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A graphic illustration of the border between the nascent development of the mid-west and the wilds of the western United States. This map shows Minnesota within a few years of statehood, and the eastern portion of what the Dakota Territory. Minnesota is shown broken into counties, and the southeast into survey quadrants. Towns, roads, and other signs of progressing settlement are indicated. To the west, the eastern part of the Dakota Territory (created the year before) is shown devoid of counties and railroads, and with only five towns large enough to be indicated. Little information was available of the northwestern part illustrated, with the Missouri, a few creeks and two forts the only details shown. A printed text at the top says, "The vast region of Prairies from Red River of the North and Mini Wakan I. to about the Gr. Bend of the Missouri R. is the great Hunting and Fighting Ground of Kdakotah, Odjibwe, Assiniboin, Arikara, Minitarree and other Nations." $150
"Johnson's Nebraska, Dakota, Colorado, Idaho & Kansas." New York: Johnson & Ward, 1863. 12 3/4 x 15 1/2. Lithograph. Original hand coloring. Very good condition.
A detailed map of northern plain states (present-day Kansas, Nebraska,Colorado, the Dakotas, Wyoming and Montana). This map shows a configuration of this region which lasted only for one year. In 1863,the eastern part of Washington Territory and the western part of Dakota Territory were broken off to form the Idaho Territory, encompassing what today is Idaho, Montana and Wyoming. The next year the eastern part of this huge Idaho Territory, that shown here, was broken off to create the Montana Territory, with the southeastern part temporarily going back into the Dakota Territory. The detail in this map is most impressive, showing rivers, towns, forts, Indian tribes, and the early trails which criss-crossed this region. This map was issued during the Pike's Peak gold rush, so the four main routes to "Auroria" are shown, the distances of the northern and southern-most routes noted on the map. The gold rush towns of Auraria, Denver, and Montana are all shown, though the first two had by then merged into Denver. $250
A.J. Johnson. "Johnson's Nebraska, Dakota, Montana & Kansas." New York: Johnson & Ward, ca. 1864. 12 1/2 x 15 1/2. Lithograph. Original hand coloring. Some discoloration and light spotting. Else, very good condition. Denver.
An example of Johnson's map of the northern plains issued about a year after the one above. In 1864, the Montana Territory was broken off from Idaho and at the same time, the area south of this new territory (today's Wyoming) was attached to the Dakota territory, giving that territory a strange butterfly shape it retained for just a year. This map is the first version of the Johnson map to show it thusly. The detail in this map is most impressive, showing rivers, towns, forts, Indian tribes, and the early trails which criss-crossed this region. This map, issued the end of the Civil War, shows these territories just before they were filled with new settlers, miners and other speculators. $175
"Johnson's Minnesota and Dakota." New York: Johnson & Ward, ca. 1865. 12 5/8 x 15 1/2. Lithograph. Original hand color. Very good condition.
A later edition of the map above. $145
"Colton's Map of Kansas, Nebraska, Dakota & Indian Territory." New York: G.W. and C.B. Colton & Co., 1866. 26 1/2 x 16 3/4. Lithograph. Original hand color. Edge of decorative border trimmed at left, as issued. Very good condition.
One of the best maps of the American Plains from the post-Civil War period. This region saw a large influx of settlers and travelers in this period and it went through a number of political changes, so such a map would have had great interest. The territories of Nebraska and Kansas were created in 1854 out of the old Missouri Territory. In 1861, Kansas attained statehood, while the Nebraska Territory (which didn't become a state until a year after this map was issued) lost two-thirds of its land to the newly created Dakota Territory, and the territory of Colorado (shown here, though not mentioned in the title) was also created. In this second state of the map, a border separating Dakota from Wyoming (the latter not named) is shown; Wyoming was created out of the western part of Dakota about the time this version was issued. The western parts of the states lining the Mississippi River are shown with considerable development. The only similar areas of settlement and county creation for the rest of the map occur in eastern Texas and the eastern parts of Kansas and Nebraska. The western parts of that state and territory, along with Dakota and Colorado are depicted as relatively undeveloped.
