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Political Case Maps of Europe

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Emanuel Bowen. "An Accurate Map of the County of Derby...." London: R. Sayer, and J. & C. Bowles, 1765. Dissected into 16 sections, mounted on linen and folded into original paper covers. 27 1/4 x 21 1/8. Engraving by E. Bowen. Original outline color. Very good condition.

A large, highly detailed and unusual folding map of Derbyshire. This map is by Emanuel Bowen, one of the best known cartographers of the eighteenth century. Bowen, together with the equally famous Thomas Kitchin, began to publish a series of large county maps in 1749, culminating in their Large English Atlas, which was issued in on-going editions from 1750 to 1794. These maps are very popular both for their large size and for the wealth of information included on their printed surface. This map of Derbyshire is typical of their detailed maps, with hills, roads, towns, villages, cities, country estates, churches, and much else is clearly presented. The hundreds are outlined in contrasting colors and there are a number of paragraphs dotted about the map describing major towns, a list of the seats of the local nobility, and text about the wonders of the county. An elaborate rococo title cartouche graces the bottom left corner, and a smaller dedication cartouche is in the lower right.

What makes this map unusual is that it is a separately issued, folding map. The map, which also appeared in the Large English Atlas, was cut into 16 sections, which were mounted on linen so that they folded into a small, ca. 6 1/2 x 5 1/2, size, which then was inserted into a paper envelope. Maps such as this would be easier to handle, store, and perhaps use when one was travelling. Maps such as this, however, are also scarcer as they have a much lower survival rate than atlas maps. This is a most impressive and unusual map of Derbyshire. $450

Charles Smith. "Smith's New Map of England and Wales with Part of Scotland." London: C. Smith, 1827. Separately issued, folding map: dissected into 42 sections and mounted onto linen. 44 3/4 x 27. Engraving. Original hand color. Some slight surface smudging. Very good condition. In original paper slip case with circular label. Some wear and separations at edges of case, but generally very good.

A very large and detailed transportation map by Charles Smith, "Engraver and Map Seller Extraordinary to H.R.H. the Prince of Wales." The focus of this map is best explained by the subtitle: "Including the Turnpike, and principal Cross Roads. the Course of the Rivers & Navigable Canals; The Cities, Market Towns, and most considerable Villages: pointing out the distances from London to every principal Town: likewise the distance from one Market Town to another." $525

Robert Seaton. "New Map of England & Wales." London: J. & C. Walker, c. 1830. Separately issued map: dissected into 40 sections and mounted on linen. 48 7/8 x 37 1/2. Lithograph. Original hand color. Buckram end papers with buckram slipcase. Scattered light spots; else, very good condition. With stipple engraved and etched vignette portraits and views in margins.

An attractive, crisply detailed map of England Wales at the second quarter of the nineteenth century. Though the extensive railroad and postal road systems illustrate a forward-thinking economy, the portrait vignettes surrounding the map demonstrate a proud national heritage of artists, philosophers, scientists, and military leaders. On the eve of Queen Victoria's reign, Great Britain was a nation of growth, prosperity, and international stature. A growing empire abroad and an industrial revolution at home combined to produce a proud nation that would reach its zenith during the nineteenth century. As hydrographer to the king, Robert Seaton skillfully communicates his nation's status with this elegant and precise map. $575

Gardner: England & Wales ...
W.R. Gardner. "New and Improved Map of England and Wales, including the Principal part of Scotland whereon are carefully Delineated all the Mail and Turnpike Roads Direct and Cross." London: William Darton, 1831. 29 x 24 1/4. Engraved by W.R. Gardner. Folding map with original hand color delineating counties. Dissected into 24 sections and mounted on linen. Folds into the original slipcase, with the publisher's green printed title label "England." on the case which matches cloth panels on the folded end sections. Very good condition.

William Darton Sr. started his mapmaking business in 1787 in London, and thus began a cartographic publishing house that would last, in various manifestations, until the 1860s. William Darton Jr. joined his father late in the eighteenth century. While not large, the maps contain an impressive amount of detail carefully presented. The information used was the best available in London at the beginning of the nineteenth century, meaning the best in the world, so these maps are not only attractive, but provide an excellent cartographic picture of the world at the time. This map, with its clear detail, is a fine example of a Darton separately issued map. $450

"New Post Map Of Central Europe." London: James Gardner, [1827] - additions to 1835. Separately issued, folding map: dissected into 25 sections and mounted on linen. 25 x 38 1/4. Engraving. Original hand color. Very good condition. With original flapped traveling case.

