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Antique Maps of New York

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Holland: Provinces of New York, New Jersey
Samuel Holland. "The Provinces of New York, and New Jersey; with part of Pensilvania, and the Governments of Trois Rivieres and Montreal. Drawn by Capt. Holland. Engraved by Thomas Jefferys, Geographer to His Majesty." Separately issued "saddle bag" map: dissected into 16 sections, newly backed onto buckram. London: R. Sayer & T. Jefferys, 1775. 54 x 21 1/4. Original outline hand color. Paper age toned and with a few chips and stains. Overall, very good condition. Stevens & Tree, 44b.

An unusual, elongated map by Capt. Samuel Holland, the first Surveyor General for the Northern District of British North America. It shows from the entrance of the Delaware Bay to Quebec, with special emphasis on eastern Pennsylvania, New Jersey, and both sides of the Hudson River, up Lake Champlain and then up the Richelieu River to the Saint Lawrence. Holland was a Dutch military engineer in the British army and a fine draftsman; he was appointed by the King as the first Surveyor General for the northern region. It contains impressive detail of towns, roads, rivers and mountains. In the lower right corner is an especially fine title cartouche depicting a scene of the Hudson River at the 'Topan Sea' (present-day Tapanzee). This view was taken from Thomas Pownall's print published in the Scenographia Americana, with the cliff face used for the title information. This is a excellent example of an important American map. $5,200

John Reid. "The State of New York, Compiled from the most Authentic Information. 1796." From The American Atlas. New York: J. Reid, 1796. State 2. Engraving by D. Martin. 15 1/4 x 18. Light stains in bottom corners. Otherwise, very good condition. Wheat & Brun: 372.

A map of New York from the second atlas published in the United States. This atlas, the American Atlas, was published by John Reid in 1796, and it was to accompany Winterbotham's Views of the United States. The state is shown with impressive detail throughout of towns, counties, and the extensive road system in the state. Also shown are some mills and taverns and other sites of note. Of particular note is the information on the development of the Finger Lakes region, which was just being opened up to settlement at the time. A fine, eighteenth century American-made map of the state. $1,150

Carey NY 1805
Mathew Carey. "New York." From American Pocket Atlas. Philadelphia: M. Carey, 1801. 5 3/4 x 7 1/2. Engraving by W. Barker. Very good condition. Cf. Wheat & Brun: 367.

This is the second state of one of the very early American maps of New York; the first state was issued by Mathew Carey in 1796. Unlike many other cartographers of the day, Carey updated his maps in subsequent versions, beginning with this 1801 example from the Pocket Atlas. In 1796 either Carey did not have information on the roads, or he thought it not important. However, by 1801, this had changed and Carey added clear delineations of the roads in the state as well as new information on some towns. $225

Lewis NY 1804
Samuel Lewis. "New York." From A New and Elegant General Atlas by Aaron Arrowsmith and Samuel Lewis. Philadelphia, Baltimore, Washington, Petersburg and Norfolk: 1804. 7 3/4 x 9 5/8. Engraving by Tanner. Very good condition.

An excellent map from an early American atlas. The maps were the works of Aaron Arrowsmith, one of the foremost cartographers of his era, and Samuel Lewis, one of the leaders in the nascent American cartographic field. This map of New York is a fine example of Lewis' output. Detail of the settlement in the state, along with topographical information is neatly portrayed. Roads and counties are also shown. A fine example of some of the best American cartography of the period. $150

Carey and Lea NY
Fielding Lucas, Jr. "New York." Philadelphia: H.C. Carey & I. Lea., 1827. 11 3/4 x 17 3/4 (map); 16 1/2 x 20 1/2 (full sheet). Engraving by J. Yeager. Original hand color. Some marginal tears; expertly repaired. Very good condition.

