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[ 19th century regional maps of the U.S. ]
In 1822, Henry Charles Carey and Isaac Lea published their A Complete Historical, Chronological, and Geographical American Atlas. This atlas illustrated the nations of the western hemisphere through maps that showed an expanding region with ample promise of developing into lands of great new opportunity and growth. The sheets from this atlas, which cover North America, Central America, South America and the West Indies, are comprised of an engraved map surrounded by text documenting the history, climate, population and so forth of the area depicted. The atlas is particularly known for its excellent early maps of the states and territories of the United States. This is a particularly important map from the atlas, for it is the first separate map of Michigan, drawn by J. Finlayson. The territory exhibits very little settlement, mostly focused in the east along the road depicted running from Lawrenceville to Mt. Clemens. Rivers are shown, as is the boundary to the Indian territories in the northwest. Interestingly, the territory is drawn with the border of the Upper Peninsula extending south past Green Bay almost to Milwaukee. The map is surrounded on the left and right by letterpress describing the territory's history, geography, settlements, etc.. Overall, an important verbal and graphic picture of Michigan. $1,250
Thomas G. Bradford. "Michigan." From Samuel G. Goodrich's A General Atlas of the World. Boston: C.D. Strong, 1841. 14 1/4 x 11 3/8. Engraving by G.W. Boynton. Original hand color. Very good condition.
An attractive and early map of Michigan by Thomas Bradford. This map was first issued in the 1838 edition of Bradford's atlas, but this example appeared in Samuel Goodrich's atlas from 1841. The map shows Michigan just a few years after statehood, and it demonstrates the social, political and transportation situation at the time. Counties are named and indicated in contrasting shades, and rivers, lakes, and towns are precisely depicted. Most development at the time was in the south, which is where the few railroads and canals were located, as is nicely shown here. The upper peninsula comprised just one county, "Chippeway." A nice picture of Michigan near the middle of the nineteenth century. $350
Thomas G. Bradford. "Michigan." From A Universal Illustrated Atlas. Boston: Chares D. Strong., -1842. 14 1/4 x 11 3/8. Engraving by G.W. Boynton. Original hand color. Very good condition.
An attractive and early map of Michigan by Thomas Bradford. This map was first issued in the 1838 edition of Bradford's atlas. The map shows Michigan just a few years after statehood, and it demonstrates the social, political and transportation situation at the time. Counties are named and indicated in contrasting shades, and rivers, lakes, and towns are precisely depicted. Most development at the time was in the south, which is where the few railroads and canals were located, as is nicely shown here. The upper peninsula comprised just one county, "Chippeway." A nice picture of Michigan near the middle of the nineteenth century. JT OUT ON APPROVAL
Henry Schenck Tanner. "A New Map of Michigan with its Canals, Roads & Distances." From Universal Atlas. Philadelphia: Carey & Hart, 1843. 13 1/2 x 11. Engraving. Original hand color. Very good condition.
An early, detailed map of Michigan by the great American cartographer, Henry Schenck Tanner. In 1816, Henry, his brother Benjamin, John Vallance and Francis Kearny formed an engraving firm in Philadelphia. Having had experience at map engraving through his work with John Melish, Tanner conceived of the idea of compiling and publishing an American Atlas, which was begun in 1819 by Tanner, Vallance, Kearny & Co. Soon Tanner took over the project on his own, and thus began his career as cartographic publisher. The American Atlas was a huge success, and this inspired Tanner to produce his Universal Atlas, of more manageable size. This atlas contained excellent maps of each state, focusing on the transportation network, including roads, railroads and canals. In these maps details are clearly presented, including towns, rivers, political boundaries and the transportation information. This atlas was reissued by Carey & Hart in 1844, then the maps were purchased by S. Augustus Mitchell, and then Thomas, Cowperthwait & Co. The maps from the early Tanner or Carey & Hart editions are particularly rare and desirable. This map shows Michigan less than a decade after it became the 26th state. It is typical of Tanner’s work, with excellent detail, especially in the settled southern parts of the state. It is a fine map from the Carey & Hart edition of Henry Schenck Tanner’s important Universal Atlas. JT OUT ON APPROVAL
After H.S. Tanner. "A New Map of Michigan with its Canals, Roads & Distances." From Universal Atlas. Philadelphia: S. Augustus Mitchell, 1849. 14 3/4 x 11 3/4. Lithograph transfer from engraved plate. Original hand-coloring. Very good condition. Denver.
The last of the Mitchell maps of Michigan based on Tanner. This map has the Burroughs copyright notice removed. $275
After H.S. Tanner. "A New Map of Michigan with its Canals, Roads & Distances." Philadelphia: Thomas, Cowperthwait & Co., 1850. 14 3/4 x 11 3/4. Lithograph transfer from engraved plate. Original hand-coloring. Small spot just outside image on right. Otherwise, very good condition.
