Henry S. Tanner. "North America." From H.S. Tanner's New Universal Atlas. Philadelphia: H.S. Tanner, 1836. 14 1/2 x 11 3/4. Engraving. Full original hand color. Excellent condition. Denver.
An excellent map of North America by the great American cartographer, Henry Schenck Tanner. In 1816, Henry, his brother Benjamin, John Vallance and Francis Kearny formed an engraving firm in Philadelphia. Having had experience at map engraving through his work with John Melish, Tanner conceived of the idea of compiling and publishing an American Atlas, which was begun in 1819 by Tanner, Vallance, Kearny & Co.. Soon Tanner took over the project on his own, and thus began his career as cartographic publisher. The American Atlas was a huge success, and this inspired Tanner to produce his Universal Atlas, of more manageable size. This atlas contained excellent maps of all parts of the world. This map of North America is a fine example of the maps from this atlas. Detail is impressive throughout, including rivers, lakes, major settlements, topography (as best then known), and the locations of Indian Tribes. Tanner shows the United States as it existed prior to the Mexican War, with the exception of showing the chauvinistic American concept that the entire Oregon County, extending as far north as the 54'40° line, belonged to the United States. At the time the official agreement with Great Britain was that the Oregon Country was jointly administered, but with the flood of immigrants into Oregon beginning in the 30s, Americans agitated for the United States taking the entire region over. Tanner shows a relatively correct understanding of the western mountain ranges, including the fact that no river flowed from the Great Basin (which he labeled "Sandy Plain" to the Pacific Ocean. A fine example of the best of American cartography of the period. $275
A.H. Dufour. "Amérique du Nord." Paris: J. Andriveau-Goujon, 1838. Separately issued map, dissected into 18 sections and mounted on linen for folding. 36 x 24 3/4. Engraving. Original outline color. Excellent condition. With paper slip cover. Denver.
A finely produced map of North America by Adolph Hippolyte Dufour. Detail includes much topography, with a graphic depiction of mountains and many rivers. This is based on an 1834 map by Brué, that included the latest information available, including Lewis & Clark and other early reports. Of note is the double depiction of the Great Salt Lake. Also shown are myriad settlements and political borders. Of particular interest is the depiction of Texas as an independent republic. Dufour leaves blank the then controversial border in the Oregon Territory between Canada and the United States. In the trans-Mississippi west are several Indian districts. This is one of the better pre-Frémont maps of the continent. $1,750
"North America." London: SDUK & Baldwin & Gradock, 1843. 15 18 x 12. Engraving. Original outline color. Very good condition.
A detailed and cleanly drawn map of North America, showing Texas as an independent nation, issued by the Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (SDUK). This wonderful English enterprise was devoted to the spreading of up-to-date information and the enhancing of understanding. This map of the North American continent shows the United States extending to the Pacific coastline, with the border with Canada in the northwest left off because of the border dispute current at the time the map was issued. Of particular interest is Texas shown independent, just before it was annexed by the United States in 1844. An excellent example of the work of the SDUK. $275
Carl Flemming. "Nord America." Glogau, Germany: C. Flemming, 1844. 12 1/8 x 16. Lithograph by C. Flemming. Original outline color. Two light spots at bottom and light stains at edge. Overall, very good condition. Denver.
Carl Flemming was the founder of an important German firm located in Berlin and Glogau and this map shows characteristic German detail. The focus of the map is on the topography and political situation in the continent. The Rocky Mountain chain is graphically, and somewhat confusedly, depicted, showing the Great Basin in the American southwest with no interior information. Of note is the depiction of Texas as an independent republic, a heart-shaped entity shown between the U.S. and Mexico. In the northwest the border to the Oregon Territory is depicted from the American viewpoint, extending well into present-day Canada. $525
Victor Levasseur. "Amerique Septentrionale." Paris: A. Combette, 1847. 11 1/4 x 17. Engraving by Laguillermie. Original outline coloring. Full margins. Very good condition. Denver.
