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[ 19th century regional maps of the U.S. ]
One of a very important group of early maps of American states and territories by Mathew Carey, one of the seminal figures in early American Cartography. This map is from Carey's Atlas, originally issued in 1795 to accompany the American edition of Guthrie's Geography Improved, and it was subsequently issued into the early nineteenth century. Mathew Carey, an Irish immigrant, stands at the forefront of American cartography, for he established the first American specialized cartographic publishing firm. In and around Philadelphia, Carey set up an elaborate cottage system of craftsmen for engraving, printing, and coloring his maps, utilizing the best independent artists directed to a common end. Carey is important, then, for setting the pattern of American map publishing, to be followed by the likes of John Melish and Henry S. Tanner.
Not only was Carey's organization important, but his maps are some of the best issued around the turn of the century during the first decades of the United States. His maps wonderfully document the amazing development of the nascent nation, showing the political, social and economic development of the states and territories. Having access to the best information available on a timely basis, as well as using the best American craftsmen of the period, Carey's maps are shining examples of the high level of American cartography at the time. $1,400
Two maps of never-built Kentucky towns by John Reid. From William Winterbotham's View of the United States. New York, 1796. Engravings by Benjamin Tanner. 7 x 5. Very good condition.
A pair of interesting maps of towns that was never built in the present-day state of Kentucky. Lystra--to be located in Nelson (later Grayson) County, on a branch of the Rolling Fork of Salt River--and Franklinville--to be located in Mason County beside the North Fork of the Kentucky River--were formed on paper in 1794 by a group of London speculators. The towns were to be built on plans drafted by a London engineer. These reflected the aspirations of the time in the classical precision and regularity of their plans. Each town had squares developed about a central park and there were to be a college, a church, a theater, and a town hall. Ref.: Clark, Historic Maps of Kentucky, p. 64.
An excellent map of Kentucky from Carey's American Pocket Atlas. The map was originally issued in 1796, and was one of the first printed maps of the state. It was reduced from Carey's 1794 map which was based on the surveys of Elihu Barker. Unlike many other cartographers of the day, Carey updated his maps in subsequent versions, and this 1813 example from the Pocket Atlas is very up-to-date. The map was engraved by Will Barker, apparently one of Elihu's sons, and Will copied his father's map almost exactly, though leaving out some detail. The 1796 edition showed much detail or roads, towns, lakes, mountains, and the extensive network of rivers. The later editions of the map added considerable new information, including the many new roads built throughout the state in the early 19th century. Overall, an excellent American map showing the country's western frontier at the beginning of the nineteenth century. $325
Mathew Carey after Samuel Lewis. "Kentucky." Philadelphia: M. Carey & son, 1818. 10 1/4 x 18 1/2 (neatlines) plus large margins. Engraving by Gridley. Number "21" in upper right corner. Original outline color. A fine, clean example. Ref.: Phillips, Atlases, 732.
An attractive and early map of Kentucky by Mathew Carey, one of the seminal figures in early American cartography. Published shortly after the War of 1812, this map is from Carey's Atlas which represented the best American cartographic work of the period. Carey, an Irish immigrant, established the first American specialized cartographic publishing firm. He set up an elaborate cottage system of craftsmen for engraving, printing, and coloring his maps utilizing the best independent artists directed to a common end. Carey is important, then, not only for the excellent maps he produced, but for his setting the pattern for American map publishing, to be followed by the likes of John Melish and Henry S. Tanner.
This map of Kentucky, based on the work of Samuel Lewis, is a fine example of Carey's work. The map shows the development of the state at an early stage with most of its intense settlement along the Ohio River. The map is fairly up-to-date, the smaller counties in the developed areas, and the larger, frontier counties in the west, east and south. Many of the counties legally created by 1818 are not shown, but this is not a surprising situation at this early date; the map was as current as any at the time. Of note is the unnamed and unsettled land between the Cumberland and Ohio Rivers, for this land was acquired from the Chickasaw Indians in the year the map was published. Topographical information portrayed includes towns, rivers, mountains, major roads, and backwoods trails. Longitude is given with a prime meridian at Philadelphia, as befits a map by the first American cartographic publisher. Overall, an most desirable map of Kentucky. $1,400
Fielding Lucas, Jr. "Kentucky." Philadelphia: H.C. Carey & I. Lea, 1822. 11 1/4 x 18 1/2 (map); 16 1/4 x 20 3/4 (full sheet). Engraving by Young & Delleker. Full original hand color. Very good condition.
