Rigobert Bonne. "Le Nouveau Mexique." Paris, 1778. 8 x 12 1/4. Engraving by Dien. Very good condition. Lowery: 545.
Rigobert Bonne was the Royal Hydrographer of France, so his primary interest was in marine charts. However, with his Royal connections and access to the cartographic documents in Paris, Bonne was able to compile maps containing some of the most up-to-date information of his time. This map of the southern part of North America is a good example of his work. It shows as far north as Santa Fe and to just below Guadalahara, also including the northern tip of the Yucatan Peninsula. The southern coast of the United States in included to western Florida, and the river systems are included inland, especially for present-day Texas. A fine eighteenth century map of the region, with good early information of this American southwest. $325
Francois Santini after Joseph Nicolas Delisle. "Carte des Nouvelles Decouvertes au Nord de la Mer du Sud." Venice: G.A.. Remondini, [1776-1784]. 17 1/2 x 24 1/2. Engraving. Original outline color. Some minor blemishes in margins. Overall, very good condition. Tooley: 104. Denver.
An Italian edition of Joseph Nicolas Delisle's important map of the north Pacific. Delisle spent many years working as a cartographer in Russia, founding the Academy of Sciences in St. Petersburg and producing the first Russian Atlas. In 1747, Delisle returned to France with a manuscript map of the north Pacific, including information on northeastern Asia, northwestern America and the strait between the two. He produced an engraved map, which was presented to the French Academy of Sciences in 1750. This map was very advanced in some areas, being based on Russian expeditions of 1723, 1732 and 1741, along with Vitus Bering's first and second voyages and the explorations of a number of others such as Tchirkow and Frondat. Unfortunately, the cartography of northwestern America is based on the fictitious account of Admiral de Fonte, showing a huge inland sea, the "Mer de L'Ouest," and waterways leading off towards Baffin's Bay-the long sought for Northwest Passage. Delisle's rendering became the standard for the region until Cook's explorations later in the century. Delisle's map was copied by many publishers, including the Italian Santini, whose map was later issued by Remondini. The Italian versions have a handsome rococo title cartouche balanced by text and images of a native of Kamchatka and one of Louisiana. $1,500
Francois Santini after Gerard Muller. "Nouvelle Carte des Decouvertes faites par des Vaisseaux Russiens Aux Cótes Inconnues de l'Amerique Septentrionale Avec Les Pars Adjacents A St. Petersbourgh a l'Academie Imperiale des Sciences 1784." Venice: G.A.. Remondini, 1784. 19 3/8 x 25 1/2. Engraving. Early outline color. Narrow margins. Very good condition.
An example of the official Russian response to Delisle's map of the northern Pacific (cf. above). The Russian authorities felt that Delisle had stolen the information for his map and they were aware of his incorrect delineation in northwestern America. Thus they encouraged Gerard Muller, a German cartographer working in St. Petersburg, to issue a map to correct Delisle's mistakes, as the official mapping from the Imperial Academy in St. Petersburg. Muller's map was first issued in 1758, reissued in 1773, and again in 1784. The later editions were updated, especially to show the discoveries of a number of Russian explorations, beginning in 1764, which produced new information on the Aleutian Islands and the western coast of Alaska. The first issue of Muller's map showed a dotted line suggesting the coast of America extending well to the west. The Russian explorations of the 1760s showed that the coastline was further to the east, and this map delineates that configuration, much closer to reality. At the same time, one of the Russian explorers, Ivan Synd or Syndo, in his account of his voyage introduced a number of fictitious islands in the middle of Bering's Strait, and those non-existent islands are clearly depicted on this map. And while Muller rid the map of Delisle's mythical "Mer de l'Quest," he does continue to show one mistaken version of the hoped for Northwest Passage, with the "R. de l'Quest" connecting the northern California coast ultimately to Hudson's Bay. A combination of improved accuracy and retained error, this is a fascinating map in the long history of the discovery and exploration of one of the last frontiers. $1,400
Franz Ludwig Güssefeld. "Charte über die XIII vereinigte Staaten von Nord-America." Nuremberg: Homann Heirs 1784. 17 1/2 x 22 1/2. Engraving. Original hand color. Some paper toning. Very good condition.
This is an early example of a map that recognized the nascent United States of America. The map shows North America to just across the Mississippi River, but the focus is on the new nation. Each state is colored in a contrasting pastel and the states in the northern part are named by way of a lettered key given just below the attractive title cartouche. The borders are in general pretty good, though Vermont is not shown, being included as part of New Hampshire, and Maryland's western parts extend well south into Virginia. The treatment of the lands to the west of the Appalachian Mountains and up to the Mississippi River is quite interesting. This area is indicated as lands that came to the United States by the Treaty of 1783. It is mostly undifferentiated politically, though dotted lines coming off of the states of the southeast do extend to the Mississippi, showing the claims of those states. Rivers, towns, and some forts are shown, and Indian tribes are named throughout. One odd feature is the appearance of a very large area of marshy land along the Wabash. All in all, this attractive map is a fascinating view of the new nation. $1,400
John Russell. "Map of the Middle States, of America. Comprehends New-York, New-Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, and the Territory N:W: of Ohio." From William Winterbotham's View of the United States. London: H.D. Symonds, 1794. 14 1/4 x 18. Engraving. Very good condition. With inset of Long Island.
