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Maps of Maryland & the District of Columbia

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[ 19th century regional maps of the U.S. ]


Fry, Jefferson, Virginia, Maryland
Joshua Fry and Peter Jefferson. "Carte De La Virginie et Du Maryland." Paris: Gilles Robert De Vaugondy, 1755. 19 x 25 1/4. Engraving by E[lizabeth]. Haussard. Original outline color. Slight spotting and petite chips at extremities. Very good condition and impression. The strongest strike we have seen. Pedley: 470, state 1.

The first state of Robert De Vaugondy's French edition of the Fry-Jefferson map of Virginia and Maryland. This is one of the most famous of American maps, and the finest eighteenth century map of these states. Commissioned by the colonial government of Virginia, this is the first accurate map of the colony beyond the Chesapeake Bay region and into the Appalachian mountains. Joshua Fry, Thomas Jefferson's tutor, and Peter Jefferson, Thomas' father, based the map on their own surveys of the interior together with other first-hand information, producing a superior map that extends from the Chesapeake in the east to beyond the mountains in the west. This map was thus a watershed in the history of the mapping of Virginia and remained the prototype for the region for the second half of the century. The first edition of this map was published in London in 1751 in a very large size. Its impact was greatly increased by this reduced French edition, which came out a mere four years after the first English edition. In fact, it is said that Thomas Jefferson hung the smaller version at Monticello as the English copy of his father's map was too large. The map shows excellent topographical information from Delaware through western Virginia, presenting the development, transportation and economic potential of the mid-Atlantic English colonies in a wonderfully graphic manner. $4,200

Fry, Jefferson, Virginia, Maryland
Joshua Fry and Peter Jefferson. "A Map of the most Inhabited Part of Virginia containing the whole Province of Maryland...Drawn by Joshua Fry & Peter Jefferson in 1775." London: Sayer & Jefferys, 1775. Four sheets joined. 39 x 50 1/2. Engraving. Original outline color. Excellent condition. Stevens & Tree, 87, f.

One of the most famous of American maps, and the finest eighteenth century map of Virginia and Maryland. The map was commissioned by the English Lords of Trade as part of the comprehensive mapping of the British colonies undertaken in the middle of the eighteenth century. The surveyors were Peter Jefferson, Thomas' father, and Joshua Fry, a mathematician at the College of William and Mary and Thomas Jefferson's tutor, who had already taken a number of important surveying commissions in Virginia. The map was based on their own surveys of the interior together with other first-hand information. Fry and Jefferson finished their map in 1751 and then revised it a few years later to incorporate information from John Dalrymple and others concerning the western part of the colony. The resulting map was by the far the best of Virginia to date and the first to accurately map beyond the Chesapeake Bay region and into the Appalachian mountains. This map was thus a watershed in the history of the mapping of Virginia and remained the prototype for the region for the second half of the century. Not only was it the first map to show the western parts of the colony, but it was the first to depict the road system in the colony. In the lower right is a lovely title cartouche showing a harbor scene on the Chesapeake and a tobacco warehouse, a vignette that has earned its own place in American iconography.

Though dated in the map 1751-the date the manuscript was finished-the first issue of the map was probably published about 1753 and was titled "A Map of the Inhabited part of Virginia." It is exceedingly rare, with only a few complete copies known to exist. It was shortly after this issue that Fry and Jefferson updated the depiction of the western parts of the map, making a number of changes to produce what they called the "second edition" of 1755. This second edition was actually the fourth state, with two other intermediary states showing different stages in the modification of the geographic rendering on the map, as well as the change of the title to now read "A Map of the most Inhabited part of Virginia" (emphasis added). No more geographic changes were made, but the map went through four more editions with the date changed to 1768, 1775, 1782, and finally 1794. The issue of 1775, of which this is a fine example, was published for Thomas Jefferys' important American Atlas, which contained examples of the many great maps of the American colonies that resulted from the mid-century mapping undertaken by the British. $40,000

Dezoteux: Virginia, Maryland
"Chart for the Journal of Mr. Le Marquis de Chastellux by Mr. Dezoteux Staff Officer of the French Army." From Travels in North America, in the Years, 1780, 1781, and 1782 by the Marquis de Chastellux. Second edition. London: G. G. J. and J. Robinson, 1787. 7 x 10 1/2. Engraving. Hand color. With folds as issued. Stains in margin. Else, very good condition.

