J.M. Atwood. "Map of the Western States." New York: Ensign & Thayer & Co, 1850. 22 1/2 x 27 3/4 (sheet & complete image). Lithograph. Original hand color. Former folds remain evident. Once was folded and inserted into Ensign & Thayer's Travellers' Guide. Fragile and brittle. Tooley's Dictionary cites an 1849 issue, but we find no other issues for sale until the 1852.
During the nineteenth century, separately issued maps were published for the use of wagon drivers, railroad passengers, and steamboat voyageurs in a new and rapidly developing country. The roughed conditions of travel insured much destruction of these documents which were sold at inns and stations. They were often updated, sometimes an undetermined number of times within a single year, because demand for the best information was startlingly real. These are maps of great historic significance for the history of the United States, for they were the maps actually used during the nation's great expansion. Everything about them, the ornamental borders, the fine calligraphy, the depth of engraving or lithography, and even the way they dramatically fold out present one of the best and most important graphic pictures of early America that remains to us.
This is a map of the "western states," from Ohio to Iowa, Missouri, and the Minnesota Territory. It was included in Ensign & Thayer's Travellers' Guide to the mid-west, which included brief descriptions of each state for use by travelers. Copyrighted New York in 1848 and published in 1850, this map would have served the many immigrants arriving at Ellis Island and then moving on through Chicago and Detroit into this region. As appropriate for such a document, excellent detail is given of towns, roads and railroads. While primarily a tool, the publishers obviously considered the map also a decorative item, and the hand coloring and fancy border are particularly attractive. The final crowning touch is the inclusion in the corners of four views, of St. Louis, Cincinnati, Chicago and Detroit. A marvelous item of American history. $1,100
"A New Map of Arkansas with its Canals, Roads & Distances." Philadelphia: Thomas, Cowperthwait & Co., 1850. 14 1/2 x 11 7/8. Lithographic transfer from engraved plate. Full original hand color. Full margins. Very good condition.
A strong, beautifully crafted map of Arkansas from the mid-nineteenth century, published by Thomas, Cowperthwait & Co.. This firm took over the publication of S. Augustus Mitchell's important Universal Atlas in 1850, and they continued to produce up-dated maps that were amongst the best issued in the period. This map shows Arkansas at an interesting period in its history. The map is filled with myriad topographical details, including rivers, towns, and political borders. The Thomas, Cowperthwait & Co. maps are especially known for their depiction of the transportation routes of the states, and this map is no exception. The transportation infrastructure was extremely important at this period of increased immigration and travel in the American south, and the roads and canals of the state are clearly depicted. Three tables at the top list the steamboat routes from Little Rock to New Orleans, Pittsburg, and Fort Gibson. $225
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"Map of the State of New York." New York: Charles Magnus, 1854. 18 1/4 x 22 3/4. Steel engraving. Full original hand color. With insets of Long Island and Niagara Falls. Impressions of Niagara: 265.
A separately issued map of New York State from prolific print publisher Charles Magnus. Known best for his souvenir prints of scenes of American locations, Magnus also issued an interesting group of regional American maps, probably also intended for the souvenir market. This map has considerable topographical and political information of the state, including indications of canals and railroads. An inset map of Long Island is places at bottom center, and an interesting bird's eye view of Niagara Falls graces the top left corner. The whole is attractively hand colored in pastel shades, and it is easy to see that this would have been a popular decorative map for visitors or residents of New York. $450
"Johnson's New Railroad and Township Copper plate Map of Wisconsin, Iowa, Minnesota & Nebraska From The Latest and Best Authorities." New York: A.J. Johnson and Chicago: P. Wyckoff, 1858. 27 x 31. Lithograph transfer from copper plate engraving. Original hand color and elaborate decorative border. Full margins. Some minor staining and chipping at margins. Separated at old folds; expertly joined and conserved. Overall, very good condition and appearance.
A very rare, large scale map of a group of mid-western states. The map was published by A.J. Johnson of New York in conjunction with Chicago publisher P. Wyckoff. Johnson is best known for his atlases which began to appear in 1860, but before this he was involved in the publication of separately issued folding and wall maps. In some cases Johnson put his publication imprint on maps from the Colton firm (from whom he acquired the plates which became his Family Atlas in 1860), but he also published some maps with D.G. Johnson and P. Wyckoff, including this wonderful map of Kansas and Nebraska. The latter is an obscure figure for which only five maps are recorded, including four with Johnson and one with the Colton firm.
