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A strong and beautifully crafted map of Alabama from the nineteenth century by the great American cartographer, Henry Schenck Tanner. In 1816, Henry, his brother Benjamin, John Vallance and Francis Kearny formed an engraving firm in Philadelphia. Having had experience at map engraving through his work with John Melish, Tanner conceived of the idea of compiling and publishing an American Atlas, which was begun in 1819 by Tanner, Vallance, Kearny & Co. Soon Tanner took over the project on his own, and thus began his career as cartographic publisher. The American Atlas was a huge success, and this inspired Tanner to produce his Universal Atlas, of more manageable size. This atlas contained excellent maps of each state, focusing on the transportation network, including roads, railroads and canals. This map is a fine example of that atlas. This map shows Alabama at an interesting period in its history, and is filled with myriad topographical details, including rivers, towns, and political borders. The Tanner maps are especially known for their depiction of the transportation routes of the states, and this map is no exception. The transportation infrastructure was extremely important at this period of increased immigration and travel in the American south. This information is clearly depicted, including rail lines, canals and roads. A table at the left lists the steamboat routes from Mobile to Tuscaloosa, Montgomery and Pensacola. $325
S. Augustus Mitchell. "A New Map of Alabama with its Roads & Distances from place to place, along the Stage & Steam Boat Routes." From A New Universal Atlas. Philadelphia: S. Augustus Mitchell, 1850. 14 1/2 x 11 3/8. Lithograph transfer from engraved plate. Original hand-color. Some staining in body.
An excellent map of Alabama by S. Augustus Mitchell. For much of the middle part of the nineteenth century, the Mitchell firm dominated American cartography in output and influence. S. Augustus Mitchell Jr.'s maps of the 1860s are probably the best known issues of this firm, but his father's earlier efforts are excellent maps derived from H.S. Tanner's atlas of the 1830s. This map of Alabama is a good example of this work. Topographical and political information, including towns, rivers, etc. is clearly shown, and the counties are shaded with contrasting pastel shades. This series of maps is known in particular for its excellent detail on the transportation nexus in the states, and here roads, with distances along them, canals and the few early railroads in Alabama are clearly presented. At left is a table of distances along the steam boat routes in the state. Alabama is shown shortly after the last Indian lands were ceded and just before the capital was moved from Tuscaloosa to Montgomery. A fine early map of the state. $275
"A New Map of Alabama with its Roads & Distances from place to place, along the Stage & Steam Boat Routes." Philadelphia: Charles Desilver, 1856. 14 1/2 x 11 1/2. Lithograph. Original hand color. Very good condition. With decorative border.
Charles Desilver, one of the many publishers working in Philadelphia during the mid-nineteenth century, issued an atlas of maps based on the famous Tanner-Mitchell-Cowperthwait series. Desilver used much the same information as originally drawn in the 1840s, but updated the maps with new counties, roads, towns, and especially the transportation network of roads and railroads, always the focus of the maps from this series. This map is typical of the rather unusual and scarce Desilver atlas. The growth of roads and railroads in the state is impressive and indicative of the huge growth in the region during the middle part of the century. An attractive and fascinating Alabama document from just before the Civil War. $175
"Johnson's Georgia and Alabama." New York: Johnson & Browning, 1860. 17 x 24. Lithograph. Full original hand-color. Very good condition. With vignettes of Tuscaloosa Observatory and Rice-Mill on Savannah River.
An attractive map of Alabama and Georgia from A. J. Johnson's atlas issued just at the start of the Civil War. Johnson, who published out of New York City, was one of the leading cartographic publishers in the latter half of the century, producing popular atlases, geographies and so on. This finely detailed map is an good example of Johnson's work. Townships, towns, roads, rail lines, rivers and lakes are shown throughout. Of particular note is the extensive road and rail network in the states that would be come so important in the forthcoming conflict. The clear presentation of cartographic information and the warm hand coloring make this an attractive as well as interesting historical document. $175
"Johnson's Georgia and Alabama." New York: Johnson & Ward, 1862. 17 x 24. Lithograph. Full original hand-color. Very good condition. With vignettes of Tuscaloosa Observatory and Rice-Mill on Savannah River.
