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For most of the middle part of the nineteenth century, the firm founded by S. Augustus Mitchell, Sr. dominated American cartography in output and influence. This fine map is from one of his son's atlases, and it shows the territory of Utah and the state of Nevada in the final year of the Civil War. Towns, rivers, roads and other topographical information are clearly shown, and the counties are shaded with contrasting pastel colors. When Nevada became a state in 1864, the border of Utah and Nevada was moved east from the 115th to the 114th meridian. Although dated to 1865, this map still shows Nevada's eastern boundary at the 115th meridian. Note also that Nevada extends south only to the 37 degree latitude. An interesting early rendering of the region. $150
W.H. Gamble. "County Map of Utah and Nevada." Philadelphia: S. Augustus Mitchell, Jr., 1867. 11 3/8 x 14. Lithograph by W. H. Gamble. Original hand color. Very good condition. Denver.
An updated version of the above map from the Mitchell firm. Published two years later, this map shows the newly formed Lincoln Country, and Utah's expanded land claim eastwardly to the 114th meridian, giving it further access to navigable waterways. In 1867, Congress ceded more than 18,000 square miles of land from the Arizona Territory to the state of Nevada, giving Nevada access to the Colorado River. Part of the new southern region of Nevada is shown, excepting the southern-most tip. Also of interest is the addition of a red line indicating the line of the soon-to-be-completed trans-continental railroad. $140
W.H. Gamble. "County Map of Utah and Nevada." Philadelphia: S. Augustus Mitchell, Jr., 1872. 11 1/4 x 13 3/4. Lithography by W. H. Gamble. Original hand color. Very good condition. Denver.
Another updated version of Mitchell's map, this one just a few years after the completion of the trans-continental railroad, clearly shown running through the northern part of this region. This led to an increase in settlement and development in the region as is shown in the significant increase in settlement and roads on this map compared to the Mitchell map of just a few years before. $140
"Williams' New Trans-Continental Map of the Pacific R.R. and Routes of Overland Travel to Colorado, Nebraska, The Black Hills, Utah, Idaho, Nevada, Montana California and the Pacific Coast." New York: Henry T. Williams, 1877. 22 3/4 x 36 1/2. Lithography (Osborne's Process) by A.M. Photo-Litho Company, N.Y. Original hand color. Separation at folds repaired on verso. Very good condition. Denver.
A terrific, folding railroad guide of the American West about a decade after the completion of the trans-Continental Railroad. The map extends from Omaha to the west coast and its focus is on that landmark Pacific Railroad, the route of which-with all its stops-is shown with a bold black line. Also depicted in bold are important off-shoot lines, including a number in California, including the Southern Pacific R.R., and lines to Eureka, Nevada, and Denver, Colorado. The Northern Pacific Railroad, then under construction across the northern part of the county, is indicated, but not in bold. Other lines, including proposed routes, and stage routes are also shown. The map highlights the states with contrasting colors and many towns, settlements and forts are named. Orography is graphically indicated and impressively up-to-date, giving a good picture of the topography of the West. On the back of the guide are advertisements for railroad lines, hotels, and time tables. A most graphic and decorative map. $1,200
Go to a sequence of maps of this same area, from about 1860 to 1880
"Map of the State of Nevada." Washington: General Land Office, 1866. 26 1/4 x 18 3/4. Lithograph by Major & Knapp. Original outline color. Some slight wear and light discoloration along folds. Very good condition. Wheat: 1152. Denver.
The U.S. General Land Office (GLO) was established in 1812 with responsibility to survey and control the dispersal of public lands. All public land was required to be surveyed prior to settlement, and the first director of the GLO, Thomas Hutchins, set up a systematic process of rectangular survey for the public lands and launched the great national project to survey and map the public domain in the entire country, a procedure which got under way in the famous "seven ranges" of southeast Ohio. Each surveyor was to record not only geography, but also features of the landscape with economic import, such as roads, Indian trails, existing settlements, Indian lands, mineral deposits, and of particular interest, railroads and their rights of way. Of note is that unlike most surveys of the time, the surveyors were instructed not to apply new names to the landscape, but to use "the received names of all rivers, creeks, lakes, swamps, prairies, hills, mountains and other natural objects."
By mid-century the GLO had completed most of the surveys for the lands between the Appalachians and the Mississippi, and so focused most of its attention to the American west for the rest of the century. The GLO published mostly state maps, which were issued in annual reports, bound into state atlases, and in a few atlases that combined all the current maps in progress. These maps produced by the GLO are the most accurate and detailed maps of the U.S., based on rigorous and comprehensive surveys not hindered by commercial concerns. These maps proved very useful to private American mapmakers, and they were often the basis for state and county maps in the second part of the nineteenth century. This 1866 map shows Nevada two years after statehood. Interesting, it shows the current southern border, though the state did not actually officially receive the land below the 37th parallel until January 1867. The main focus of the map was the main focus of those living in the state: mining. Various gold, silver and copper mines are indicated throughout and the proposed route of the Central Pacific Railroad is shown crossing the state. $650
S. Augustus Mitchell Jr. "County Map of Utah and Nevada." Philadelphia: 1867. 11 3/8 x 14. Drawn and engraved by W. H. Gamble. Hand color. Very good condition.