An interesting map that shows Chastellux's route through Virginia while serving under Rochambeau during the American Revolution. The route begins in Williamsburg and proceeds west to the Alleghany Mountains and back. Several small towns, court houses and churches are named on the route. Chastellux acted as the principal liaison officer between the French commander in chief and George Washington and he developed friendships with many important Americans. The College of William and Mary and the University of Pennsylvania awarded Chastellux with honorary degrees. Chastellux was elected a Foreign Honorary Member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and the American Philosophical Society. $825

Denison: Maryland and Delaware
J. Denison. "Map of the States of Maryland and Delaware." From Jedidiah Morse's The American Universal Geography. Boston: Thomas & Andrews, June 1796. 7 3/8 x 9 1/2. Engraving by A. Doolittle. Separated along original fold. Old repair not quite aligned. Else, very good condition. Wheat & Brun: 514.

An excellent late eighteenth century map of the states of Maryland and Delaware. This map was from Jedidiah Morse's Geography, one of the first American publications of its kind. Morse, the father of Samuel F.B. Morse, established himself in the 1780s as one of the leading producers of American maps. Amos Doolittle, the engraver, is one of the great names in patriotic publishing, especially during the Revolution. The map is of interest because of its early detail, including towns, counties, lakes, streams and other topographical information. Of note is the early indication of "Washington City" prior to its physical establishment. It also shows George Washington's "Mount Vernon." An excellent early American map. $375

Buchon Maryland
Jean Alexandre C. Buchon after Carey & Lea. "Maryland." Paris: J. Carez, 1825. 11 x 18 1/2 (map); 17 1/2 x 24 1/2 (full sheet). Engraved map with letterpress. Light original color. Full margins. Some soft creases. Very good condition.

Three years after Carey & Lea issued their important American Atlas (cf. above), Jean Buchon issued a revised, French edition of the atlas, Atlas Geographique des deux Ameriques. Following the earlier format with maps surrounded by the text, Buchon's maps are fascinating Franco-American documents, presenting a comprehensive statement of the French understanding of what was still considered the `New World.' The maps have excellent detail, and the text is filled with information on the climate, economy, topography, government, and so forth. This map of Maryland is a fine example from the atlas. $375

"A New Map of Maryland and Delaware with their Canals, Roads & Distances." Philadelphia: Thomas, Cowperthwait & Co., 1851. 11 1/2 x 14 5/8. Lithographic transfer from engraved plate. Original hand color. Paper toned and some spots, including one in population table. Otherwise, very good condition.

A strong, beautifully crafted map of Maryland and Delaware from the mid-nineteenth century, published by Thomas, Cowperthwait & Co. This firm took over the publication of S. Augustus Mitchell's important Universal Atlas in 1850, and they continued to produce up-dated maps that were amongst the best issued in the period. This map shows Maryland and Delaware at an interesting period in its history. The map is filled with myriad topographical details, including rivers, towns, mountains, and political borders. The Thomas, Cowperthwait & Co. maps are especially known for their depiction of the transportation routes of the states, and this map is no exception. The transportation infrastructure was extremely important at this period of increased travel and goods shipping in the mid-Atlantic region. This information is clearly depicted, including rail lines, canals, and roads. A table at the top lists the steamboat routes from Baltimore to Norfolk, Philadelphia and Washington. $200

City maps by S. Augustus Mitchell, Jr. Philadelphia: S.A. Mitchell, Jr. Lithographs. Full original hand coloring. Full margins. Very good to excellent condition.

Though sharing the position with New York, Philadelphia was still one of the leading American cartographic publishing centers of the latter part of the nineteenth century. The dominant Philadelphia firm during this period was that founded by Samuel Augustus Mitchell, and continued by his son. Their atlases are known for detailed maps and attractive decorative borders. These maps show the central parts of Baltimore and the City of Washington, as opposed to the ten miles square District of Columbia. The maps provide an excellent, detailed view of each city at this time. Fascinating and decorative maps from the time of the Civil War and just after.

G.W. and C.B. Colton. "Colton's Delaware and Maryland." New York: J.H. Colton, 1866. 11 1/4 x 14 (neatlines) plus full margins and borders. Lithograph. Full original hand color. Good condition. With inset of "District of Columbia."

