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Antique Maps of Mexico

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Kitchin: Mexico or New Spain
Thomas Kitchin. "Mexico or New Spain; in which the Motions of Cortes may be traced." From William Robertson's History of America. London: W. Strahan & T. Cadell, 1777. 11 1/4 x 15. Engraving. With folds as issued, and some light creasing from being folded in volume. Otherwise, very good condition.

A map from William Robertson's popular History of America, one of the first scholarly histories written of the western hemisphere. The map was partly intended so that "the Motions of Cortez may be Traced." The information in Mexico, including New Mexico up the Rio Grande, is quite good, but little is shown in California, and to the east of New Mexico is indicated a large empty land labeled "Great Space of Land unknown." Along the Gulf coast the major rivers are indicated and in "Tecas" are noted Natchitoches, Cenis, and Presidio, near the latter of which is indicated "Here M. de la Sale settled in 1685. Also shown along the Mississippi is "Natches destroy'd." An inset in the lower left shows the environs of Mexico City. $450

Bonne Mexico
Rigobert Bonne. "Le Nouveau Mexique." Paris, 1778. 8 x 12 1/4. Engraving by Dien. Very good condition. Lowery: 545.

Rigobert Bonne was the Royal Hydrographer of France, so his primary interest was in marine charts. However, with his Royal connections and access to the cartographic documents in Paris, Bonne was able to compile maps containing some of the most up-to-date information of his time. This map of the southern part of North America is a good example of his work. It shows as far north as Santa Fe and to just below Guadalahara, also including the northern tip of the Yucatan Peninsula. The southern coast of the United States in included to western Florida, and the river systems are included inland, especially for present-day Texas. A fine eighteenth century map of the region, with good early information of this American southwest. $325

Pages Mexico
Bernard. "Carte d'une partie de l'Amérique Séptentrionale, qui continent partie de la Nle. Espagne, et de la Louisiane." From Pierre de Pagès' Voyages Autour Du Monde. Paris, 1782. 12 3/4 x 17. Engraving by Bernard. Very good condition.

A unusual map based on a first hand trek across Texas and Mexico by a French naval officer, Pierre Marie François de Pagès. Born of noble family, Pagès made a five-year voyage around the world, which he recounted in his publication of 1782. Perhaps of the most interesting part of his trip was his horseback traverse of Texas in 1767. As shown by a line marked on this map, Pagès landed in New Orleans, traveled up the Mississippi and Red Rivers to "Nachitoches" and then set off on horseback across the "Province de los Texas." and then south through Mexico to Acapulco. Pagès account, and this map, provided the best first-hand information on this region in the late eighteenth century. The map shows many town, forts, rivers, and notes on Indian tribes. Pagès returned to France via the Pacific, wrote his account and later engaged in further expeditions (to the North and South Poles) and even was involved with the French navy in the American Revolution. $1,400

Mathew Carey. "Mexico or New Spain." Philadelphia: M. Carey, 1814. 17 5/8 x 15 5/8. Engraving. Original outline color. Very good condition.

An intriguing American map of Mexico. Published by Mathew Carey in 1814, during the War of 1812, this map is from Carey's Atlas which represented the best American cartographic work of the period. Mexico, or "New Spain" as such included not only present-day Mexico, but El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Costa Rica, all subject to the Spanish Crown. The northern boundary as shown here extended well north of Santa Fe, while the eastern border is located at the Sabine River-a boundary which was to moved west by the treaty accords following the 1819 War between Spain and the United States. By 1820 the provincial government under Augustin de Iturbide had revolted against the new liberal monarchy for fear of modernization. This was the beginning of a 60-year period defined by one internal rival struggling against the other that would end only with the second election of Porfirio Diaz in 1884. The southern end of the nation similarly reacted in their own, local interests forming the Central American nations of modern times. $850

John Cary. "Mexico." From Cary's New Universal Atlas. London: J. Cary, 1816. 11 3/8 x 9 1/8. Engraving. Original hand color. Very good condition.

The map was produced by John Cary (ca. 1754-1835), the founder of the famous English cartographic firm. From about mid-way through the eighteenth century, British cartographers were the best in the world, and the maps produced by Cary are good examples of the quality they achieved. It shows Mexico just after the Hidalgo/Morelos revolt against Spanish rule, the precursor to Mexican independence in 1821. The detail includes rivers, mountains, and the political divisions of Mexico. At that time Mexico included Texas, part of Potosi, and New Mexico, running up the valley of the Rio Grande to beyond Santa Fe. $325

Daniel Lizars. "Mexico & Guatimala." Edinburgh: D. Lizars, ca. 1826. 15 7/9 x 19 1/2. Engraving. Original hand color. A few light spots in margins. Else, fine condition.