In 1822, Henry Charles Carey and Isaac Lea published their A Complete Historical, Chronological, and Geographical American Atlas. Covering North America, Central America, South America and the West Indies, the atlas is particularly known for its excellent early maps of the states and territories of the United States. This map of Kentucky was drawn by Fielding Lucas, an important Baltimore cartographer. The impressively extensive road system is shown with good detail, with distances between the scattered towns indicated. The river system and mountains are well delineated, and the counties are colored with bright washes. Interestingly, Pilot Knob, a known landmark, is shown in two spots, both northeast and southwest of 'Bowlingreen.' As with most of the maps in the Carey & Lea atlas, this map includes surrounding text giving a brief description of the history and geography of the region depicted. Overall, a nice verbal and graphic picture of Kentucky. $650
Fielding Lucas, Jr. "Kentucky." Philadelphia: H.C. Carey & I. Lea, 1827. 11 1/4 x 18 1/2 (map); 16 1/4 x 20 3/4 (full sheet). Engraving by Young & Delleker. Full original hand color. Very good condition.
A later edition of the Carey & Lea map, with the counties updated. $650
Anthony Finley. "Kentucky." From A New General Atlas. Engraving by Young & Delleker. Philadelphia: A. Finley, 1827. 8 3/4 x 11 1/4. Original hand coloring. Very good condition.
Beginning in the early 1820s, Anthony Finley produced a series of fine atlases in the then leading American cartographic center, Philadelphia. Finley's work is a good example of the quality that American publishers were beginning to obtain. Each map is elegantly presented, with crisp and clear engraving and very attractive pastel hand shading. Topographical and political information is copious, including counties, towns, rivers, roads and so on. Finley was very concerned to depict as up-to-date information as was possible, and thus his maps present an accurate picture of the world in the early decades of the nineteenth century. This is the first state of Finley's map of Kentucky, without information on the surrounding regions. $275
Jean Alexandre C. Buchon after Carey & Lea. "Kentucky." Paris: J. Carez, 1825. 11 1/8 x 18 (map); 17 7/8 x 24 1/4 (full sheet). Engraving. Full original hand color. Very good condition.
Three years after Carey & Lea issued their American Atlas, Jean Buchon issued his revised, French edition of the atlas, Atlas Geographique des deux Ameriques. Following the earlier format with maps surrounded by the text, Buchon's maps are fascinating Franco-American documents, presenting a comprehensive statement of the French understanding of what was still considered the 'New World.' The maps have excellent detail, and the text is filled with information on the climate, economy, topography, government, and so forth. This striking map of Kentucky is a good example of the quality of maps in this atlas. $275
Thomas G. Bradford. "Kentucky." From Samuel G. Goodrich's A General Atlas of the World. Boston: C.D. Strong, 1841. 11 3/8 x 14 1/4. Engraving by G.W. Boynton. Original hand color. Very good condition.
A finely engraved map by Thomas G. Bradford, a Boston map publisher, showing Kentucky at the beginning of the fourth decade of the nineteenth century. The map was original drawn and issued by Thomas Bradford in 1838. This example was published in a version of Bradford's atlas produced by Samuel Goodrich three years later. Detail is very good, showing rivers, towns, counties, and some orography. At this early stage in the development of the state, only one railroad is shown, running from Lexington, through Frankfort, to Louisville. Another line is depicted running from Indianapolis to the Ohio River. The whole is attractively presented with original hand coloring, and precise engraving. $425
Thomas G. Bradford. "Kentucky." From A Universal Illustrated Atlas. Boston: Charles D. Strong., -1842. 11 3/8 x 14 1/4. Engraving by G.W. Boynton. Original hand color. Very good condition.