In 1822, Henry Charles Carey and Isaac Lea published their A Complete Historical, Chronological, and Geographical American Atlas. This volume was based on Emmanuel Las Cases' Atlas Historique of 1803, with updated maps and text modified by Carey, a political economist. He considered himself an American foil to John Stuart Mill and the London economists who were proclaimers of "the gloomy science" influenced by Ricardo and Malthus. Instead of preaching overpopulation and degeneration of the human species, Carey illustrated the nations of the western hemisphere through maps that showed an expanding region with ample promise of developing into lands of great new opportunity and growth. The sheets from this atlas, which cover North America, Central America, South America and the West Indies, are comprised of an engraved map surrounded by text documenting the history, climate, population and so forth of the area depicted. The atlas is particularly known for its excellent early maps of the states and territories of the United States. This map of New York is of particular interest as it shows the state just after the opening of the Erie Canal, which transformed the "upstate" part of New York. The earlier, 1822 edition included a profile of the levels of the "Grand Canal," but on this edition, after the canal was completed, the inset also includes a map showing its route from Hudson to Buffalo. Also added to this edition is a profile of the Champlain canal. One of the best maps of the state at this seminal period in its history. $475

Bradford 1835 NY
Thomas G. Bradford. "New York." From A Comprehensive Atlas. Geographical, Historical & Commercial. Boston: William D. Ticknor, 1835. 7 3/4 x 10 1/8. Engraving. Original outline color. Very good condition.

A nice map from Boston publisher and cartographer, Thomas G. Bradford. Issued in 1835, Bradford's Atlas contained maps of the different United States and other parts of the world, based on the most up-to-date information available at the time. Towns, rivers, lakes, and some orography are depicted. Counties are named and indicated with original outline color. Because Bradford continued to update his maps as he issued them in different volumes, this political information is very interesting for historic purposes. A good map of the state. $125

Bradford 1842 NY
Thomas G. Bradford. "New York." From A Universal Illustrated Atlas. Boston: Charles D. Strong, [1838]-1842. 11 1/2 x 14 1/4. Engraving by G. W. Boynton. Original hand color. Some light mottling. Otherwise, very good condition.

A detailed and handsome map of New York from Thomas Bradford's atlas. The map was originally drawn and issued by Thomas Bradford in 1838 and this example was issued four years later. Detail is very good, showing rivers, towns, counties, and some orography. The whole is attractively presented with original hand coloring, and precise engraving. $225

Tanner 1846 NY
"A New Map of New York with its Canals, Roads & Distances." From Tanner's Universal Atlas. Philadelphia: H.S. Tanner, 1846. 11 1/4 x 13 5/8. Engraving. Full hand coloring. Light marginal spots. Else, very good condition.

A crisp, detailed map by the great American cartographer, Henry Schenck Tanner. In 1816, Henry, his brother Benjamin, John Vallance and Francis Kearny formed an engraving firm in Philadelphia. Having had experience at map engraving through his work with John Melish, Tanner conceived of the idea of compiling and publishing an American Atlas, which was begun in 1819 by Tanner, Vallance, Kearny & Co. Soon Tanner took over the project on his own, and thus began his career as cartographic publisher. The American Atlas was a huge success, and this inspired Tanner to produce his Universal Atlas, of more manageable size. This atlas contained excellent maps of each state, focusing on the transportation network, including roads, railroads and canals, as well as detailed maps of a number of cities. The maps were later purchased by S. Augustus Mitchell, and then Thomas, Cowperthwait & Co., but it is these early Tanner editions which are the rarest and most important.

This map is an excellent example of Tanner's cartography. The state is shown with very good detail. Tanner's maps are always noted for their focus on transportation, and this map is no exception. Besides its fascinating detail, the map is most attractive, with its striking design enhanced by strong hand color. Overall, a most desirable map of the state. $150

"A New Map of New York with its Canals, Roads & distances." Philadelphia: S.A. Mitchell, 1851. 11 1/2 x 13 3/4. Lithographic transfer from engraved plate. Full original hand color. With typical time toning and oxidation of color. Otherwise, very good condition.

A fine map of New York from the mid-nineteenth century, showing the state at an interesting period in its history. The map is filled with myriad topographical details, including rivers, towns, lakes and political borders. The map was produced by S. Augustus Mitchell, whose firm dominated American cartography in output and influence for much of the middle part of the nineteenth century. This map is especially interesting in its depiction of the transportation network in the state, including roads, railroads, and especially canals. This was the heyday of the Erie Canal, with its many feeder canals, and these are all clearly shown. A table at the right lists the steamboat routes, and along the bottom is a profile of the Erie Canal. An important source of information in this period of increased immigration and travel in American. $175

Magnus NY
"Map of the State of New York." New York: Charles Magnus, 1854. 18 1/4 x 22 3/4. Steel engraving. Full original hand color. With insets of Long Island and Niagara Falls. Impressions of Niagara: 265.

