Sebastian Munster (1489-1552) was one of the first great cartographers, working in the era before the Dutch "modern" cartographers such as Mercator and Ortelius. He studiously compiled the best information available in the sixteenth century, corresponding with scholars all around Europe and visiting book fairs and libraries whenever possible. Munster issued many influential maps in his editions of Ptolemy's Geographia and his own Cosmographia which were published beginning in 1540. This fascinating woodcut map is from the beginning of the age of modern cartography. $550
"Alten Stettin." [Szczecin, Poland] From Braun & Hogenberg's Civitates Orbis Terrarum. Volume IV; 1581. 13 1/4 x 18 3/4. Engraving. Original hand color. Old Arabic manuscript writing in margins, else, very good condition.
A rare image from Braun and Hogenberg’s Civitates Orbis Terrarum, one of the gems of the early days of modern cartography and topographical illustration. Braun, the editor, and Hogenberg, the engraver, worked for over twenty years to produce their “towns of the world,” the first systematic depiction of views of cities throughout the world. This work, issued in six volumes from 1572 to 1617, was a monumental piece of Renaissance learning designed to complement Ortelius’ Theatrum Orbis Terrarum, the first modern atlas. $850
Go to list of other Braun & Hogenberg views
Nicolas Sanson. Paris: Sanson, 1650s. Double folio. Very good condition unless otherwise noted.
Nicolas Sanson is called 'the father of French cartography.' Modern cartography is usually thought of beginning with a period dominated by the Dutch school, with such notables as Ortelius, Mercator, Blaeu, and Hondius. This age was followed by a period of dominance by the French school of cartography, the beginning date of which is usually given as 1650, when Nicolas Sanson was publishing his important maps. The importance of Sanson is reflected by the fact that it is with his maps that the center of cartographic publishing and influence shifted from the Low Countries to France. Whereas the Dutch cartographers are known for their fabulous decorations and coloring, the French cartographers, led by Sanson, are known for their pioneering the scientific method of cartography. These maps are excellent evidence of this shift in emphasis, with the topographical information presented representing only that data that could reliably be counted as having a scientific accuracy, and this information depicted with a clear and precise simplicity.
A British map showing Poland in the midst of being dismembered by Germany, Russian and Austria-Hungary. An initial partition, in which Poland lost about one-third of its territory, was forced on the Poles in 1772. This was followed in 1793 by a further partition, and then the final carving of the country the year after this map was issued. This map shows only a very small "present extent of Poland" in the south, highlighted with yellow color. Detail is very good, but it is for the political picture that this map is of most interest. $185
Tobias Mayer. "Mappa Geographica Regni Poloniae." Nuremberg: Homan Heirs, -1795. 18 x 21 1/8. Engraving. Somewhat faded original hand color. Very good good condition.
A detailed German map of Poland showing the complete partition of Poland between Austria, Germany and Russia. After the previous partitions of 1772 and 1793, the country was completely divided amongst Austria-Hungary, Germany and Russia in 1795. This situation is shown in this map, with each of the spheres of power indicated with a different color, giving a date of about 1795. Topographical information is very good and includes towns, rivers, lakes, forest, and political divisions. A fascinating map from a traumatic period of Polish history. $350
John Luffman. "Fort Weixelmund." From Select Plans of the Principal Cities, Harbours, Forts &c. in the World. London: J. Luffman, 1801. Each ca. 4 1/2 x 6 1/2. Engravings by J. Luffman. Original hand color. Very good condition.
A handsome group of maps from a fascinating series of strongly engraved and colored plans of "principal cities, harbours, forts &c. in the World," drawn, engraved and published by John Luffman in between 1799 and 1801. Luffman, who was also a goldsmith, worked in London from about 1776 until 1802, issuing a number of separate maps as well as atlases such as his Select Plans. This work contained a wide and unusual selection of detailed plans from all around the world. These are historically of considerable interest, but each is also a lovely example of turn-of-the-century map making in England, then the center of the cartographic world. $55
Go to listing of other maps from Luffman's Select Plans
William Darton, Jr. "Poland." From Atlas to Walker's Geography. London: Vernor and Hood, etc., 1802. 7 1/4 x 8 1/2. Engraving. Original outline color. Crease near centerfold. Otherwise, very good condition.
William Darton, Sr. started his mapmaking business in 1787 in London, and thus began a cartographic publishing house that would last, in various manifestations, until the 1860s. William Darton, Jr. joined his father late in the eighteenth century and these are maps engraved by him for Walker's Geography. While not large, the maps contain an impressive amount of detail carefully presented. The information used was the best available in London at the beginning of the nineteenth century, meaning the best in the world, so these maps are not only attractive, but provide an excellent cartographic picture of the world at the time. This map shows the current situation in Poland, with the following note in the lower left: "The Shaded parts are the Countries annexed to Russia & Prussia in 1797….Since that time the remaining part has been principally divided between these Powers." $170
Go to page with other maps by William Darton
C. Gros. "Map of Poland, Prussian and Hungary...." From C. V. Lavoisne's A Complete Genealogical, Historical & Chronological Atlas. Philadelphia: M. Carey & Son, 1820. Map, 11 3/4 x 11 1/2; full sheet with text, 16 5/7 x 20 3/8. Engraving by Kneass, Young & Co. Full original color. Very good condition.
A map of Poland issued is illustrate Lavoisne's Historical Atlas. The maps in this atlas were issued on sheets containing text around the maps giving the situation and history of the areas depicted. The map of Poland shows the country, along with Prussia and Hungary, with the sites of battles and sieges indicated throughout. The text concerns the three nations as well as Galicia, and lists of battles in Hungary and Poland are also included. An excellent visual and verbal history of the country. $225
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