A brightly colored map of Mexico and Central America by Daniel Lizars. New California is named in the top left, but little information is shown, while New Mexico is clearly indicated along the Rio Grande. The border between the United States and Mexico follows the Red River and then the coloring makes it dip down to follow the Rio Grande in what is today western Texas. There is a dotted line running north from the Red River, following the border as agreed with Spain in the Adam-OnĂ­s Treaty of 1819. As another edition of this map shows the region west of this line as belonging to Mexico, this might simply have been a mistake by the colorist. Detail includes topography, rivers, towns, intendencias, and a few roads, including one through present-day Texas to Nacogdoches. The only other settlements in Texas shown are San Antonio and Loredo. $975

P. Vander Maelen. "59. Partie du Mexique." [North Central Mexico.] From Atlas Universel. Brussels: P. Vander Maelen, 1827. 18 1/4 x 20. Lithograph by H. Ode. Original outline hand coloring. Very good condition.

A well executed and very detailed map from Vander Maelen's monumental atlas of 1827, the Atlas Universel. This atlas was one of the most remarkable world atlases ever produced, anticipating the International Map of the World and showng for the first time the entire land mass of the world on a uniform scale. The entire atlas consisted of 400 maps drawn on a scale of ca. 1:1.6 million, with as precise and accurate information as was then available. This atlas was also the first to be made totally with lithography, each map precisely drawn by H. Ode. This map shows the north-central part of Mexico, with the Rio Grande cutting across the top right. Information includes towns, roads, rivers and extensive topographical hachuring. An interesting map of a scale well before its time. $325

Burr Mexico
David H. Burr. "The United States of Mexico." From Universal Atlas. New York: D.H. Burr, Feb. 16, 1832. 12 1/2 x 10 1/4. Engraving by Illman & Pilbrow. Full original color. Some paper waviness. Otherwise, very good condition.

An excellent map of the southwestern part of North America, along with Central America, by David H. Burr, one of the most important American cartographers of the first part of the nineteenth century. Having studied under Simeon DeWitt, Burr produced the second state atlas issued in the United States, of New York in 1829. He was then appointed to be geographer for the U.S. Post Office and later geographer to the House of Representatives. This map shows Mexico three years before Texas broke off and just over a decade before it lost its entire northern section, becoming today's American southwest. Stephen F. Austin had received a grant to settle in Texas in 1823 and more and more Americans moved into the area until in 1830 the Mexican government forbade further emigration into Texas from the U.S. Relations between the Americans in Texas and Mexico deteriorated and in June 1832, just after this map was issued, the first fighting broke out at the Battle of Velasco. This map shows early settlements in Texas, including San Felippe de Austin, S. Antonio, la Trinity, Ft. del Altar, Espada, Lagunilla, Matagordia, Brazoria, and Nacadoches. The information in the inset map of South America ("Guatemala or the United Provinces of Central America") is also very good. $850

"Mexico & Guatemala." With insets: lower left "Valley of Mexico," upper right "Guatemala." Philadelphia: Thomas, Cowperthwait & Co., 1849. 12 1/4 x 15 1/4. Lithographic transfer from engraved plate. Original color. Some typical paper toning, and short repaired tears at bottom margin. Very good condition.

An excellent map of Mexico after the great American cartographer, Henry Schenck Tanner. The map shows Mexico the year after the Mexican-American War, during which the country lost its northern provinces to the United States. In that region, the detail in New Mexico, along the Rio Grande to north of Santa Fe, is quite accurate, but the information in Upper California is not so correct. Texas is shown as part of the United States, having been annexed in 1845. $275

"Mexico & Guatemala." Philadelphia: Charles Desilver, 1856. 15 3/4 x 12 3/4. Lithograph. Original hand color. Very good condition. With decorative border.

Charles Desilver, one of the many publishers working in Philadelphia during the mid-nineteenth century, issued an atlas of maps based on the famous Tanner-Mitchell-Cowperthwait series. Desilver used much the same information as originally drawn in the 1840s, but updated the maps with new roads, towns, and other information. This map is typical of the rather unusual and scarce Desilver atlas. Insets showing "The Isthmus of Tehuantepec", "The Isthmus of Nicaragua", Central America, and the "Valley of Mexico". An attractive and fascinating document of these countries. $150

"Johnson's Mexico." New York: Johnson & Ward, ca. 1862. 12 1/2 x 15 1/2. Lithography. Full original hand-color. Very good condition.

Johnson & Ward, which published out of New York City, was one of the leading cartographic publishers in the latter half of the century, producing popular maps, atlases, and geographies. This map shows Mexico is a derivative map of the Colton map listed above, with the addition of a decorative border. $125

"Map of Mexico, and Central America." From A System of Modern Geography. Philadelphia: J.H. Butler, 1875. 8 1/4 x 10 3/4. Lithograph. Full hand color. Very good condition.

A small map from one of the many S. Augustus Mitchell atlases issued in the second part of the nineteenth century. This map has surprisingly good topographical detail, and indicates major towns, rivers, and political divisions. $25


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