A rare and unusual map depicting the United States in the shape of a pig. This is a wonderful chromolithograph published by William Emerson Baker of Ridge Hill Farm in Wellesley, Massachusetts. Baker was a supporter of the burgeoning Pure Food Movement, which lobbied for stricter regulations on food production. The map was a souvenir given to guests, largely of southern regiments, who participated in the "Fete Champetre" at Baker's farm on June 19, 1875. The event hosted 2,500 guests and inaugurated his "Sanitary Piggery" - a hog farm featuring ultra-clean housing and controlled diets. The party also celebrated the centennial of the battle at Bunker Hill, and by inviting Southern guests he was advocating reconciliation of the North and South.
This map depicting the United States as a pig places the snout at the state of Maine, and two legs are represented by the Florida peninsula and Baja California. A third leg rests on Cuba drawn in the shape of a sausage. The "gehography" is surrounded by state seals and names of corresponding dishes served with pork. Vignette scenes at the bottom of the map illustrate events in American history involving litigation or legislation relating to pigs that changed the course of U.S. history. $800
Abraham Ortelius. "Islandia." From Theatrum Orbis Terrarum. Antwerp: Aegidius Coppen Diesth, . 13 3/4 x 18 1/2 (neat lines) plus full margins. Engraving. Latin text on back. Fine hand color. Very good condition.
One of the most desirable of all Dutch maps from the sixteenth century, Abraham Ortelius' famous map of Iceland. It was issued in 'the first modern atlas,' Theatrum Orbis Terrarum, ('Theater of the World'). The publication of this atlas marked an epoch in the history of cartography, for it is the first uniform and systematic collection of maps of the whole world based only on contemporary knowledge since the days of Ptolemy. In the sixteenth century there was a great increase in interest in maps and charts, and Ortelius, as a businessman with a passion for history and cartography, was at the forefront in meeting this demand. Through his collecting and his antiques business, Ortelius was able to research contemporary maps, becoming the greatest expert of his day in the bibliography of maps. Ortelius based his work on the best maps available, drawing all the maps himself with the celebrated Frans Hogenberg cutting most of the plates. Unlike other atlas-makers, Ortelius cited the authors of the original maps from which he compiled his work. Thus it is not only for his unprecedented achievement in issuing the first modern atlas, but also for his thoughtful and rigorous methodology, that Ortelius belongs amongst the first rank of cartographers. He is very aptly called 'the father of modern cartography.'
This map of Iceland is one of Ortelius' most famous maps because it is as decorative as any map issued in the sixteenth century, or for that matter, ever. It shows the volcano Mt. Hekla erupting, a herd of polar bears on ice floes, and sea monsters teeming in the surrounding waters. These are identified on the verso of the map, making this a contemporary compendium of "known" sea monsters. $9,500
Nicolas Sanson. "Amerique Septentrionale." Paris: Mariette, -1659. Third state. 15 1/2 x 22. Engraving. Original hand color. Mark extending into image in top center and a few minor marginal blemishes. Else, very good condition. Burden #294, state 3. Denver.
This is one of the most significant maps of North America, and the first map to show all five Great Lakes. Nicolas Sanson, known as the 'father of French cartography,' is one of the great figures in the history of cartography. Beginning his mapmaking career at the age of 18, Sanson went on to be appointed the first geographer-royal to Louis XIII of France (1640). Due to his royal position Sanson had access to the official French records of the explorations in the New World and used this information to establish himself at the forefront of the mapping of the Americas. Following the expeditions of Champlain in the 1620s, a new picture came to Europe of the interior of North America. Sanson was the first to compile this information, from Champlain and the Jesuits that followed him, into an depiction that included all five Great Lakes.
