J.M. Atwood. "Map of the Western States." New York: Ensign & Thayer & Co, 1850. 22 1/2 x 27 3/4 (sheet & complete image). Lithograph. Original hand color. Former folds remain evident. Once was folded and inserted into Ensign & Thayer's Travellers' Guide. Fragile and brittle. Tooley's Dictionary cites an 1849 issue, but we find no other issues for sale until the 1852.
During the nineteenth century, separately issued maps were published for the use of wagon drivers, railroad passengers, and steamboat voyageurs in a new and rapidly developing country. The roughed conditions of travel insured much destruction of these documents which were sold at inns and stations. They were often updated, sometimes an undetermined number of times within a single year, because demand for the best information was startlingly real. These are maps of great historic significance for the history of the United States, for they were the maps actually used during the nation's great expansion. Everything about them, the ornamental borders, the fine calligraphy, the depth of engraving or lithography, and even the way they dramatically fold out present one of the best and most important graphic pictures of early America that remains to us.
This is a map of the "western states," from Ohio to Iowa, Missouri, and the Minnesota Territory. It was included in Ensign & Thayer's Travellers' Guide to the mid-west, which included brief descriptions of each state for use by travelers. Copyrighted New York in 1848 and published in 1850, this map would have served the many immigrants arriving at Ellis Island and then moving on through Chicago and Detroit into this region. As appropriate for such a document, excellent detail is given of towns, roads and railroads. While primarily a tool, the publishers obviously considered the map also a decorative item, and the hand coloring and fancy border are particularly attractive. The final crowning touch is the inclusion in the corners of four views, of St. Louis, Cincinnati, Chicago and Detroit. A marvelous item of American history. $1,100
"A New Map of Arkansas with its Canals, Roads & Distances." Philadelphia: Thomas, Cowperthwait & Co., 1850. 14 1/2 x 11 7/8. Lithographic transfer from engraved plate. Full original hand color. Full margins. Very good condition.
A strong, beautifully crafted map of Arkansas from the mid-nineteenth century, published by Thomas, Cowperthwait & Co.. This firm took over the publication of S. Augustus Mitchell's important Universal Atlas in 1850, and they continued to produce up-dated maps that were amongst the best issued in the period. This map shows Arkansas at an interesting period in its history. The map is filled with myriad topographical details, including rivers, towns, and political borders. The Thomas, Cowperthwait & Co. maps are especially known for their depiction of the transportation routes of the states, and this map is no exception. The transportation infrastructure was extremely important at this period of increased immigration and travel in the American south, and the roads and canals of the state are clearly depicted. Three tables at the top list the steamboat routes from Little Rock to New Orleans, Pittsburg, and Fort Gibson. $225
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"Map of the State of New York." New York: Charles Magnus, 1854. 18 1/4 x 22 3/4. Steel engraving. Full original hand color. With insets of Long Island and Niagara Falls. Impressions of Niagara: 265.
A separately issued map of New York State from prolific print publisher Charles Magnus. Known best for his souvenir prints of scenes of American locations, Magnus also issued an interesting group of regional American maps, probably also intended for the souvenir market. This map has considerable topographical and political information of the state, including indications of canals and railroads. An inset map of Long Island is places at bottom center, and an interesting bird's eye view of Niagara Falls graces the top left corner. The whole is attractively hand colored in pastel shades, and it is easy to see that this would have been a popular decorative map for visitors or residents of New York. $450
A.J. Johnson. "Johnson's California, with Territories of Utah, Nevada, Colorado, New Mexico, and Arizona." New York: Johnson & Ward, 1864. 17 1/4 x 24 1/4. Lithograph. Full original hand color. Light waterstains in bottom corners. Otherwise, very good condition.
