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A Nation Divided.  The Civil War in contemporary prints
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The Civil War: Views


[ Places | Forts & Camps | Refreshment Saloons | Hospitals | Prisons ]


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Places

Graves of the Highlanders, Knoxville Tenn
Hugh Young. "Graves of the Highlanders. Soldiers Cemetery Knoxville, Tenn." New York: Hugh Young, 1864. Tinted lithograph by Charles Hart. 15 3/4 x 22. With repaired tear at bottom reaching into title, and other minor marginal blemishes. Overall, very good condition.

A moving image of the Soldier's Cemetery outside of Knoxville. This image shows the graves of the 79th N.Y. Volunteer Highlanders. It was based "From a Sketch Taken By A Member of the Regiment [Hugh Young] March, 1864. A solitary member of the regiment stands in front of the graves of the Highlanders, each with a name and details of death, while an officer and family stands at the right. The cemetery is located high on a hill and the surrounding hills and river present a lovely picture tempered by the sadness of the cemetery in the foreground. $850



Magnus Richmond
"Richmond, Va." Second title reads, "In Commemoration of the Glorious Victories of the 3rd. and 9th. of April 1865." New York: Magnus, 1865. Chromolithograph. 14 1/2 x 18 1/4. Full borders. Excellent condition.

A striking picture with Union troops in the foreground and the city of Richmond in the background across the James River. Jefferson's Capitol Building is prominent. Medallions surround the central picture showing commanders (Grant, Sheridan, Sherman, Thomas, and Kilpatrick) and thirty detailed maps showing sites of battles that led to the ultimate victory. The battles mapped are from 12 o'clock and clockwise: Dallas, Ga.; Kannasaw, Ga.; Mobile, Al.; Atlanta, Ga.; Yellow Tavern, Va.; New Market, Va.; Drury's Bluff, Va.; Spotsylvania, Va.; Cold Harbor, Va.; Petersburg, Va.; Mt. Crawford, Va.; Burnsville Junction, Va.; Five Forks, Va.; Battle of Fort Stedman; Staunton, Va.; Cedar Creek, Va.; Monacacy, Md.; Lynchburg, Va.; White House, Va.; Goldsboro, N.C.; Wilmington, N.C.; Charleston, S.C.; Columbia, S.C.; Fort Fisher, N.C.; Savannah, Ga.; Ft. McAlister, Ga., Ft. DuRussey, La.; Cane River, La.; Dalton, Ga.; and Rasaca, Ga. The print celebrates both the capture of Richmond and the surrender of General Lee. In the top dedication oval it hails the end of the war and the "sure beginning of Peace." $650



Forts & Camps

Camp N P Banks
"Camp 'N.P. Banks,' Col. Collis' Regiment of Zouaves D'Afrique. Above Nicetown Lane, Near Germantown, Pa." Philadelphia: L.N. Rosenthal, 1862. Ca. 13 1/2 x 21. Chromolithograph. Some wear in margins and repaired tear at left extending ca. 1 1/2" into image. Otherwise, very good condition and excellent appearance. Not in Wainwright.

A rare scene of a Zouave regiment encampment in the Huntington Park section of Philadelphia ("Nicetown Lane" is now Hunting Park Ave), shown in the image as totally undeveloped. Zouave volunteer regiments were formed during the Civil War, taking the name and uniform style of the original Zouaves, French infantry troops from North Africa. The regiment shown here was one of the first Zouaves, originally raised by Capt. Charles H.T. Collis in 1861 and including many French soldiers who had served with the original Zouaves of France. The original intent of the corps was to serve as bodyguards to General N.P. Banks The corps was involved in a number of actions under General N.P. Banks. In 1862, Collis was commissioned a colonel and sent to Philadelphia to enlarge his command to a full regiment. This print would have been issued in the summer of 1862, perhaps in part to help with his recruitment. Life in the regiment is shown as dashing and easy, members of the regiment, in their full "d'Afrique" uniforms, are shown relaxing in front of their tents, neatly laid out in a verdant field. A listing of the officers in the regiment is listed below the image, but no name is given for the Lieut. Colonel nor for the third regiment doctor, indicating that this print was issued as the regiment was being filled. $1,200



Sachse: Fortress Monroe
E. Sachse & Co. "Camp Hamilton, Fortress Monroe & Rip-Raps, VA." Washington D.C.: C. Bohn, 1862. 8 7/8 x 16 4/8. Tinted lithograph. Full margins. Some old, slight staining, conserved, good condition.