In 1850, publication of the old Tanner atlas changed from Mitchell to Thomas, Cowperthwait & Co. $250
"A New Map of Michigan with its Canals, Roads & Distances." Philadelphia: Charles Desilver, 1856. 14 3/4 x 11 3/4. Lithograph. Original hand color. Very good condition. With decorative border.
Charles Desilver, one of the many publishers working in Philadelphia during the mid-nineteenth century, issued an atlas of maps based on the famous Tanner-Mitchell-Cowperthwait series. Desilver used much the same information as originally drawn in the 1840s, but updated the maps with new counties, roads, towns, and especially the transportation network of canals, roads and railroads, always the focus of the maps from this series. This map is typical of the rather unusual and scarce Desilver atlas. The growth of roads and railroads in the southern part of the state is impressive and indicative of the huge growth in the region during the middle part of the century. An attractive and fascinating Michigan document. $175
"Michigan." New York: J.H. Colton & Co., 1856. 15 1/2 x 12 3/4. Lithograph. Original hand color. Very good condition.
Around the middle of the nineteenth century, American cartographic dominence moved from Philadelphia to New York, and the J.H. Colton firm was one of the main reasons for this. This is their detailed map of the lower peninsula. The map contains a surprising amount of detail of the physical and social situation in Michigan shortly before the Civil War, at a time when immigrants from Europe were flooding into the mid-west. The development in the state, especially in the lower half, is profound and this map displays that graphically. Of particular note is the copious infomation on the transportation network of roads, canals,a nd railroads. A nice decorative border surrounds the map. $165
County Map of Michigan, and Wisconsin." Philadelphia: S. Augustus Mitchell, Jr., 1860. 10 3/4 x 13 3/8. Lithograph. Bright original hand color. Very good condition.
The first of a series of attractive maps of the two parallel states by Philadelphia publisher S. Augustus Mitchell, Jr.. Typical of his maps, the detail is clearly presented, with special attention paid to the roads and railroads in these important mid-west states. Surrounded by a decorative border and with bright original color. $150
W.H. Gamble. "County Map of Michigan and Wisconsin." Philadelphia: S. Augustus Mitchell, Jr., 1863. 11 1/2 x 13 1/2. Lithograph. Original hand color. Very good condition.
The second version of Mitchell's map of Michigan and Wisconsin (cf. above). It appears that Mitchell felt that the scale was too small on the former version, for the states are shown increased in scale by about one third. Mitchell did this by showing less of the surrounding region, but also by having the states cross over his decorative border. With the larger size, the copious detail is easier to read. $125
"Johnson's Michigan and Wisconsin." New York: Johnson & Ward, ca. 1865. 17 3/8 x 24. Lithograph. Original hand color. Faint waterstain in bottom margin. Otherwise, very good condition.
A detailed early map of Wisconsin and Michigan by A.J. Johnson. Johnson, who published out of New York City, was one of the leading cartographic publishers in the latter half of the century, producing popular atlases, geographies and so on. This finely detailed map is an good example of Johnson's, and thus early American, cartography. Towns, roads, and other signs of progressing settlement are indicated. The clear presentation of cartographic information and the warm hand coloring make this an attractive as well as interesting historical document. $175
"Sketch of the Public Surveys in Michigan." Washington: General Land Office, 1866. 20 3/4 x 20 1/2. Lithograph by Bowen & Co. Original outline color. Some slight separation and wear on vertical fold. Else, very good condition.
The U.S. General Land Office (GLO) was established in 1812 with responsibility to survey and control the dispersal of public lands. All public land was required to be surveyed prior to settlement, and the first director of the GLO, Thomas Hutchins, set up a systematic process of rectangular survey for the public lands and launched the great national project to survey and map the public domain in the entire country, a procedure which got under way in the famous "seven ranges" of southeast Ohio. Each surveyor was to record not only geography, but also features of the landscape with economic import, such as roads, Indian trails, existing settlements, Indian lands, mineral deposits, and of particular interest, railroads and their rights of way. Of note is that unlike most surveys of the time, the surveyors were instructed not to apply new names to the landscape, but to use "the received names of all rivers, creeks, lakes, swamps, prairies, hills, mountains and other natural objects." Periodically the GLO would issue maps showing the progress of their surveys, and this map shows how Michigan was well covered by 1866. Interesting features are the many railroads in the state, as well as in lead and copper mines indicated in the northwest. $275
Colton's Michigan." backed with "Colton's Lake Superior and the Northern part of Michigan." New York: G.W. & C.B. Colton, 1866. Lithographs. Each ca. 15 3/4 x 13. Original hand color. Very good condition.