An excellent postal map of Central Europe, best described by its extended title as "Exhibiting the Great and Secondary Routes with the various Stations where Relays obtained shewing also the Distance Between Each, According to the Measure Used In The Respective Countries. The whole forming a Complete Posting Companion for the Continental Tourist." The area depicted extends from Prussia to Switzerland, and includes eastern France and western Hungary and Russia. Three smaller maps are included along with the main map. A small "Route of the Simplon" is given at the top, and along the two sides are "Route from Turin & Milan to Genoa, Florence, Rome, Naples and the South of Italy," and "A Plan of the Rhine from Dusseldorf to Cologne, Bonn, Coblentz, and Mayence." $550

James Wyld. "Wyld's, Road Director, Through England and Wales." London: J. Wyld, 1837-40. Separately issued, folding map: dissected into 18 sections and mounted on linen. 24 1/4 x 20 1/4. Engraving. Original hand color. Very good condition. With original, labeled slip case.

A handsome and very detailed "Road Director" map of England and Wale by leading British cartographer James Wyld, "Geographer to the Queen." This is map, as stated in the subtitle, "A View, and Comprehensive Display of the Roads and Distances from Town to Town and of each Remarkable Place from London." Roads throughout the England, Wales, southern Scotland and the northwest tip of Ireland are highlighted. Major roads are shown in black and secondary roads with a double line. Distances are given by the roads and towns are neatly labeled. Also shown are railroads. Intended as a practical map, this document would have made it relatively easy for the traveler in England at the beginning of the Victorian age. $425

William Johnston. "Johnston's Map of the County of Linlithgow with the Railways." Edinburgh: W. & A.K. Johnston, 1837+, but no later than 1857. Separately issued, folding map: dissected into 20 sections and mounted on linen. Steel engraving by W. & A.K. Johnston. 20 1/2 x 26 3/4. Folding into original red folding covers, stamped in gold. Hinges splitting.

Attached to one section of this map is an advertisement by the firm for a series of maps of The Counties of Scotland, though we find no record of an atlas of these maps being made. This map was one of a number of maps that sold as a sheet for 5 shillings and in a case for 8/6. At the top of this map is the Firth of Forth with many small towns to the south connected by the railroads. Fine details and an inset of "Town of Linlithgow." $250

A. H. Dufour. "Carte Administrative, Physique et Routiere de la France indiquant les Canals, les Rivieres, les Routes de Poste evec leurs Relais et Distances &c." Paris: Chez Simonneau, 1840. Separately issued folding map; dissected into 35 sections and mounted. With original slip case, featuring publisher's label with map showing location of his shop. Engraving. 43 1/2 x 39, full sheet. With two insets: "Environs de Paris" and "Corse." Hand color. Unobtrustive ex libris. Lovely and clean copy.

A very detailed map of France with topography delineated with hachuring. Two inset tables give a list of the departments with information on each, plus another listing the former or old departments. $425

James Gilbert. "Gilbert's New Map of England & Wales, drawn from the best authorities." London: Collins, 1849. Separately issued, folding map: dissected into 24 sections and mounted on linen. 32 x 25 3/4. Steel engraving. Original hand color. Slightly browned, but very good condition. Folding into original cloth case. Case rubbed.

A very detailed transportation map of England as the Industrial Revolution went into high gear. Roads, railroads, and steamship lines are shown in abundance. An unusual feature is a "Comparative Chart of the Navigation of the Principal Rivers" which shows the length to which one can pilot a boat. $375

Johnston: Baltic Sea ...
"Johnston's chart of the Baltic Sea German Ocean & English Channel. With the adjoining countries showing the principal lines of Railway communication, to the coasts of Northern Europe." Edinburgh: W. & A.K. Johnston, 1854. Separately issued folding map. Mounted on oilcloth. 18 1/2 x 25 1/2. Color lithograph. Wear along folds; paper toned; scattered light stains. Else, good condition.