The map contains much information on rivers, lakes, and topography, but it is for the information on human activity on the plains which makes this map of such great interest. This was issued at a time of regular conflict between Euro-Americans and Native Americans, and the locations of Indian tribes are noted throughout, including three large reservations in the Indian Territory (now Oklahoma). The reason for the conflict was the encroachment of whites into the area, shown on this map with flags to indicate forts, the routes of explorers, emigration & trade routes-such as the Santa Fe and Oregon trails, proposed wagon roads and railroads, as well as the northern and southern routes to Denver, which were clogged in the 1860s with Pike's Peak gold-rushers. A terrific map of this frontier land after the Civil War. $275
"County Map of Dakota, Wyoming, Kansas, Nebraska and Colorado." Philadelphia: S. Augustus Mitchell, Jr., 1870. 20 x 14 3/4. Lithograph. Original hand color. With old repairs at centerfold separation. Otherwise, very good condition.
This map shows the northern plains at a time when the railroads were opening up the region to new settlement. Completed in 1869, the transcontinental railroad ran across the center of the area shown here, from Omaha to the South Pass in western Wyoming. The railroads facilitated the movement of emigrants through and into this area--already begun by the emigration to Oregon, the California Gold Rush and Pike's Peak Gold Rush(noted on this map as "Gold Region"). This led to the creation of new states, such as Kansas (1861), Nebraska (1867), as well as territories such as Colorado, Dakota, Montana, and the just created Wyoming (1869).
This detailed map provides a good topographical picture of the region, with the rivers and mountains depicted, as are the locations of the plains Indian tribes which played such an important (and tragic) role in the opening of the west. The maps also well represents the development of this region, picturing towns, forts, roads and trails. Of particular interest is the depiction of the railroads, which are indicated sometimes following the early routes of explorers, also shown on the map. The Union Pacific Railroad, completed just the year before this map was published, is shown running through Nebraska to Cheyenne and then west, while the two railroads into Denver-one to Cheyenne to meet the Union Pacific and one directly east to Kansas City-both completed just the year this map was issued, are both shown. This is a fine map of the classic "Wild West" of popular lore. $185
"County Map Of Kansas, Nebraska, Dakota, and Minnesota." From Atlas of Whiteside Co.. Chicago: Warner & Beers, 1872. 16 1/2 x 13 1/4. Lithograph. Original hand color. Very good condition. Denver.
An unusual map from the Warner & Beers Atlas of Whiteside Co. (IL), which contained besides information on Whiteside County, maps of other Illinois counties and also maps from H.H. Lloyd's Atlas of the United States. Details in Kansas and Nebraska are quite good, showing the extensive development by the early 1870s reaching west along the rail lines, which are clearly marked. Minnesota is also shown as well settled, but Dakota--not yet divided into North and South--is relatively sparsely populated except in the south eastern part. Of interest is the beginning of the Northern Pacific Railroad, built across Minnesota and as far as Bismark, Dakota. $185
"County Map of Colorado, Wyoming, Dakota Montana." Philadelphia: S. Augustus Mitchell, Jr., 1874. 19 1/2 x 14. Lithograph. Original hand color. Very good condition. Denver.
A later version of the Mitchell map of the northern plains states (cf. above), which is shifted slightly to the northwest, leaving off Kansas which appeared on the earlier version. The reason for that was the establishment of Yellowstone National Park in 1872. On the earlier map, the western parts of Wyoming and Montana (then almost totally unsettled) were not included, but this map shows as far as the headwaters of the Yellowstone River and includes a depiction of the new park. The map also shows the considerable development of Colorado, which was in the middle of the silver boom. New towns and railroads are depicted, providing a good picture of the territory just two years before statehood. $225
"Dakota." Philadelphia: O.W. Gray, 1875. 14 3/4 x 12. Lithograph. Original hand color. Very good condition. Denver.
