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Thomas Bradford. "Iowa and Wisconsin." From A Universal Illustrated Atlas. Boston: Chares D. Strong., -1842. 14 1/4 x 11 3/8. Engraving by G.W. Boynton. Original hand color. Very good condition.
An attractive map of the Wisconsin and Iowa Territories by Thomas Bradford. This map was first issued in the 1838 edition of Bradford's atlas and this example was issued four years later. The area shown on the main includes only the southern part of Wisconsin and the eastern part of Iowa, as this was the only part where there was any significant settlement in 1841. The other parts of the territories are shown in a smaller inset. Settlement in Iowa began with the Black Hawk Purchase of 1833, when the United States purchased the lands north of the Missouri and just to the west of the Mississippi from the Indians. This was after the defeat of the Indians in the Black Hawk War, the conclusion of which also opened up Wisconsin for the first time to white settlements. The original settlement in Wisconsin was in the southwest were there had long been lead mining by the Indians. In the 1840s, this region was producing more than half the nation's lead. The lands in these two territories were originally, in 1834, part of the Michigan Territory, but two years later were spun off as the Wisconsin Territory, when Michigan was made a state. In 1838, Iowa was broken off as its own territory (encompassing today's Dakotas), and then made a state in 1846, five years after this map was issued. Wisconsin, which included most of today's Minnesota, was not made a state until 1848. This is a terrific map of the earliest stages of these territories. Counties are indicated with contrasting color, and detail includes rivers and settlements. $375
"A New Map of The State of Iowa." Philadelphia: Thomas, Cowperthwait & Co., 1853. 13 x 16. Lithographic transfer from engraved plate. Full original color. Very good condition.
A map of Iowa in the Tanner/Mitchell series, this one by Thomas, Cowperthwait & Co. This map depicts Iowa at a more developed stage. Development is shown as more extensive and the entire state is now broken into counties, with no Indian lands being left at all. The Thomas, Cowperthwait & Co. maps were particularly strong in their depiction of the roads and railroads and this map is no exception, providing a very detailed image of Iowa still in its first decade as a state. $250
"Iowa." New York: J.H. Colton &Co., 1855. 12 3/4 x 15 3/4. Lithograph. Full original hand-coloring. Very good condition.
In the mid-nineteenth century, the center of map publishing in America moved from Philadelphia to New York. The J.H. Colton publishing firm played a large role in this shift. This map of Iowa, with its fine detail, is a strong example of their successful work. The map presents the counties in contrasting pastel shades, and includes depictions of towns, rivers, marshes, and some topography. Of particular interest are the indications of the burgeoning transportation network in the state, with roads and railroads clearly shown, especially in the eastern part of the state and along the southern tier of the state, connecting De Moines with Omaha City and Elkhorn City in Nebraska. An attractive map as well as a worthwhile historical document. $150
"A New Map of the State of Iowa." Philadelphia: Charles Desilver, 1856. 13 x 16. Lithograph. Original hand color. Very good condition. With decorative border.
Charles Desilver, one of the many publishers working in Philadelphia during the mid-nineteenth century, issued an atlas of maps based on the famous Tanner-Mitchell-Cowperthwait series. Desilver used much the same information as originally drawn in the 1840s, but updated the maps with new counties, roads, towns, and especially the transportation network of canals, roads and railroads, always the focus of the maps from this series. This map is typical of the rather unusual and scarce Desilver atlas. The growth of roads and railroads across the state is impressive and indicative of the huge growth in the region during the middle part of the century. An attractive and fascinating Iowa document. $150
"Johnson's New Railroad and Township Copper plate Map of Wisconsin, Iowa, Minnesota & Nebraska From The Latest and Best Authorities." New York: A.J. Johnson and Chicago: P. Wyckoff, 1858. 27 x 31. Lithograph transfer from copper plate engraving. Original hand color and elaborate decorative border. Full margins. Some minor staining and chipping at margins. Separated at old folds; expertly joined and conserved. Overall, very good condition and appearance.
A very rare, large scale map of the mid-west, focusing on Wisconsin, Minnesota, and Iowa. The map was published by A.J. Johnson of New York in conjunction with Chicago publisher P. Wyckoff. Johnson is best known for his atlases which began to appear in 1860 (cf. below), but before this he was involved in the publication of separately issued folding and wall maps. In some cases Johnson put his publication imprint on maps from the Colton firm (from whom he acquired the plates which became his Family Atlas in 1860), but he also published some maps with D.G. Johnson and P. Wyckoff, including this wonderful map. The latter is an obscure figure for which only five maps are recorded, including four with Johnson and one with the Colton firm.
