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[ 19th century regional maps of the U.S. ]
This map was issued at the time of the American Revolution, into which the French were then entangled. It was prepared for the very rare French atlas Neptune America-Septentrional and was issued both in that atlas and as a separate map for "Prix Trois Livres." The map would have been in use by the French navy and merchant marine and it would have been used with great effect by the combatants. The map extends from the Delaware Bay to the St. John River in Florida, a main area of concern for the French navy, as the British military action late in the war was focused on this area. Detail of the coast is very precise and detailed, with soundings, islands, bays, towns, and so forth all indicated. Somewhat surprising for a sea chart, the map has superb detail inland as far as the Appalachian Range. Roads, plantations, chapels, forts, fords, topography, rivers, and much else is shown with exquisite exactness. This was probably because the charts were intended to be useable not just by the naval forces, but also by French troops who might be landed in the conflict.
Of note is the indication of "York" on the York River, also known as Yorktown, which soon after this map was issued was the scene of the French naval blockade which was the immediate cause of the surrender of Cornwallis and the end of the Revolution. It was not unlikely on another copy of this chart that the French Admiral De Grasse consulted as he planned his operations against the British fleet in North America. To examine and hold such a historical document, one which gives us a privileged, contemporary view of the American Revolution is a thrill indeed. $3,200
Mathew Carey. "North Carolina." From American Pocket Atlas. Philadelphia: M. Carey, 1801. 5 3/4 x 7 5/8. Engraving by W. Barker. Cf. Wheat & Brun: 584, state IIa. Full hand color.
An excellent map of North Carolina from Carey's American Pocket Atlas of 1801. This is the second state of one of the very early American maps of North Carolina; the first state was issued by Mathew Carey in 1796. Unlike many other cartographers of the day, Carey updated his maps in subsequent versions, and this 1801 example from the Pocket Atlas is a good example of this. In 1796 either Carey did not have information on the roads, or he thought it not important. However, by 1801, this had changed and Carey added clear delineations of the roads in the state. He also must have received new information on some towns, for a number are newly added to this edition. A single rule line is under the name of the state. Overall this is an excellent American map of the state. $325
Aaron Arrowsmith. "North Carolina." With an inset of "Western Part of North Carolina." From A New and Elegant General Atlas. Boston: Thomas & Andrews, 1805. By Aaron Arrowsmith and Samuel Lewis. 7 3/4 x 9 1/2 (neat lines) plus margins. Engraving by Tanner. Ref.: G. Williams, Tar Heel Maps, pp. 42-3. Excellent condition.
An uncolored map of the state of North Carolina as it appeared to contemporaries at the beginning of the 19th century. The European maps from this atlas are the work of Aaron Arrowsmith (1750-1833), an Englishman who was the foremost cartographer of his period, and the American maps were chiefly derived from work by the American Samuel Lewis. Counties, towns, rivers and roads are noted; however, this is the only map to record Glasgow County at the head waters of the Neuse River because the name was soon changed to Greene County after the Revolutionary War hero. An excellent, early map. $450
Mathew Carey. "North Carolina." From American Pocket Atlas. Philadelphia: M. Carey, 1805. 5 3/4 x 7 5/8. Engraving by W. Barker. Cf. Wheat & Brun: 584, state IIb. Hand outline color.
An excellent map of North Carolina from Carey's American Pocket Atlas of 1805. By the 1805 edition, Carey added more roads, as well putting a rule line both above and below the title. In the upper left corner of the map "Tennessee" is labeled. Overall this is an excellent American map of the state. $325
Mathew Carey. "North Carolina." From American Pocket Atlas. Philadelphia: M. Carey, 1814. 5 1/2 x 7 3/8. Engraving by J. Bower. Cf. Wheat & Brun: 584, a much later state than those listed. A fifth edition. See: Gregory Williams, Tar Heel Maps, p.39.
This is the fifth state of one of the very early American maps of North Carolina; the first printing was issued by Mathew Carey in 1796. Unlike many other cartographers of the day, Carey updated his maps in subsequent versions, and this 1814 example from the Pocket Atlas is a good example. In 1796 Carey did not have information on the roads; however, by 1801, he added clear delineations of the roads in the state, as well as a number of new towns. By the 1805 edition, Carey added more roads. In 1813 an entirely new plate was engraved, and an inset gives improved details on western North Carolina and labels Tennessee. The added detail to this last state is a road from Greenville to Glasgow. Overall this is an excellent and scarce American map of the state. $450
Fielding Lucas, Jr. "North Carolina." Philadelphia: H.C. Carey & I. Lea, 1827. 11 x 18 3/8 (map); 16 1/2 x 20 1/4 (full sheet). Engraving by Kneass. Full hand color. Very good condition.
In 1822, Henry Charles Carey and Isaac Lea published their A Complete Historical, Chronological, and Geographical American Atlas. This volume was based on Emmanuel Las Cases' Atlas Historique of 1803, with updated maps and text modified by Carey, a political economist. He considered himself an American foil to John Stuart Mill and the London economists who were proclaimers of "the gloomy science" influenced by Ricardo and Malthus. Instead of preaching overpopulation and degeneration of the human species, Carey illustrated the nations of the western hemisphere through maps that showed an expanding region with ample promise of developing into lands of great new opportunity and growth. The sheets from this atlas, which cover North America, Central America, South America and the West Indies, are comprised of an engraved map surrounded by text documenting the history, climate, population and so forth of the area depicted. The atlas is particularly known for its excellent early maps of the states and territories of the United States. This map of North Carolina reflects the best possible cartographic information of the state that was available at the time. The impressive development of the state is graphically illustrated, with towns, roads and settled counties established throughout. The counties are colored with bright washes, and the whole impression is very attractive. This is a nice verbal and graphic picture of North Carolina in 1827. $625
Thomas G. Bradford. "North Carolina, South Carolina and Georgia." From A Comprehensive Atlas. Geographical, Historical & Commercial. Boston: Wm. B. Ticknor, 1835. 7 5/8 x 10. Engraving. Original outline color. Some light spotting. Otherwise, very good condition.
