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Johnson's map issued a year later than that above. Though the eastern border of Nevada was changed to the 114th meridian the year this map was issued, the old border is shown here. The many trails that were beginning to be used in the west, such as the Cimarron, Santa Fe, and Oregon trails, are indicated, as are the different routes leading to the "Pike's Peak" gold mining regions around Denver. This map was issued in the early days of the building of the trans-continental railway and the proposed routes for the southern Pacific R.R. and both the Central Pacific R.R. and the Union Pacific R.R., which are shown on this map passing each other by, rather than meeting in Utah as they eventually did. $325
Go to a sequence of maps of this same area, from about 1860 to 1880
S. Augustus Mitchell Jr. "County Map of Utah and Nevada." Philadelphia: 1865. 11 1/4 x 13 3/4. Drawn and engraved by W. H. Gamble. Hand color. Very good condition. Denver.
For most of the middle part of the nineteenth century, the firm founded by S. Augustus Mitchell, Sr. dominated American cartography in output and influence. This fine map is from one of his son's atlases, and it shows Utah and Nevada in the final year of the Civil War. Towns, rivers, roads and other topographical information are clearly shown, and the counties are shaded with contrasting pastel colors. A fine decorative border surrounds the map, and the whole effect makes for an attractive and historically interesting mid-nineteenth century map. Although dated to 1865, the map shows Nevada's eastern boundary at the 115th meridian. However, when Nevada was granted statehood in 1864, its eastern border was relocated further east to the 114th meridian. $140
"Colton's Map of California, Nevada, Utah, Colorado, Arizona & New Mexico." New York: G.W. and C.B. Colton & Co., 1866. 16 3/4 x 26. Lithograph. Original hand color. Very good condition. Denver.
A fascinating map of the southwestern part of the United States by the Colton firm of New York City, issued just after the Civil War. This was a period when the American west was really opening up for settlers and this map captures the region at a very early stage of its development. When issued, the territories had taken on the shape that the states have today, though in this early version of the Colton map of the region Nevada's southern tip is shown as part of Arizona. Detail or topography is very good, but it is the social information that is so interesting. Towns, forts (, Indian tribes, passes, explorer routes, the pony express, and early trails (e.g. "Emigrant Road") are all depicted. Of particular note are the indications of early railroads, both proposed and existing, including the proposed route of the "Pacific R.R." California, in contrast to the territories, is shown extensively developed, with many counties, towns, and a network of roads and rail lines. JT OUT ON APPROVAL
Go to a sequence of maps of this same area, from about 1860 to 1880
"Map of the State of Nevada." Washington: General Land Office, 1866. 26 1/4 x 18 3/4. Lithograph by Major & Knapp. Original outline color. Some slight wear and light discoloration along folds. Very good condition. Wheat: 1152. Denver.
The U.S. General Land Office (GLO) was established in 1812 with responsibility to survey and control the dispersal of public lands. All public land was required to be surveyed prior to settlement, and the first director of the GLO, Thomas Hutchins, set up a systematic process of rectangular survey for the public lands and launched the great national project to survey and map the public domain in the entire country, a procedure which got under way in the famous "seven ranges" of southeast Ohio. Each surveyor was to record not only geography, but also features of the landscape with economic import, such as roads, Indian trails, existing settlements, Indian lands, mineral deposits, and of particular interest, railroads and their rights of way. Of note is that unlike most surveys of the time, the surveyors were instructed not to apply new names to the landscape, but to use "the received names of all rivers, creeks, lakes, swamps, prairies, hills, mountains and other natural objects."