An updated version of the above map from the Mitchell firm. Published two years later, this map shows the newly formed Lincoln Country, and Utah's expanded land claim eastwardly to the 114th meridian, giving it further access to navigable waterways. In 1867, Congress ceded more than 18,000 square miles of land from the Arizona Territory to the state of Nevada, giving Nevada access to the Colorado River. Although not seen in this map, these are Nevada's borders as we know them today. $140
Asher & Adams. "California & Nevada, South Portion." Washington: 1874. 16 1/4 x 23. Lithograph. Original hand color. Short tears and chips in margins, a few just into image. Overall, good condition.
In their atlas of 1874, Asher & Adams included two separate maps of parts of California, reflecting the size and importance of the state and allowing for greater detail; this map shows the southern regions. The Washington cartographic publishing firm presented this information in a clear fashion, and the map has a very attractive, light pastel coloring. $75
S. Augustus Mitchell. "County and Township Map of Utah and Nevada." 1880. 14 1/4 x 21 5/8. Hand color. Very good condition.
A new map of Utah and Nevada from the S. Augustus Mitchell firm of Philadelphia. Rich in detail with much topographical information, the map also shows development of the plat system of surveying, just beginning in the new states west of the Mississippi River. Oddly, the map does not include all of the southern portion of Nevada below the 37th parallel. $95
W.M. Bradley. "County and Township Map of Utah and Nevada." W.M. Bradley & Bros., 1887. 14 3/8 x 21 5/8. Hand color. Very good condition. Denver.
An updated version of the above Mitchell map, published by Bradley. This map shows new political boundaries in Utah with the introduction of new counties, and it includes an inset of the southern tip of Nevada at the bottom left of the main map. $85
"Nevada." From Gaskell's Atlas of the World. Chicago: 1887. 12 1/4 x 9 5/8. Engraving, original color. Very good condition.
Towns, railroads, topography and more are all clearly presented on this detailed map. The fifteen counties at the time are shown in contrasting pastel shades. Indian reservations are also drawn out, with borders shown by dashed lines. $45
"Nevada." From Rand, McNally & Co.'s Indexed Atlas of the World. Chicago: Rand, McNally & Co., 1888. 19 1/4 x 12 1/2. Original color. Very good condition.
A late nineteenth century map from the early days of the Rand, McNally & Co. firm out of Chicago, a company that would shift the center of cartographic publishing from the east coast to the mid-west. Typical of the firm's work, this map has very good detail precisely and neatly exhibited. Topographic and social information, counties, roads, and many more details are neatly illustrated. Aesthetically and cartographically, it foreshadows the maps of the twentieth century. $80
"Nevada." New York: Arbuckle Bros. Coffee Company, 1889. Ca. 3 x 5. Chromolithograph by Donaldson Brothers. Very good condition.
From a delightful series of maps issued by the Arbuckle Bros. Coffee Company. This firm was founded by John and Charles Arbuckle of Pittsburgh, PA. They developed a machine to weigh, fill, seal and label coffee in paper packages, which allowed them to become the largest importer and seller of coffee in the world. Their most famous promotional program involved the issuing of several series of small, colorful trading cards, one of which was included in every package of Arbuckle's Coffee. These series included cards with sports, food, historic scenes, and--one of the most popular--maps. The latter cards included not only a map, but also small illustrations "which portrays the peculiarities of the industry, scenery, etc." of the region depicted. These cards are a delight, containing informative maps as well as wonderful scenes of the area mapped. $65
"Nevada." Chicago: George F. Cram, c. 1890. 12 3/4 x 9 1/2 (with outside text); 12 x 9 1/2 (without outside text). Original color. Very good condition.
Another map of Nevada from the Chicago firm of George F. Cram. This one lacks a decorative border, but illustrates the counties in contrasting pastel colors. Index to counties in page margin. $55
"Nevada." From Rand, McNally & Co.'s Indexed Atlas of the World. Chicago: Rand, McNally & Co., 1893. 19 1/2 x 12 1/2. Original color. Small holes at the bottom right corner of Nevada. $75
"Nevada Railroads." From Rand, McNally & Co.'s Indexed Atlas of the World. 1906. 19 3/8 x 12 1/2. Original color. Very good condition.
Large, colorful atlas map of Nevada detailing railroad lines and topography, and includes an index of major railroads operating within the state. Census population data shown in right margin, and an index to counties, lakesm mountains, rivers, and towns on reverse. $65
"Nevada." From Rand-McNally Indexed Atlas. Chicago: Rand, McNally & Co., 1909. 19 x 12 1/2. Cereograph. Printed with color. Very good condition. Denver.
This map is filled with detail, including counties, towns, railroads, roads, and much else. The map focuses on the railroads which by 1909 criss-crossed the state, the different lines indicated with red numbers referenced in a key at the lower left. $65
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