This is the map that first represented all of the lakes, and the first to name Lake Superior and Lake Ontario. The map shows the complete extent of the Jesuit exploration and mapping of the region. Besides its importance concerning the Great Lakes, this map is also significant for its depiction of the trans-Mississippi west, and its naming of the Indian tribes before the great dispersions of the 1640's and 1650's. Though erroneous, the maps graphically shows California as an island, one of the most famous myths about North America. This map established the predominant image of North America for the remainder of the 17th century. Its significance is reflected in that its original date of publication, 1650, is usually given as the date of the switch in cartographic dominance from The Netherlands to France. This is the third state of the map where Lake Ontario is now shaded like the other Great Lakes. $6,500
John Charles Frémont, with Charles Preuss. "Map of an Exploring Expedition To The Rocky Mountains in the Years 1842 and to Oregon & North California in the Years 1843-44 By Brevet Capt. J. C. Fremont of the Corps of Topographical Engineers..." Washington, 1845. House issue. 30 x 50. Lithograph by E. Weber & Co. Some outline color. Backed on linen. Repaired tear in upper right corner and some light surface stains. Overall, very good condition for a fragile map. Wheat: 497. Denver.
A seminal map of the American West by John C. Frémont depicting the results of his explorations between 1842 and 1844. Frémont, popularly known as the "Pathfinder," was instrumental in opening the American West. In 1842, he was sent out by the U.S. Government to explore what soon came to be known as the Oregon Trail, as far west as the South Pass through the Rockies. The following years, Frémont was sent out again, at the instigation of Senator Thomas Hart Benton (Frémont's father-in-law) to further explore the northwest part of the country, following the Oregon Trail all the way to the Pacific Ocean. In 1845, the government issued a report of these two expeditions which covered vast lands between the Missouri River and the Pacific Ocean. Through this report Frémont achieved great fame, leading to his election as Senator from California and later to his selection as the first Presidential nominee for the Republican Party.
This important map depicts the surveying that Frémont did during those expeditions, as well as information from the earlier explorations of Jedidiah Smith. The map encompasses all the area between Kansas and the Pacific, and a profile of Frémont's route from the mouth of the Kansas River to the ocean is included at the top. As Carl Wheat noted, "John Frémont's map of 1845 represented as important a step forward from the earlier western maps of the period as did those of Pike, Long and Lewis and Clark in their day." He goes on to state that the map "radically and permanently altered western cartography," and that it "is a an altogether memorable document in the cartographic history of the West, and for it along Frémont would deserve to be remembered in history." $1,750
"Nebraska and Kansas." New York: J.H. Colton, 1854. Separately issued folding map, with original covers. First edition, second state. 28 x 20 1/2. Lithograph. Original hand color. Printed by D. McLellan. With inset "Map of the Territory Acquired from Mexico by the Gadsden Treaty 1854." Some light stains. Old separations at folds and tiny missing sections in corners of folds; expertly conserved. Overall, good appearance and condition. Covers with stamped title; some wear. Denver.
The first map to show the newly created territories of Nebraska and Kansas, issued the year of the Nebraska-Kansas Act. Prior to this the great plains was unorganized, Indian territory, but the large number of emigrants crossing them, along with the desire to build a trans-continental railroad through them, led to a pressing need bring the plains under some form of governmental and private control. The conflict between the slave states in the South and the free states in the North kept Congress from organizing the plains until they were able to create these two new territories in 1854 using the compromise of bringing them in under "popular sovereignty."
This wonderful map shows the two territories, as well as surrounding areas with impressive detail, based to a great extent of the latest military surveys. This map came out just at the beginning of the great plains settlement and development and the map shows the locations of towns and proposed routes for the trans-continental railroad, as well as the Santa Fe and Oregon trails. Missions, rivers, and the myriad Indian tribes are also detailed. Of particular note are a number of wonderful western vignettes of Indians, wildlife and a wagon train, these ornamental features adding to the decorative border and bright hand color. In the lower part of the map are an inset of North America and one showing the Gadsden Purchase of 1854. $6,850
A.J. Johnson. "Johnson's New Illustrated &Embellished County Map of the Republics of North America, with the adjacent islands &countries." New York &Washington: Johnson &Browning, 1860. Copyrighted 1856. Separately issued wall map. 70 x 73. Lithograph. Full, original hand color. Mounted on original linen. A sliver of the edge of top left border missing. With some creases and light staining, but professionally conserved and stable. Attractive appearance. Very rare. Denver.
