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Antique Maps of Connecticut

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Reid Connecticut
Benjamin Tanner. "Connecticut From the best Authorities." From The American Atlas. New York: John Reid, 1796. 14 x 17 1/4. Second state. Engraving by Benjamin Tanner. Excellent condition. Wheat & Brun: 289.

An important eighteenth-century, American made map of Connecticut. This map was issued in Reid's landmark American Atlas in 1796, which was published to accompany William Winterbotham's An historical, geographical, commercial, and philosophical view of the United States of America. The map was drawn and engraved by Benjamin Tanner, and it is an excellent depiction of the current knowledge of the state in the late eighteenth century. This was typical of the maps from Reid's atlas, which was one of the very first American made atlases. Details of rivers, lakes, hills, and other features are given throughout. Also indicated are towns, counties, and roads cris-crossing the state. The map contains two unusual and interesting features. Along the western border is a narrow strip between Connecticut and New York, entitled "Oblong," which was an area of dispute between the states. In the top left corner of the map the label "Part of Vermont," was burnished out because the area was actually part of Massachusetts. $1,150

Mathew Carey. "Connecticut." From American Pocket Atlas. Philadelphia: M. Carey, 1796. 7 1/2 x 5 3/4. Engraving by W. Barker. Cf. Wheat & Brun: 286.

A map from Carey's American Pocket Atlas of 1796. This is a significant, early atlas issued by Mathew Carey, the first American to specialize in cartographic publishing. Carey, an Irish immigrant, set up an elaborate cottage system of craftsmen for engraving, printing, and coloring his maps, utilizing the best independent artists directed to a common end. Carey is important, then, not only for the excellent maps he produced, but for his setting the pattern for American map publishing, to be followed by the likes of John Melish and Henry S. Tanner.

The Pocket Atlas contained 19 small folding maps of the different states and territories in the United States. Carey's maps contain the most accurate and detailed information on the country and he updated his maps for each edition of his atlas. For instance, in the 1801 and 1805 editions he added roads to many of his maps. $300

Mathew Carey. "Connecticut." From American Pocket Atlas. Philadelphia: M. Carey, 1805. 5 5/8 x 7 1/2. Engraving by W. Barker. Cf. Wheat & Brun: 286.

An excellent map of Connecticut from Carey's American Pocket Atlas of 1805. This is the third state of one of the very early American maps of Connecticut; the first state was issued by Mathew Carey in 1796. Unlike many other cartographers of the day, Carey updated his maps in subsequent versions, and this 1805 example from the Pocket Atlas is a good example of this. In 1796 either Carey did not have information on the roads, or he thought it not important. However, by 1805, this had changed and Carey added clear delineations of the roads in the state. This edition can be distinguished from the 1801 edition by the addition of extra roads and by having a rule both above and below the title. Overall this is an excellent American map of the state. $250

Fielding Lucas, Jr. "Connecticut." From A New and Elegant General Atlas Containing Maps of each of the United States. Baltimore: F. Lucas, Jr., 1816. Folio. 8 1/4 x 10 3/4. Engraving. Full original hand color. Large margins. Fine condition.

A fine map by Baltimore cartographer, Fielding Lucas, Jr. (1781- 1854). Lucas appears to have become involved in the publishing and book trade while a resident of Philadelphia from 1798 to 1804, when he moved to Baltimore. In 1807 Lucas joined Conrad, Lucas & Co., and then in 1810 he set up his own business at 138 Market Street. There Lucas first got involved in cartographic publishing with his New and Elegant General Atlas of 1816. In the second decade of the nineteenth century, through his Philadelphia contacts, Lucas was one of the major contributors to Carey & Lea's atlas of 1823. Concurrently with this involvement, Lucas brought out his own General Atlas, containing 104 maps of all parts of the world. Lucas, during his 50 years of residence in Baltimore, established himself as a prominent citizen of that city, serving as President of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, President of the Board of School Commissioners, and as President of the Second Branch of the City Council. But it is for his important role in early American cartography that Lucas is best remembered. $300

"Map of the States of Massachusetts, Connecticut and Rhode Island" with inset "Plan of Boston." From John H. Hinton's The History and Topography of the United States of America. London: I.T. Hinton & Simpkin & Marshall, [1830]-1832. Steel engraving by Fenner Sears & Co. Fine condition.

A lovely example of a steel engraving from one of the more popular nineteenth century view and map books, Hinton's History and Topography. This work contained text and numerous illustrations documenting the history and topography of the United States. Hinton used many different artists, all the engravings being made from drawings made on the spot. For their wide coverage, accurate detail, and pleasing appearance, these are amongst the finest small images of early nineteenth century America to be found anywhere. The London edition was the only one with maps of the regions throughout the United States. $150

Thomas G. Bradford. "Connecticut." From Samuel G. Goodrich's A General Atlas of the World. Boston: C.D. Strong, 1841. 11 1/4 x 11 3/8. Engraving by G.W. Boynton. Original hand color. Very good condition.