An attractive and interesting map of the southwestern part of the United States from A. J. Johnson's mid-nineteenth century atlas of the world. Johnson, who published out of New York City, was one of the leading cartographic publishers in the latter half of the century, producing popular atlases, geographies and so on. This finely detailed map is an good example of Johnson's output. In the 1860s, the American west was just opening to exploration and settlement, and this is an excellent picture of the region at the time. The maps produced by nineteenth century publishers, issued in regularly updated atlases, let us see these transient stages in the development of the west. This map shows the new territories of Nevada (1861), Colorado (1861) and Arizona (1863). Of note is that Nevada's eastern border extends only to the 115th meridian (it was moved to the 114th the year this map was issued) and the southern "tip" of Nevada is still part of Arizona, as is was for another three years.
Johnson shows the Indian tribes, forts, emigrant trails, and explorers routes. One of the most interesting features of this map is the indication of the proposed railroads. The many trails that were beginning to be used in the west, such as the Cimarron, Santa Fe, and Oregon trails, are indicated, as are the different routes leading to the "Pike's Peak" gold mining regions around Denver. This map was issued in the early days of the building of the trans-continental railway and the proposed routes for the southern Pacific R.R. and both the Central Pacific R.R. and the Union Pacific R.R., which are shown on this map passing each other by, rather than meeting in Utah as they eventually did. $325
"Colton's Map of California, Nevada, Utah, Colorado, Arizona & New Mexico." New York: G.W. and C.B. Colton & Co., 1866. 16 3/4 x 26. Lithograph. Original hand color. Very good condition.
A fascinating map of the southwestern part of the United States by the Colton firm of New York City, issued just after the Civil War. This was a period when the American west was really opening up for settlers and this map captures the region at a very early stage of its development. When issued, the territories had taken on the shape that the states have today, though in this early version of the Colton map of the region Nevada's eastern border is too far west (it was moved in 1864) and the southern tip of what is today Nevada is still part of Arizona, as it was until the following year.
The topographical detail is very good, but it is the social information that is so interesting. Towns, forts, Indian tribes, passes, explorer routes, the pony express, and early trails (e.g. "Emigrant Road") are all depicted. Some of this is quite current, while other aspects are a bit out-of-date (such as still showing Auraria next to Denver City. Of particular note are the indications of early railroads, both proposed and existing, including the proposed route of the "Pacific R.R." In the vast middle parts of this map, the mountains are not fully filled in, but good indications are given of the locations of Indian tribes and mines. California, in contrast to the territories, is shown extensively developed, with many counties, towns, and a network of roads and rail lines. $350
"Map of The Seat Of War To Accompany the American Conflict." From Horace Greeley's The American Conflict. Hartford: O.D. Case & Co., 1866. 25 5/8 x 36 1/2. Lithograph, "Engraved by Oliver J. Stuart." Original hand color. Very good condition. Stephenson, 59-60.
A handsome and highly detailed map of the southern part of the United States, the "Seat of War" issued just after the end of the Civil War as an accompaniment to Horace Greeley's account of the conflict. This map was designed to be used to follow the events of the war and so it contains impressive detail of towns, borders, rivers, orography, and most importantly canals, roads and railroads. Also of considerable interest are the indications of important military routes taken by troops during the war, indicated by lines with arrows on the map. This large and decorative map, issued essentially contemporary with the events, is a superb cartographic document of the American Conflict. $725
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Government survey maps. Washington: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1864. Lithographs. On thin paper and folded as issues. Fragile at folds with some splitting.
A series of finely detailed maps based on surveys of the public lands ordered by the U.S. Congress. They nicely show the extent of knowledge of the wetsern parts of the country at the time of the Civil War.