The E. Sachse firm in Baltimore was one of the most respected of the latter half of the nineteenth century. Known especially for prints of Washington and Baltimore, of which they produced over sixty, the images of other mid-Atlantic places are also very fine. This print was drawn, lithographed and copyrighted by the firm, though the publisher is given as Casimir Bohn. The image shows Fortress Monroe, near the mouth of the Chesapeake, with its neighbor, the famous Hygeia Hotel. The Federal fleet is seen in the Chesapeake waters as occupation of this strategic place was necessary for threatening the Confederate capital at Richmond. Most interesting are the fine details of the Union camp with barracks, tents, infantry, cavalry and even telegraph lines. Civil War military history at its best. $600
GoGo to page on the beginning of McClellan's Peninsula Campaign



Camp Oliver
Combe. "Camp Oliver 25th. Mass[achusetts]. V[olunteer]. Infantry, New Berne, N.C. 1862-3." New York: Sarony, Major & Knapp, [1863]. 10 3/4 x 15 34/. Lithograph. Full margins. Very good condition.

During the American Civil War, many prints were made to depict camps that were part of training or garrison duty, as well as hospitals and refreshment saloons. The intended market was for the men stationed in the camp and their families at home. We find no record of an American artist named "Combe" for this period, so the credited artist might have been a talented member of the regiment whose other works were never made into prints. In early 1862 Union Gen. Ambrose Burnsides was appointed commander of the Department of North Carolina, and he took the town of New Bern on the Neuse River. Due to its inland location, it was always in danger of Confederate attacks, so a number of regiments were stationed in the area, as seen to left and right of this camp. From this stronghold Burnsides wanted to control shipping in Pamlico Sound. Details of the camp and soldiering are well done in a fine panorama. $425
GoGo to page on the Battle of New Bern



Camp, Gauley Bridge
Prints by J. Nep Roesler. From Album of the Campaign of 1861 in Western Virginia. Cincinnati: Ehrgott, Forbriger & Co., 1862. Small folio. Lithographs by J.N. Roesler. Considerable wear and stains at edges. Images are very good.

These wonderful, lithographed scenes of the 47th Ohio during their campaign in West Virginia are based on drawings by J. Nep Roesler, a Corporal of the color guard in the 47th. They were issued in a now extremely set of twenty images entitled, Album of the Campaign of 1861 in Western Virginia published by the Ehrgott, Forbriger & Co. firm from Cincinnati. This firm also published a series of portraits of Civil War generals and political figures at about the same time. The images concern General William S. Rosecrans' Kanawha Valley campaign of late 1861. Unusual for the time, only one image in the series shows a battle scene, the rest showing troops on picket duty, marching, crossing rivers, and so forth. These rare prints are unusual and fascinating documents of Civil War history.

Go to listing for complete Roesler portfolio for sale



Sachse: Fortress Monroe
E. Sachse & Co. "Camp Hamilton, Fortress Monroe & Rip-Raps, VA." Washington D.C.: C. Bohn, 1862. 8 7/8 x 16 4/8. Tinted lithograph. Full margins. Some old, slight staining, conserved, good condition.

The image shows Fortress Monroe, near the mouth of the Chesapeake, with its neighbor, the famous Hygeia Hotel. It was issued shortly after the Union began its Peninsula Campaign by sending McClellan's army from Washington down to Fort Monroe. The Federal fleet is seen in the Chesapeake waters and in the foreground is a detail image of the Union camp with barracks, tents, infantry, cavalry and even telegraph lines. Civil War military history at its best. $600



GoGo to page on the Siege of Yorktown



John B. Bachelder. "The Army of the Potomac. The Wagon Trains of the Army of the Potomac en Route From Chickahominy to James River Va. During the Seven Days Fight (Fording Bear Creek One Mile Below Savage Station) June 29th 1862." Boston: J.B. Bachelder, 1863. Tinted lithograph by J.H. Bufford. 17 x 27 (image) plus full margins. Conserved, but some old stains, remnants of a mat burn and rubs evident. Good condition and overall fine appearance. Exceptionally strong color.

