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Political Case Maps of Africa

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Giovanni Miani. "Nouvelle Carte du Bassin Du Nil indiquant la commune origine de ce Fleuve avec les Rivieres du Zanguebar." Paris: Societe de Geographie de Paris, 1858. Separately issued, folding map; dissected into 24 sections and mounted on linen. 39 1/2 x 23. Steel engraving by Erhard Schieble. Original hand color. The backs of two sections contain advertisements for "Stanford's Series of New Library Maps." Very good condition. Denver.

A lovely and highly detailed map of the Nile by Giovanni Miani (1810-1872). Miani was an Italian adventurer and explorer obsessed with finding the source(s) of the Nile River, who led a number of expeditions past Khartoum to find the "springs" of the river. On this map he shows limited knowledge of the Blue Nile going into Abyssinia, but what would later be called the White Nile flows from very far south. Beyond his "Frontiere actuelle de l'Egypte" is designated "...Limite de la Race des Elephants" where he organized elephant hunts for ivory to finance his expeditions. Travelling south up the river farther the map designates various tribes, and at the southern border a large mountain range is drawn east to west with a valley within designated "Iles habitués par des Crocodiles et des Hippopotames d'Elephants et de Rhinoceros." In the extreme bottom left is today's Lake Victoria which he calls "Grand Lac d'Uniamesi" or "Lac Zaire (d'apres les Portugais)." At this time explorers continued to keep the ancient "Mountains of the Moon" theories as a possibility. The advertisements on the back shows that such a work was marketed throughout the world, as this example was sold in England. A wealth of information on knowledge of the entire Nile River system at that time. Interestingly, four years prior to the publishing of this map, Ferdinand de Lesseps was granted the Suez Canal concession. In 1858 the Suez Canal Company raised 200,000,000 francs, so work was begun. The modernization of Egypt commenced in earnest. This 1858 printing is the earliest one recorded. See: Tooley's Dictionary (p 248) and the British Museum Catalog both record imprints of 1862 and 1864. A scarce and early map. $750



James Wyld. "Wyld's New Map of Central Africa, Shewing All The Most Recent Discoveries & Explorations." London: J. Wyld, 1891. Separately issued, folding map: dissected into 32 sections and mounted on line. 23 x 30. Engraving. Full, original hand color. Some light surface soiling and scattered, neat manuscript notes and underlines. Very good condition and appearance. Folding into worn, original cloth covers.

From 1874 to 1877, H.M. Stanley's second expedition into Central Africa explored from the east coast, up to Lake Victoria, and then ending on the Congo. Inspired by Stanley's reports of the rich potential of this region, King Leopold of Belgium, in 1876, founded the International Association for the Exploration and Civilization of Central Africa. The Belgians were not the only European power interested in this region. The Portuguese had control of the mouth of the Congo River, with the French controlling the north side and the International Association the southern side and most of the vast interior. By 1884 the Association had become the Congo State, which the following year lost any International nature, becoming the personal possession of King Leopold. In the meantime, France, Germany, Britain, and the Portuguese jockeyed for land in the rest of Central Africa, making treaties and exerting power without much regard for native African wishes. This map shows the various spheres of control of these powers, their lands indicated with colors explained in a key in the lower left. $525



"Map of Africa, Globe Series. Compiled from the Latest and Most Authentic Sources." Chicago: Rand, McNally & Co., 1898. 47 x 39 3/8. Separately issued folding map; dissected into 25 sections and mounted on linen. Cerograph. Full original color. Original buckram end covers; two riveted holes at top edge. Some wear at folds and edges; else, very good condition.

The many colors of this map capture a continent in flux, as major European powers negotiated constantly to reconcile spheres of influence, protectorates, and colonial holdings. Differentiated on the map by hue, Portugal (purple), Germany (yellow), Great Britain (red), and France (green) spread over most of the continent. Driven by imperialist foreign policy and widespread ethnic prejudice, western Europe scrambled to gain control of Africa's natural resources and to spread its influence across the "dark continent." At the date of publication, a few states remained relatively independent (orange), like Morocco. Even this independence, though, would be short-lived: a weak hereditary ruler and ever-increasing European influence brought Morocco under French protection just a few years later. Though major explorations had ended, new travelers roamed Africa to supplement the information gathered by the original expeditions. The maps produced from their data presumably informed this map, giving it a high level of detail and rendering it suitable for classroom use. Though few national borders remain today as they were in 1898, this map retains a tremendous amount of information for modern collectors - an historic snapshot of a continent still in transition. $650



"The Crisis in South Africa. Stanford's New Map of the Orange Free State, The Southern Part of The South African Republic." London: Edward Stanford, 1900. "Second edition, with hills." Separately issued, folding map: dissected into 32 sections and mounted on linen. 25 1/2 x 37. Lithograph. Original color. Excellent condition. Folded into original cloth covers, with printed label with some slight wear.

On December 30, 1880, a Boer republic was proclaimed and fighting broke out until the treaty of Pretoria (April 5, 1881) was signed that gave the South Africa Republic independence, though under the suzerainty of Great Britain. This treaty did not really solve the problems of the area, for Kruger, the president of the republic, felt that the British were planning to annex the rich Transvaal, while the British felt that Kruger ultimately wish to drive them out of South Africa. The mistrust led to the Oct 12, 1899 declaration of war between Britain and the South African Republic and their ally the Orange Free State. This map was issued shortly after the war started. It shows the Orange Free State and the Transvaal, with the main African cities of Johannesburg and Pretoria. Detail is impressive, with the roads, towns, rivers, and railroads clearly depicted. $525



"British South Africa." London: Edward Stanford, ca. 1900. Separately issued, folding map: dissected into 18 sections and mounted on linen. 21 x 27 1/4. Lithographed in color. A little chipping at a few edges, slightly spotting in top right section, and creased bottom right corner. Overall, very good condition. Folding into original cloth covers with printed label.