By mid-century the GLO had completed most of the surveys for the lands between the Appalachians and the Mississippi, and so focused most of its attention to the American west for the rest of the century. The GLO published mostly state maps, which were issued in annual reports, bound into state atlases, and in a few atlases that combined all the current maps in progress. These maps produced by the GLO are the most accurate and detailed maps of the U.S., based on rigorous and comprehensive surveys not hindered by commercial concerns. These maps proved very useful to private American mapmakers, and they were often the basis for state and county maps in the second part of the nineteenth century. This 1866 map shows Nevada two years after statehood. Interesting, it shows the current southern border, though the state did not actually officially receive the land below the 37th parallel until January 1867. The main focus of the map was the main focus of those living in the state: mining. Various gold, silver and copper mines are indicated throughout and the proposed route of the Central Pacific Railroad is shown crossing the state. $650
S. Augustus Mitchell Jr. "County Map of Utah and Nevada." Philadelphia: 1867. 11 3/8 x 14. Drawn and engraved by W. H. Gamble. Hand color. Very good condition.
An updated version of the above map from the Mitchell firm. Published two years later, this map shows the newly formed Lincoln Country, and Utah's expanded land claim eastwardly to the 114th meridian, giving it further access to navigable waterways. In 1867, Congress ceded more than 18,000 square miles of land from the Arizona Territory to the state of Nevada, giving Nevada access to the Colorado River. Although not seen in this map, these are Nevada's borders as we know them today. $140
Asher & Adams. Washington: 1874. 16 1/4 x 23. Lithographs. Original hand color. Short tears and chips in margins, a few just into image. Overall, good condition.
In their atlas of 1874, Asher & Adams included two separate maps of parts of California, reflecting the size and importance of the state and allowing for greater detail. The Washington cartographic publishing firm presented this information in a clear fashion, and the map has a very attractive, light pastel coloring.
S. Augustus Mitchell. "County and Township Map of Utah and Nevada." 1880. 14 1/4 x 21 5/8. Hand color. Very good condition.
A new map of Utah and Nevada from the S. Augustus Mitchell firm of Philadelphia. Rich in detail with much topographical information, the map also shows development of the plat system of surveying, just beginning in the new states west of the Mississippi River. Oddly, the map does not include all of the southern portion of Nevada below the 37th parallel. $95
W.M. Bradley. "County and Township Map of Utah and Nevada." W.M. Bradley & Bros., 1884. 14 3/8 x 21 5/8. Hand color. Very good condition.
An updated version of the above Mitchell map, published by Bradley. This map shows new political boundaries in Utah with the introduction of new counties, and it includes an inset of the southern tip of Nevada at the bottom left of the main map. $85
"Nevada." From Gaskell's Atlas of the World. Chicago: 1887. 12 1/4 x 9 5/8. Engraving, original color. Very good condition.
Towns, railroads, topography and more are all clearly presented on this detailed map. The fifteen counties at the time are shown in contrasting pastel shades. Indian reservations are also drawn out, with borders shown by dashed lines. $45
"Nevada." From Rand, McNally & Co.'s Indexed Atlas of the World. Chicago: Rand, McNally & Co., 1888. 19 1/4 x 12 1/2. Original color. Very good condition.
A late nineteenth century map from the early days of the Rand, McNally & Co. firm out of Chicago, a company that would shift the center of cartographic publishing from the east coast to the mid-west. Typical of the firm's work, this map has very good detail precisely and neatly exhibited. Topographic and social information, counties, roads, and many more details are neatly illustrated. Aesthetically and cartographically, it foreshadows the maps of the twentieth century. $80
"Nevada." Chicago: George F. Cram, c. 1890. 12 3/4 x 9 1/2 (with outside text); 12 x 9 1/2 (without outside text). Original color. Very good condition.
Another map of Nevada from the Chicago firm of George F. Cram. This one lacks a decorative border, but illustrates the counties in contrasting pastel colors. Index to counties in page margin. $55
"Nevada." From Rand, McNally & Co.'s Indexed Atlas of the World. Chicago: Rand, McNally & Co., 1893. 19 1/2 x 12 1/2. Original color. Small holes at the bottom right corner of Nevada. $75
"Nevada Railroads." From Rand, McNally & Co.'s Indexed Atlas of the World. 1906. 19 3/8 x 12 1/2. Original color. Very good condition.
Large, colorful atlas map of Nevada detailing railroad lines and topography, and includes an index of major railroads operating within the state. Census population data shown in right margin, and an index to counties, lakesm mountains, rivers, and towns on reverse. $65
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