Another example of Johnson's fine map. $175
"Johnson's Georgia and Alabama." New York: Johnson & Ward, 1864. 15 1/2 x 22. Lithograph. Full original hand-color. Very good condition.
A slightly reduced map of Georgia and Alabama from the Johnson atlas of four years later. This map lacks the two vignettes of the earlier edition, but the information is just as comprehensive. $175
"County Map of Georgia, and Alabama." Philadelphia: S. Augustus Mitchell, Jr. 1866. 10 3/4 x 13 1/4. Lithograph. Original hand coloring. Decorative border. A few light spots at lower left. Else, very good condition.
For most of the middle part of the nineteenth century, the firm founded by S. Augustus Mitchell, Sr. dominated American cartography in output and influence. This fine map is from one of his son's atlases, and it shows Alabama and Georgia in the mid-1860s, shortly after the Civil War. Towns, rivers, roads and other topographical information are clearly shown, and the counties are shaded with contrasting pastel colors. A fine decorative border surrounds the map, and the whole effect makes for an attractive and historically interesting mid-nineteenth century map. $145
"Colton's Alabama." New York: G. W. and C. B. Colton & Co., 1866. 15 3/4 x 12 3/4. Lithograph. Full original hand-coloring. Very good condition.
In the mid-nineteenth century, the center of map publishing in America moved from Philadelphia to New York. The J.H. Colton publishing firm played a large role in this shift. This map of Alabama, with its fine detail, is a strong example of their successful work. The map presents the counties in contrasting pastel shades, and includes depictions of towns, rivers, marshes, and some topography. Of particular interest are the indications of the burgeoning transportation network in the state, with roads and railroads clearly shown. An attractive map as well as a worthwhile historical document. $165
"State of Alabama." Washington: General Land Office, 1866. 18 3/4 x 11 1/2. Lithograph by Bowen & Co. Original outline color. Very good condition.
The U.S. General Land Office (GLO) was established in 1812 with responsibility to survey and control the dispersal of public lands. All public land was required to be surveyed prior to settlement, and the first director of the GLO, Thomas Hutchins, set up a systematic process of rectangular survey for the public lands and launched the great national project to survey and map the public domain in the entire country, a procedure which got under way in the famous "seven ranges" of southeast Ohio. Each surveyor was to record not only geography, but also features of the landscape with economic import, such as roads, Indian trails, existing settlements, Indian lands, mineral deposits, and of particular interest, railroads and their rights of way. Of note is that unlike most surveys of the time, the surveyors were instructed not to apply new names to the landscape, but to use "the received names of all rivers, creeks, lakes, swamps, prairies, hills, mountains and other natural objects." Periodically the GLO would issue maps showing the progress of their surveys, and this map shows how Alabama was well covered by 1866. Interesting features are the railroads in the state. $350
"Gray's Atlas Map of Alabama." Philadelphia: O.W. Gray, 1875. 14 7/8 x 11 7/8. Lithograph. Original hand color. Very good condition.
This map illustrates the rapid economic growth in Alabama in the ten years following the Civil War with an extensive railroad network connecting the state's most important inland cities to ports on the Gulf Coast. It was published by the Philadelphia firm of O.W. Gray which began its publishing around mid-century and published regional and U.S. atlases up to the 1880s, first as O.W. Gray and then O.W. Gray & Son. This map is typical of their work, presenting the latest information available with clear and precise detail. $155
"County Map of the States of Georgia and Alabama." From Mitchell's New General Atlas. Philadelphia: S. Augustus Mitchell, Jr. 1880. 13 1/2 x 21 1/2. Lithograph. Original hand color. Very good condition.