A precisely engraved map by Thomas G. Bradford, a Boston map publisher. This map was first issued in the 1838 edition of Bradford's atlas, but this example appeared in Samuel Goodrich's atlas from 1841. This map is up-to-date in showing the political and topographical situation with very good accuracy. Detail includes rivers, lakes, towns, and counties. Of particular interest is the depiction of the Farmington Canal, running from New Haven north into Massachusetts, and a railroad from New Haven to Hartford. The whole is attractively presented with original hand coloring. A rare and early map of Connecticut. $350

H.S. Tanner. "Connecticut." From Tanner's Universal Atlas. Philadelphia: Carey & Hart, [1841]-43. 11 1/4 x 14. Engraving by E.B. Dawson. Full original hand color. Very good condition.

A strong and beautifully crafted map of Connecticut from the nineteenth century by the great American cartographer, Henry Schenck Tanner. In 1816, Henry, his brother Benjamin, John Vallance and Francis Kearny formed an engraving firm in Philadelphia. Having had experience at map engraving through his work with John Melish, Tanner conceived of the idea of compiling and publishing an American Atlas, which was begun in 1819 by Tanner, Vallance, Kearny & Co.. Soon Tanner took over the project on his own, and thus began his career as cartographic publisher. The American Atlas was a huge success, and this inspired Tanner to produce his Universal Atlas, of more manageable size. This atlas contained excellent maps of each state, focusing on the transportation network, including roads, railroads and canals. All details are clearly presented, and these include towns, rivers, mountains, political boundaries and the transportation information. In 1844, Carey & Hart issued an edition of the atlas, and the maps were later purchased by S. Augustus Mitchell, and then Thomas, Cowperthwait & Co.. Maps from the early Tanner/Carey & Hart edition are quite rare and desirable. This map of the Conncecticut is typical of the Tanner maps. It shows excellent information, especially of the transportation network. Insets in the lower right show the regions around Hartford and New Haven. $325

"Connecticut." Philadelphia: S. Augustus Mitchell, 1849. 12 1/4 x 15. Lithographic transfer from engraved plate. Original hand-coloring. Very good condition.

For much of the middle part of the nineteenth century, the Mitchell firm dominated American cartography in output and influence. S. Augustus Mitchell Jr.'s maps of the 1860s are probably the best known issues of this firm, but his father's earlier efforts are excellent maps derived from H.S. Tanner's atlas of the 1830s. A statistical table about the states is included, as are insert maps of Hartford and New Haven. It is obvious from the quality and attractive appearance of this map why Mitchell's firm became so important. $275

"Map of Connecticut." Philadelphia: Thomas, Cowperthwait & Co., 1851. 12 1/4 x 14 3/4. Lithographic transfer from engraved plate. Full original color. Paper time toned. Very good condition.

A strong and beautifully crafted map of Connecticut from the mid-nineteenth century, published by Thomas, Cowperthwait & Co.. This firm took over the publication of S. Augustus Mitchell's important Universal Atlas in 1850, and they continued to produce up-dated maps that were amongst the best issued in the period. The map is filled with myriad topographical details, including rivers, towns, lakes and political borders. The Thomas, Cowperthwait & Co. maps are especially known for their depiction of the transportation routes of the states, and this map is no exception. The transportation infrastructure was extremely important at this period of increased immigration and travel. This information is clearly depicted here, including rail lines, steamboat routes, canals and roads. Two inset maps are included, of Hartford and New Haven. $200

"Connecticut, with Portions of New York & Rhode Island." New York: J.H. Colton, 1855. 12 3/4 x 15 3/4. Lithograph from engraved plate. Original hand-coloring. With five moderate size chips in margins, all just outside printed area. Otherwise, very good condition.

In the mid-nineteenth century, the center of map publishing in America moved from Philadelphia to New York. The Colton publishing firm played a large role in this shift. This map of Connecticut with its fine detail, is a strong example of their successful work. Both New York City and Long Island are shown along with a portion of Rhode Island. Not only is it informative, with its depictions of towns, roads and railroads but it is also decorative. The counties are depicted in subtle pastel shades. $95

"County Map of Massachusetts, Connecticut and Rhode Island." Philadelphia: S. Augustus Mitchell, Jr., 1867. 11 1/2 x 13 3/4. Lithograph. Original hand color. Decorative border. Very good condition.

S. Augustus Mitchell, Jr., of Philadelphia, was one of the largest map publishers of the middle of the nineteenth century. The firm was founded by his father, who from around the middle of the nineteenth century issued atlases and maps of all parts of the world in all formats. The Mitchell atlases contained up-to-date maps which were as attractive as they were accurate. With its bold hand-color, decorative borders, and interesting information from this interesting period of American history, this is a fine example of the Mitchell firm's output. $125

Arbuckle Connecticut
"Connecticut." New York: Arbuckle Bros. Coffee Company, 1889. Ca. 3 x 5. Chromolithograph by Donaldson Brothers. Very good condition.

From a delightful series of maps issued by the Arbuckle Bros. Coffee Company. This firm was founded by John and Charles Arbuckle of Pittsburgh, PA. They developed a machine to weigh, fill, seal and label coffee in paper packages, which allowed them to become the largest importer and seller of coffee in the world. Their most famous promotional program involved the issuing of several series of small, colorful trading cards, one of which was included in every package of Arbuckle's Coffee. These series included cards with sports, food, historic scenes, and--one of the most popular--maps. The latter cards included not only a map, but also small illustrations "which portrays the peculiarities of the industry, scenery, etc." of the region depicted. These cards are a delight, containing informative maps as well as wonderful scenes of the area mapped. $60


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