A separately issued map of New York State from prolific print publisher Charles Magnus. Known best for his souvenir prints of scenes of American locations, Magnus also issued an interesting group of regional American maps, probably also intended for the souvenir market. This map has considerable topographical and political information of the state, including indications of canals and railroads. An inset map of Long Island is places at bottom center, and an interesting bird's eye view of Niagara Falls graces the top left corner. The whole is attractively hand colored in pastel shades, and it is easy to see that this would have been a popular decorative map for visitors or residents of New York. $450

Cowperthwait NY
"Map of The State Of New York Compiled From The Latest Authorities." From the New Universal Atlas. Philadelphia: Thomas, Cowperthwait & Co., 1855. 16 1/8 x 26 1/4. Prime meridian is Washington. Lithographic transfer from engraved plate. Full original color. Very good condition.

With five inset maps (Vicinity of Falls of Niagara, Vicinity of Rochester, Vicinity of Albany, Vicinity of New York, and Map of Hudson River from New York to Albany), this highly detailed map of the Empire State is a fine example of S. Augustus Mitchell's map of New York State. Thomas, Cowperthwait & Co. took over the publication of Mitchell's important Universal Atlas in 1850, and they continued to produce up-dated maps that were among the best issued in the period. The fact that this is one of only two double-page maps in the New Universal Atlas testifies to the importance of New York in the mid-19th century.

Covering the entire state from Lake Erie to the Connecticut/Vermont borders and from Canada to New York City, the map is hand colored by counties and shows towns, roads, railroads, rivers, canals, steamship routes, etc. To the left and right of the map proper, county and township population data from the 1850 Census is provided. The table also shows the area of each county in square miles, and has a fascinating compilation of "Miscellaneous Statistics" that includes white/black population, imports/exports, crop yields, schools and colleges and the like.

This colorful and information-filled map is one of the most highly sought after mid-19th Century maps of New York State to appear in a commercial atlas. $325

"Colton's Railroad & Township Map of the State of New York with Parts of the Adjoining States & Canada." New York: G.W. & C.B. Colton, 1856. Lithograph. Original hand color. Printed on banknote paper and folded into original buckram folder. Some old ink notation in map in Pennsylvania. Otherwise, fine condition.

In the United States during the nineteenth century, separately issued maps were published for the use of wagon and carriage drivers, railroad passengers, and steamboat voyagers in a new and rapidly developing country. The roughed conditions of travel insured much destruction of these little documents which were sold at inns and stations and called "Traveler's Companion" or "Stranger's Guide" or "Railroad Maps." They were often updated, sometimes an undetermined number of times within a single year, because demand for the best information was startlingly real. Thus, by their very nature they fulfill the primary role of published cartography. These are maps of great historic significance for the history of the United States, for they were the maps actually used during the nation's great expansion. They were made for lasting wear since the publishers used high grade paper, often bank note paper, and they were folded into leather and buckram covers. They appear to have brighter hand coloring than most other maps issued at the same time, ostensibly to aid in reading under adverse circumstances. Everything about them, the ornamental borders, the fine calligraphy, the depth of engraving or lithography, and even the way they dramatically fold out present one of the best and most important graphic pictures of early America that remains to us. The detail on this fine, separately issued map is precise, copious, and clearly rendered. Shown are roads, rail-lines, canals, some topography, rivers, lakes, towns, counties, and almost any other feature that might be of interest to a map reader. Scarce, decorative, and of considerable historic note, this is a fine document of New York State from a century past. $475

S.W. Sweet. "Engineers Map of New York showing its Division into Agricultural Groups and the Routes of Commercial Trafic [sic.] accompanying T.C. Peters Report . . .." Albany: Comstock & Cassidy, 1864. Lithograph. Outline hand color. 24 1/4 x 30 1/4. Folds, as issued. Very good condition.