A nice map of the American southeast from Boston publisher and cartographer, Thomas G. Bradford (1802-1887). Issued in 1835, Bradford's Atlas contained maps of the different United States and other parts of the world, based on the most up-to-date information available at the time. Towns, rivers, lakes, and some orography are depicted. Counties are named and indicated with original outline color. Because Bradford continued to update his maps as he issued them in different volumes, this political information is very interesting for historic purposes. This is a good representation of American cartography in the fourth decade of the nineteenth century and an interesting document of regional history. $135
Henry S. Tanner. "A New Map of North Carolina with its Roads & Distances." From Universal Atlas. Philadelphia: Carey & Hart, 1843. 11 x 13 1/4. Engraving. Original hand color. With insets of the "Gold Region" and the area around New Bern. Two small smudges in bottom margin. Else, excellent condition. Denver.
A beautifully crafted map of North Carolina from the nineteenth century by the great American cartographer, Henry Schenck Tanner. In 1816, Henry, his brother Benjamin, John Vallance and Francis Kearny formed an engraving firm in Philadelphia. Having had experience at map engraving through his work with John Melish, Tanner conceived of the idea of compiling and publishing an American Atlas, which was begun in 1819 by Tanner, Vallance, Kearny & Co. Soon Tanner took over the project on his own, and thus began his career as cartographic publisher. The American Atlas was a huge success, and this inspired Tanner to produce his Universal Atlas, of more manageable size. This atlas contained excellent maps of each state, focusing on the transportation network, including roads, railroads and canals. In 1843, Carey & Hart issued a new edition of the atlas, including this fine map of North Carolina. The Tanner maps are especially known for their depiction of the transportation routes of the states, and this map is no exception. The transportation infrastructure was extremely important at this period of increased immigration and travel in the American south. This information is clearly depicted, including rail lines, canals and roads. Also of interest is the depiction of the Gold Region in south-central part of the state. $325
S.A. Mitchell. "A New Map of North. Carolina with its canals, roads & distances." Philadelphia: S. Augustus Mitchell, 1849. Lithographic transfer from engraved plate. Original hand color. 11 1/2 x 13 3/4. With insets of the "Gold Region" and the area around New Bern. Toned paper and oxidized color. Otherwise, very good condition.
A striking map of North Carolina. Samuel Augustus Mitchell was one of the leading American cartographers of the mid-nineteenth century. His maps recorded excellent contemporary information, such as the developing canals, railroads, harbors, and industry throughout the state. The inset of the "Gold Region" shows the area around present-day Charlotte which housed a branch of the U.S. Mint because of the gold mines which are located on the map. This mint was closed by the Federal government after the War between the States. The inset showing the region around New Bern reflects interest in the largest harbor in the state, and that situation would change as ships became larger and Wilmington became the more prosperous port due to deeper waters and a major railroad. The "Table of Distances" shows the distances by steamboat between: New Berne and Wilmington, New Berne and Elizabeth City and Elizabeth City and Norfolk, Virginia. The "Profile of the Dismal Swamp Canal" depicts one of the most ambitious engineering projects in the state. $325
"Johnson's North and South Carolina." New York: Johnson & Ward, 1862-3. 17 x 24. Lithograph. Full original hand-color. Very good condition. With vignettes of "Chimney Rocks and French Broad River" and "Table Mountain" plus an inset "Plan of Charleston Vicinity and Harbor." With decorative border. Scattered spots.
An attractive map from A. J. Johnson's atlas issued early in the Civil War. Johnson, who published out of New York City, was one of the leading cartographic publishers in the latter half of the century, producing popular atlases, geographies and so on. This finely detailed map is a good example of Johnson's work. Counties, towns, roads, rail lines, rivers and lakes are shown throughout. Of particular note is the extensive road and rail network in the states that would be come so important in the forthcoming conflict, as well as the rendering of Charleston Harbor where the fighting would commence. The clear presentation of cartographic information and the warm hand coloring make this an attractive as well as interesting historical document. $175
"County Map of North Carolina,"/"County Map of South Carolina," with inset "Map of Charleston Harbor,"/"County Map of Florida." Philadelphia: S. Augustus Mitchell Jr., 1866. 13 7/8 x 11 1/2. Lithograph. Original hand coloring. Decorative border. Spots in western Florida and into Gulf; else very good condition.
For most of the middle part of the nineteenth century, the firm founded by S. Augustus Mitchell Sr. dominated American cartography in output and influence. This fine map is from one of his son's atlases, and it shows the Carolinas and Florida in the mid-1860s, shortly after the Civil War. Towns, rivers, roads and other topographical information are clearly shown, and the counties are shaded with contrasting pastel colors. A fine decorative border surrounds the map, and the whole effect makes for an attractive and historically interesting mid-nineteenth century map. $185
"North & South Carolina." Chicago: George F. Cram & Co., ca. 1889. 13 1/2 x 20 1/2. Colored cerograph. Very good condition.
A colorful, detailed map of the states of North and south Carolina. The George Cram Company was an engraving and publishing firm from Chicago. In the mid-nineteenth century, the center of cartographic publishing was New York City, but in the 1880's this began to shift towards Chicago with the advent of the Rand, McNally and Cram firms. These firms were noted for their efficient output of precise maps filled with useful and up-to-date political and cultural information, and details on roads, towns, railroads, and so forth. $40
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