This map may have been issued both as a folding map and as a wall map. This particular example is printed on heavy paper typical of a wall map (not the banknote paper of the typical folding map), but it was folded, perhaps for insertion in an atlas. Separately issued maps such as this were made to capture as current information in as much detail as was possible for they were intended to be used by visitors or citizens of the region depicted. This map is an excellent example of this. Because of the size and precision of rendering, every kind of feature is clearly presented, including early roads, settlements of all sizes, Indian reservations, survey lines, political boundaries and so forth. For its excellent information, decorative appearance, and great scarcity, this is a real collector's gem. $950
"County Map of the States of Iowa and Missouri." Philadelphia: S. Augustus Mitchell, Jr., 1861. 14 x 11 1/2. Lithograph. Original hand color. Very good condition.
S. Augustus Mitchell, Jr. took over his father's map publishing business in Philadelphia and continued to issue fine atlases in the early part of the nineteenth century. This map focuses on Iowa with its southern neighbor, in contrast to the competing map above. The scale is slightly smaller and Mitchell does not have quite as much topographical detail, so that the roads and railroads show up a bit more prominently. A nice decorative and historically interesting map. $85
"Johnson's Iowa and Nebraska." New York: Johnson & Ward, 1864. 17 x 22 3/4. Lithograph. Original hand color. Short repaired tear into bottom. Otherwise, very good condition.
Johnson's map of Iowa and Nebraska similar to the one above, but three years later and about double the size. $165
"Diagram of the Pubic Surveys of Iowa." Washington: General Land Office, 1866. 16 1/2 x 19 3/4. Lithograph. Original outline color. Some wear along fold. Very good condition.
The U.S. General Land Office (GLO) was established in 1812 with responsibility to survey and control the dispersal of public lands. All public land was required to be surveyed prior to settlement, and the first director of the GLO, Thomas Hutchins, set up a systematic process of rectangular survey for the public lands and launched the great national project to survey and map the public domain in the entire country, a procedure which got under way in the famous "seven ranges" of southeast Ohio. Each surveyor was to record not only geography, but also features of the landscape with economic import, such as roads, Indian trails, existing settlements, Indian lands, mineral deposits, and of particular interest, railroads and their rights of way. Of note is that unlike most surveys of the time, the surveyors were instructed not to apply new names to the landscape, but to use "the received names of all rivers, creeks, lakes, swamps, prairies, hills, mountains and other natural objects."
By mid-century the GLO had completed most of the surveys for the lands between the Appalachians and the Mississippi, and so focused most of its attention to the American west for the rest of the century. The GLO published mostly state maps, which were issued in annual reports, bound into state atlases, and in a few atlases that combined all the current maps in progress. These maps produced by the GLO are the most accurate and detailed maps of the U.S., based on rigorous and comprehensive surveys not hindered by commercial concerns. These maps proved very useful to private American mapmakers, and they were often the basis for state and county maps in the second part of the nineteenth century. Excellent detail and also surprisingly attractive. $325
A.J. Johnson. "Johnson's Iowa and Nebraska." New York: Johnson & Ward, 1870. 17 x 22 3/4. Lithograph. Original hand color. Separations along center fold at edges. Otherwise, very good condition.
Though the copyright date is still listed as 1864, this map clearly shows greater settlement and westward movement than the edition published in that year. By 1870, settlement had extended west along the Missouri border to towns like Council Bluffs and Omaha. In the northwestern counties, around Iowa's lake region, are still sparsely populated. $150
"Asher & Adams' Iowa." Washington: Asher & Adams, 1874. 15 3/4 x 22 1/2. Lithograph. Original hand color. Some chipping and tears in margins. Otherwise, very good condition.
The maps by Asher & Adams are more unusual than the bigger Philadelphia and New York publishers, but they have very good detail, attractively presented. This map is typical of the firm's output and it has particularly good information of the surrounding sections of the neighboring states. $120
"County & Township Map of the States of Iowa and Missouri." Philadelphia: S. Augustus Mitchell, Jr., 1874. 21 1/2 x 14 1/2. Lithograph. Original hand color. Very good condition.
A larger version of the Mitchell map of these two states. By the 1870s, these states had grown tremendously in terms of population and internal development and this map well represents that growth. The larger scale allows for more detail of rivers, towns, roads, and railroads. $120
Frank A. Gray. "Gray's New Map of Iowa." Philadelphia: O.W. Gray & Son, 1876. 11 3/4 x 16. Lithograph. Original hand color. Very good condition.
A slightly later and slightly smaller map of Iowa by itself from the Gray firm of Philadelphia. $125
"Iowa." Edinburgh: J. Bartholomew, 1884. 11 x 16. Lithograph with printed color. Very good condition.
An unusual British state map. Good detail and up-to-date. $50
"Council Bluffs." Ca. 1900. 12 1/2 x 10 1/4. Chromolithograph. Very good condition. $45
"Iowa." Chicago: Geographical Publishing Co., 1921. 14 3/4 x 21. Chromolithograph. Very good condition.
An early twentieth century map that has its own decorative appeal. $45
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