For most of the middle part of the nineteenth century, the firm founded by S. Augustus Mitchell, Sr. dominated American cartography in output and influence. This fine map is from one of his son's atlases, and it shows Alabama and Georgia in 1880. Towns, rivers, roads and other topographical information are clearly shown, and the counties shaded with contrasting pastel shades. This is a larger, updated version of Mitchell's earlier maps of these two states, reflecting the increased development at the time. Of particular interest are the insets of Savannah and Atlanta. $150
"Alabama." Philadelphia: W.M. Bradley & Bro., ca. 1884. 22 3/8 x 16 1/2. Lithograph. Original hand color. Full margins, with old crack in bottom margin. Very good condition.
A neatly detailed map from the Philadelphia publishing firm of William M. Bradley & Bros. While Philadelphia was no longer the main center of cartographic publishing in North America by the late nineteenth century, many fine maps were still produced there, as is evidenced by this map. Topography, political information, towns, and physical features are all presented precisely and clearly. The railroad transportation network is particularly well delineated. $150
"Alabama"/ "Mississippi." From Gaskell's Atlas of the World. Chicago: Gaskell, 1889. Small folio. Cerograph map with original printed color. Very good condition.
A double sided map from the late nineteenth century that is a good example of the quality of American mapmaking at the time. Done by cerography, or wax engraving, the map is filled with precise, clear and copious details. Shown are towns, road, railroads, rivers, all set against a topographical background and with pastel shades delineated counties. A wonderful map of both Alabama and Mississippi showing these states almost a century and a half ago. $55
"Alabama." Chicago: George F. Cram, ca 1890s. 12 x 9. Colored cerograph. Very good condition.
A colorful, detailed map of the state of Alabama from the latter part of the nineteenth century. The George Cram Company was an engraving and publishing firm from Chicago. In the mid-nineteenth century, the center of cartographic publishing was New York City, but in the 1880's this began to shift towards Chicago with the advent of the Rand, McNally and Cram firms. These firms were noted for their efficient output of precise maps filled with useful and up-to-date details on roads, towns, railroads, and so forth. $45
Arbuckle Bros. Coffee Company. "Alabama." New York, 1889 to ca. 1900. Ca. 3 x 5. Chromolithograph by Donaldson Brothers.
From a delightful series of maps issued in 1889 by the Arbuckle Bros. Coffee Company. This firm was founded by John and Charles Arbuckle of Pittsburgh, PA. They developed a machine to weigh, fill, seal and label coffee in paper packages, which allowed them to become the largest importer and seller of coffee in the world. Their most famous promotional program involved issuing several series of small, colorful trading cards, one of which was included in every package of Arbuckle's Coffee. These series included cards with sports, food, historic scenes, and-one of the most popular-maps. The latter cards included not only a map, but also a small illustration or two "which portrays the peculiarities of the industry, scenery, etc." of the region depicted. These cards are a delight, containing informative maps as well as wonderful scenes of the area mapped. $65
[Alabama]. From Rand McNally & Company's Indexed Atlas of the World. Chicago: Rand, McNally & Co., 1899. 26 x 19. Cerograph. Very good condition.
A late nineteenth century map from the early days of the Rand, McNally & Co. firm out of Chicago, a company that would shift the center of cartographic publishing from the east coast to the mid-west. Typical of the firm's work, this map has very good detail precisely and neatly exhibited. Topographic and social information, counties, roads, and many more details are neatly illustrated. Aesthetically and cartographically, it foreshadows the maps of the twentieth century. $125
[Alabama]. From Rand McNally's Atlas of the World. Chicago: Rand, McNally & Co., 1901. 12 3/8 x 9 1/8. Cerograph. Very good condition.
A smaller format example of the map above from the beginning of the 20th century. $40
"Rand Mc Nally Popular Map of Alabama." Chicago: Rand, McNally & Co., ca. 1920. 12 3/8 x 9 1/8. Cerograph. Very good condition.
A small format Rand McNally map from the early 20th century, including the final county which was added in 1903, Houston County. $40
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