In the mid-nineteenth century, the center of map publishing in America moved from Philadelphia to New York. The Colton publishing firm played a large role in this shift. This map of Maryland and Delaware, with its fine detail, is a strong example of their successful work. The map presents the counties with contrasting pastel shades, and includes depictions of towns, roads, railroads, rivers, and some other topography. Each feature is labeled neatly, and the information given extends to just beyond the borders of the state. A inset plan of the District of Columbia in the lower left gives much information on the ten mile square area that includes Alexandria, planned railroads, and the C & O Canal. This is an attractive map as well as an interesting historical document. $165

S. Augustus Mitchell Jr. "County Map of Maryland and Delaware." [and] "County Map of New Jersey." Philadelphia: S.A. Mitchell Jr., 1867. Lithograph. Full original hand coloring. Full margins. Spots in decorative border near the mouth of Delaware Bay, Delaware. Else, very good condition.

A fine map by S.A. Mitchell Jr. of these three eastern states, from the period just after the Civil War. $50

Frank A. Gray. "Maryland, Delaware and the District of Columbia." Philadelphia: O.W. Gray & Son, 1881. 15 1/2 x 25 1/2. Lithograph. Original color. Two small chips in margins. Else, very good condition.

A nicely detailed map of the state by the Philadelphia firm of O.W. Gray and Son. The firm began its publishing around mid-century and published regional and U.S. atlases up to the 1880s. This map was issued shortly after the American centennial and it is typical of their work. It contains excellent topographical information and good detail on the towns, counties, roads, and railroads in the state. A large inset map gives impressive detail of Washington DC, inlcuding the recently developed communites to the north, such as Mt. Pleasant, Pleasant Plains, and Meridian Hills. For small insets show Wilmington, Annapolis, Annapolis Harbor, and Dover. $185

Simon J. Martenet. "Martenet's Map of Maryland and District of Columbia, . . .." Click underlined term to see Western portion Eastern portion. Philadelphia: J.L. Smith, 1885. Copyright 1884 by S.J. Martenet. Lithograph (hand colored). 32 sections backed on linen; one original cloth cover remains. Overall dimensions 43 1/2 x 71 (neatlines) plus full margins. Reference: Phillips, Maps, p. 398. Linen backing is fragile, so there are some splits at folds. Slight staining through the back, especially in lower left quadrant. Normal age browning. Fine reading.

This huge, decorative, and detailed map shows great detail with 59 "signs and abbreviations" for roads, business complexes such as mills, factories, and shops, and organizations such as churches and schools. The map also features very detailed and fascinating insets of: Baltimore, Annapolis, Hagerstown, Cambridge, Cumberland, Easton, "Frederick City," Chestertown, "Washington and Georgetown," and Salisbury.

Simon Martenet (b. 1832) was apprenticed at age 13 to Thomas P. Chiffelle, city surveyor of Baltimore. He took over the latter's business in 1855 and soon began executing maps of various Maryland counties. This work was interrupted by the Civil War, but by 1865 he completed and published his large map as an atlas and as a wall map. The Maryland legislature required that it be used in all public schools. The map was updated, slightly according to Papenfuse and Coale, in 1885 and issued in this segmented form in 1886. Ref.: The Hammond-Harwood House Atlas of Historical Maps of Maryland, 1608-1908: 81. The size and detail are stunning. Case and map are as found. $950

Arbuckle Maryland
"Maryland." New York: Arbuckle Bros. Coffee Company, 1889. Ca. 3 x 5. Chromolithograph by Donaldson Brothers. Very good condition.

From a delightful series of maps issued by the Arbuckle Bros. Coffee Company. This firm was founded by John and Charles Arbuckle of Pittsburgh, PA. They developed a machine to weigh, fill, seal and label coffee in paper packages, which allowed them to become the largest importer and seller of coffee in the world. Their most famous promotional program involved the issuing of several series of small, colorful trading cards, one of which was included in every package of Arbuckle's Coffee. These series included cards with sports, food, historic scenes, and--one of the most popular--maps. The latter cards included not only a map, but also small illustrations "which portrays the peculiarities of the industry, scenery, etc." of the region depicted. These cards are a delight, containing informative maps as well as wonderful scenes of the area mapped. $65

From Indexed Atlas Of The World. Chicago: Rand, McNally & Co., 26 x 19. Cerographs. Full original color. Very good condition.

Late nineteenth and early 20th century maps from the early days of the Rand, McNally & Co. firm out of Chicago, a company that would shift the center of cartographic publishing from the east coast to the mid-west. Typical of the work from the firm, these maps have very good detail, precisely and neatly exhibited. Topographic and social information, counties, roads, and many more details are illustrated. Railroad information is also presented. Aesthetically and cartographically the iconic style of maps of the twentieth century.