A Colton map from a decade later, this with the upper peninsula backed on the map of the lower peninsula. The continued development of the state is graphically demonstrated by the even more dense detail, with railroads, roads and settlements progressively expanding in the northern parts of the state. $155
W.H. Gamble. "County Map of Michigan and Wisconsin." Philadelphia: S. Augustus Mitchell, Jr., 1867. 11 1/2 x 13 1/2. Lithograph. Original hand color. Very good condition.
A third version of Mitchell's map of Michigan and Wisconsin (cf. above). This is an updated version of the W.H. Gamble rendering of 1863. Besides a change in the border style, the main change is that there is considerably more railroads shown in southern Michigan, showing the development of that state. $125
"Map of the state of Michigan Showing Counties, Townships, Railroads, Stations etc." 1873. Lithograph. Original hand color. 23 x 14. Some light spotting throughout, some short marginal tears and manuscript notation in Lake Michigan. Overall, good appearance and condition.
This map does contain much information on the townships and counties, settlements, etc. of the state, but the focus is on the railroads. These are boldly outlined and stations marketed and named along all the routes. $150
Eugene Robinson, City Surveyor. "Gray's Atlas City of Detroit, Wayne County, Michigan." Philadelphia: O.W. Gray, 1873. 11 3/4 x 14 1/2. Lithograph. Full, original hand color. Very good condition. $70
Maps from Henry F. Walling's Atlas of the state of Michigan. Detroit: R.M. & S.T. Tachabury, 1873. Ca. 10 1/2 x 15. Lithographs. Original hand color. Occassional light spotting or stains, mostly in margins. A few with manuscript writing in margins. Overall, very good condition.
A series of colorful and informative maps of the counties of Michigan. It was in the 1870s that state atlases, comprised of detailed county maps, first began to appear. These were in response to the economic and social demands for those wanting to enact business dealings or travel in the states. One of the most important atlas producer of this period was H.F. Walling, who issued this, the first atlas of the state of Michigan. The boundaries of each county, and the townships within, are nicely set off with contrasting pastel shades applied with hand watercolor. These maps have excellent detail, precisely and neatly delineated. Topographic information such as towns, rivers, railroads and mountains are all depicted with great care. Aesthetically attractive and historically important, these are fine nineteenth century maps of Michigan.
Note: Each sheet has maps on both sides. Each sheet is listed multiple times so that each county depicted can be listed alphabetically.
Though the center of American mapmaking had moved to New York by the second half of the nineteenth century, the Gray firm was still publishing fine maps in Philadelphia. This is their map of the upper peninsula. By 1880, this section of the state was becoming more developed and this map clearly depicts the roads, railroads, and settlements in the region. $65
"Michigan." Philadelphia: O.W. Gray & Son, 1881. Copyright, G.W. & C.B. Colton, 1874. Lithograph. 23 1/4 x 16 1/4. Original hand color. Very good condition. Backed by maps of the upper penisula and Wisconsin.
A tall map of the entire state, reissued by the Gray firm from the Colton plate first published seven years previously. Detail is impressive, with each county and township indicated and named, and rivers and lakes depicted throughout. Of particular interest is the extensive network of railroad lines shown criss-crossing the state. $150
"Plan of the City of Detroit." From Wanamaker Family Atlas of the World. Philadelphia: J. Wanamaker, 1894. Cerograph. 11 x 14. Very good condition. Denver.
S. Augustus Mitchell started issuing atlases and maps in Philadelphia about 1831 and his firm became one of the most important in the country for much of the following century. He was followed by his son, S. Augustus Mitchell, Jr., who in 1860 began to issue his important New General Atlas, which he published for the next two decades. The atlas was taken over by other publishers in the following years, with regularly updated maps, to as late as 1894. This map came from an atlas published by John Wanamaker using Mitchell's maps. This map of Detroit shows the city with clear detail, showing streets, major buildings and the railroads entering and crossing the city. $150
"Michigan." Chicago: Geographical Publishing Co., ca. 1920. 21 x 14 1/2. Cerograph, printed in color. Very good condition.
A nice early twentieth century map of the state by one of the chief rivals to the Rand, McNally Co. The map is in two sections, with the upper peninsula on top, directly over the map of the lower peninsula. An inset shows Isle Royal. Good detail of roads, towns, and counties. $50
"Federal Map of Detroit and Environs Showing all New Streets and Changes, New Car Lines, Penn. Detroit Ry. etc." Detroit: Federal Lithograph Company, 1923. 16 5/8 x 24. Chromolithograph. With folds as issued. One small torn area near lower edge, away from image. Else, very good condition. $125
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