This map may have been issued both as a folding map and as a wall map. This particular example is printed on heavy paper typical of a wall map (not the banknote paper of the typical folding map), but it was folded, perhaps for insertion in an atlas. Separately issued maps such as this were made to capture as current information in as much detail as was possible for they were intended to be used by visitors or citizens of the region depicted. This map is an excellent example of this. Because of the size and precision of rendering, every kind of feature is clearly presented, including early roads, settlements of all sizes, survey lines, political boundaries and so forth. This map shows Wisconsin, Iowa, Minnesota, and the very eastern part of Nebraska at a period when these states were growing tremendously. The detail is impressive and very current. $950
"Map of The Seat Of War To Accompany the American Conflict." From Horace Greeley's The American Conflict. Hartford: O.D. Case & Co., 1866. 25 5/8 x 36 1/2. Lithograph, "Engraved by Oliver J. Stuart." Original hand color. Very good condition. Stephenson, 59-60.
A handsome and highly detailed map of the southern part of the United States, the "Seat of War" issued just after the end of the Civil War as an accompaniment to Horace Greeley's account of the conflict. This map was designed to be used to follow the events of the war and so it contains impressive detail of towns, borders, rivers, orography, and most importantly canals, roads and railroads. Also of considerable interest are the indications of important military routes taken by troops during the war, indicated by lines with arrows on the map. This large and decorative map, issued essentially contemporary with the events, is a superb cartographic document of the American Conflict. $725
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Government survey maps. Washington: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1864. Lithographs. On thin paper and folded as issues. Fragile at folds with some splitting.
A series of finely detailed maps based on surveys of the public lands ordered by the U.S. Congress. They nicely show the extent of knowledge of the wetsern parts of the country at the time of the Civil War.
An interesting map issued to show the importance of completing the railroad between Cincinnati and Nashville. By the end of the Civil War an extensive network of railroads criss-crossed the North, with a less extensive but still reasonable network in the South. The need for connections between the lines of these two regions was obvious and thus the importance of a link from Cincinnati to Nashville. The map indicates that track existed from Cincinnati south to Danville, with the proposed route shown for the final link to Nashville. $250
"Colton's New Township Map of Pennsylvania & the Southern Counties of New York." New York: G.W. & C.B. Colton, 1883. 28 x 41 3/4. Lithograph. Original outline color around the state. Folding map on banknote paper with buckram case. Bright and lovely. Excellent condition.
Following America's first great World's Fair in Philadelphia in 1876, Pennsylvania continued to flourish due to prosperous agriculture and flourishing manufacturing. The two economic forces were united and distributed through the great and powerful canals and railroads of the day. This map is filled with copious information on the state of Pennsylvania in 1883. It records the many cities, towns, and villages, the mountains and rivers and lakes, and the roads, canals and the railroads throughout the state and into the southern tier of New York State. Such separately issued maps were used by travelling salesmen, teamsters and planners. They were invariably the most up-to-date when they were issued, as the need was great for accuracy. This wonderful map is as fine a cartographic document of the region as was available at the time. $675
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Simon J. Martenet. "Martenet's Map of Maryland and District of Columbia, . . .." Click underlined term to see Western portion Eastern portion. Philadelphia: J.L. Smith, 1885. Copyright 1884 by S.J. Martenet. Lithograph (hand colored). 32 sections backed on linen; one original cloth cover remains. Overall dimensions 43 1/2 x 71 (neatlines) plus full margins. Reference: Phillips, Maps, p. 398. Linen backing is fragile, so there are some splits at folds. Slight staining through the back, especially in lower left quadrant. Normal age browning. Fine reading.
This huge, decorative, and detailed map shows great detail with 59 "signs and abbreviations" for roads, business complexes such as mills, factories, and shops, and organizations such as churches and schools. The map also features very detailed and fascinating insets of: Baltimore, Annapolis, Hagerstown, Cambridge, Cumberland, Easton, "Frederick City," Chestertown, "Washington and Georgetown," and Salisbury.
Simon Martenet (b. 1832) was apprenticed at age 13 to Thomas P. Chiffelle, city surveyor of Baltimore. He took over the latter's business in 1855 and soon began executing maps of various Maryland counties. This work was interrupted by the Civil War, but by 1865 he completed and published his large map as an atlas and as a wall map. The Maryland legislature required that it be used in all public schools. The map was updated, slightly according to Papenfuse and Coale, in 1885 and issued in this segmented form in 1886. Ref.: The Hammond-Harwood House Atlas of Historical Maps of Maryland, 1608-1908: 81. The size and detail are stunning. Case and map are as found. $800
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