From religious custody struggles in Jerusalem's Christian holy places sprang the multi-national Crimean War. When France and Russia fought for exclusive control of the seat of Christianity, the Ottoman Empire and Great Britain were drawn in as committed opponents of Tsar Nikolai's Russian Empire. Though the major battles were fought in the Crimea, both Britain and France launched fleets in 1854 on the Baltic, hoping to contain any activity by Russian ships in St. Petersburg and Kronstadt. Anticipating the possibility of a Baltic theater of war, the Johnston firm issued this map, highlighting Russian port cities and strategic routes and distances between the British isles and the Gulf of Finland. Rail lines leading to the coast were also noted, as were fortified places in the coastal regions. With such a map, a British citizen could keep abreast of war news as it happened. Anticipating such utility, a note in the bottom margin, "Just Published - Johnston's Map of the Seat of War" reminded consumers of the important role maps could play for civilians during time of war. $275

"Map of the Country between Odessa, and Constantinople, embracing the Present Seat of War between the Russians & Turks." London: James Wyld, ca. 1854. Separately issued, folding map: mounted on linen for folding. 30 1/4 x 19 1/4. Engraving. Original outline color. Very good condition. Folded into original cloth covers.

In the middle of the nineteenth century, the Holy Places in Palestine had fallen under the control of Greek Orthodox monks, supported by Russia. France, in support of the Roman Catholic monks, pressured the Turkish sultan to grant the Latins extra protection, which upset the Russians. To put pressure on the Turks themselves, the Russians occupied the Danubian Principalities (Wallachia and Moldavia) in July 1853. This led to war between the Turks and Russians, with Britain and France joining the Turks in March of the following year. By the beginning of August the Russians had been driven out of the Principalities. Sadly, this did not end the conflict, for neither side would give in on its "principals," and so the action soon moved on to the Crimea and all its bloody horror. This map was issued during the first part of this conflict and it shows the Principalities, as well as the lands further south as far as Constantinople and the straits it controlled that were so important to the British. $425

James Wyld. "Wyld's Military Map of the Theatre of War." London: James Wyld, ca. 1859. Separately issued, folding map: dissected into 21 sections and mounted on linen. 21 x 32 1/2. Lithograph. Original hand color. Foxing throughout, but bright and readable. Folded into original, blind-stamped covers.

A map of northern Italy and the Alps that marks a point in the long fought struggles by Italy to gain independence from Austria. The conflicts had begun as a result of the revolutions of 1848. By 1859 the Italians had gained considerable advantages due to the leadership of Camillo Benso, Conte di Cavour. King Charles Albert had agreed to grant liberal reforms and unity to the Italian people in 1848, but when his son Victor Emmanuel II assumed the throne, he reneged on those promises. So the struggles among the liberals, the royalists, the Papal States, Austria and even France and Russia resumed. In 1858 Cavour allied the northern Italian states with France under Napoleon III, but the latter ruler stopped the war when he made a separate peace with Austria. An inset on this map shows the political boundaries in Italy in 1859 that so angered patriots such as Cavour. $325

James Wyld. "Strategic Map of the Theatre of War in Central Europe & Nth. Italy." London: J. Wyld, 25 June 1866. Separately issued, folding map: dissected into 24 sections and mounted on linen. 31 3/4 x 24 3/5. Lithograph. Original hand color. Very good condition. Folding into original green cloth case. Ownership label of "Lt. Col. Tottenham" from Wales pasted inside front cover.

The year 1866 was momentous in the formation of the modern Italian state. France, Germany, and Austria all had claims and vital interests in the various Italian regions. Cavour died in 1861 and his diplomatic approaches were superceded by Garibaldi's more militant measures. On 12 May 1866 an alliance between Italy and Prussia countenanced by France led to inevitable war of independence by Italy with Austria. This map was printed five days after Italy declared war. In subsequent months Italy would lose the major battles, but due to pressures from France and Prussia the war ended with Italy further united. $375

"The Oarsman's and Angler's Map of the River Thames From Its Source To London Bridge." London: James Reynolds & Sons, 4 April 1881. Separately issued, folding map, mounted on linen. 102 x 5 1/2. Lithographed in color. Very good condition. Folding into original cloth covers with gold embossing.

A narrow folding map that follows the Thames from its source to London, issued as a practical guide for boaters or anglers on the river. The course of the river is depicted with distances from London Bridge noted, and indications of roads, towns, weirs, locks, toll paths, railroads, inns, farms, and much else along the way. Also included are notes on the various towns, docking places, ferries, and so forth, making this a guide that would have well prepared any boatman on the Thames in the 1880s. $175

"Carte Générale Des Routes et des Chemins de Fer de La France." Paris: E. Andriveau-Goujon, 1891. Folding map; dissected into 28 sections and mounted on linen. 25 1/4 x 31 5/8. Lithograph. Full original color. Time toned and with some smudging in margins. Separated at a few folds. Otherwise, very good condition.