A finely engraved map by Thomas G. Bradford, a Boston map publisher, showing Kentucky in the third decade of the nineteenth century. Throughout the early period of the century, Kentucky continually added counties, as its population expanded and developed around the state. This map is very up-to-date in showing this political development. Though the two counties created in 1837-Caroll and Trimble-do not appear, Carter County, created that same year, is shown. Detail is very good, showing rivers, towns, counties, roads, and some orography. The whole is attractively presented with original hand coloring, and precise engraving. $425
Henry S. Tanner. "A New Map of Kentucky with its Roads & Distances from place to place along the Stage & Steam Boat Routes." From Tanner's Universal Atlas. Philadelphia: S. Augustus Mitchell, -1846. 11 1/8 x 13 1/2. Lithographic transfer from engraved map. Original hand coloring. Very good condition.
A superior, detailed map of Kentucky by the great American cartographer, Henry Schenck Tanner. In 1816, Henry, his brother Benjamin, John Vallance and Francis Kearny formed an engraving firm in Philadelphia. Having had experience at map engraving through his work with John Melish, Tanner conceived of the idea of compiling and publishing an American Atlas, which was begun in 1819 by Tanner, Vallance, Kearny & Co. Soon Tanner took over the project on his own, and thus began his career as cartographic publisher. The American Atlas was a huge success, and this inspired Tanner to produce his Universal Atlas, of more manageable size.
In 1846, S. Augustus Mitchell, a fellow Philadelphia publisher, got the rights to this atlas. Mitchell had lithographic transfers made of the engraved maps and issued his version of Tanner's Universal Atlas. The maps are essentially unchanged, including the original copyright dates, except for their being lithographs and having a modified border. This map of Kentucky is typical of the maps, and it shows the state at an interesting stage of its history. A table at the top lists the steamboat routes from Louisville to Pittsburgh and from Louisville to New Orleans; an important bit of information in this period of increased immigration and travel in the American mid-west. Also included are regional insets of areas around Louisville, Lexington and Maysville. An excellent map of the state. $325
"A New Map of Kentucky with its Roads & Distances from place to place, along the Stage & Steam Boat Routes." Philadelphia: Charles Desilver, 1856. 11 3/4 x 14. Lithograph. Original hand color. Very good condition. With decorative border.
Charles Desilver, one of the many publishers working in Philadelphia during the mid-nineteenth century, issued an atlas of maps based on the famous Tanner-Mitchell-Cowperthwait series. Desilver used much the same information as originally drawn in the 1840s, but updated the maps with new counties, roads, towns, and especially the transportation network of roads and railroads, always the focus of the maps from this series. This map is typical of the rather unusual and scarce Desilver atlas. The growth of roads and railroads in the state is impressive and indicative of the huge growth in the region during the middle part of the century. An attractive and fascinating Kentucky document from just before the Civil War. $185
"Kentucky." New York: Arbuckle Bros. Coffee Company, ca. 1890. Ca. 3 x 5. Chromolithograph by Donaldson Brothers. Very good condition.
A delightful map issued about 1890 by the Arbuckle Bros. Coffee Company. This firm was founded by John and Charles Arbuckle of Pittsburgh, PA. They developed a machine to weigh, fill, seal and label coffee in paper packages, which allowed them to become the largest importer and seller of coffee in the world. Their most famous promotional program involved the issuing of several series of small, colorful trading cards, one of which was included in every package of Arbuckle's Coffee. These series included cards with sports, food, historic scenes, and-one of the most popular-maps. The latter cards included not only a map, but also small illustrations "which portrays the peculiarities of the industry, scenery, etc." of the region depicted. This map of Kentucky is a wonderful example, including an illustration of a thoroughbred in the Blue Grass region and a whisky still. $65
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