A map showing the political results of the Boer War (1899-1902). British South Africa is depicted in red, with both the Transvaal and Orange River Colony shown as part of South Africa. To the north, in pink to show British sovereignty, lies the Bechuanaland Protectorate and Rhodesia. Surrounding are German, French, and Portuguese colonies. Detail is excellent for the entire region, with rivers, towns, and lakes clearly presented. Of interest is the extensive railroad network in South Africa, extending as per Cecil Rhodes' design into Rhodesia. As good as possible a political and topographical picture of the southern part of Africa at the beginning of the century. $425



"'The Times' Map of British South Africa, the Transvaal and Orange Free State." London: The Times, 1899-1902. Fourth edition. Separately issued, folding map with original cloth cover. With four inset maps [top left and clockwise]: "Witwatersrand," "Mafeking District," "Orange Free State," and "Natal." Wax engraving, with printed color. 38 1/2 x 28 (full sheet) With "Fourth Edition." Very good condition.

This very detailed topographical map labeled on the cover as "The Times War Map of South Africa." It is scaled to British miles and is colored coded to show: British South Africa, South African Republic, Orange Free State, Portuguese Territory, German Territory, and Proclaimed Goldfields. Colored and types of lines show: railways and telegraphs, railways constructing, steamship routes, roads, and telegraph lines only. Mission stations are shown. This very detailed map illustrates contemporary knowledge of the Boer War. $525



Wood & Ortlepp. "New Map. Briton or Boer. Northern Extension." From front cover: "Special Map of the Northern Transvaal, Rhodesia, Bechuanaland & Portuguese Territory." Johannesburg & London: Wood & Ortlepp, January 1901. Copyright June 1900 by John Wood, "Compilers to Her Majesty's Forces in South Africa." Separately issued, folding map: dissected into 30 sections and mounted on linen. With original paper covers. 28 1/4 x 38 1/2. Wax engraving. Original color. Very good condition.

This map shows the northern part of the theater of war for the Boer War (1899-1902). It focuses on the northern part of Transvaal, along with the southern part of Rhodesia. It includes also the eastern section of Bechuanaland and "Portuguese Territory" to the east. The map was produced by the "compiler to Her Majesty's Forces in South Africa," so its detail is most impressive and accurate. Roads, topography, railroads, and telegraph lines are all indicated and named. $475



G. H. Johnston. "The Investors' and Newspaper Readers' Pocket Map of Africa." Title on buckram case containing a folding map of "Africa." London and Edinburgh: W. & A.K. Johnston, 1901. 28 x 36 1/2. Lithograph. Full original color. With a folding frontispiece entitled "The Possessions of the European Powers in Africa." 15 x 19. Excellent condition.

This clear and bright map illustrates Africa as carved up by the European colonial powers. The map is very detailed with the political spheres indicated with contrasting colors. Of particular interest is the folding frontispiece which lists fifty nine political entitles within Africa. Each is described with its location, population, area in square miles, and how they were acquired by Great Britain, France, Germany, Portugal, Spain, Italy, and Turkey. Four are listed as "Independent." A fascinating document of colonial land-grab in Africa. $525



Intelligence Division, British War Office. "Map of Nigeria." London: Edward Stanford, 1901. Separately issued, folding map: dissected into 28 sections and mounted on linen. 24 x 28 1/4. "Heliozincographed at the Ordnance Survey Office." Very good condition. Folding into original cloth case, with printed label.

British interests on the lower Niger River began in 1879 with the formation of the United African Company. This company was succeeded by the Royal Niger Company, which ran British interests there until 1899, when the British government made Nigeria a protectorate. About that time the British and French came into serious conflict along the middle Niger, almost leading to war in 1898. In the years following, the British began to extend their influence further to the north, conquering northern Nigeria in 1903. Though still concerned about the northern regions, in 1904 British focus shifted to the south, where they faced an insurrection of the Ekumekus, a fanatical sect. This map encompasses all the regions in Nigeria of interest to the British. The information was compiled by the Intelligence Division of the War Office under trying circumstances, as described on the map, "Much of the information embodied was obtained during hurried journeys through difficult country, and, with some exceptions, the positions of villages, rivers and roads are to be regarded as only approximate." $275



"Bacon's Excelsior Map of Africa" London: G. W. Bacon & Co., Ltd., ca. 1925. Separately issued folding wall map, dissected into nine sheets and mounted on linen. 37 x 29. Printed in color. With some minor blemishes, but overall excellent condition.

A terrific post-World War I map of Africa, showing the colonial divisions in Africa about 1925 (after German East Africa was transferred to British control as the "Tanganyika Territory"). This map comes from a series of maps the Bacon firm issued on the British Empire. Throughout the continent rivers, lakes, towns and cities are indicated and named. The focus of the map, however, is on the political divisions. Each colony or nation is shown with a contrasting color and boldly labeled. This was a period when Europe still considered Africa as their economic "gold mine" and this is well reflected in this map. Transportation need to extract the resources of the continent are emphasized, with steamboat routes and railroads clearly marked. $450




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