published cartography. These are maps of great historic significance for the history of the United States, for they were the maps actually used during the nation's great expansion. They were made for lasting wear since the publishers used high grade paper, often bank note paper, and they were folded into leather and buckram covers. They appear to have brighter hand coloring than most other maps issued at the same time, ostensibly to aid in reading under adverse circumstances. Everything about them, the ornamental borders, the fine calligraphy, the depth of engraving or lithography, and even the way they dramatically fold out present one of the best and most important graphic pictures of early America that remains to us. The detail on this fine, separately issued map is precise, copious, and clearly rendered. Shown are roads, rail-lines, canals, some topography, rivers, lakes, towns, counties, and almost any other feature that might be of interest to a map reader. Scarce, decorative, and of considerable historic note, this is a fine document of New York State from a century past. $475



"New York." New York: J.H. Colton, 1856. 12 3/4 x 15 5/8. Lithograph. Full original hand-coloring. Very good condition.

In the mid-nineteenth century, the center of map publishing in America moved from Philadelphia to New York. The Colton publishing firm played a large role in this shift. This map of New York, with its fine detail, is a strong example of their successful work. The map presents the counties with contrasting pastel shades, and includes depictions of towns, roads, railroads, rivers, and some topography. Each feature is labeled neatly, and the information given extends to beyond the borders of the state. $165



S.W. Sweet. "Engineers Map of New York showing its Division into Agricultural Groups and the Routes of Commercial Trafic [sic.] accompanying T.C. Peters Report . . .." Albany: Comstock & Cassidy, 1864. Lithograph. Outline hand color. 24 1/4 x 30 1/4. Folds, as issued. Very good condition.

This lovely and decorative map shows agricultural regions of the State of New York with emphasis on the transportation routes which would have provided access to markets. Railroads and canals are shown throughout the state and with connections to all neighboring states and Canada. The Canadian Grand Trunk Railroad is shown from Montreal to west of Lake Ontario as are the railroads and canals into the coal regions of Northeastern Pennsylvania. The north to south lines bringing timber and manufactured goods out of Vermont, Massachusetts, and Connecticut are shown. This document shows New York at a time when huge increases in manufacturing, agriculture, and its accompanying infrastructure answered the need of the American Civil War. By 1864 the war was winding down, and those state assets had to be documented to assist in finding new and larger markets. The map is also a lovely example of the lithographer's art. The intricate borders with eagles and the United States escutcheon at the corners emulates the best bank note engraving of the times. A lovely vignette of a passenger train graces the title block. A fine piece of railroad history. $375



Johnson: New York
A.J. Johnson. "Johnson's New York." New York: Johnson and Ward, 1866. 17 x 23 plus decorative borders and margins. Lithograph. Full original hand-color. Very good condition.

A detailed map of the state of New York made just after the Civil War, and issued in Alvin Jewitt Johnson's mid-nineteenth century atlas of the world. Johnson, who published out of New York City, was one of the leading cartographic publishers in the latter half of the century, producing popular atlases and geographies having indirectly succeeded the J.H. Colton Co. This finely-detailed map, struck from a lithographic stone, includes the counties which are hand colored in contrasting pastel shades, lending the map an attractive appearance. It is an excellent example of Johnson's, and thus American cartography. $155



"County Map of the State of New York." Philadelphia: S. Augustus Mitchell, Jr., 1871. 14 x 21 1/4. Lithograph. Original hand color. Very good condition.

For most of the middle part of the nineteenth century, the firm founded by S. Augustus Mitchell dominated American cartography in output and influence. This fine map is from one of his son's atlases. The Mitchell firm's maps are known for their precision and great detail. Mitchell gathered the best current information available, and depicted it with great clarity. $150



Frank Gray. "New York." Philadelphia: O.W. Gray, ca. 1875. 16 x 24 1/2. Lithograph. Original hand color. Very good condition.

A handsome map by one of the Philadelphia competitors to the big New York cartographic firms. The topography of the state is clearly depicted and the counties and townships are indicated with contrasting pastel shades, lending an attractive appearance to the map. The map also includes an inset of New York City and one of the path of the Hudson River. $75



Maps from Asher & Adams' Atlas of New York. New York, 1869. Folio size is two pages or ca. 20 x 13 1/2. Others are half that or 10 x 13.

"The Matthews-Northrup Up-to-date Map of New York." Buffalo: Matthews-Northrup, 1893. Separately issued folding map, folded into original red covers. Wax engraving, with printed color. 15 x 19 3/4. Short tear at bottom and a few short separations at folds, but overall excellent condition. Denver.

A very detailed map of New York State by "The Matthews-Northrup Co. Complete Engraving & Printing Works, Buffalo, N.Y." Presented with copious detail and a town index on the verso. This series of "Up-to-Date" maps were issued in a "Vest-Pocket Series," and described as "Printed on Map-Bond paper which will bend forever; put up in a beautiful flexible cover of imported cloth-fibre stock." The company claimed that the maps were corrected every three months, "and hence are always 'up to date.' Finally the cover claims "They give all there is,--what more do you want?" Impressive! $75



Wallace Bruce. "The Hudson by Daylight Map from New York Bay to the Head of Tide Water." New York, 1894. Lithograph (hand color). 5 1/2 inches x 9 feet. Folds into original paper folder titled The Hudson River Map New York: Bryant Union Co., 1894. A very scarce map especially in this condition.

This map was designed for travelers on steamboats plying the Hudson River from New York City to the Albany area where the Cohoes Falls empty the Mohawk River into the Hudson. The detailed map shows so much information that not only towns and topography are shown, but also large homes of individual families and routes spurring off from the river to other points of interest. A fascinating item of Hudson River history. Photographed in segments from North to South: First, Second, Third, Fourth, Fifth and Sixth. $575




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