An interesting map of the region of the United States extending from New Jersey to Indiana, and from northern New York to Maryland. This was issued in Winterbotham's early account of the United States. Detail in the east is copious, with rivers, towns, lakes, and so forth. Information is especially interesting for the western parts, with a considerable number of rivers shown, and springs, portages, salt licks, Indian settlements, and forts indicated. Also depicted is the early development in the old 'Northwest Territory,' including the Seven Ranges, the Army lands, the Ohio Company, and the Donation Lands from Virginia. A detailed and fascinating picture of this section of the country near the turn of the century. $650
Lewis Evans. "A New and General Map of the Middle Dominions Belonging to the United States of America." With inset, "A Sketch of the Upper Parts to show the remainder of the Lakes." London: Laurie & Whittle, 12 May 1794. 18 1/4 x 25 plus full and generous margins. Engraving. Original outline color. Some minor chipping and tears in margins. Very good condition.
Lewis Evans was perhaps the greatest eighteenth century American cartographer. Extensive travels gave Evans the background that he later used to draw his seminal maps. In 1755, Evans published his important map of the middle colonies, which was especially important for its delineation of the trans-Appalachian region and for its inset of what was to become the Northwest Territory. These depictions were based by Evans on his own surveys and on first hand reports of explorations by Gist and Walker. Based on reliable, first hand information and compiled with great care, the map appeared in numerous editions to as late as 1816; this issue of 1794 was one of the more popular eighteenth century editions.
Evans' map was one of the first to show accurate information in the trans-Appalachian region, the territory fought over during the French and Indian Wars. This map was of such detail and information that it became an invaluable resource during the wars, especially for west of the Appalachians. It was this map that first noted oil in Pennsylvania and coal in Ohio, as well as denoting important passages through the Appalachians. For the area of Illinois and Michigan, Evans used such sources as Indian scouts, traders, and other information previously unavailable. This map indicates Indian settlements along with the ancient and current seats of the Indian tribes. The map provided the first accurate details of the tributaries of the Ohio river, including the degree in which they were passable. One of the most influential maps of the eighteenth century, Evans' map opened the way to the west and is thus a very important document of American settlement and expansion. CWL On Approval
John Barron, Surveyor for Rev. Thomas Adams. A plat map showing 227 acres adjoining the Ferry at Camden, South Carolina. Pen and watercolor. 2 May 1794. 12 3/4 x 7 3/4 (full sheet), Former folds in docket configuration. Conserved by deacidification and backing with archival tissue for strength. Old deterioration at compass center due to iron gall ink arrested.
The two tracts are east of the Wateree River, and a small lot with a house is next to the river but not within the acres defined as "A." Tract "A" contained 172 acres, and tract "B" is 55 3/4 acres. The surveyor's text states, "At the Request of the Reverend Thomas Adams I have Resurveyed the above tract of Land adjoining the Ferry at Camden and find it to contain 227 3/4 acres being, A 172 Acres and B 55 3/4 Acres. Camden 2d. May 1794. [Signed] Jno. Barron."
Methodist Thomas Adams (d. 1797), ordained at Boston's West Church in 1791 for service in Camden, Kershaw County, South Carolina, was the son of Amos Adams, pastor of the first church in Roxbury, Massachusetts. John Barron (1753-1841) was a member of a family prominent in York County, South Carolina. The house shown is possibly the ferry house, which was about 300 yards upstream from the current bridge for Interstate 20. $600
Joseph T. Scott. "N.W. Territory." From United States Gazetteer. Philadelphia: J. Scott, 1795. First state. 7 1/4 x 6. Engraving by J. Scott. Very good condition. Wheat & Brun: 674i.
This is the first printed map of the old Northwestern Territory, issued in the first American gazetteer. Joseph T. Scott, a Philadelphia engraver and publisher, issued his gazetteer during the early days of American cartography, and the maps of the individual states and territories are very good. Scott, a Philadelphia engraver and publisher, issued his gazetteer during the early days of American cartography, and the maps of the individual states and territories are very good. This map of the "N.W. Territory" is a very nice example of this. The detail is pretty good for this early date. Major rivers are indicated throughout, as are mines, Indian tribes, forts and settlements. A very early map of a region which was to go from wilderness to hugely developed in the next fifty years. $675
Maps from From Isaac Weld, Jr. Travels through the states of North America...during 1795, 1796 and 1797. London: John Stockdale, 1798-99. Engravings. Ca. 6 3/4 x 9. With folds as issued. With some slight transferring, but very good condition.
A series of fine engraved maps of parts of North America from Weld's account of his travels through the continent in the last decade of the 18th century.
Of particular interest is the depiction of frontier forts including Forts George, Chambly, Niagara, and one located at the end of Green Bay. $225
So impressed was Weld with Niagara Falls that he had an entire chapter devoted to is and included three views and this map. An inset of the entire Niagara peninsula is included in the upper left corner. $110
Return to page two of 18th century American regional maps
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