An excellent Civil War print by Jonathan B. Bachelder showing the Army of the Potomac crossing Bear Creek, on June 29th, 1862, with wonderful realism and detail. Bachelder (1825-1894) was a highly esteemed artist of the period, who was known to have spent considerable time during the Civil War in the field, making on-the-spot sketches. This print is clearly based on such sketches, and it is an excellent representation of what must have been a typical scene. The huge baggage train of the Army stretches off in many columns into the distance, where a dust cloud arises on the horizon. Once the river is reached, Bachelder depicts the difficulties of crossing with the wagons. In the foreground, those soldiers that have made it to the other side are seen lounging under trees, sitting around campfires, and generally setting up camp to wait for the rest of the Army. Harry T. Peters, in America on Stone, calls this a rare and fine print. It is indeed a wonderful look at non-battle life in the Union Army. $1,800



Magnus: Carver Barracks
"Carver Barracks, Washington, D.C." New York: C. Magnus, 1864. 11 x 17 1/4. Chromolithograph. Bright colors and clear image. Excellent condition.

This view shows the Carver Barracks within the District of Columbia. The barracks consisted of both wooden buildings and many tents to handle the extra soldiers who were brought in to protect the nation's capital. A dirt road is shown passing through the camp, filled with civilian riders and carriages, and small vignettes of camp life, including hanging out laundry, are shown. $650



Refreshment Saloons

During the Civil War large numbers of soldiers passed through Philadelphia on their way south. Troops from the northeast were ferried across the Delaware River to the foot of Washington Avenue, whence they marched to the depot of the Philadelphia, Wilmington & Baltimore Railroad. There they boarded trains that took them across Gray's Ferry and south towards the war. A local grocer, Barzilai S. Brown, conceived the notion of an organized volunteer group to provide encouragement and sustenance for the soldiers on their brief transit through Philadelphia. His idea led to the opening of the Union Volunteer Refreshment Saloon, and this was soon followed by a number of other "refreshment saloons." In these saloons the troops were furnished with washing facilities, food, and the opportunity of writing letters home, which were then stamped for free.

Philadelphia Refreshment Saloons
"How Volunteers Are Treated In Philadelphia." From Harper's Weekly. New York, July 13, 1861. 8 3/4 x 13 3/4. Wood engraving. Very good condition.

The spirit of supporting the troops marching to Philadelphia was strong in the early months of the war and Philadelphia's efforts to help fit into the prevailing mood. This print shows the city's project to provide "Hot Coffee, Free for Volunteers Passing Through Philadelphia." $45



Boell: Volunteer Refreshment Saloon 1861
W. Boell. "Volunteer Refreshment Saloon, Supported Gratuitously by the Citizens of Philadelphia, Pa." Philadelphia: B.S. Brown, 1861. 15 1/2 x 21 3/8 (image). Chromolithograph. Colored. Second edition. One tear in left margin expertly repaired. Otherwise, excellent condition. Wainwright: 438.

A patriotic print issued at the beginning of the Civil War. The top scene shows the refreshment saloon with troops marching out to board a Philadelphia & Baltimore train. Beneath this scene are three smaller ones showing the washroom, dining hall, and kitchen. Beneath the caption is a vignette of Winfield Scott and facsimile signatures of various citizens. This enterprise was started to systematize relief work for soldiers arriving from the east on their way south. These troops arrived by water at the foot of Washington Avenue just north of the old Navy Yard. After visiting the refreshment saloon at the nearby southwest corner of Swanson and Washington avenues, the troops boarded the railroad cars which ran down Washington Avenue, crossed the Schuylkill at Gray's Ferry, and headed south to war. The saloon closed on December 1, 1865, after feeding nearly 900,000 men. This print is the second edition with the only alteration being: "Lith & Printed in colors by W. Boell..." $1,450



Hospitals

Magnus Soldiers Rest Washington
Charles Magnus. "Soldiers Rest, Washington, D.C." New York: C. Magnus, 1864. Chromolithograph. 10 3/4 x 16 3/4. Bright colors and clear image. Excellent condition.

During the American Civil War, Charles Magnus printed many images for use by military personnel and the general public in the form of letterhead writing paper and envelopes and souvenirs such as this separately issued print. These were sold during the war years and often sent home to show the family where the boys and men were stationed. No doubt, such pictures were sold after the war at regimental reunions, so they had an active market.