This lovely and decorative map shows agricultural regions of the State of New York with emphasis on the transportation routes which would have provided access to markets. Railroads and canals are shown throughout the state and with connections to all neighboring states and Canada. The Canadian Grand Trunk Railroad is shown from Montreal to west of Lake Ontario as are the railroads and canals into the coal regions of Northeastern Pennsylvania. The north to south lines bringing timber and manufactured goods out of Vermont, Massachusetts, and Connecticut are shown. This document shows New York at a time when huge increases in manufacturing, agriculture, and its accompanying infrastructure answered the need of the American Civil War. By 1864 the war was winding down, and those state assets had to be documented to assist in finding new and larger markets. The map is also a lovely example of the lithographer's art. The intricate borders with eagles and the United States escutcheon at the corners emulates the best bank note engraving of the times. A lovely vignette of a passenger train graces the title block. A fine piece of railroad history. $375

Mitchell: New York
"County Map of the State of New York." Philadelphia: S. Augustus Mitchell, Jr., 1871. 14 x 21 1/4. Lithograph. Original hand color. Very good condition.

For most of the middle part of the nineteenth century, the firm founded by S. Augustus Mitchell dominated American cartography in output and influence. This fine map is from one of his son's atlases. Towns, rivers, roads and other topographical information are clearly shown, and the counties are shaded with contrasting pastel colors. Of particular note are the many railroads networking throughout the state. Also included are inset maps of Troy/West Troy, Buffalo, Rochester, Albany and the Harbor and Vicinity of New York (City). $150

Maps from Asher & Adams' Atlas of New York. New York, 1869. Folio size is two pages or ca. 20 x 13 1/2. Others are half that or 10 x 13.

"Long Island." From Mitchell's New General Atlas. Philadelphia: W.M. Bradley & Bro., 1884. 11 1/4 x 17 1/2. Lithograph. Original hand color. Trimmed close to decorative border at bottom edge. Ovearll, very good condition.

A precisely detailed map from the Philadelphia publishing firm of William M. Bradley & Bro. Bradley took over the publication of Mitchell's New General Atlas in the early 1880s and this is a fine example of nineteenth century American mapmaking. It shows the island with impressive detail, with emphasis on rivers, towns and the railroad lines connecting the island's communities to New York City. $125

Soil map: Niagara County, New York
"Soil Map: Niagara County, New York." Washington, D.C.: Department of Agriculture Bureau of Soils, 1906. 27 1/8 x 36. With folds as issued. Some wrinkling in right margin. Else, good condition.

The Department of Agriculture's Division of Chemistry was established in the legislation of May 15, 1862 creating the Department. The soil analysis functions of the Division of Chemistry were transferred to a Division of Agricultural Soils established in the Weather Bureau in 1894, made a separate division in 1895, and designated Bureau of Soils from 1901 to 1927.

This map is one of many county maps created by the Bureau in the 1906 time period. Niagara County, located in the northwest corner of New York State, is bordered on three sides by water: Lake Ontario to the north, Tonawanda Creek to the south and the Niagara River to the west. The map is color coded with legends that describe the various types of soils in the county. $85

A Descriptive Review of the Commercial, Industrial, Agricultural, Historical Development of the State of New York ... The Empire State ... Chicago & New York: George F. Cram, 1912. Folio. 313 pp. 8 maps of NY state, cities and counties; 94 single or double page maps and charts of the rest of the US and World. 86 pp. US history and indices to US and world maps. Very good condition.

An interesting snapshot of New York and the resto of the world from the second decade of the 20th century. $225

"Canal and Railroad map of the State of New York to accompany the Legislative Manual." Buffalo: J.W. Clement Co., 1928. 24 3/4 x 27 1/2. Wax engraving, printed in color. Printed by J.B. Lyon Co., Buffalo. Excellent condition. Folded into original art buckram case.

A transportation map commissioned by the New York State Legislature. It emphasizes railroads, canals, waterways, and even small creeks. Rail transportation is differentiated between main lines and suburban electric lines and the canals are clearly depicted. Roads are not shown, but many small towns as well as cities are located. Two insets are included: "City of New York" and "Southern Part of New York [Long Island]." A fascinating map of the entire state. $175


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