A map of the Dakota Territory issued by O.W. Gray in Philadelphia. The territory, not yet separated into two, is shown with its counties and what settlements there were around the time of the Centennial. Settlement is primarily in the southeast and along the rivers. Also of interest is the Northern Pacific Railroad line shown crossing the territory and passing through Bismarck. This map was issued just after Custer's famous expedition to the Black Hills, which led to the gold rush there. On this map the hills are shown, but only as the location of the Sioux and part of "Reservation For Different Tribes." The latter was ignored and then wiped out as the result of the gold rush. A nice image of the territory on the cusp of big changes. $150
Hermann Habenicht. "Vereinigte Staaten von Nord-Amerika in 6 Blättern, Bl. 2." From Stieler's Hand-Atlas. Gotha: Justus Perthes, 1879. Engraving by Metzeroth, Eberhardt, Kramer. Original outline color. Very good condition. Denver.
In the Stieler Hand-Atlas of 1879, there was a large, six sheet map of the United States, showing the country with amazing detail. This is plate 2, the sheet showing the south-central part of the country, focusing on the Dakota Territory and Minnesota, as well as parts of Nebraska and Iowa. Stieler's Hand-Atlas was one of the finest world atlases of the latter 19th century. Known for its maps with clear and precise topographical detail, this atlas continued to include engraved maps to the end of the century. Lakes, rivers, mountains, towns and cities of all sizes, roads and railroads are all clearly presented. The map has particularly good detail on the Dakota Territory, where the Dakota Sioux are prominently marked, as are the reservations of the various tribes of the northern plains. This is as fine a map of the region as any of the date. $125
"Tunison's North Dakota." [On verso "Tunison's South Dakota."] Jacksonville, IL: H.C. Tunison, 1889. 9 3/4 x 12 1/2. Hand colored lithograph. Very good condition. Denver.
A map of each state (one on the back of the other) issued the year of statehood. Tunison's maps are always brightly colored with neatly presented information. Settlement was still quite sparse at this time, but the maps show the towns and the burgeoning railroad networks. $75
"South Dakota." New York: Arbuckle Bros. Coffee Company, 1889. Ca. 3 x 5. Chromolithograph by Donaldson Brothers. Very good condition.
From a delightful series of maps issued by the Arbuckle Bros. Coffee Company. This firm was founded by John and Charles Arbuckle of Pittsburgh, PA. They developed a machine to weigh, fill, seal and label coffee in paper packages, which allowed them to become the largest importer and seller of coffee in the world. Their most famous promotional program involved the issuing of several series of small, colorful trading cards, one of which was included in every package of Arbuckle's Coffee. These series included cards with sports, food, historic scenes, and--one of the most popular--maps. The latter cards included not only a map, but also small illustrations "which portrays the peculiarities of the industry, scenery, etc." of the region depicted. These cards are a delight, containing informative maps as well as wonderful scenes of the area mapped. $60
S. Augustus Mitchell started issuing atlases and maps in Philadelphia about 1831 and his firm became one of the most important in the country for much of the following century. He was followed by his son, S. Augustus Mitchell, Jr., who in 1860 began to issue his important New General Atlas, which he published for the next two decades. The atlas was taken over by other publishers in the following years, with regularly updated maps, to as late as 1894. This map came from an atlas published by John Wanamaker using Mitchell's maps. The map shows the states of North and South Dakota just five years after they were admitted as states. Up to 1889, there was but a single Dakota Territory, but it was split into the two states of more manageable size. So neither could claim priority, the documents creating the states were signed so that no one could tell which was signed first. Detail is impressive, showing rivers, counties, towns, railroads and forts throughout. $150
"Rand, McNally & Co.'s South Dakota." Chicago: Rand, McNally & Co., 1908. Separately issued folding map, with original booklet. 12 1/4 x 18 3/4. Cerograph. Full original color. Very good condition. Denver.
An early twentieth century map from the Rand, McNally & Co. firm primarily out of Chicago, a company that would shift the center of cartographic publishing from the east coast to the mid-west. This is a "pocket map" meant to be sold to travelers, and it folded into a booklet which contained an index to the railroad system, shippers' guide and much else. And as explained on the cover of the booklet, "The Special Features of this Pocket Map are: Locating the Nearest Mailing Point of all Local Places; Designating Money Order Post Offices; Telegraph Stations; and Naming the Express Company Doing Business at the Points where the Several Companies have Offices." The map has impressive topographical and social detail, including settlements, counties, and Indian reservations. One of its features of note is the display of the "entire railroad system" of the state, which each line identified by the use of red stamped numbers explained in a key in the lower right. $125
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