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[ 19th century regional maps of the U.S. ]
In 1822, Henry Charles Carey and Isaac Lea published their A Complete Historical, Chronological, and Geographical American Atlas. This volume was based on Emmanuel Las Cases' Atlas Historique of 1803, with updated maps and text modified by Carey, a political economist. He considered himself an American foil to John Stuart Mill and the London economists who were proclaimers of "the gloomy science" influenced by Ricardo and Malthus. Instead of preaching overpopulation and degeneration of the human species, Carey illustrated the nations of the western hemisphere through maps that showed an expanding region with ample promise of developing into lands of great new opportunity and growth.
The sheets from this atlas, which cover North America, Central America, South America and the West Indies, are comprised of an engraved map surrounded by text documenting the history, climate, population and so forth of the area depicted. The atlas is particularly known for its excellent early maps of the states and territories of the United States. This map of Delaware was drawn by Fielding Lucas, an important Baltimore cartographer. The three counties are indicated by contrasting shades of hand coloring. Towns, rivers, swamps and so forth are shown, and the road network is impressively detailed. Also indicated is the main ship channel up the Delaware Bay. This is a fine verbal and graphic picture of Delaware. $575
Fielding Lucas, Jr. "Delaware." From Illustrated Atlas. Boston: T. G. Bradford, 1838. 14 1/4 x 11 3/8. Engraving by G. W. Boynton. Original outline color. Full margins. Light spots at top. Otherwise, very good condition.
A fine map of Delaware drawn by Fielding Lucas and issued by Thomas G. Bradford, a Boston map publisher. The map shows Delaware in the third decade of the nineteenth century, depicting the terrain of the state in great detail, with its many waterways extending from the surrounding large bodies of water including the Chesapeake Bay to the west and the Delaware Bay to the east. The major rail line to Philadelphia, the local rail line and the Delaware canal, all in New Castle county, indicate the mercantile significance of this small state at the time the map was published. With its several transportation routes, this northern portion of the state is more concentrated in population than the southern region, where a large cypress swamp is shown extending across the border into Maryland. This is one of the most attractive and hardest to find maps of the state. $575
Henry S. Tanner. "A New Map of Maryland and Delaware with their Canals, Roads &Distances." From H.S. Tanner's Universal Atlas. Philadelphia: Carey &Hart, 1844. 11 x 14 3/8. Engraving. Full original hand coloring. Very good condition.
Carey & Hart issued their version of the Tanner Universal Atlas again in 1844, including this fine map of the two states. $350
"A New Map of Maryland and Delaware." Philadelphia: S. Augustus Mitchell, 1848. 11 1/4 x 14 1/2. Lithographic transfer from engraved plate. Original hand-coloring. Typical overall time-toning to paper. Very good condition. With inset of Baltimore.
The Mitchell map of Maryland and Delaware is typical of his excellent output. Topographical information, including towns, rivers, roads canals and so on, is profuse and clearly shown, and the counties are shaded with contrasting pastel colors. Since steamboats were the most glamorous and comfortable way to travel, the map includes the distances from Baltimore to points between that major city and Norfolk, Philadelphia, and Washington. $325
"A New Map of Maryland and Delaware with their Canals, Roads & Distances." Philadelphia: Thomas, Cowperthwait & Co., 1851. 11 1/2 x 14 5/8. Lithographic transfer from engraved plate. Original hand color. Paper toned and some spots, including one in population table. Otherwise, very good condition.
A strong, beautifully crafted map of Maryland and Delaware from the mid-nineteenth century, published by Thomas, Cowperthwait & Co.. This firm took over the publication of S. Augustus Mitchell's important Universal Atlas in 1850, and they continued to produce up-dated maps that were amongst the best issued in the period. This map shows Maryland and Delaware at an interesting period in its history. The map is filled with myriad topographical details, including rivers, towns, mountains, and political borders. The Thomas, Cowperthwait & Co. maps are especially known for their depiction of the transportation routes of the states, and this map is no exception. The transportation infrastructure was extremely important at this period of increased travel and goods shipping in the mid-Atlantic region. This information is clearly depicted, including rail lines, canals, and roads. A table at the top lists the steamboat routes from Baltimore to Norfolk, Philadelphia and Washington. $200
A. J. Johnson. "Johnson's Delaware and Maryland." Inset: "District of Columbia." New York: Johnson & Ward, ca. 1865. 12 3/4 x 16 1/2. Lithograph. Full original hand-color. A few light spots and two small holes near upper right. Good condition.
A detailed map of the states of Delaware and Maryland and with an inset of the District of Columbia as they appeared near the end of the Civil War, issued in Alvin Jewitt Johnson's mid-nineteenth century atlas of the world. Johnson, who published out of New York City, was one of the leading cartographic publishers in the latter half of the century, producing popular atlases and geographies having indirectly succeeded the J.H. Colton Co. This finely-detailed map, struck from a lithographic stone, includes three vignette views of famous buildings in the city of Washington. The counties are hand colored in contrasting pastel shades, lending the map an attractive appearance. It is an excellent example of Johnson's, and thus American cartography. $150
G.W. and C.B. Colton. "Colton's Delaware and Maryland." New York: J.H. Colton, 1866. 11 1/4 x 14 (neatlines) plus full margins and borders. Lithograph. Full original hand color. Good condition. With inset of "District of Columbia."
In the mid-nineteenth century, the center of map publishing in America moved from Philadelphia to New York. The Colton publishing firm played a large role in this shift. This map of Maryland and Delaware, with its fine detail, is a strong example of their successful work. The map presents the counties with contrasting pastel shades, and includes depictions of towns, roads, railroads, rivers, and some other topography. Each feature is labeled neatly, and the information given extends to just beyond the borders of the state. A inset plan of the District of Columbia in the lower left gives much information on the ten mile square area that includes Alexandria, planned railroads, and the C&O Canal. This is an attractive map as well as an interesting historical document. $165
S. Augustus Mitchell, Jr. "County Map of Maryland and Delaware." [and] "County Map of New Jersey." Philadelphia: S.A. Mitchell, Jr., 1867. Lithograph. Full original hand coloring. Full margins. Spots in decorative border near the mouth of Delaware Bay, Delaware. Else, very good condition.
A fine map by S.A. Mitchell Jr. of these three eastern states, from the period just after the Civil War. $50
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