A highly detailed road map of France near the end of the nineteenth century. The map shows all the major roads throughout France as well as the railroads, the two transportation networks forming an impressive web covering every part of the country. This folding map was intended for use by travelers and its detail would certainly would have made it an excellent tool by those moving about France. Other details include the roads and railroads of southern England and detailed inset of Paris. The quality of the map is demonstrated by the label and end papers on this particular copy showing that it was sold by leading British map publisher Edward Stanford. $275

American Geographical Society. Set of maps entitled Battlefields of the World War. Research Series No. 3. 11 folding lithographed maps and panoramic photographs. New York, circa. 1918. Some splits at folds. Brittle. Complete. In original cloth case.

Plate. Title. Size.

The set $150

Literary Digest: Europe
"The Literary Digest Liberty Map of New Europe Revealing the Great Changes Brought About by the World War, 1914-1919. With Complete Index [44 pages]." Containing inset in upper right "New Map of Africa." Folded map and index in original envelope. New York : Funk & Wagnalls, 1920. Color lithograph by Matthews-Northrup Works, Buffalo, N.Y. 38 3/4 x 48 3/4 (Africa inset is 16 3/4 x 13 3/4). Excellent condition.

This striking map contains a wealth of information about the Europe and Africa that emerged from World War I. Regarding Europe, the map shows pre-war borders, borders decided by peace treaties, "possible new boundaries not yet determined," territories affected by plebiscite, and "international territory." The Africa map shows "mandates proposed by the [Versailles] Peace Conference." Bold colors show the prominence of countries that emerged from the War, such as Poland and Czechoslovakia, as well as territories under European governance that command attention a century later, such as Syria and "Mesopotamia."

In 1875, Isaac Kauffman Funk established I.K. Funk & Company as a publisher of religious tracts. When his classmate from Ohio's Wittenberg College, Adam Willis Wagnalls, joined the business in 1877, the firm took on the name by which it would be known for over a century. The establishment of The Literary Digest in 1890 signaled a shift in the publisher's focus to more general reference books such as encyclopedias and dictionaries.

According to John Tebbel (The American Magazine: A Compact History, 1969), Isaac K. Funk "knew how to compile, and he understood the middle class mind." Despite a rather dull appearance (originally there were no advertisements or graphics) the condensation of articles from American, Canadian, German, French and Italian magazines, divided into sections such as "political" and "sociological," and accompanied by Book and Press departments, found a receptive readership. Eventually the Press department predominated. By the 1920s the magazine had full color reproductions of well-known paintings on its covers, heavy advertising, a reputation for political impartiality, and a circulation of over a million and a half that was exceeded only by the Saturday Evening Post. The infamous 1936 political poll, which led the Digest to predict that Republican Alf Landon would defeat incumbent Democrat Franklin D. Roosevelt, was a major factor in the magazine's demise, as Landon carried only Maine and Vermont.

But here we have a map that was produced at the height of the Digest's reputation. World War I actually did "remake the map of Europe." Those who read the Literary Digest or purchased other publications by Funk & Wagnalls were just the consumers who would seek to be informed about the new state of world affairs. Territorially, the Western Hemisphere was unaffected, but, as this map shows, Europe and European imperial interests in Africa were in flux. Altogether, this is a wonderful and attractive document of the "new" European world after the "Great War." $125

"Bartholomew's Street Index Plan of London, North West Section, Showing the Postal Districts." Edinburgh: John Bartholomew & Son, Ltd., n.d. Folding map, 34 1/4 x 41 1/2.

This 20th century map of the northwest section of London, from Cleopatra's Needle west through Southall and north to Barnet and Oxhey, is on a scale of 3.4 inches to a mile, has half-mile sections delineated, and shows the postal areas as well.

Bartholomew's was begun by George B. Bartholomew (1784-1871) as an engraving firm. Five generations of the family operated the cartographic company, ending with John B. Bartholomew (1890-1960). The firm was acquired by Reader's Digest Publications in 1990. $45

Other political maps: [ United States | The Americas | Africa | Asia ]

More separately issued maps:
[ Saddlebag maps | Mail coach era road maps | 19th century travel maps ]
[ Wall maps | Working marine charts ]


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