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Maps of the Civil War

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Johnson United States Military Map
"Johnson's New Military Map of the United States showing the Forts, Military Posts &c. With Enlarged Plans of Southern Harbors From Authentic Data Obtained at the War Department Washington." New York: Johnson & Ward, 1861. 17 1/2 x 23 3/4. Lithograph. Full original hand-color. Slight separation at bottom center fold, expertly repaired. Light stains in bottom margin. Else, very good condition.

With the start of the Civil War, the military situation in the United States was, naturally, of great interest to the readers of Johnson's atlas, so the firm of Johnson & Ward added this "New Military Map." The focus is on the situation of all the U.S. forts and posts throughout the country, including those in the South. As an important element in the war was the access to maritime trade, with the Union blockade of Southern ports, the firm also put in nine inset maps of various southern harbors, running from Baltimore to New Orleans.

The political division of the United States is also of interest in this map. Up to 1860, the increased population of settlers in the trans-Mississippi west created considerable pressure to create new territories there, but the debate over whether these would be free or slave territories prevented Congress from acting. As soon as the Southern Congressmen left, when their states seceded, Northern Congressmen could pass what they wanted and three new territories were created in 1861. These new territories, Colorado, Nevada and Dakota, are all shown here. However, also shown is a territory not yet created and certainly not created as it is shown here, viz. Arizona.

The settlers in the southern part of New Mexico had been trying since the late 1850s to create a territory of Arizona out of the southern part of that territory, but the fact that this would be a southern leaning, slave territory prevented this from happening. When the Confederacy was created, those settlers decided they didn't want to wait, so they voted themselves as a Confederate Territory. The U.S. Congress did eventually, in 1863, create an Arizona Territory, but running north-south, to the west of New Mexico, so it would not be a "southern," slave territory. The Johnson & Ward firm believed that the Arizona Territory was going to be created as originally proposed, and so that is what they show here, making this map both erroneous and particularly interesting. $350




"Johnson's New Chart of National Emblems." [Flags of the World]. Stone lithography (hand colored). New York: Johnson & Ward, 1863. 16 7/8 x 23 1/8. Center fold as issued. Slight browning. A few chips around the edges, else fine and bright.

Alvin J. Johnson began publishing his New Illustrated Family Atlas in 1860 and continued to publish it through the Civil War years and through to 1885. Many issues contained a double page such as this one illustrating flags of the world. The 1863 issue was one of the few which illustrated the flag of the Confederate States of America [top of bottom right quadrant] at a time when the Northern States did not recognize the Southern confederacy. Indeed, publishing sympathetic writings or pictures could be treasonous, thus a warning that this government was "so called"; is added to the description. Perhaps this phrase saved the publisher from a charge of sedition, but it also showed how Confederate warships and especially raiders were on the minds of the Northern public. The other flags reflect developments in various parts of the World. $225



Set of five maps of Atlanta Campaign

U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. "Map[s] Illustrating the Military Operations of the Atlanta Campaign..;1864. Compiled by the authority of the Hon. the Secretary of War in the office of the Chief of Engineers, U.S.A." New York: U.S.A. American Photo-Lithographic Co., [1874-1877]. Set of five maps. Original outline color. Minor staining along folds and slight chipping in the margins. Otherwise, very good condition, except as noted. Ref: Stephensen 131.

Each of these large maps provides excellent detail of the topography, transportation routes, troop positioning and town names of the region that served as the theatre for the dramatic events of the Atlanta campaign. Importantly, the maps provide an illustration of these central components of Confederate infrastructure which were the primary motivation to take Atlanta for the Union leadership. The extended strategic movements of the Federal and Confederate forces, beginning in May of 1864 and ending with the occupation of Atlanta in September of that year, are clearly marked throughout the maps. These maps, produced from the official government documents, are important historic artifacts of this decisive period in the Civil War.

Set of 5, $1,400



Plate 68
Plate 68. "Defensive lines 18th Army Corps from Fort Brady to Fort Burnham, October, 1864 / Defensive lines 10th Army Corps from Fort Burnham to right of New Market Road, October, 1864 / Battle-Field of Five Forks, Va., Saturday, April 1st, 1865 / Casement in Fort Burnham, January, 1865 plus 5 smaller maps.." Maps from the U.S. War Department's Atlas to Accompany the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies. Washington: Gov't. Printing Office, 1891-95. Lithographed map, with some highlight color. Double folio size. Very good condition.

Richard Stephenson has written, "This is the most detailed atlas yet published on the Civil War. It consists of reproductions of maps compiled by both Union and Confederate soldiers." [Stephenson, Civil War Maps, p 99.] The maps show many of the events of the Civil War with great detail, including topography, troop placements and movements, and other information of interest. These are the best near contemporary maps available of many of these battles, sieges, and other events of this conflict. $75
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