This is one of the more interesting prints of a camp in Washington, D.C. because it not only shows the outline and architecture of Soldier's Rest, but also it shows a train arriving amid joyous cheers as well as the surrounding houses on Capitol Hill. To the right background is the U.S. Capitol shown with the Thomas U. Walter dome completed, even though in 1864 the dome was incomplete and had scaffolding on it. $850



"Satterlee U.S. Hospital, West Philadelphia." Supplement to Hospital Register, 1864. Probably printed in Philadelphia, 1864. 8 3/4 x 13. Wood engraving by Van Ingen and Snyder. Printed by Henry Ashmead. Couple repaired tears into image with some soiling in margins. Print has been professionally conserved. Large original margins. Otherwise, fine condition.

A very unusual and rare print of this Civil War hospital in West Philadelphia. Most likely this print was issued in a hospital publication, hence the scarcity. The 4,500 bed Satterlee Hospital, initially called the West Philadelphia General Hospital, was located in an area bounded by present-day Baltimore Avenue and Pine, Forty-third and Forty-sixth Streets. This hospital was opened June 9, 1862, under the supervision of Dr. Isaac J. Hays. The hospital is shown in a bucolic setting of West Philadelphia long before the development of this area of the city. $800



Hospital views by Charles Magnus. New York: Charles Magnus, 1864. Lithographs with original hand color. Ca. 10 1/2 x 17. Very good condition.

During the American Civil War, Charles Magnus printed many images for use by military personnel and the general public in the form of letterhead writing paper and envelopes and souvenirs such as this separately issued print. These were sold during the war years and often sent home to show the family where the boys and men were stationed. No doubt, such pictures were sold after the war at regimental reunions, so they had an active market.



Prisons

None currently available


Other

Sanitary Fair
James Queen. "Buildings of the Great Central Fair, in Aid of the U.S. Sanitary Commission." Philadelphia: P.S. Duval & Son., 1864. 12 3/8 x 26 1/4. Chromolithograph by J. Queen. Some staining in the margins. Printed title enhanced by hand. Otherwise, very good condition. With separate manuscript dedication note. Déak: 789; Prints of Philadelphia: 199; Wainwright: 35.

James Queen, a native Philadelphian, was an accomplished lithographic artist, P.S. Duval's principal draftsman. He drew views, disasters, portraits, music covers, advertisements, certificates, illustrations and any other subject Duval needed. During the Civil War, when artists were in short supply, Duval wrote to a friend: "James Queen is still with us and is now one of the best artists in the country." In June 1864, Philadelphia mounted the Great Central Fair to benefit the U.S. Sanitary Commission, which worked towards the relief of wounded and sick Union troops. Contributions for the fair were raised and temporary buildings were erected on Logan Square. This print depicts the fair buildings from the northwest, with the Cathedral of SS. Peter and Paul shown prominently on the far side. Two large rotundas are portrayed flanking the main exhibit hall, a vaulted gallery designed by Strickland Kneass that extended from Eighteenth to Logan (Nineteenth) Street. The fair lasted only three weeks, but it drew great crowds, especially during President Lincoln's visit on June 16th. The fair was a great success, raising over a million dollars for the cause.

Accompanying this print is the following manuscript note: "Presented to Wm. Stavely, Esq. in testimony of my appreciation of his valuable services as Chairman of the Bucks Co. Pa. Committee on Agriculture, Great Central Fair. Alfred L. Kennedy, Chairman General Committee on Agriculture, Philadelphia July 1, 1864." William Stavely was a respected Bucks County farmer who had a successful career in the printing business prior to his retiring to Bucks County. Alfred L Kennedy (1818-1896) was a physician, born and educated in Philadelphia. He studied civil and mining engineering and also medicine from the University of Pennsylvania. Kennedy was also a well know expert in medical chemistry and botany. During the Civil War he acted as a volunteer surgeon of the 2d army corps in the Gettysburg hospital, and in 1863 was commissioned colonel of volunteer engineers. He was vice president of the American Agricultural Congress and the Pennsylvania Agricultural Society in 1876. $2,100



US Sanitary Commission
"United States Sanitary Commission, Our Heroines." With four vignesttes at the corners, clockwise from top left: "On the Battlefield," "In the Hospital," "At the Fair" and "In the Parlor." From Harper's Weekly. New York: Harper's Weekly, April 9, 1864. Folio. 9 1/8 x 13 5/8. Wood engraving. Very good condition.

Five scenes of women supporting the war effort as nurses, caretakers, fundraisers, seamstresses and knitters, all in aid of Union soldiers' welfare. $40



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©The Philadelphia Print Shop, Ltd. October 19, 2013