One of the most decorative maps of North America. The cartographic depiction of the continent is set into a dramatic and colorful illustration of the terrain, peoples, flora, fauna and produce of the Nouveau Continent. Drawn by painter Raimond Bonheur, the border of the map is a collage of impressions of the 'wonders' of North America, illustrating the fabulous image it still projected into the minds of mid-nineteenth century Europeans. The geographical information of the map is also of interest. The United States is shown extending to the Pacific Ocean, including the disputed area north of what was to become Washington State that was established as part of Canada by the treaty of 1846. And though Texas had been annexed by the United States in 1845, it is here shown as it appeared when an independent nation. $450
A.K. Johnston. "North America." Edinburgh: W. & A.K. Johnston, ca. 1848. 24 x 19 1/2. Engraving. Original outline color. Very good condition. Denver.
An interesting map of the continent with erroneous borders reflecting the changing and confused changes around 1846-48. Texas is shown as part of the United States, as is "Upper or New California," though the map also shows the Mexican-American border from before the war. The map includes a note below the title stating that the lands west of the Rockies between the Russian and Mexican lands is claimed by both Great Britain and the U.S., though a border is drawn separating the British north from the American south. This is not, however, the line that was agreed to in 1846, for this Scottish mapmaker shows the British lands extending down to the Columbia River! Topographical detail is extensive and clear. While Americans themselves were certainly unsure of how things stood at this time, even more so the cartographer in Edinburgh! $275
"North America." New York: J.H. Colton, 1855. 15 1/2 x 12 3/4. Lithograph. Original hand color. Minor discoloration in margins. Very good condition. Denver.
An attractive map of the continent by another of the leading American mapmakers of the mid-nineteenth century. The map shows from the British and Russian Possessions in the north (this map was issued about a decade before the purchase of Alaska), to the West Indies and Central America in the south. Of particular interest is the depiction of the United States just after the Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854. The map shows the very large territories in the West at this time. An excellent snap-shot of an interesting period in the history of the American West. $175
William Gilpin. "Map of North American delineating the Mountain System and its Details, The Great Calcareous Plain as a Unit, and the continuous encircling Maritime Selvage." From Mission of the American People. Philadelphia, 1873. Lithograph. Original hand color. Very good condition.
A unique map of North America by William Gilpin, created to promote the notion of the economic development of the central part of the United States. William Gilpin (1815-1894) had an early career with the U.S. Army during the Indian Wars in the Southeast and then in Missouri and to the west. Independence, Missouri, was once Gilpintown when he lived there. Politically associated with Sen. Thomas Hart Benton and John C. Fremont he changed from a western Democrat to a Republican in 1856. When Colorado became a territory in 1861, Lincoln made him the first governor. Subsequent land speculation in Colorado and New Mexico made him a wealthy man, and his writings such as Mission of the American People, for which this map was designed, made him a prominent proponent of Manifest Destiny.
He believed first that it was the temperate climes of the world which were the central location of future economic development, and he say the United States as uniquely situated along that band to take advantages of trade with both East and West. He firmly believed in America's placement at the core of future greatness. The center point of this potential development, graphically shown on this map with concentric circles, was centered on the area around Topeka Kansas. Gilpin believed that a trans-continental railroad though this area would benefit Americans as no others, especially those in the great plains. Gilpin was one of the first to realize the potential of this region. $325
Desbuissons Geographe. "Amerique Septentrionale." From Geographie Universelle Atlas-Migeon. Paris: J. Migeon, 1881. 10 3/4 x 14 3/4. Engraving by Sengteller. Lettering by Isid. Dalmont. Original hand color. Excellent condition.
A crisp map of North America from J. Migeon's Geographie Universelle. The map was drawn by Desbuisson and reviewed by Vuillemin, a geographer who was a member of the Societe de Geographie de Paris and is thus quite accurate and up-to-date. All of North and Central America are shown, each nation colored with a contrasting shade. The focus of this map is on the railroads and it thus presents a fascinating picture of this important transportation network, especially in the United States. The appearance of the map is enhanced by the fine engraving and hand coloring, and finished off with a lovely vignette of Niagara Falls in the lower left. $250
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