An interesting map issued to show the importance of completing the railroad between Cincinnati and Nashville. By the end of the Civil War an extensive network of railroads criss-crossed the North, with a less extensive but still reasonable network in the South. The need for connections between the lines of these two regions was obvious and thus the importance of a link from Cincinnati to Nashville. The map indicates that track existed from Cincinnati south to Danville, with the proposed route shown for the final link to Nashville. $250
G.W. & C.B. Colton. "Map Showing the Line of the Norfolk and Western and Shenandoah Valley Railroads and the Connection with the Virginia, Tennessee & Georgia Air Line." New York: G.W. & C.B. Colton & Co., 1881. 19 x 25 1/2. Lithograph. Original highlight color. Excellent condition. Folded into First Annual Report of the President and Directors of the Norfolk & Western Railroad Company. Philadelphia, 1882. Octavo. Paper covers. 51 pp. Excellent condition.
A map of the railroad lines in the American southeast produced by one of the most important map publishers of the second half of the nineteenth century, the Colton firm out of New York. This firm, which went through a number of different manifestations, issued both atlas maps and attractive folding maps such as this one. This map was issued to accompany the first annual report, for 1881, of the Norfolk & Western Railroad Company. The map is folded into the back of the pamphlet, and its copious detail of the railroad systems in the American southeast would have provided excellent illumination for the annual report. Detail is given of rivers and towns from Massachusetts to Iowa and from Florida to Louisiana. All the myriad railroads in this region are also shown, which those of the "Virginia, Tennessee and Georgia Air Line" highlighted in color. This railroad system was comprised of the Norfolk and Western, Shenandoah Valley, East Tennessee, Virginia, and Georgia railroad systems. Ship connections from these lines to Baltimore, New York and Boston are also indicated. Scarce and of considerable historic note, this is a fine document of the American southeast from about a century ago. $475
"Colton's New Township Map of Pennsylvania & the Southern Counties of New York." New York: G.W. & C.B. Colton, 1883. 28 x 41 3/4. Lithograph. Original outline color around the state. Folding map on banknote paper with buckram case. Bright and lovely. Excellent condition.
Following America's first great World's Fair in Philadelphia in 1876, Pennsylvania continued to flourish due to prosperous agriculture and flourishing manufacturing. The two economic forces were united and distributed through the great and powerful canals and railroads of the day. This map is filled with copious information on the state of Pennsylvania in 1883. It records the many cities, towns, and villages, the mountains and rivers and lakes, and the roads, canals and the railroads throughout the state and into the southern tier of New York State. Such separately issued maps were used by travelling salesmen, teamsters and planners. They were invariably the most up-to-date when they were issued, as the need was great for accuracy. This wonderful map is as fine a cartographic document of the region as was available at the time. $675
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Simon J. Martenet. "Martenet's Map of Maryland and District of Columbia, . . .." Click underlined term to see Western portion Eastern portion. Philadelphia: J.L. Smith, 1885. Copyright 1884 by S.J. Martenet. Lithograph (hand colored). 32 sections backed on linen; one original cloth cover remains. Overall dimensions 43 1/2 x 71 (neatlines) plus full margins. Reference: Phillips, Maps, p. 398. Linen backing is fragile, so there are some splits at folds. Slight staining through the back, especially in lower left quadrant. Normal age browning. Fine reading.
This huge, decorative, and detailed map shows great detail with 59 "signs and abbreviations" for roads, business complexes such as mills, factories, and shops, and organizations such as churches and schools. The map also features very detailed and fascinating insets of: Baltimore, Annapolis, Hagerstown, Cambridge, Cumberland, Easton, "Frederick City," Chestertown, "Washington and Georgetown," and Salisbury.
Simon Martenet (b. 1832) was apprenticed at age 13 to Thomas P. Chiffelle, city surveyor of Baltimore. He took over the latter's business in 1855 and soon began executing maps of various Maryland counties. This work was interrupted by the Civil War, but by 1865 he completed and published his large map as an atlas and as a wall map. The Maryland legislature required that it be used in all public schools. The map was updated, slightly according to Papenfuse and Coale, in 1885 and issued in this segmented form in 1886. Ref.: The Hammond-Harwood House Atlas of Historical Maps of Maryland, 1608-1908: 81. The size and detail are stunning. Case and map are as found. $800
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