The 1850s and early 1860s was a time of considerable development, both actual and intended, in the American West, with new territories established or proposed. This was a time when map publishers had to be on their toes to keep up with the changing political situation in the trans-Mississippi region. A.J. Johnson was one of the most agile, producing a series of at least eight versions of his huge wall map of the United States, Mexico and Central America between 1857 and 1861. This included two versions done in 1860, of which this was one, a year when huge changes were afoot. The New York Times reported on Jan. 11, 1859 that there were six applications for new territories before Congress, all but one of which were for trans-Mississippi regions. One was for creation of a Dakota Territory out of the eastern part of Nebraska Territory, one was for the creation of an Arizona Territory out of the southern half of New Mexico Territory, one was for a Nevada Territory out of the western half of Utah Territory, and one was for a Colona Territory out of the western part of Kansas. New territories were created for all four of these areas, though not beginning until 1861, for it wasn't until the southerners walked out with the succession of the Confederacy that Congress was able to create new territories which would prohibit slavery.
Johnson, though, could not know how things would fall out, and because there was such a long time between a map being drawn and actually printed and published, he tried to stay on top of things by using what information he could gather in Washington to anticipate the creation of new territories, so his map would be current when issued. This fabulous map shows how in some cases he was successful and others not so. Johnson did not start with a blank slate when he made this map, but rather updated his 1859 edition. This led to some interesting labeling. For instance, Johnson shows the territory of Nevada, a year before it was actually created, with a "U" and a "T" inside its borders, for he did not change the label for Utah, which still stretched across the old width of that territory. Similarly, a large "K" appears in a new territory in the western part of Kansas. That territory is given two names, "Co ona" [the "l" is missing] and "Jefferson," for there were actually competing proposals for a new territory centered on the Pike's Peak Gold Rush and Johnson wasn't sure which name would be kept. Of course, neither was, for this territory was created as Colorado in 1861.
To the north, the proposed territory of Dakota is shown, but limited to lands east of the Missouri River, whereas when it was created in 1861, it extended from the western border of Minnesota all the way to the continental divide. The final new territory Johnson added was Arizona, lying in the southern part of the old New Mexico Territory. This was the territory as its citizens originally petitioned Congress to create, and which Johnson thought would be so established. However, the northerners in Congress in 1860 would not allow a new slave territory, as it would have been if it were to have those borders, and when the territory was finally established in 1863, the then totally northern Congress made it to the west of New Mexico, rather than to the south, so that it would not be controlled by slave owners. The final interesting political depiction of the map lies in the northwest. In 1853, this area, which had been a very large Oregon Territory, was divided in half into Oregon and Washington Territories. Then in 1859, the western part of the Oregon Territory was made into the state of Oregon, the eastern part being then attached to Washington Territory. Johnson, however, was not up-to-date enough in his information, so he showed this eastern section as a stump "Oregon Tery."
Of course, all these political mistakes or guesses are the most salient of the features on the map, but there is much else of great interest. The map's western geography, as stated on the map, " was taken (with the consent of Capt. A.A. Humphreys) principally from a map compiled from the following authorities by Lieut. G.K. Warren, Topl Engrs...In the Office of Pacific Rail Road Surveys, War Department." As the Warren map was the best to date, this map's depiction of the west is excellent. Locations of Indian tribes, routes of exploration, forts, topography and much other detail is given throughout. Decoratively the map is also pretty awesome, with a wide decorative border and vignette scenes of the U.S. Capitol, Dubuque, New York, Detroit, St. Joseph, New Orleans and Cincinnati. It is interesting that within the same year of 1860, Johnson &Browning issued a somewhat modified version of this map, making this version particularly rare. $9,500
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